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Kulnura Marine Tongue STRATNO: 9886
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Formal State(s): NSW
Category: Unknown or process pending Usage: Described Definition Card: No
Originator: Entry date: 01-JAN-88 Last Update: 13-DEC-07
Replaced by: Previously known as:
Description: Marine transgression associated with the Tomago and Newcastle Coal Measures. Consists of dark grey to black bioturbated, fossiliferous marine siltstone and sandstone.
Comments:
Geological province: No province information available
Type state: Reference section type:
Maximum thickness: 160m Minimum thickness:
Unit Age
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Late Permian Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Late Permian Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Marrangaroo Conglomerate overlies Kulnura Marine Tongue
Pheasants Nest Formation underlies Kulnura Marine Tongue
First Reference:
REFID: 29900 Bowman, H.N., 1970, Palaeoenvironment and revised nomenclature of the Upper Shoalhaven Group and Illawarra Coal Measures in the Wollongong-Kiama area, New South Wales., Geological Survey of New South Wales, Records, 12(2), p163-182

Use on maps:


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 60281 Stephenson, A.E. , Burch, G.J. 2004 Preliminary Evaluation of the Petroleum Potential of Australia's Central East Margin Geoscience Australia. Record 2004/06 69p
Usage: Described (p9, p61) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: At top of Wallis Creek Formation. Marine transgression associated with the Tomago and Newcastle Coal Measures. Consists of dark grey to black bioturbated, fossiliferous marine siltstone and sandstone. Max. thickness: ~160m. Geol.Prov: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 22578 Herbert, C. 1995 Sequence stratigraphy of the Late Permian Coal Measures in the Sydney Basin Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 42(4) P391-405
Usage: Described (Fig.7p397, p396) Comments: of Illawarra Coal Measures
REFID: 30006 Bunny, M.R. 1972 Geology and coal resources of the Southern Catchment Coal Reserve, southern Sydney Basin, New South Wales. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 22
Usage: Described (p8) Comments:
REFID: 29901 Bowman, H.W. 1972 Natural slope stability in the City of Greater Wollongong. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Records 14(2) p159-222
Usage: Described (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 29900 Bowman, H.N. 1970 Palaeoenvironment and revised nomenclature of the Upper Shoalhaven Group and Illawarra Coal Measures in the Wollongong-Kiama area, New South Wales. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Records 12(2) p163-182
Usage: Described (p173) Comments:
REFID: 68003 Barnes, R. , Dawson, M. , Spiller, F. 2002 Geology - Integration and upgrade: NSW Western Regional Assessments: Brigalow Belt South Bioregion (Stage 2). A project undertaken for the Resource and Conservation Assessment Council; NSW Western regional assessments Geological Survey of New South Wales WRA / 19 157pp
Usage: Briefly described (p41.) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Sydney Basin. Has lateral equivalents in the Bulga and Archerfield Formations (northern Sydney Basin), the Erins Vale Formation (southern Sydney Basin), and the Arkarula Formation (Mullaley Sub-basin, Gunnedah Basin).
REFID: 22857 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Volume 2 Geological Evolution. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) 666pp
Usage: Briefly described (p264, p522 App.1 Tb.A1.9) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Of the Tomago Coal Measures. Bioturbated and burrowed siltstone and sandstone. Age: 256Ma. Max. thickness: 160m. Geological Province: Sydney and Gunnedah Basins.
REFID: 22969 Maung, T.U. , Alder, D. , Shaw, R. , Hawley, S. 1997 Offshore Sydney Basin. Box 1 Bureau of Resource Sciences, Petroleum Prospectivity Bulletin
Usage: Briefly described (p 24) Comments:
REFID: 61315 New South Wales Department of Mineral Resources 1995 Sydney Basin IN Stewart, R. and Adler, D. (eds.) "New South Wales Wales Petroleum Potential" - Bulletin New South Wales. Department of Mineral Resources. Coal and Petroleum Geology Branch. Bulletin 1 p163-188
Usage: Briefly described (Table SY1) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Marine incursion into Late Permian coal measures - offers good hydrocarbon source potential. Appears in both the Tomago Coal Measures and Wittingham Coal Measures (within the Vane Subgroup). Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 43194 Tadros, N.Z. 1993 The Gunnedah Basin, New South Wales. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 12 649p
Usage: Briefly described (p110, p129 Tb. 8.3) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: A lithofacies correlative of the Arkarula Sandstone Member (now Arkarula Formation) of the Black Jack Formation (now Black Jack Group), Gunnedah Basin.
REFID: 67663 Danis, C. , O'Neill, C. , Lackie, M. , Twigg, L. , Danis, A. 2011 Deep 3D structure of the Sydney Basin using gravity modelling Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 58(5) 517-542
Usage: Mentioned (p520 Tb.1) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments: Late Permian. , Of the Tomago Coal Measures.
REFID: 68004 Hill, M. , McEvilly, R. , Watkins, J. 2002 Mineral and petroleum resources and potential: NSW Western Regional Assessments: Brigalow Belt South Bioregion (Stage 2) Geological Survey of New South Wales 235pp
Usage: Mentioned (p23 Table 1. ) Comments: Newcastle Coalfield. , Unit in Tomago Coal Measures.
REFID: 42787 Arditto, P.A. 1991 A sequence stratigraphic analysis of the Late Permian succession in the Southern Coalfield, Sydney Basin, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 38(2) p125-137
Usage: Mentioned (Table 1 P126) Comments:
REFID: 42284 Hamilton, D.S. 1991 Genetic stratigraphy of the Gunnedah Basin, NSW. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 38(1) p95-113
Usage: Mentioned (p106) Comments:
REFID: 44244 Roberts, J. , Engel, B. , Chapman, J. 1991 Geology of the Camberwell, Dungog, and Bulahdelah 1:100 000 sheets 9133, 9233, 9333. Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v 382pp
Usage: Mentioned (p276) Comments: Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 40256 McMinn, A. 1985 Palynostratigraphy of the Middle Permian coal sequences of the Sydney Basin. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 32(3) p301-309
Usage: Mentioned (p303) Comments:
REFID: 40631 Bembrick, C.S. , Smith, V. , Wallace, I. , Corkery, R.W. , Herbert, C. 1983 Extractive and mineral resources. IN Herbert C.(ed) - Geology of the Sydney 1:100 000 sheet 9130. Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v p149-171
Usage: Mentioned (p161) Comments:
REFID: 38615 Mullard, B.W. , Baker, C.J. , Bowman, H.N. 1983 Interesting hydrocarbon occurrences in a coal borehole in the Picton area, southern Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 51 p17-26
Usage: Mentioned (p25) Comments:
REFID: 40602 Herbert, C. 1983 Sydney Basin stratigraphy. IN Herbert C.(ed) - Geology of the Sydney 1:100 000 sheet 9130. Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v p7-34
Usage: Mentioned (p7) Comments:
REFID: 39268 Dickins, J.M. 1983 The Permian Blenheim Subgroup of the Bowen Basin and its time relationships. IN Proceedings of the symposium on the Permian geology of Queensland, 14-16 July 1982, Brisbane. Geological Society of Australia. Queensland Division 1v p269-274
Usage: Mentioned (Fig. 5) Comments:
REFID: 39287 Herbert, C. 1980 Depositional development of the Sydney Basin. IN Herbert C., Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p11-52
Usage: Mentioned (p33) Comments:
REFID: 39299 Herbert, C. 1980 Evidence for glaciation in the Sydney Basin and Tamworth synclinorial zone. IN Herbert C.,Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p274-293
Usage: Mentioned (p288) Comments:
REFID: 39308 Herbert, C. , Helby, R. 1980 Part C - Excursion Guide. IN Herbert C.,Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p449-539
Usage: Mentioned (p494) Comments: See also Fig.23.12. Cored ddh
REFID: 39309 Bowman, H.N. 1980 Southern coalfield, Upper Shoalhaven Group and Illawara Coal Measures. IN Herbert C.,Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p116-132
Usage: Mentioned (p125) Comments:
REFID: 36042 Branagan, D. , Herbert, C. , Langford-Smith, T. 1979 The Sydney Basin. Science Press 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.7) Comments:
REFID: 31128 Gray, N.M. 1976 Engineering geology of the southern part of the Sydney Basin. 25th International Geological Congress. Excursion Guide 6B
Usage: Mentioned (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 36009 Mathews, R.T. , Cook, A.C. , Johns, R.B. 1975 Relation between n-alkane distributions and effective coalification temperatures in some Permian shales. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 39(9) p1237-1243
Usage: Mentioned (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 36220 Bowman, H.N. 1974 Geology of the Wollongong, Kiama, and Robertson 1:50 000 sheets. 9029-II, 9028-I & IV. Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v
Usage: Mentioned (p38) Comments: See also Table 10.
REFID: 45090 Mayne, S.J. , Nicholas, E. , Bigg-Wither, A.L. , Rasidi, J.S. , Raine, M.J. 1974 Geology the Sydney Basin - a review. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin 149 229pp
Usage: Mentioned (p27) Comments: Relationship of rock units

Bibliographic references returned: 29 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.