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Sandon beds STRATNO: 28301
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Informal State(s): NSW
Category: Unknown or process pending Usage: Fully described Definition Card: No
Originator: Entry date: 01-JAN-88Last Update: 07-OCT-15
Replaced by: Previously known as: Sandon Beds
Description: Low-grade, regionally metamorphosed, multiply deformed lithic wacke, paraconglomerate, siltstone, mudstone, minor chert, jasper, spillite.
Comments: In Central Block and Woodsreef Melange. Part of the "Sandon Association".
Geological province: No province information available
Type state: Reference section type:
Maximum thickness: mMinimum thickness:
Unit Age
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Early Carboniferous Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Late Devonian Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Dummy Creek Conglomerate overlies Sandon beds
Armidale beds underlies Sandon beds unconformity
Mount Duval Monzogranite intrudes Sandon beds
Newholme Monzogranite intrudes Sandon beds
Whitlow Formation underlies Sandon beds
First Reference:
REFID: 35020 Day, R.W., Murray, C.G., Whitaker, W.G., 1978, The eastern part of the Tasman orogenic zone in Scheibner E.(ed) - The Phanerozoic structure of Australia and variations in tectonic style., Tectonophysics, 48(3/4), p327-364

Use on maps:
REFID: 721 Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P., 1992, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Geological Survey of New South Wales. Metallogenic Map Series, 1v, Map
REFID: 23051 Stroud, W.J., Brown, R.E., 1998, Inverell 1:250 000 Metallogenic Sheet SH/56-5. First Edition, Geological Survey of New South Wales, Map Legend
REFID: 23720 Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F., 1992, Dorrigo - Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map, Geological Survey of New South Wales. Metallogenic Map Series, Map, Map Legend
REFID: 41348 Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., 1987, Tamworth-Hastings, New South Wales, 1:250 000 metallogenic series map. Sheets SH 56-13, SH/56-14, 1st edition., Geological Survey of New South Wales. Metallogenic Map Series, 1v, Map
REFID: 43091 Brown, R.E., Krynen, J.P., Brownlow, J.W., 1990, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map, Geological Survey of New South Wales, 1v, map


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 44450 Gilligan, L.B. , Brownlow, J.W. , Cameron, R.G. , Henley, H.F. 1992 Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets Geological Survey of New South Wales 509p
Usage: Fully described (p12 Table 1) Min age from reference: Early Carboniferous Max age from reference: Late Devonian Comments: Overlain by Dummy Creek Conglomerate. Geological Province: New England Fold Belt.
REFID: 66660 Vickery, N. , Blevin, P.L. , Brown, B. , Rutten, R. , Ashley, P.M. 2010 Definition of a new member of the Uralla Supersuite, New England Batholith: The Newholme Monzogranite and its distinction from the Mount Duval Monzogranite. New England Orogen 2010: Conference Proceedings. 342-349
Usage: Described (p344) Comments: Deformed and metamorphosed accretionary complex rocks: metagreywacke, metasiltstone, metabasalt. Intruded by the Mount Duval Monzogranite and the Newholme Monzogranite.
REFID: 23050 Brown, R.E. , Stroud, W.J. 1997 Inverell Metallogenic Map SH/56-5: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v 575p
Usage: Described (p14 Table 1) Min age from reference: Early Carboniferous Max age from reference: Early Carboniferous Comments: Age: Early Carboniferous (Tournisian to early Visean) based on radiolaria.
REFID: 63347 Vickery, N.M. , Dawson, M. W. , Sivell, W.J. , Malloch, K.R. , Dunlap, W.J. 2007 Cainozoic igneous rocks in the Bingara to Inverell area, northeastern New South Wales Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 123 p1-31
Usage: Briefly described (p5 Fig. 2) Min age from reference: Late Carboniferous Max age from reference: Middle Cambrian Comments: In Central Block and Woodsreef Melange.
REFID: 62534 Brown, R.E. 2006 Inverell Exploration NSW geophysics -- new data for exploration and geological investigations in the northern New England area of New South Wales Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 121 p1-38
Usage: Briefly described (p6, p11 (legend)) Min age from reference: Early Carboniferous Max age from reference: Early Carboniferous Comments:
REFID: 62757 Stonestreet, P.G. , Ashley, P.M. , Brown, R.E. , Sivell, W.J. 2006 The Fox Tor Diorite, a newly recognised intrusion within the New England Batholith, northern New South Wales Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 122 19p
Usage: Briefly described (p3 Fig. 1) Min age from reference: Early Carboniferous Max age from reference: Early Carboniferous Comments:
REFID: 68005 Dawson, M. , Vickery, N. , Barnes, R. , Tadros, V. , Wiles, L. 2004 Nandewar Geology - Integration and Upgrade, Nandewar Western Regional Assessment. Resource and Conservation Assessment Council NAND04 170pp
Usage: Briefly described (p18, p22, pp33-34, p155, p170.) Min age from reference: Carboniferous Max age from reference: Carboniferous Comments: Anaiwan terrane, Central Block, New England Fold Belt. Texas-Sandon association: a thick sequence of deep marine deposition; locally highly deformed; uppermost part of subduction complex. , Overlies Whitlow Formation. , Turbidites only locally abundant; typically thin-bedded, coarse lithic wacke or conglomerate horizons, siltstone, mudstone with subordinate chert, jasper and spilite.
REFID: 68006 McEvilly, R. , Malloch, K.R. , Watkins, J.J. , Wiles, L.A. , Moloney, J. , Mantaring, A.R. 2004 Nandewar Mineral and Petroleum Resources and Potential, Nandewar Western Regional Assessment. Resource and Conservation Assessment Council NAND07 168pp
Usage: Briefly described (p25, p127.) Min age from reference: Early Carboniferous Max age from reference: Late Devonian Comments: Deposited in a deep marine setting; forms part of a subduction complex. Kaolinisation of this unit resulted in the Wades Brickworks deposit. , Overlies Whitlow Formation.
REFID: 24366 Brown, R.E. 2003 Peel South Exploration NSW geophysics - interpretation of new data for exploration and geological investigations in the western New England area of New South Wales Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 114 p1-27
Usage: Briefly described (p7, 9) Min age from reference: Early Carboniferous Max age from reference: Early Carboniferous Comments:
REFID: 23790 Brown, R.E. 2001 Peel Discovery 2000 Geophysics - Providing keys to exploration in the western New England Region of New South Wales Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 111 p1-15
Usage: Briefly described (p10 Fig. 2) Min age from reference: Early Carboniferous Max age from reference: Early Carboniferous Comments: Geological Province: Central Block
REFID: 23051 Stroud, W.J. , Brown, R.E. 1998 Inverell 1:250 000 Metallogenic Sheet SH/56-5. First Edition Geological Survey of New South Wales Map Legend
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Early Carboniferous Max age from reference: Early Carboniferous Comments:
REFID: 44093 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1996 Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Volume 1 Structural Framework. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(1) 295pp
Usage: Briefly described (p76 (photo)) Min age from reference: Paleozoic Max age from reference: Paleozoic Comments: Age: middle Palaeozoic. Unconformably overlies Armidale beds. Of the Armidale Block. Geological Province: New England Fold Belt.
REFID: 42629 Aitchison, J.C. 1993 Albaillellaria from the New England Orogen, Eastern NSW, Australia. In: D. Lazarus & P.De Wever (eds) - Interrad VI. Marine Micropaleontology 21 Special Issue p353-367
Usage: Briefly described (p360) Comments:
REFID: 42901 Fergusson, C.L. , Henderson, R.A. , Leitch, E.C. , Ishiga, H. 1993 Lithology and structure of the Wandilla terrane, Gladstone-Yeppoon district, central Queensland, and an overview of the Palaeozoic subduction complex of the New England Fold Belt. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 40(4) p403-414
Usage: Briefly described (p411, Fig.12 p412) Comments:
REFID: 42729 Brown, R.E. , Stroud, W.J. 1993 Mineral Deposits of the Inverell 1:100 000 Sheet. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 91 p11-33
Usage: Briefly described (p12) Comments: Early Carboniferous
REFID: 23720 Gilligan, L.B. , Brownlow, J.W. , Cameron, R.G. , Henley, H.F. 1992 Dorrigo - Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map Geological Survey of New South Wales. Metallogenic Map Series Map Map Legend
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Comments: Part of the "Sandon Association".
REFID: 721 Brown, R.E. , Brownlow, J.W. , Krynen, J.P. 1992 Manilla-Narrabri 1:250000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets Geological Survey of New South Wales. Metallogenic Map Series 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Late Carboniferous Max age from reference: Late Devonian Comments: Low-grade, regionally metamorphosed, multiply deformed lithic wacke, paraconglomerate, siltstone, mudstone, minro chert, jasper, spillite.
REFID: 42554 Aitchison, J.C. , Flood, P.G. , Spiller, F.C.P. 1992 Tectonic setting and paleoenvironment of terranes in the southern New England orogen, eastern Australia as constrained by radiolarian biostratigraphy. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 94 p31-54
Usage: Briefly described (p43) Comments:
REFID: 42866 Henley, H.F. 1991 Lamprophyres and gold in the New England Fold Belt. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 83 p7-24
Usage: Briefly described (Table 2, P12) Comments:
REFID: 42297 Aitchison, J. , Flood, P. 1990 Early Carboniferous radiolarian ages constrain the timing of sedimentation within the Anaiwan terrane, New England orogen, eastern Australia. Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie. Abhandlungen 180(1) p1-19
Usage: Briefly described (p3) Min age from reference: Late Devonian Comments:
REFID: 43091 Brown, R.E. , Krynen, J.P. , Brownlow, J.W. 1990 Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Comments:
REFID: 41348 Gilligan, L.B. , Brownlow, J.W. , Cameron, R.G. 1987 Tamworth-Hastings, New South Wales, 1:250 000 metallogenic series map. Sheets SH 56-13, SH/56-14, 1st edition. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Metallogenic Map Series 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Carboniferous Max age from reference: Devonian Comments: Part of the "Sandon Association".
REFID: 50016 The AHV Symposium - New England Geology 1982 The Parlour Mountain Cauldron: A Late Permian volcanic complex northwest of Armidale - Excursion Guide IN Flood P.G.,Runnegar B.(eds)-New England geology. Proceedings of a symposium on the geology of the New England area, 1982. University of New England. Department of Geology & AHV Club 1v p253
Usage: Briefly described (p353) Min age from reference: Carboniferous Max age from reference: Carboniferous Comments: See also Sandon Beds. Geological Province: New England Fold Belt
REFID: 22857 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Volume 2 Geological Evolution. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) 666pp
Usage: Mentioned (p204) Comments:
REFID: 22859 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Part 6(17). Middle Devonian-Early Carboniferous. In: Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) p191-221
Usage: Mentioned (p204-05) Comments:
REFID: 43745 Auborg, C. , Klootwijk, C.T. , Korsch, R.J. 1994 Magnetic fabric and palaeomagnetic studies in the Texas and Coffs Harbour Blocks, New England Orogen. Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Record 1994/58 p1-70 + Appendices
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.4,p13) Comments:
REFID: 42748 Stroud, W.J. 1992 New and Revised Geological Units from the Inverell and Goondiwindi 1:250 000 Sheet Areas, New England Fold Belt. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 87 p1-16
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.3 P9) Min age from reference: Carboniferous Comments:
REFID: 42378 Barnes, R.G. , Brown, R.E. , Brownlow, J.W. , Stroud, W.J. 1991 Late Permian volcanics in New England - The Wandsworth Volcanic Group. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 84 p1-36
Usage: Mentioned (Table 1 P11) Comments:
REFID: 41329 Blake Jnr., M.C. , Murchey, B.L. 1988 A California model for the New England Fold Belt. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 72 p2-9
Usage: Mentioned (p6) Comments:
REFID: 41009 Brown, R.E. 1987 Newly defined stratigraphic units from the western New England Fold Belt, Manilla 1:250 000 sheet area. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 69 p1-9
Usage: Mentioned (p6) Comments:
REFID: 38222 Mory, A.J. 1982 The Early Carboniferous palaeogeography of the northern Tamworth Belt, New South Wales. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 29(3/4) p357-366
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments:
REFID: 37509 Korsch, R.J. , Harrington, H.J. 1981 Reply: Stratigraphic and structural synthesis of the New England Orogen. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 28(4) p504
Usage: Mentioned (p504) Comments:
REFID: 35020 Day, R.W. , Murray, C.G. , Whitaker, W.G. 1978 The eastern part of the Tasman orogenic zone in Scheibner E.(ed) - The Phanerozoic structure of Australia and variations in tectonic style. Tectonophysics 48(3/4) p327-364
Usage: Mentioned (p345) Min age from reference: Early Carboniferous Max age from reference: Early Carboniferous Comments:

Bibliographic references returned: 33 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.