(New Search)
Ettrick Formation STRATNO: 6337
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Formal State(s): NSW , SA , VIC
Category: Variation of published name Usage: Defined Definition Card: No
Originator: Entry date: 15-SEP-94Last Update: 19-SEP-18
Replaced by: Previously known as: Ettrick Marl
Description: Glauconitic marl, calcareous clay, and mudstone, with silt and sand.
Comments: Shown as NOT Murray Group in SA (96/28130). Revised stratigraphy for the Murray Group (Lukasik and James 1999) up to Murray Supergroup, included this unit in its definition, along with Geera Clay and Winnambool Formation. Formerly part of the now obsolete Glenelg Group together with Compton Conglomerate; this is the basal unit of Murray Group ( in South Australia) and incorporates the former Compton Conglomerate rocks.
Geological province: No province information available
Type state: SAReference section type:
Maximum thickness: 50mMinimum thickness:
Unit Age Event: deposition
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Early Miocene Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Rupelian Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method: biozone

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Olney Formation underlies Ettrick Formation
Renmark Group underlies Ettrick Formation
Murray Group overlies Ettrick Formation
First Reference:
REFID: 43466 Rose, D.M., 1964, A.O.G. Wentworth No.1. Summary of data and results., Petroleum Search Subsidy Acts. Publication, 52, 5pp

Definition Reference:
REFID: 42966 Brown, C.M., Stephenson, A.E., 1991, Geology of the Murray Basin, Southeastern Australia., Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin, 235, 430pp

Use on maps:
REFID: 30751 Firman, J.B., 1971, Renmark, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-10, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v
REFID: 34191 Geological Survey of South Australia., 1969, Naracoorte, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SJ/54-02, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v
REFID: 35200 Rogers, P.A., 1977, Chowilla, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-06, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 42717 Rogers, P.A., 1979, Pinnaroo, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological sheet - SI 54-14., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 43195 Rogers, P.A., 1995, Geology of the South-East South Australia. Second Edition. Special Map 1:500 000., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 44191 Ray, H.N., 1997, Ana Branch 1:250 000 geological series sheet SI54-7, Geological Survey of New South Wales, 1v, Map Legend


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 22799 Ray, H.N. 1996 Ana Branch 1:250 000 geological sheet explanatory notes Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v
Usage: Defined (p30) Min age from reference: Early Miocene Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments: Murray Group.
REFID: 42966 Brown, C.M. , Stephenson, A.E. 1991 Geology of the Murray Basin, Southeastern Australia. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin 235 430pp
Usage: Defined (p116) Min age from reference: Early Miocene Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments: Of Murray Group.
REFID: 71593 Schofield, A. 2018 Regional geology and mineral systems of the Stavely Arc, western Victoria Geoscience Australia. Record 2018/02 220p
Usage: Described (p52-p54) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments: Murray Basin. Palynology in Stavely 14 linked ot Ettrick Fm. , Murray Group , Interfingered with the Geera Clay, Olney Formation and the Calivil Formation. , Muddy shallow marine marl.
REFID: 64237 Cowley, W.M. , Barnett, S.R. 2007 Revision of Oligocene-Miocene Murray Group stratigraphy for geological and groundwater studies in South Australia MESA Journal 47 p17-20
Usage: Described (p17,p18,p18) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments: Formerly part of the now obsolete Glenelg Group together with Compton Conglomerate; now incorporates Compton Conglomerate (obsolete) and is the basal unit of Murray Group ( in South Australia).
REFID: 42881 Jacobson, G. , Ferguson, J. , Evans, W.R. 1994 Groundwater-discharge playas of the Mallee region, Murray Basin, southeast Australia. In Rosen, M.R. (ed) Paleoclimate and Basin Evolution of Playa Systems. Geological Society of America. Special Paper 289 p81-96
Usage: Described (Fig.3, P84) Comments:
REFID: 42137 Brown, C.M. , Radke, B.M. 1989 Stratigraphy and sedimentology of mid-Tertiary permeability barriers in the subsurface of the Murray Basin, southeastern Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p367-385
Usage: Described (p370) Comments: See also Table 1
REFID: 49038 Brown, C.M. , Stephenson, A.E. 1986 Murray Basin, southeastern Australia: subsurface stratigraphic database. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia, Report 262
Usage: Described (Table 2) Comments: Briefly described p26.
REFID: 43073 Rogers, P.A. 1980 Pinnaroo, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series - explanatory notes. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 27pp
Usage: Described (Table 3) Comments:
REFID: 31851 Lindsay, J.M. , Williams, A.F. 1977 Oligocene marine transgression at Hartley and Monarto, southwestern margin of the Murray Basin. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 64 p9-16
Usage: Described (p12) Comments: Lithostratigraphy.
REFID: 33490 Thornton, R.C.N. 1974 Hydrocarbon potential of western Murray Basin and infrabasins. South Australia. Department of Mines. Report of Investigations 41
Usage: Described (p10) Comments: See also p27. Oligocene -Miocene.
REFID: 30753 Firman, J.B. 1972 Renmark, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes. Sheet SI/54-10. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Described (Table 2) Comments: Oligocene age
REFID: 32859 Roberts, G.T. 1970 Groundwater supplies for Keith and its surroundings. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 128 p64-80
Usage: Described (p69) Comments: Oligocene
REFID: 34296 Lindsay, J.M. , Kim, J.J. 1969 Micropalaeontology and stratigraphy of the Langhorne Creek No.1 bore. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 131 p95-99
Usage: Described (p97) Comments: Olig.- Miocene. Lithology
REFID: 34418 Pels, S. 1969 The Murray Basin. IN Packham G.H.(ed) - The geology of New South Wales. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 16(1) p499-511
Usage: Described (p506) Comments: Equivalent
REFID: 70718 Carlton, A. A. 2016 Geophysical - Geological interpretation notes: Hay SI/55-09 1:250 000 map sheet. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Report GS2011/0800 129p
Usage: Briefly described (p24) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Late Oligocene Comments: Murray Basin. Deposited as a marginal-marine muddy facies.
REFID: 65552 Whitehouse, J. 2009 Mineral systems of the Murray Basin, New South Wales Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 132 27p
Usage: Briefly described (p5 Fig. 3, p6) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Late Oligocene Comments: Deposited during the final stages of an Oligocene-Miocene marine incursion. Contemporaneous with Geera Clay, Murray Group and Winnambool, Olney Formations. Locally underlies Murray Group. Overlies Buccleuch beds.
REFID: 67462 Hou, B. , Zang, W. , Fabris, A. , Keeling, J. , Stoian, L. , Fairclough, M. 2007 Palaeodrainage and Tertiary coastal barriers of South Australia. Digital geological map of South Australia 1:2 000 000 series. Preliminary edition Primary Industries and Resources, South Australia map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend.) Comments: Murray Basin.
REFID: 63460 Gallagher, S.J. , Gourley, T.L. 2007 Revised Oligo-Miocene stratigraphy of the Murray Basin, southeastern Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 54(6) p837-849
Usage: Briefly described (p837, p839 Fig. 2b) Min age from reference: Erly Miocene Max age from reference: Late Oligocene Comments: Overlain by Mannum Fm. Passes laterally into Winnambool Formation and Geera Clay to the north and east. Max. thickness" 40m. Geological province: Murray Basin. Dark grey-greenish, glauconitic calcareous clay and marl.
REFID: 60785 Fitzgerald, E.M.G. 2004 A review of the Tertiary fossil Cetacea (Mammalia) localities in Australia Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria 61(2) p183-208
Usage: Briefly described (p184 Fig.1, p195. ) Min age from reference: Chattian Max age from reference: Chattian Comments: South Australia. Has yielded several fossil cetacean heterodont teeth. , Glauconitic marl, calcareous clay, and mudstone, with silt and sand.
REFID: 63887 Fabris, A. 2002 Northwestern Murray Basin - stratigraphy, sedimentology and geomorphology MESA Journal 27 p20-24
Usage: Briefly described (p20, p21 Fig. 1) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Late Oligocene Comments: Of Murray Group. Marl.
REFID: 23884 Brodie, R.S. 2001 Chapter 13 - Salinisation and environmental geoscience: a case study in the Murray Basin IN Gostin, V.A. ed., 'Gondwana to Greenhouse: Australian Environmental Geoscience' Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 21 p153-158
Usage: Briefly described (p153, p155 Fig.13.2) Min age from reference: Early Oligocene Max age from reference: Early Oligocene Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin
REFID: 23768 Beu, A.G. , Darragh, T.A. 2001 Revision of Southern Australia Cenozoic Fossil Pectinidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia) Royal Society of Victoria. Proceedings 113(1) p1-205
Usage: Briefly described (p28 Fig.5) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 23921 Roy, P.S. , Whitehouse, J. , Cowell, P.J. 2000 Mineral Sands Occurrences in the Murray Basin, Southeastern Australia Economic Geology 95 (5) p1107-1128
Usage: Briefly described (p1109) Min age from reference: Early Miocene Max age from reference: Early Miocene Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 63066 Rogers, P.A. , Lukasik, J.J. , James, N.P. 1999 Discussion and Reply: Lithostratigraphic revision and correlation of the Oligo-Miocene Murray Supergroup, western Murray Basin, South Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 46(3) p485-486
Usage: Briefly described (p485) Comments: Revised stratigraphy of Lukasik and James (1999) incorporates this unit, the Geera Clay and Winnambool Formation into their new Murray Supergroup. These were not formerly included in the definition of the Murray Group.
REFID: 24563 Rogers, P.A. 1999 Discussion and Reply: Lithostratigraphic revision and correlation of the Oligo-Miocene Murray Supergroup, western Murray Basin, South Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 46 p485-486
Usage: Briefly described (p485) Comments: Included in the Murray Supergroup by Lukasik and James (1998). However, Murray Supergroup now abandoned and Murray Group reinstated - Ettrick Formation not included. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 10010 Whitehouse, J. , Roy, P.S. , Oakes, G.M. 1999 Mineral Sand Resources Potential of the Murray Basin Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mineral Resources 1999/38 74p
Usage: Briefly described (p12 Fig. 3) Min age from reference: Late Oligocene Max age from reference: Early Oligocene Comments: Of the Murray Group. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 22857 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Volume 2 Geological Evolution. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) 666pp
Usage: Briefly described (p351, p352 Fig.24.8) Min age from reference: Early Miocene Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments: Basal conglomerate of the Murray Group. Composed of sand and silt. Equivalent of Compton Conglomerate. Geological Province: Murray Basin. See also p353 Fig. 24.9.
REFID: 22773 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Part 8(24). Cainozoic. In: Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) p331-359
Usage: Briefly described (p351,Fig24.8p352) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments:
REFID: 44191 Ray, H.N. 1997 Ana Branch 1:250 000 geological series sheet SI54-7 Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v Map Legend
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Late Oligocene Comments:
REFID: 22887 Cameron, R.G. 1997 Booligal 1:250 000 Geological Sheet SI/55-5: Explanatory Notes Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v 94p
Usage: Briefly described (Fig.6 p13) Max age from reference: Early Oligocene Comments:
REFID: 22893 Cameron, R.G. 1996 Geology of the POONCARIE 1:250 000 map, SI/54-8: Explanatory Notes Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v 108pp
Usage: Briefly described (fig4 p9) Comments:
REFID: 43195 Rogers, P.A. 1995 Geology of the South-East South Australia. Second Edition. Special Map 1:500 000. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments: See also commentary on back of map.
REFID: 61314 New South Wales Department of Mineral Resources 1995 Murray Basin IN Stewart, R. and Adler, D. (eds.) "New South Wales Wales Petroleum Potential" - Bulletin New South Wales. Department of Mineral Resources. Coal and Petroleum Geology Branch. Bulletin 1 p113-134
Usage: Briefly described (p129) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments: Of the Murray Group. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 61155 Langford, R.P. , Wilford, G.E. , Truswell, E.M. , Isern, A.R. 1995 Palaeogeographic Atlas of Australia: CAINOZOIC Australian Geological Survey Organisation 10 37p
Usage: Briefly described (p18) Max age from reference: Early Oligocene Comments: Of the Murray group. Glauconitic marls; diachronous. Overlain by Gambier Limestone; interfingers with Duddo Limestone and Geera Clay in central Murray Basin. Age: 32-14.9Ma. Max. thickness: 50m. Geological Province: Murray Basin. See also p3. p4.
REFID: 44133 Drexel, J.F. , Preiss, W.V. 1995 The geology of South Australia. Volume 2 - The Phanerozoic. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 54 347pp
Usage: Briefly described (p158, 152 Fig. 10.2) Min age from reference: Early Miocene Max age from reference: Early Oligocene Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 22938 Bourman, R.P. 1995 Towards distinguishing transported and in situ ferricretes: data from southern Australia. AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 16(3) 231-241
Usage: Briefly described (fig5) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments: Eastern Mount Lofty Ranges.
REFID: 42443 Lablack, K.L. 1991 Observations on tertiary stratigraphy of the Milang and Langhorne Creek Plains, Murray Basin, S.A. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 118 p2-14
Usage: Briefly described (p6) Comments:
REFID: 42127 Lindsay, J.M. , Barnett, S.R. 1989 Aspects of stratigraphy and structure in relation to the Woolpunda Groundwater Interception Scheme, Murray Basin, South Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p219-225
Usage: Briefly described (p219) Comments: See also Fig.3
REFID: 42125 Brown, C.M. 1989 Structural and stratigraphic framework of groundwater occurrence and surface discharge in the Murray Basin, southeastern Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p127-146
Usage: Briefly described (p135) Comments: See also Fig.5
REFID: 41478 Bogacz, W. , Boyd, G.L. 1988 Structural characteristics of the Sedan coal deposit: An example of tectonic analysis of drill cores for geotechnical purposes. Advances in the Study of the Sydney Basin 22 p83-90
Usage: Briefly described (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 41511 Carter, A.N. 1985 A model for depositional sequence in the Late Tertiary of southeastern Australia. IN Lindsay J.M. (ed) - Stratigraphy, palaeontology, malacology. Special Publication (South Australia. Department of Mines and Energy) 5 p13-27
Usage: Briefly described (p18) Comments:
REFID: 41520 Lindsay, J.M. 1985 Aspects of South Australian Tertiary foraminiferal biostratigraphy, with emphasis on studies of Massilina and Subbotina. IN Lindsay J.M. (ed) - Stratigraphy, palaeontology, malacology. Special Publication (South Australia. Department of Mines and Energy) 5 p187-231
Usage: Briefly described (Fig.11) Comments:
REFID: 40003 Shepherd, R.G. 1983 Underground water resources of South Australia. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 48 p9-66
Usage: Briefly described (p38) Comments:
REFID: 42717 Rogers, P.A. 1979 Pinnaroo, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological sheet - SI 54-14. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (map legend) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments:
REFID: 33834 Williams, A.F. 1978 Recharge investigations northern margin of the Milang Basin. Milang-Longhorne area. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 142 p7-25
Usage: Briefly described (p11) Comments:
REFID: 32432 Nichol, D. 1977 Construction materials resources, Monarto area. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 140 p21-50
Usage: Briefly described (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 29697 Beal, J.C. , Blesing, M.V. , Bowering, O.J.W. , Cobb, M.A. , Forbes, G.G. , Johnson, P.D. , McMahon, B.K. , Selby, J. , Waterhouse, J.D. , Williams, A.F. 1976 Hydrogeology and environmental geology of southeastern South Australia. 25th International Geological Congress. Excursion Guide 32AC
Usage: Briefly described (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 37132 Johns, R.K. 1975 Tertiary coal in South Australia. In Traves D.H. and King D.(Eds) - Economic geology of Australia and Papua New Guinea - 2.Coal. AusIMM. Monograph Series 6 p366-371
Usage: Briefly described (p368) Comments:
REFID: 31848 Lindsay, J.M. , Bonnet, J.E. 1973 Tertiary stratigraphy of three deep bores in the Waikerie area of the Murray Basin. South Australia. Department of Mines. Report of Investigations 38
Usage: Briefly described (p15) Comments: Oligocene - Miocene
REFID: 34295 Lindsay, J.M. 1969 Cainozoic foraminifera and stratigraphy of the Adelaide Plains Sub-Basin, South Australia. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 42
Usage: Briefly described (p36) Comments: Oligocene
REFID: 34461 Roberts, G.T. , Cramsie, J.N. 1969 Drainage investigations in the Waikerie district irrigation areas, November 1964 to June 1967. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 131 p43-61
Usage: Briefly described (p52) Comments: Oligocene
REFID: 23818 Parkin, L.W. 1969 Handbook of South Australian Geology Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 268p
Usage: Briefly described (p174 Fig.84, p180) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin. Overlying units: Buccleuch Group and Renmark Beds.[this seems unlikely CEBDec 2013] Contains foraminifer Massilina torquayensis.
REFID: 34308 Ludbrook, N.H. 1969 Tertiary Period. IN Parkin L.W.(ed) - Handbook of South Australian geology. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v p172-232
Usage: Briefly described (p180) Comments: Correlation chart. Olig.- L.Miocene
REFID: 34029 Bowden, P.R. , Bleys, C. 1969 The hydrogeology of the Milang-Langhorne Creek area. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 131 p84-94
Usage: Briefly described (Table 1) Comments: Oligo-Miocene
REFID: 68140 Cartwright, I. , Weaver, T.R. , Cendon, D.I. , Fifield, L.K. , Tweed, S.O. , Petrides, B. , Swane, I. 2012 Constraining groundwater flow, residence times, inter-aquifer mixing, and aquifer properties using environmental isotopes in the southeast Murray Basin, Australia Applied Geochemistry 27 1698-1709
Usage: Mentioned (p1701) Min age from reference: Neogene Max age from reference: Paleogene Comments: Middle Tertiary age.
REFID: 68715 Hou, B. , Fabris, A.J. , Michaelsen, B.H. , Katona, L.F. , Keeling, J.L. , Stoian, L. , Wilson, T.C. , Fairclough, M.C. , Cowley, W.M. 2012 Paleodrainage and Cenozoic coastal barriers of South Australia: new map and GIS dataset MESA Journal 66 26-32
Usage: Mentioned (p31 Fig.5) Min age from reference: Chattian Max age from reference: Rupelian Comments: Murray Basin. , Murray Group.
REFID: 23179 Thomas, B. , Bone, Y. , Clarke, J. 1999 Fossil whale bones in the Middle Miocene Glenforslan Formation, Morgan. MESA Journal 15 p32-33
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Min age from reference: Early Miocene Max age from reference: Late Oligocene Comments: Murray Supergroup
REFID: 23226 Lukasik, J.J. , James, N.P. 1998 Lithostratigraphic revision and correlation of the Oligo-Miocene Murray Supergroup, western Murray Basin, South Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 45(6) p889-902
Usage: Mentioned (p889,890,891,894) Comments: Of Murray Supergroup.
REFID: 22587 Alley, N.F. , Krieg, G.W. , Callen, R.A. 1996 Early Tertiary Eyre Formation, lower Nelly Creek, southern Lake Eyre Basin, Australia: palynological dating of macrofloras and silcrete, and palaeoclimatic interpretation Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 43(1) p71-84
Usage: Mentioned (p79 Fig.7) Min age from reference: Late Oligocene Max age from reference: Early Oligocene Comments:
REFID: 22626 Li, Q. , James, N.P. , Bone, Y. , McGowran, B. 1996 Foraminiferal biostratigraphy and depositional enviroments of the mid-Cenozoic Abrakurrie Limestone, Eucla Basin, southern Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 43(4) p437-450
Usage: Mentioned (446 fig 10) Min age from reference: Early Miocene Max age from reference: Late Oligocene Comments: Geol province Murray Basin. Overlying unit Lower Mannum Formation
REFID: 43780 Macphail, M.K. 1996 Palynostratigraphy of the Murray Basin, inland southeastern Australia. Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Record 1996/57 1-38 + Figures, Plates and Appendice
Usage: Mentioned (p5) Comments:
REFID: 43686 Bourman, R.P. 1996 Towards distinguishing transported and in situ ferricretes: data from southern Australia. AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 16(3) p231-241
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.5,p233) Comments:
REFID: 43667 Feary, D.A. , James, N.P. , McGowran, B. , Smart, P.L. 1995 Cenozoic cool-water carbonates of the Great Australian Bight: reading the record of Southern Ocean evolution, sea-level, paleoclimate, and biogenic production. Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Record 1995/78 p1-102
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.3,p12) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments:
REFID: 43791 Macphail, M.K. , Kellett, J.R. 1993 Palynostratigraphy of the Bookpurnong Beds and related Late Miocene - Early Pliocene facies in the central west Murray Basin, part 1: dinoflagellates AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 14(4) 371-382
Usage: Mentioned (p372, Fig1) Comments:
REFID: 43804 Macphail, M.K. , Kellett, J.R. , Rexilius, J.P. , O'Rorke, M.E. 1993 The "Geera Clay equivalent" : a regressive marine unit in the Renmark Group that sheds new light on the age of the Mologa weathering surface in the Murray Basin. AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 14(1) p47-63
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2,p49) Comments:
REFID: 42623 Barnett, S.R. 1992 Hydrogeological modelling in the Mallee Region of the Murray Basin. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 123 p2-10
Usage: Mentioned (p2) Comments: aquitard
REFID: 42130 Davie, R.F. , Kellett, J.R. , Fifield, L.K. , Evans, W.R. , Calf, G.E. , Bird, J.R. , Topham, S. , Ophel, T.R. 1989 Chlorine-36 measurements in the Murray Basin: preliminary results from the Victorian and South Australian Mallee region. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p261-272
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.3 P265) Comments:
REFID: 42134 Kellett, J.R. 1989 The Ivanhoe Block-its structure, hydrogeology and effect on groundwaters of the Riverine Plain of New South Wales. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p333-353
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.3 P335) Comments:
REFID: 42129 Stadter, F. , Love, A.J. 1989 The Tatiara proclaimed region, southeastern South Australia: hydrogeological investigations and groundwater management. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p253-259
Usage: Mentioned (p254) Comments: See also Fig.6
REFID: 42138 Stephenson, A.E. , Brown, C.M. 1989 The ancient Murray River system. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p387-395
Usage: Mentioned (p388) Comments:
REFID: 42126 Evans, W.R. , Kellett, J.R. 1989 The hydrogeology of the Murray Basin, southeastern Australia . BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p147-166
Usage: Mentioned (p156) Comments:
REFID: 42132 Martin, H.A. 1989 Vegetation and climate of the late Cainozoic in the Murray Basin and their bearing on the salinity problem. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p291-299
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.5 P298) Comments:
REFID: 41517 Harris, W.K. 1985 Middle to Late Eocene depositional cycles and dinoflagellate zones in southern Australia. IN Lindsay J.M. (ed) - Stratigraphy, palaeontology, malacology. Special Publication (South Australia. Department of Mines and Energy) 5 p133-144
Usage: Mentioned (p139) Comments:
REFID: 49040 Brown, C.M. 1985 Murray Basin, southeastern Australia: stratigraphy and resource potential - a synopsis. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia, Report 264
Usage: Mentioned (p11) Comments:
REFID: 39929 Truswell, E.M. , Sluiter, I.R. , Harris, W.K. 1984 Palynology of the Oligocene-Miocene sequence in the Oakvale-1 corehole, western Murray Basin, South Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 9(4) p267-295
Usage: Mentioned (p268) Comments:
REFID: 39329 Brown, C.M. 1983 Discussion: A Cainozoic history of Australia's Southeast Highlands. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 30(4) p483-486
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.1) Comments:
REFID: 38601 Lindsay, J.M. 1983 Oligo-Miocene transgressive events in Geera Clay, Oakvale 1, northern Murray Basin. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 85 p5-12
Usage: Mentioned (p7) Comments:
REFID: 40033 Goode, A.D.T. , Williams, G.E. 1980 Possible western outlet for an ancient Murray River in South Australia. 3. Reply. Search 11(7/8) p227-230
Usage: Mentioned (p228) Comments:
REFID: 35541 Waterhouse, J.D. , Gerges, N.Z. 1979 Notes on the geology of the Angas-Bremer irrigation area. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 70 p11-15
Usage: Mentioned (p13) Comments:
REFID: 34758 Twidale, C.R. , Lindsay, J.M. , Bourne, J.A. 1978 Age and origin of the Murray River and Gorge in South Australia. Royal Society of Victoria. Proceedings 90(1) p27-42
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments:
REFID: 35232 Rogers, P.A. 1978 Chowilla, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes. Sheet SI/54-06. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 25pp
Usage: Mentioned (p11) Comments: See also Table 3.
REFID: 35071 Boucaut, W.R.P. 1978 Saline groundwater inflows to the River Murray in South Australia. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 143 p11-18
Usage: Mentioned (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 33798 Wightman, V.E. 1977 A resistivity survey in the Padthaway area. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 140 p98-102
Usage: Mentioned (p98) Comments: Fig.2
REFID: 35200 Rogers, P.A. 1977 Chowilla, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-06, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments:
REFID: 31922 Ludbrook, N.H. 1977 Early Tertiary Cyclammina and Haplophragmoida (Foraminiferida: Lituolidae) in southern Australia. Royal Society of South Australia. Transactions 101(7) p165-197
Usage: Mentioned (p173) Comments:
REFID: 33982 Williams, A.F. 1977 Hydrogeology of the Milan-Langhorne Creek area. Fourth report. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 141 p116-125
Usage: Mentioned (p116) Comments:
REFID: 32653 Pledge, N.S. , Rothausen, K. 1977 Metasqualodon Harwoodi (Sanger, 1881) - a redescription. South Australian Museum. Records 17(17) p285-297
Usage: Mentioned (p285) Comments:
REFID: 46839 Cook, P.J. , Colwell, J.B. , Firman, J.B. , Lindsay, J.M. , Schwebel, D.A. , von der Borch, C.C. 1977 The late Cainozoic sequence of southeast South Australia and Pleistocene sea-level changes. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 2(2) p81-88
Usage: Mentioned (p82) Comments:
REFID: 31746 Lawrence, C.R. , Abele, C. 1976 Tertiary - Murray Basin. IN Douglas J.G.,Ferguson J.A.(eds) - Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 5 p191-198
Usage: Mentioned (p194) Comments:
REFID: 46802 Doutch, H.F. 1976 The Karumba Basin, northeastern Australia and southern New Guinea. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 1(2) p131-140
Usage: Mentioned (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 38068 Firman, J.B. 1975 Australia-South Australia. IN Fairbridge R.W.(Ed) - The encyclopedia of world regional geology, part 1: Western Hemisphere (including Antarctica and Australia). Encyclopedia of earth sciences. Vol.8. Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross Inc. 1v p61-80
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.7) Comments:
REFID: 38070 Gill, E.D. 1975 Australia-Victoria. IN Fairbridge R.W.(Ed) - The encyclopedia of world regional geology, part 1: Western Hemisphere (including Antarctica and Australia). Encyclopedia of earth sciences. Vol.8. Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross Inc. 1v p91-100
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.12) Comments: Murray Basin
REFID: 31850 Lindsay, J.M. , Harris, W.K. 1975 Fossiliferous marine and non-marine Cainozoic rocks from the eastern Eucla Basin, South Australia. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 138 p29-42
Usage: Mentioned (p36) Comments:
REFID: 29591 Australian Water Resources Council. 1975 Groundwater resources of Australia. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Table 20) Comments:
REFID: 32426 Nichol, D. 1975 Limestone for railway ballast on Murray Lands at Pungonda. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 137 p140-145
Usage: Mentioned (p142) Comments: Stratigraphic table. Renmark area
REFID: 30758 Firman, J.B. , Rogers, P.A. 1975 Monarto Town area. Construction materials and foundation conditions. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 137 p65-73
Usage: Mentioned (p66) Comments: Oliogocene. Marine transgression
REFID: 33224 South Australia. Department of Mines. 1974 Annual report for 1973-74. South Australia. Department of Mines. Annual Report 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.35) Comments: Photo.
REFID: 31241 Harris, B.M. 1973 Groundwater resources - Padthaway area. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 135 p95-105
Usage: Mentioned (p99) Comments: Equivalent in age to Gambier Lst.
REFID: 30754 Firman, J.B. 1973 Regional stratigraphy of surficial deposits in the Murray Basin and Gambier Embayment. South Australia. Department of Mines. Report of Investigations 1v
Usage: Mentioned (p14) Comments: Stratigraphic table. See also P42 section
REFID: 29898 Bowler, J.M. , Macumber, P.G. 1973 The Riverine Plain in northern Victoria. IN McAndrew J., Marsden M.A.H.(Eds) - Regional guide to Victorian geology. 2nd edition. University of Melbourne. School of Geology. Publication 1 p213-224
Usage: Mentioned (p216) Comments:
REFID: 30918 Geological Survey of South Australia. 1972 Annual report of the Director of Mines and Government Geologist, 1970-71. South Australia. Department of Mines 1v
Usage: Mentioned (p85) Comments:
REFID: 32864 Roberts, G.T. 1972 Drainage investigations in the Waikerie district irrigation areas. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 133 p159-173
Usage: Mentioned (Fig. 5) Comments:
REFID: 31625 Kenley, P.R. 1971 Correlation of Cainozoic rocks in the Victorian part of the Gambier embayment. IN Wopfner H.,Douglas J.G.(eds) - The Otway Basin of southeastern Australia. (See enclosure no.2). Geological Survey of SA & Geological Survey of Vic. 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Fig. 5.2) Comments: Oligocene
REFID: 30751 Firman, J.B. 1971 Renmark, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-10, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments:
REFID: 32862 Roberts, G.T. 1970 Review of groundwater hydrology adjacent to the River Murray in South Australia - Blanchetown-Waikerie area. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 129 p154-166
Usage: Mentioned (Fig. 3) Comments: Section from boreholes
REFID: 29828 Bleys, C. 1970 Tailem Bend - Keith Pipeline Scheme. Regional groundwater assessment. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 129 p25-40
Usage: Mentioned (p25) Comments:
REFID: 34114 Cramsie, J. 1969 A review of groundwater hydrology adjacent to the River Murray in South Australia. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 126 p48-56
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments:
REFID: 34191 Geological Survey of South Australia. 1969 Naracoorte, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SJ/54-02, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments: Oligocene - Miocene
REFID: 23671 Harris, W.K. 1966 New and redefined names in South Australian lower Tertiary stratigraphy Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 20 p1-3
Usage: Mentioned (p3) Comments: Disconformably overlies the Renmark Beds.
REFID: 43383 Brunker, R.L. , Offenberg, A.C. , Rose, G. 1967 Explanatory Notes 1:3 000 000 geological map of New South Wales. Geological Survey of New South Wales 32
Usage: Not recorded (p29) Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments:
REFID: 70961 Bowler, J.M. , Macumber, P.G. 1967 The Riverine Plain in Northern Victoria Excursion No. 13. IN McAndrew J., Marsden M.A.H.(eds) 'Geology excursions handbook for Section C - geology. ANZAAS 39th Congress, Melbourne, January 1967. ANZAAS 133-144
Usage: Not recorded (p136) Comments: Geological section.
REFID: 71248 Firman, J.B. 1965 Late Cainozoic lacustrine deposits in the Murray Basin Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 16 1-2
Usage: Not recorded (p2) Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments:
REFID: 43466 Rose, D.M. 1964 A.O.G. Wentworth No.1. Summary of data and results. Petroleum Search Subsidy Acts. Publication 52 5pp
Usage: Not recorded (p3,fig.2,Pl.1) Comments: Equivalent to SA
REFID: 43467 Rose, D.M. , Wright, A.J. , Stuntz, J. , Shiels, O.J. , Benbow, D.D. , Ludbrook, N.H. , Grasso, R. 1964 Summary of data and results. Drilling operations in the Murray Basin New South Wales and South Australia 1961-2 of Australian Oil&Gas Corporation Ltd, Woodside (Lakes Entrance) Oil Co.N.L. and Australian Oil Corporation Petroleum Search Subsidy Acts. Publication 52 34pp+plates
Usage: Not recorded (p3,20,25,31,32) Comments:

Bibliographic references returned: 114 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.