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Awaba Tuff STRATNO: 808
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Formal State(s): NSW
Category: Unknown or process pending Usage: Fully described Definition Card: No
Originator: Entry date: 01-JAN-88 Last Update: 17-SEP-14
Replaced by: Previously known as: Awaba Tuff Member
Description: Tuff, tuffaceous sandstone, tuffaceous siltstone, claystone, chert, usually contains abundant mica in basal 0.2-0.4 m.
Comments: Elevated from Member to Formation. Replaces Awaba Tuff Member. Thickness in type section 9.43m in BHP Coal Point Bore.
Geological province: No province information available
Type state: Reference section type: well section
Maximum thickness: 30m Minimum thickness:
Unit Age Event: eruption
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Late Permian Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Late Permian Ma: 256 4 % from base of biozone: Age method: isotopic, U/Pb

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Moon Island Beach Formation overlies Awaba Tuff
Boolaroo Formation underlies Awaba Tuff
First Reference:
REFID: 43344 Branagan, D.F., McElroy, C.T., Packham, G.H., 1967, Field geology of New South Wales, Science Press, 191

Use on maps:


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 68711 Ives, M. , Brinton, J. , Edwards, J. , Rigby, R. , Tobin, C. , Weber, C.R. 1999 Revision of the stratigraphy of the Newcastle Coal Measures Coalfield Geology Council Of New South Wales. Bulletin 1 113-119
Usage: Fully described (p113, 115 Tb 1, p116 Tb 2, p114 Fig. 2) Comments: Elevated from Member to Formation. Replaces Awaba Tuff Member. Thickness: 2-20m, in type section 9.43m in BHP Coal Point Bore. , Of Newcastle Coal Measures. , Overlies Boolaroo Formation. Overlain by Moon Island Beach Formation. , Tuff, tuffaceous sandstone, tuffaceous siltstone, claystone, chert, usually contains abundant mica in basal 0.2-0.4 m.
REFID: 68493 Percival, I.G. , Meakin, N.S. , Sherwin, L. , Vanderlaan, T.A. , Flitcroft, P.A. 2012 Permian fossils and palaeoenvironments of the northern Sydney Basin, New South Wales Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 138 1-23
Usage: Described (p5 Fig.2) Min age from reference: Lopingian Max age from reference: Lopingian Comments: Isotopic U-Pb age from Metcalfe et al. (2012). , ca. 253 Ma , Of the Newcastle Coal Measures. , Felsic tuff, tuffaceous sedimentary rock.
REFID: 24471 Grevenitz, P. , Carr, P. , Hutton, A. 2003 Origin, alteration and geochemical correlation of Late Permian airfall tuffs in coal measures, Sydney Basin, Australia International Journal of Coal Geology 55(1) p27-46
Usage: Described (p27, p43) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Geochemical correlation with Burragorang Claystone Member. Of Newcastle Coal Measures. Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 24157 Creech, M. 2002 Tuffaceous deposition in the Newcastle Coal Measures: challenging existing concepts of peat formation in the Sydney Basin, New South Wales, Australia International Journal of Coal Geology 51 p185-214
Usage: Described (p195, p188 Tb.1) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments: Of the Newcastle Coal Measures. Overlain by Great Northern seam. Underlain by Fassifern seam. Geological Province: Sydney Basin. Maximum Thickness: 30m
REFID: 42214 Gulson, B.L. , Diessel, C.F.K. , Mason, D.R. , Krogh, T.E. 1990 High precision radiometric ages from the northern Sydney Basin and their implication for the Permian time interval and sedimentation rates. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 37(4) p459-469
Usage: Described (p460) Comments:
REFID: 62033 Creech, M. , Rigby, R. 2006 Revision of the Wollombi Coal measures Minfo 81 p24-25
Usage: Briefly described (p24, p25 (Table)) Comments: Of the Newcastle Coal Measures. Overlain by Great Northern seam and underlain by Fassifern seam. Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 24158 Lindsay, G. , Herbert, C. 2002 Coal and conglomerate in the Newcastle Coal Measures - coeval facies or temporally unrelated? International Journal of Coal Geology 51 p169-184
Usage: Briefly described (p172 Fig.3, p173 Fig.4) Comments: Max. Thickness: 12m. Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 24040 Jenkins, R.B. , Landenberger, B. , Collins, W.J. 2002 Late Palaeozoic retreating and advancing subduction boundary in the New England Fold Belt, New South Wales Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 49 (3) p467-489
Usage: Briefly described (p484) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Part of an upper subgroup of the Newcastle Coal Measures. Age: 256+/-4ma (Gulson et al, 1990; U-Pb zircon).
REFID: 23717 Kramer, W. , Weatherall G. , Offler, R. 2001 Origin and correlation of tuffs in the Permian Newcastle and Wollombi Coal Measures, NSW, Australia, using chemical fingerprinting International Journal of Coal Geology 47(2) p115-135
Usage: Briefly described (p117 Tb.1) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments: Of the Newcastle Coal Measures. Equivalent to the Nalleen Tuff Member (Dights Creek Coal). Geological Province: Sydney Basin
REFID: 22857 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Volume 2 Geological Evolution. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) 666pp
Usage: Briefly described (p522 App.1 Tb.A1.9) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Of the Newcastle Coal Measures. Tuff, tuffaceous sandstone, tuffaceous siltstone, claystone, chert. Max. thickness: 20m. Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 22610 Van Heeswijck, A. 1997 A new interpretation of the Greta Coal Measures in the Maitland-Cessnock-Greta Coalfield and Cranky Corner Basin Advances in the Study of the Sydney Basin 31 p 123- 130
Usage: Briefly described (Fig 5) Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: Age: 256 +/-4Ma.
REFID: 61315 New South Wales Department of Mineral Resources 1995 Sydney Basin IN Stewart, R. and Adler, D. (eds.) "New South Wales Wales Petroleum Potential" - Bulletin New South Wales. Department of Mineral Resources. Coal and Petroleum Geology Branch. Bulletin 1 p163-188
Usage: Briefly described (Table SY1) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Of the Newcastle Coal Measures. Geological Province: Sydney Basin/Newcastle area.
REFID: 69683 Pinetown, K.L. 2014 Regional coal seam gas distribution and burial history of the Hunter Coalfield, Sydney Basin Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 61/3 p409-426
Usage: Mentioned (p411 Fig.2) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: , Unit in Newcastle Coal Measures.
REFID: 23055 Boyd, R. , Little, M. , Herbert, C. 1998 A new look at the Newcastle Coal Measures - two contrasting approaches to their formation and sequence stratigraphy. Advances in the Study of the Sydney Basin - Guidebook 32 47p
Usage: Mentioned (p22,Fig13p25) Comments:
REFID: 22601 Roberts, J. , Claoue-Long, J.C. , Foster, C.B. 1996 SHRIMP zircon dating of the Permian System of eastern Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 43(4) 401-421
Usage: Mentioned (417, 419) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments:
REFID: 42767 Theveniaut, H. , Klootwijk, C. , Giddings, J. , Foster, C. , Korsch, R. 1994 Potential for magnetostratigraphy as a correlation tool in the Late Permian coal measures of eastern Australian basins. AGSO Research Newsletter 20 p3-5
Usage: Mentioned (p5) Comments:
REFID: 41463 Bocking, M. , Howes, M. , Weber, C. 1988 Palaeochannel development in the Moon Island Beach Sub-Group of the Newcastle Coal Measures. Advances in the Study of the Sydney Basin 22 p37-45
Usage: Mentioned (p42) Comments:
REFID: 41477 Seedsman, R. 1988 Roof and floor instability with the Awaba Tuff. Advances in the Study of the Sydney Basin 22 p79-82
Usage: Mentioned (p79) Comments:
REFID: 41479 Francis, C.L. , Summerell, S.J. 1988 The geotechnical investigation for the F3 freeway north of Palmers Road: Site geology and investigation techniques. Advances in the Study of the Sydney Basin 22 p91-97
Usage: Mentioned (p93) Comments:
REFID: 33867 Williams, R.J. 1976 Hunter Valley: Permian coal measures geology. 25th International Geological Congress. Excursion Guide 11B
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.4) Comments:
REFID: 45090 Mayne, S.J. , Nicholas, E. , Bigg-Wither, A.L. , Rasidi, J.S. , Raine, M.J. 1974 Geology the Sydney Basin - a review. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin 149 229pp
Usage: Mentioned (p83) Comments: Tabel of Perm. igneous rocks
REFID: 29922 Branagan, D.F. 1972 Geology and coal mining in the Hunter Valley 1791-1861. Newcastle Public Library. Newcastle History Monographs 6
Usage: Mentioned (Appendix 4) Comments:
REFID: 43344 Branagan, D.F. , McElroy, C.T. , Packham, G.H. 1967 Field geology of New South Wales Science Press 191
Usage: Not recorded (p85) Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Included in Eleebana Formation

Bibliographic references returned: 23 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.