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Koukandowie Formation STRATNO: 9839
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Formal State(s): NSW , QLD
Category: Variation of published name Usage: Defined Definition Card: Yes (View definition data)
Originator: Wells A.T. 01-MAR-88 Entry date: 26-FEB-91Last Update: 28-MAR-17
Replaced by: Previously known as: Koukandowie Sandstone Member
Description: Fine- to coarse-grained, quartz to quartz-lithic sandstone in fining-up sequences. Crossbedded and rippled; thin pebble conglomerates at base of sand channels; shale and siltstone, minor coal, ferruginous oolite marker
Comments: Of the Bundamba Group.
Geological province: Clarence-Moreton Basin
Type state: NSWReference section type:
Maximum thickness: 400mMinimum thickness:
Unit Age Event: deposition
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Bajocian Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Toarcian Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Walloon Coal Measures overlies Koukandowie Formation conformity
Main Range Volcanics overlies Koukandowie Formation
Gatton Sandstone underlies Koukandowie Formation conformity
First Reference:
REFID: 42951 Willis, I., Wells, A., O'Brien, P., 1988, Stratigraphic Drilling, Clarence-Moreton Basin., New South Wales. Department of Mineral Resources. Minfo, 20, p42-45

Definition Reference:
REFID: 42248 Wells, A.T., O'Brien, P.E., Willis, I.L., Cranfield, L.C., 1990, A new lithostratigraphic framework for the Early Jurassic units in the Bundamba Group, Clarence-Moreton Basin, Queensland and New South Wales., BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics, 11(4), p397-414

Use on maps:
REFID: 23800 Cranfield, L.C., Donchak, P.J.T., Randall, R.E., Crosby, G.C., 2001, Yarraman Special 1:250 000 Geology, Queensland, Queensland. Department of Natural Resources and Mines., Map, Map Legend
REFID: 23811 Henley, H.F., Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Barnes, R.G., Stroud, W.J., 2001, Grafton-Maclean 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH56-6, 7, Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, Map, Map Legend
REFID: 24560 Cranfield, L.C., Crosby, G.C., Donchak, P.J.T., Randall, R., Pascoe, G.S., Campbell, L., 2001, Esk, Queensland 1:100 000 Sheet 9343. First edition., Queensland. Department of Natural Resources and Mines., 1 v., Map
REFID: 43150 Wells, A.T., O'Brien, P.E., Brown, T.W., Corbett, P.J., 1994, Geology of the Clarence-Moreton Basin (1:500 000 scale map) - First edition, Australian Geological Survey Organisation, 1v, Map
REFID: 50322 Tang, J.E.H., Cranfield, L.C., Pascoe, G.S., 2001, Helidon, Qld., 1:100 000 Sheet 9342, First edition, Queensland. Department of Natural Resources and Mines., 1v, Map
REFID: 60079 Barnes, R.G, Willis, I.L., 1989, Preliminary geological plan of the 1:250 000 Grafton-Maclean sheet area (Plan Number 18345) -SH 56-6, SH 56-7, New South Wales Geological Survey - Report, GS1989/117 (unpubl.), Map


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 42248 Wells, A.T. , O'Brien, P.E. , Willis, I.L. , Cranfield, L.C. 1990 A new lithostratigraphic framework for the Early Jurassic units in the Bundamba Group, Clarence-Moreton Basin, Queensland and New South Wales. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(4) p397-414
Usage: Defined (App.1 P410) Min age from reference: Bajocian Max age from reference: Toarcian Comments: Age: late Toarcian to early Bajocian.
REFID: 60993 Wells, A.T. , O'Brien, P.E. 1994 Lithostratigraphic framework of the Clarence-Moreton Basin IN Wells, A.T. and O'Brien, P.E. (eds.) "Geology and Petroleum Potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p4-47
Usage: Fully described (p6 Fig. 2, p27) Comments: Supersedes Koukandowie Sst Mbr. Mixed sandstone, siltstone and shale unit. Conformably overlain by Walloon Coal Measures; conformably overlies Gatton Sst. Max. thickness: ~345m. Geol. Prov: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 23799 Cranfield, L.C. , Donchak, P.J.T. , Randall, R.E. , Crosby, G.C. 2001 Geology and mineralisation of the Yarraman Subprovince, south-east Queensland Queensland Geology 10
Usage: Described (p48, p10 Tb. 1) Min age from reference: Middle Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments: Upper unit of Marburg Subgroup (Bundamba Group). Includes Ma Ma Creek and Heifer Creek Sandstone Members. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 60995 Willis, I.L. 1994 Stratigraphic implications of regional reconnaissance observations in the southern Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales IN Wells, A.T.O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, NSW and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p48-71
Usage: Described (p65-66, p51 Fig. 3) Min age from reference: Early Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments: Of Marburg Subgroup. Originally called "Marburg Formation" in NSW. Interbedded sandstone, siltstone, claystone, coal; detailed lithology presented (p66). Max. thickness: 400m. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 41631 Willis, I.L. 1989 Revision of geology in the coast range - Red Cliff area, southeastern Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 74
Usage: Described (p18) Comments: See also Fig.2
REFID: 70821 Roach, I.C. (ed). 2015 The Southern Thomson Orogen VTEMplus AEM survey: using airborne electromagnetics as an UNCOVER application Geoscience Australia. Record 2015/29 144p
Usage: Briefly described (p80) Comments: Clarence-Moreton Basin. , Marburg Subgroup. , Ma Ma Creek Member, Heifer Creek Sandstone Member. , Overlies Gatton Sandstone. Is overlain by Walloon Coal Measures.
REFID: 69297 Totterdell, J.M. , Hall, L. , Hashimoto, T. , Owen, K. , Bradshaw, M.T. 2014 Petroleum geology inventory of Australia's offshore frontier basins. Geoscience Australia. Record 2014/09 519p
Usage: Briefly described (p487 fig 5.38, p488, p489, p490) Min age from reference: Lower Jurassic Max age from reference: Lower Jurassic Comments: Clarence-Moreton Basin. Between 50-400m thick. Deposited as overbank or flood plain deposits as part of a meandering fluvial system. Good potential as a hydrocarbon source rock. , Mauburg Subgroup , Includes the Heifer Creek Sandstone Member, Ma Ma Creek Member and the Towallum Basalt.
REFID: 69790 Hamilton, S.K. , Esterle, J.S. , Sliwa, R. 2014 Stratigraphic and depositional framework of the Walloon Subgroup, eastern Surat Basin, Queensland Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 61/8 p1061-1080
Usage: Briefly described (p1063 Fig.2) Min age from reference: Middle Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments: Northern Clarence-Moreton Basin area. , Unit in Marburg Subgroup. , Includes Ma Ma Creek, and Heifer Creek Sandstone, Members.
REFID: 68135 Turner, S. , Bean, L.B. , Dettmann, M. , McKellar, J.L. , McLoughlin, S. , Thulborn, T. 2009 Australian Jurassic sedimentary and fossil successions: current work and future prospects for marine and nonmarine correlation GFF 131(1-2) 49-70
Usage: Briefly described (p52 fig 2b) Min age from reference: Bajocian Max age from reference: Pleinsbachian Comments: Clarence-Moreton Basin. Includes plant macrofossils and invertebrate fossils. , Overlies Gatton Sandstone, overlain by Walloon Coal Measures , Silty sandstone with oolitic ironstone beds.
REFID: 67402 Greenhouse Gas Storage Solutions 2009 Queensland Carbon Dioxide Geological Storage Atlas Queensland Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation 310
Usage: Briefly described (p165 tbl LPB1) Min age from reference: Aalenian Max age from reference: Sinemurian Comments: Clarence-Moreton Basin. Deposited in fresh water lakes or lagoon environments. In excess of 150m thick. See also p188, p190, p190 fig CLM6, p193. , Marburg Subgroup , Includes the Ma Ma Creek Member and the Heifer Creek Sandstone Member. , Overlies the Gatton Sandstone. Overlain by the Walloon Subgroup. , Sandstone, siltstone and shale.
REFID: 64289 Jansson, I.-M. , McLoughlin, S. , Vajda, V. , Pole, M. 2008 An Early Jurassic flora from the Clarence-Moreton Basin, Australia Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 150 p5-21
Usage: Briefly described (p6 Fig. 2) Min age from reference: Middle Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments: Of the Marburg Subgroup (Bundamba Group). Includes the Ma Ma Creek and Heifer Creek Members. Overlies Gatton Sandstone. Max. thickness: 250m. Geological province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 64665 Queensland Government Mining Journal 2008 Queensland coal inventory [special feature] Queensland Government Mining Journal Spring 2008 p50-?
Usage: Briefly described (p53 Fig.2, p59.) Min age from reference: Middle Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments: Clarence-Moreton Basin. , Upper unit in Marburg Subgroup. , Includes Ma Ma Creek Member and Heifer Creek Sandstone Member. , Overlies Gatton Sandstone. Is overlain by Walloon Coal Measures.
REFID: 63748 Donchak, P.J.T. , Bultitude, R.J. , Purdy, D.J. , Denaro, T.J. 2007 Geology and mineralisation of the Texas region, south-eastern Queensland Queensland Geology 11 95p
Usage: Briefly described (p21) Comments: Top part of Marburg Subgroup (Bundamba Group). Geological province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 60281 Stephenson, A.E. , Burch, G.J. 2004 Preliminary Evaluation of the Petroleum Potential of Australia's Central East Margin Geoscience Australia. Record 2004/06 69p
Usage: Briefly described (p22, Fig.18 App.1) Min age from reference: Early Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments: Of the Marburg Subgroup (Bundamba Group). Contains the Heifer Creek Sandstone and Ma Ma Creek Members, and Towallum Basalt. Overlies the Gatton Sandstone; underlies the Walloon C.M. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 24560 Cranfield, L.C. , Crosby, G.C. , Donchak, P.J.T. , Randall, R. , Pascoe, G.S. , Campbell, L. 2001 Esk, Queensland 1:100 000 Sheet 9343. First edition. Queensland. Department of Natural Resources and Mines. 1 v. Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Jurassic Max age from reference: Late Triassic Comments: Of the Marburg Subgroup (Bundamba Group).
REFID: 23812 Henley, H.F. , Brown, R.E. , Brownlow, J.W. , Barnes, R.G. , Stroud, W.J. 2001 Grafton-Maclean 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-6 and SH/56-7: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney 1v 292pp
Usage: Briefly described (p34 Tb.4) Min age from reference: Middle Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments: Of Bundamba Group. Maximum thickness: 400m. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 23811 Henley, H.F. , Brown, R.E. , Brownlow, J.W. , Barnes, R.G. , Stroud, W.J. 2001 Grafton-Maclean 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH56-6, 7 Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney Map Map Legend
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Bajocian Max age from reference: Aalenian Comments: Of Marburg Subgroup. Fine- to coarse-grained, quartz to quartz-lithic sandstone in fining-up sequences. Crossbedded and rippled; thin pebble conglomerates at base of sand channels; shale and siltstone. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 50322 Tang, J.E.H. , Cranfield, L.C. , Pascoe, G.S. 2001 Helidon, Qld., 1:100 000 Sheet 9342, First edition Queensland. Department of Natural Resources and Mines. 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Jurassic Max age from reference: Late Triassic Comments: Of the Marburg Subgroup. Overlies: Gatton Sandstone. Underlies: Walloon Coal Measures, Main Range Volcanics. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 24237 New South Wales. Dept. Mineral Resources 2001 Offshore Clarence-Moreton: An Overlooked Basin with Petroleum Potential? IN "Exploration NSW" PESA News. Supplement 1v p5-7
Usage: Briefly described (p6 Fig.2) Min age from reference: Early Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments: Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 23800 Cranfield, L.C. , Donchak, P.J.T. , Randall, R.E. , Crosby, G.C. 2001 Yarraman Special 1:250 000 Geology, Queensland Queensland. Department of Natural Resources and Mines. Map Map Legend
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Jurassic Max age from reference: Late Triassic Comments: Of Marburg Subgroup.
REFID: 22857 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Volume 2 Geological Evolution. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) 666pp
Usage: Briefly described (p318-9 Figs. 22.10 A, B; p548 Tb A1.12) Min age from reference: Early Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments: Of the Marburg Subgroup (Bundamba Group). Interbedded sandstone, siltstone, claystone, coal. Contains the Heifer Creek Sandstone, Ma Ma Creek and Towallum Members. Max. thickness: 400m. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 13516 Price, P.L. 1997 Permian to Jurassic palynostratigraphic nomenclature of the Bowen and Surat Basins IN: P.M. Green (ed.) "The Surat and Bowen Basins, south-east Queensland" Queensland Minerals and Energy Review Series, Queensland Geological Survey 1v p137-178
Usage: Briefly described (p159 fig 8) Min age from reference: Jurassic Max age from reference: Jurassic Comments: From Clarence-Moreton Basin. , Of Marburg Subgroup , Includes Ma Ma Creek Member, Heifer Creek Sandstone Member
REFID: 12597 Goscombe, P.W. , Coxhead, B.A. 1995 Clarence-Moreton, Surat, Eromanga, Nambour, Mulgildie Basins. IN: Geology of Australian Coal Basins, Ward, C.R., Harrington, H.J., Mallett, C.W., Beeston, J.W., (Editors). Geological Society of Australia. Coal Geology Group. Special Publication 489-511
Usage: Briefly described (p491, p492 Tb.1) Min age from reference: Bathonian Max age from reference: Toarcian Comments: Clarence-Moreton Basin. 250m thick. Generally fluviatile. Basal claystones include (shallow lacustrine?) chamositic oolite beds containing acritarch-bearing horizons. , Unit in Marburg Subgroup. , Predominantly arenaceous: fine- to coarse-grained quartzose to quartz-lithic sandstone, with a variable sandstone/siltstone/shale sequence at the base.
REFID: 61005 Russell, N.J. 1994 A palaeogeothermal study of the Clarence-Moreton Basin IN Wells, A.T. O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p237-276
Usage: Briefly described (p242) Comments: See also p255 Figs. 23, 24 and 25.
REFID: 60998 Cranfield, L.C. , Carmichael, D.C. , Wells, A.T. 1994 Ferruginous oolite and associated lithofacies from the Clarence-Moreton and related basins in southeast Queensland IN Wells, A.T. O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, NSW and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p144-163
Usage: Briefly described (p146 Fig. 2) Comments: Of the Marburg Subgroup. Overlies the Gatton Sandstone. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 43150 Wells, A.T. , O'Brien, P.E. , Brown, T.W. , Corbett, P.J. 1994 Geology of the Clarence-Moreton Basin (1:500 000 scale map) - First edition Australian Geological Survey Organisation 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Jurassic Comments: Of the Marburg Subgroup (Bundamba Group). Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 61004 Smyth, M. 1994 Organic petrology of sediments in the Clarence-Moreton Basin IN Wells, A.T. O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p230-236
Usage: Briefly described (p230, p232 Fig. 2) Min age from reference: Jurassic Max age from reference: Jurassic Comments: Of the Marburg Subgroup (Bundamba Group). Oil mature unit in the western and central parts of NSW. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 60999 Burger, D. 1994 Palynological studies of the Bundamba Group and Walloon Coal measures in the Clarence-Moreton Basin IN Wells, A.T. O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p164-180
Usage: Briefly described (p164, p174) Min age from reference: Early Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments: Of the Marburg Subgroup (Bundamba Group). Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin. See also p172 Fig. 6, p176-177.
REFID: 61006 O'Brien, P.E. , Powell, T.G. , Wells, A.T. 1994 Petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin IN Wells, A.T. O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p277-290
Usage: Briefly described (p277, p289) Min age from reference: Jurassic Max age from reference: Jurassic Comments: Includes the Ma Ma Creek and Heifer Creek Members. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin. See also p279 Tb. 1, p285.
REFID: 60997 Bradshaw, M. , Wells, A.T. , O'Brien, P.E. 1994 Revision of the stratigraphic position of the Towallum Basalt, Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales - Implications for Australian Jurassic biostratigraphy IN Wells,A.T.,O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of Clarence.." Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p138-143
Usage: Briefly described (p138) Min age from reference: Callovian Max age from reference: Toarcian Comments: Conformably overlies Gatton Sandstone; conformably overlain by Walloon C.M. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin. See also p139 Fig. 1, p140 Fig. 2.
REFID: 60996 O'Brien, P.E. , Wells, A.T. 1994 Sedimentology of the Bundamba Group IN Wells, A.T. O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p72-137
Usage: Briefly described (p72, p113) Comments: Of the Marburg Subgroup (Bundamba Group). Contains the Ma Ma Creek Member and heifer Creek Sandstone Member. Conformably overlies Gatton Sandstone. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 42869 Powell, T.G. , O'Brien, P.E. , Wells, A.T. 1993 Petroleum prospectivity of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, eastern Australia: A geochemical perspective. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 40(1) p31-44
Usage: Briefly described (Table 1, P33) Comments: of Marburg Subgroup
REFID: 43736 O'Brien, P.E. , Powell, T.G. , Wells, A.T. 1993 The petroleum geology of the Clarence-Moreton Basin. Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Record 1993/21 p1-49
Usage: Briefly described (Table 1,p4) Comments:
REFID: 60079 Barnes, R.G , Willis, I.L. 1989 Preliminary geological plan of the 1:250 000 Grafton-Maclean sheet area (Plan Number 18345) -SH 56-6, SH 56-7 New South Wales Geological Survey - Report GS1989/117 (unpubl.) Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Early Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments: Of the Marburg Subgroup.
REFID: 42951 Willis, I. , Wells, A. , O'Brien, P. 1988 Stratigraphic Drilling, Clarence-Moreton Basin. New South Wales. Department of Mineral Resources. Minfo 20 p42-45
Usage: Briefly described (Fig.11) Comments: Of Marburg Subgroup.
REFID: 69793 Hoy, D. , Rosenbaum, G. , Wormald, R. , Shaanan, U. 2014 Geology and geochronology of the Emu Creek Block (northern New South Wales, Australia) and implications for oroclinal bending in the New England Orogen Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 61/8 p1109-1124
Usage: Mentioned (p1113 Fig.3) Min age from reference: Jurassic Max age from reference: Jurassic Comments: Emu Creek Block, Tamworth Belt, southern New England Orogen.
REFID: 22865 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Part 7(22). Jurassic-Cretaceous. In: Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) p289-319
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.22.10ap318) Comments:
REFID: 61001 Gleadow, A.J.W. , O'Brien, P.E. 1994 Apatite fission-track thermochronology and tectonics, Clarence-Moreton Basin IN Wells, A.T. O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p189-194
Usage: Mentioned (p189) Comments: Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 61002 O'Brien, P.E. , Korsch, R.J. , Wells, A.T. , Sexton, M.J. , Wake-Dyster, K. 1994 Structure and tectonics of the Clarence-Moreton Basin IN Wells, A.T. O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p195-216
Usage: Mentioned (p202) Comments: Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 42893 McKellar, J.L. 1993 Stratigraphic Relationships in the Nambour Basin, Southeastern Queensland. Queensland Geology 5 p2-17
Usage: Mentioned (p11) Comments:
REFID: 42463 Smyth, M. , Mastalerz, M. 1991 Organic petrological composition of Triassic source rocks and their clastic depositional environments in some Australian sedimentary basins. International Journal of Coal Geology 18(3/4) p165-186
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.3 P170) Comments:

Bibliographic references returned: 41 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.