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Heifer Creek Sandstone Member STRATNO: 8248
Current: Yes Rank: Member, phase Status: Formal State(s): NSW , QLD
Category: Variation of published name Usage: Redefined Definition Card: Yes (View definition data)
Originator: Wells A.T. 01-MAR-88 Entry date: 01-JAN-88Last Update: 28-MAR-17
Replaced by: Previously known as:
Description: Quartz rich to quartz-lithic medium to very coarse-grained sandstone in thick fining upward sequences from granule conglomerate to siltstone
Comments: Formerly considered a member of the Marburg Formation.
Geological province: Clarence-Moreton Basin
Type state: QLDReference section type:
Maximum thickness: 125mMinimum thickness:
Unit Age Event: deposition
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Middle Jurassic Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Early Jurassic Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Koukandowie Formation overlies Heifer Creek Sandstone Member conformity
Walloon Coal Measures overlies Heifer Creek Sandstone Member
Towallum Basalt underlies Heifer Creek Sandstone Member
Gatton Sandstone underlies Heifer Creek Sandstone Member
Koukandowie Formation underlies Heifer Creek Sandstone Member conformity
Ma Ma Creek Member underlies Heifer Creek Sandstone Member
First Reference:
REFID: 43993 McTaggart, N.R., 1963, The Mesozoic sequence in the Lockyer-Marburg area south-east Queensland., Royal Society of Queensland. Proceedings, LXXIII, p93-104

Definition Reference:
REFID: 42248 Wells, A.T., O'Brien, P.E., Willis, I.L., Cranfield, L.C., 1990, A new lithostratigraphic framework for the Early Jurassic units in the Bundamba Group, Clarence-Moreton Basin, Queensland and New South Wales., BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics, 11(4), p397-414

Use on maps:
REFID: 38441 Cranfield, L.C., Hutton, L.J., Green, P.M., 1981, Ipswich, Queensland, 1:100 000 geological series map. Sheet 9442, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Queensland, 1v
REFID: 60079 Barnes, R.G, Willis, I.L., 1989, Preliminary geological plan of the 1:250 000 Grafton-Maclean sheet area (Plan Number 18345) -SH 56-6, SH 56-7, New South Wales Geological Survey - Report, GS1989/117 (unpubl.), Map


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 42248 Wells, A.T. , O'Brien, P.E. , Willis, I.L. , Cranfield, L.C. 1990 A new lithostratigraphic framework for the Early Jurassic units in the Bundamba Group, Clarence-Moreton Basin, Queensland and New South Wales. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(4) p397-414
Usage: Redefined (App.1 P411) Min age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments:
REFID: 43993 McTaggart, N.R. 1963 The Mesozoic sequence in the Lockyer-Marburg area south-east Queensland. Royal Society of Queensland. Proceedings LXXIII p93-104
Usage: Defined (p93,97,100) Max age from reference: Triassic Comments: Unit of Marburg Formation.
REFID: 41906 Cranfield, L.C. , Hutton, L.J. , Green, P.M. 1989 Ipswich, Queensland. Sheet 9442. Queensland. Department of Mines 1:100 000 Geological Map Commentary 1v
Usage: Fully described (Table 2 P15) Comments: See also P32
REFID: 67402 Greenhouse Gas Storage Solutions 2009 Queensland Carbon Dioxide Geological Storage Atlas Queensland Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation 310
Usage: Described (p187, p190 fig CLM6, p193) Min age from reference: Aalenian Max age from reference: Pliensbachian Comments: Clarence-Moreton Basin. Represents a change in depositional environment from floodplain back to braided stream deposition. , Koukandowie Formation , Overlies the Ma Ma Creek Member. Overlain by the Walloon Subgroup. , Thick to very thickly bedded, coarse to very coarse-grained, white to grey, quartzose and minor quartz lithic sandstone and granule conglomerate.
REFID: 60993 Wells, A.T. , O'Brien, P.E. 1994 Lithostratigraphic framework of the Clarence-Moreton Basin IN Wells, A.T. and O'Brien, P.E. (eds.) "Geology and Petroleum Potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p4-47
Usage: Described (p6 Fig. 2, p27) Comments: First named by Gray (1975 as part of Marburg Fm), and retained in current use as member of Koukandowie Fm (Marburg Subgrp). Tough, quartzose sst, cross-bedded. Geol. Prov: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 60995 Willis, I.L. 1994 Stratigraphic implications of regional reconnaissance observations in the southern Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales IN Wells, A.T.O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, NSW and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p48-71
Usage: Described (p66, p51 Fig. 3) Min age from reference: Early Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments: Of the Koukandowie Formation (Marburg Subgroup). Coarse quartz sandstone, granite conglomerate. Overlies Ma Ma Creek Member. Max. thickness: 50m. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 41631 Willis, I.L. 1989 Revision of geology in the coast range - Red Cliff area, southeastern Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 74
Usage: Described (p19) Comments: See also Fig.2
REFID: 33381 Swindon, V.G. 1971 Moreton district. ANZAAS. Geological Excursions Handbook 43 p105-125
Usage: Described (p117) Comments: See also P118. L.-M. Jur. Marburg Fm.
REFID: 70821 Roach, I.C. (ed). 2015 The Southern Thomson Orogen VTEMplus AEM survey: using airborne electromagnetics as an UNCOVER application Geoscience Australia. Record 2015/29 144p
Usage: Briefly described (p80) Comments: Clarence-Moreton Basin. , Koukandowie Formation. , Overlies Ma Ma Creek Member.
REFID: 69297 Totterdell, J.M. , Hall, L. , Hashimoto, T. , Owen, K. , Bradshaw, M.T. 2014 Petroleum geology inventory of Australia's offshore frontier basins. Geoscience Australia. Record 2014/09 519p
Usage: Briefly described (p487 fig 5.38, p490) Min age from reference: Lower Jurassic Max age from reference: Lower Jurassic Comments: Clarence-Moreton Basin. 10-50m thick. Deposited as channel fill deposits in a meandering fluvial system. Good reservoir potential in coarse sandstone and granule conglomerates. , Koukandowie Formation , Overlies the Ma Ma Creek Member. , Coarse quartz sandstone and granite conglomerate.
REFID: 69790 Hamilton, S.K. , Esterle, J.S. , Sliwa, R. 2014 Stratigraphic and depositional framework of the Walloon Subgroup, eastern Surat Basin, Queensland Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 61/8 p1061-1080
Usage: Briefly described (p1063 Fig.2) Min age from reference: Middle Jurassic Max age from reference: Middle Jurassic Comments: Northern Clarence-Moreton Basin area. , Unit in Koukandowie Formation.
REFID: 64665 Queensland Government Mining Journal 2008 Queensland coal inventory [special feature] Queensland Government Mining Journal Spring 2008 p50-?
Usage: Briefly described (p53 Fig.2.) Min age from reference: Middle Jurassic Max age from reference: Middle Jurassic Comments: Clarence-Moreton Basin. Correlates with Hutton Sandstone (Eromanga and Surat basins). , Upper unit in Koukandowie Formation. , Overlies Ma Ma Creek Member. Is overlain by Walloon Coal Measures.
REFID: 60281 Stephenson, A.E. , Burch, G.J. 2004 Preliminary Evaluation of the Petroleum Potential of Australia's Central East Margin Geoscience Australia. Record 2004/06 69p
Usage: Briefly described (p30, Fig.18 App 1) Min age from reference: Early Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments: Of the Koukandowie Formation. Coarse quartz sandstone, granite conglomerate. Max. thickness: 50m. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin. See also the misspelt Heffer Creek Sandstone Member.
REFID: 23799 Cranfield, L.C. , Donchak, P.J.T. , Randall, R.E. , Crosby, G.C. 2001 Geology and mineralisation of the Yarraman Subprovince, south-east Queensland Queensland Geology 10
Usage: Briefly described (p47) Min age from reference: Middle Jurassic Max age from reference: Middle Jurassic Comments: See also Heifer Creek Sandstone. Of the Koukandowie Formation. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin. See also p34 Fig. 3.
REFID: 23812 Henley, H.F. , Brown, R.E. , Brownlow, J.W. , Barnes, R.G. , Stroud, W.J. 2001 Grafton-Maclean 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-6 and SH/56-7: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney 1v 292pp
Usage: Briefly described (p34 Tb.4) Min age from reference: Middle Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments: Of Koukandowie Formation. Geological Province:Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 24237 New South Wales. Dept. Mineral Resources 2001 Offshore Clarence-Moreton: An Overlooked Basin with Petroleum Potential? IN "Exploration NSW" PESA News. Supplement 1v p5-7
Usage: Briefly described (p6 Fig.2) Min age from reference: Early Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments: Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 22857 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Volume 2 Geological Evolution. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) 666pp
Usage: Briefly described (p318-9 Figs. 22.10A, B; p548 Tb A1.12) Min age from reference: Early Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments: Of the Koukandowie Formation (Marburg Subgroup, Bundamba Group). Coarse quartz arenite, granule conglomerate. Max. thickness: 50m. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 13516 Price, P.L. 1997 Permian to Jurassic palynostratigraphic nomenclature of the Bowen and Surat Basins IN: P.M. Green (ed.) "The Surat and Bowen Basins, south-east Queensland" Queensland Minerals and Energy Review Series, Queensland Geological Survey 1v p137-178
Usage: Briefly described (p159 fig 8) Min age from reference: Middle Jurassic Max age from reference: Middle Jurassic Comments: From Clarence-Moreton Basin. , of Koukandowie Formation
REFID: 60998 Cranfield, L.C. , Carmichael, D.C. , Wells, A.T. 1994 Ferruginous oolite and associated lithofacies from the Clarence-Moreton and related basins in southeast Queensland IN Wells, A.T. O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, NSW and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p144-163
Usage: Briefly described (p146 Fig. 2) Comments: Consists of fluvial stacked channel sand. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 61004 Smyth, M. 1994 Organic petrology of sediments in the Clarence-Moreton Basin IN Wells, A.T. O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p230-236
Usage: Briefly described (p232 Fig. 2) Min age from reference: Jurassic Max age from reference: Jurassic Comments: Of the Koukandowie Formation (Marburg Subgroup). Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 61006 O'Brien, P.E. , Powell, T.G. , Wells, A.T. 1994 Petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin IN Wells, A.T. O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p277-290
Usage: Briefly described (p278) Comments: Of the Koukandowie Formation. Quartzose sandstone unit (sheet-like braided-stream deposits) with potential as reservoir rocks. See also Heifer Creek Member - names used interchangeably. See also p279 Tb. 1, p285.
REFID: 60997 Bradshaw, M. , Wells, A.T. , O'Brien, P.E. 1994 Revision of the stratigraphic position of the Towallum Basalt, Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales - Implications for Australian Jurassic biostratigraphy IN Wells,A.T.,O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of Clarence.." Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p138-143
Usage: Briefly described (p140 Fig. 2) Comments: Superseded by Heifer Creek Member. Formerly part of McTaggart's Marburg Formation (1963).
REFID: 60996 O'Brien, P.E. , Wells, A.T. 1994 Sedimentology of the Bundamba Group IN Wells, A.T. O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p72-137
Usage: Briefly described (p72) Comments: Of the Koukandowie Formation (Marburg Subgroup). Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 42869 Powell, T.G. , O'Brien, P.E. , Wells, A.T. 1993 Petroleum prospectivity of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, eastern Australia: A geochemical perspective. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 40(1) p31-44
Usage: Briefly described (Table 1, P33) Comments: of Koukandowie formation
REFID: 60079 Barnes, R.G , Willis, I.L. 1989 Preliminary geological plan of the 1:250 000 Grafton-Maclean sheet area (Plan Number 18345) -SH 56-6, SH 56-7 New South Wales Geological Survey - Report GS1989/117 (unpubl.) Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Early Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments: Of the Marburg Subgroup.
REFID: 42951 Willis, I. , Wells, A. , O'Brien, P. 1988 Stratigraphic Drilling, Clarence-Moreton Basin. New South Wales. Department of Mineral Resources. Minfo 20 p42-45
Usage: Briefly described (Fig.11) Comments: of Koukandowie Formation
REFID: 39907 Etheridge, L.T. , Hamilton, D.S. , McDonald, I. , McMinn, A. , Smythe, M. 1985 Clarence-Moreton Basin stratigraphic drill hole. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 60 p5-21
Usage: Briefly described (p9) Comments:
REFID: 40623 Stevens, N.C. 1984 Queensland field geology guide. Geological Society of Australia. Queensland Division 1v
Usage: Briefly described (p107) Comments:
REFID: 69793 Hoy, D. , Rosenbaum, G. , Wormald, R. , Shaanan, U. 2014 Geology and geochronology of the Emu Creek Block (northern New South Wales, Australia) and implications for oroclinal bending in the New England Orogen Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 61/8 p1109-1124
Usage: Mentioned (p1113 Fig.3) Min age from reference: Jurassic Max age from reference: Jurassic Comments: Emu Creek Block, Tamworth Belt, southern New England Orogen.
REFID: 22865 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Part 7(22). Jurassic-Cretaceous. In: Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) p289-319
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.22.10ap318) Comments:
REFID: 60999 Burger, D. 1994 Palynological studies of the Bundamba Group and Walloon Coal measures in the Clarence-Moreton Basin IN Wells, A.T. O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p164-180
Usage: Mentioned (p174) Comments: Probably should be Heifer Creek Member - names used interchangeably.
REFID: 42463 Smyth, M. , Mastalerz, M. 1991 Organic petrological composition of Triassic source rocks and their clastic depositional environments in some Australian sedimentary basins. International Journal of Coal Geology 18(3/4) p165-186
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.3 P170) Comments:
REFID: 38205 Dudgeon, M.J. 1982 Stratigraphy and palaeobotany of east and west Haldon, Main Range, southeast Queensland. University of Queensland Department of Geology. Papers 10(2) p83-110
Usage: Mentioned (p84) Comments: Member of Marburg Formation.
REFID: 38441 Cranfield, L.C. , Hutton, L.J. , Green, P.M. 1981 Ipswich, Queensland, 1:100 000 geological series map. Sheet 9442, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Queensland 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Early Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Jurassic Comments:
REFID: 37463 McKellar, J.L. 1981 Palynostratigraphy of samples from GSQ Ipswich 24 and 25. Queensland Government Mining Journal 82(960) p479-487
Usage: Mentioned (p483) Comments:
REFID: 37436 McKellar, J.L. 1981 Palynostratigraphy of samples from the Lockyer Valley, Moreton Basin. Queensland Government Mining Journal 82(961) p540-544
Usage: Mentioned (p540) Comments:
REFID: 37375 Cranfield, L.C. 1981 Stratigraphic drilling report - GSQ Ipswich 24 and 25. Queensland Government Mining Journal 82(960) p468-477
Usage: Mentioned (p472) Comments:
REFID: 33476 Thomson, J. 1976 Geology of the Drake 1:100 000 sheet, 9340. Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Table 6 P100) Comments: Refers Swindon 1971
REFID: 31118 Gray, A.R.G. 1975 Bundamba Group stratigraphic relationships and petroleum prospects. Queensland Government Mining Journal LXXVI(887) p311-324
Usage: Mentioned (p320) Comments:
REFID: 30058 Cameron, J.B. 1970 The Rosewood-Walloon Coalfield. Geological Survey of Queensland. Publication 344
Usage: Mentioned (p4) Comments: Refers to McTaggart(1963)
REFID: 44032 Casey, D.J. , Gray, A.R.G. , Reiser, R.F. 1968 Comparison of the Lower Jurassic strata of the Surat and Moreton Basin. Queensland Government Mining Journal 804 p462-465
Usage: Not recorded (p462,464,465) Comments: Part of Marburg Formation.
REFID: 44028 Gould, R.E. 1968 The Walloon Coal Measures, a compilation. Queensland Government Mining Journal 805 p509-514
Usage: Not recorded (Fig.2,p509) Max age from reference: Jurassic Comments: Of Marburg Formation. See Strat Table.
REFID: 44026 Jorgenson, J.T. , Barton, R.H. 1966 Regional photogeology of the Ipswich Basin-Esk Trough, Queensland. APEA Journal Vol 6 1966 p121-125
Usage: Not recorded (p123) Max age from reference: Jurassic Comments: Ref. to McTaggart 1963

Bibliographic references returned: 43 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.