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Watts Sandstone STRATNO: 27607
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Formal State(s): NSW
Category: Variation of published name Usage: Described Definition Card: No
Originator: Entry date: 01-JAN-88 Last Update: 13-DEC-07
Replaced by: Previously known as: Watts Formation
Description:
Comments: Base of Newcastle Coal Measures was raised to top of Watts Sandstone by the resolution to replace Wollombi Coal Measure nomenclature with Newcastle Coal Measure nomenclature as ratified by Coalfield Geology Council in 2004. Name retained in Hunter Valley
Geological province: No province information available
Type state: Reference section type:
Maximum thickness: Minimum thickness:
Unit Age
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Late Permian Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Late Permian Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Newcastle Coal Measures overlies Watts Sandstone
First Reference:
REFID: 29942 Britten, R.A., 1972, A review of the stratigraphy of the Singleton Coal Measures and its significance to coal geology and mining in the Hunter Valley region of New South Wales in Newcastle Conference,1972., AusIMM, 1v, p11-22

Use on maps:
REFID: 39346 Summerhayes, G., 1983, Muswellbrook, New South Wales, 1:25 000 geological map. Sheet 9033-11-N, 1st edition., Geological Survey of New South Wales, 1v
REFID: 39830 McIlveen, G.R., 1984, Singleton, New South Wales, 1:25 000 geological series map. Sheet 9132-IV-N, 1st edition., Geological Survey of New South Wales, 1v
REFID: 43257 Glen, R.A., Beckett, J., 1993, Hunter Coalfield Regional Geology, New South Wales. Department of Mineral Resources, 1v, Map


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 22969 Maung, T.U. , Alder, D. , Shaw, R. , Hawley, S. 1997 Offshore Sydney Basin. Box 1 Bureau of Resource Sciences, Petroleum Prospectivity Bulletin
Usage: Described (Fig 4.1a, p 53) Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Wollombi Coal Measures
REFID: 41010 Sniffin, M.J. , Beckett, J. , Moloney, J. 1987 The geology, coal resources, and hydrocarbon occurrence within A376, Bulga area, Hunter Coalfield. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 69 p9-21
Usage: Described (p13) Comments:
REFID: 29942 Britten, R.A. 1972 A review of the stratigraphy of the Singleton Coal Measures and its significance to coal geology and mining in the Hunter Valley region of New South Wales in Newcastle Conference,1972. AusIMM 1v p11-22
Usage: Described (Fig.1) Comments: Permian
REFID: 62033 Creech, M. , Rigby, R. 2006 Revision of the Wollombi Coal measures Minfo 81 p24-25
Usage: Briefly described (p24, p25 (Table)) Comments: Base of Newcastle Coal Measures was raised to top of Watts Sandstone by the resolution to replace Wollombi Coal Measure nomenclature with Newcastle Coal Measure nomenclature as ratified by Coalfield Geology Council in 2004. Name retained in Hunter Valley.
REFID: 68003 Barnes, R. , Dawson, M. , Spiller, F. 2002 Geology - Integration and upgrade: NSW Western Regional Assessments: Brigalow Belt South Bioregion (Stage 2). A project undertaken for the Resource and Conservation Assessment Council; NSW Western regional assessments Geological Survey of New South Wales WRA / 19 157pp
Usage: Briefly described (p38 Fig.3-j, p41, p130.) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Hunter Coalfield, Brigalow Belt South Bioregion. , Unit in Wittingham Coal Measures (Singleton Supergroup). , Overlies Denman Formation. Is overlain by Wollombi Coal Measures. , Medium- to coarse-grained sandstone.
REFID: 68004 Hill, M. , McEvilly, R. , Watkins, J. 2002 Mineral and petroleum resources and potential: NSW Western Regional Assessments: Brigalow Belt South Bioregion (Stage 2) Geological Survey of New South Wales 235pp
Usage: Briefly described (p23 Table 1, p51 Table 5, p52, p61.) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Hunter and Western Coalfields. Equivalent to Waratah Sandstone in Newcastle Coalfield. 30 to 60 m thick. Resistant; forms prominent linear outcrop. , Basal unit in Wollombi Coal Measures. , Overlies Denman Formation. Is overlain by Abbey Green Coal. , A distinctive massive, medium-grained, even textured sandstone; coal-barren.
REFID: 24157 Creech, M. 2002 Tuffaceous deposition in the Newcastle Coal Measures: challenging existing concepts of peat formation in the Sydney Basin, New South Wales, Australia International Journal of Coal Geology 51 p185-214
Usage: Briefly described (p187, p188 Tb.1) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments: Parent: Wollombi Coal Measures. Geological Province: Sydney Basin
REFID: 22857 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Volume 2 Geological Evolution. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) 666pp
Usage: Briefly described (p524 App.1 Tb.A1.9) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Included in both the Apple Tree Flat Subgroup (Wollombi Coal Measures, Singleton Supergroup) and the Charbon Subgroup (Illawarra Coal Measures). Max. thickness: 60m in the Hunter region. Geological Province: Sydney Basin. See also p528 App.1 Tb.A1.9.
REFID: 61315 New South Wales Department of Mineral Resources 1995 Sydney Basin IN Stewart, R. and Adler, D. (eds.) "New South Wales Wales Petroleum Potential" - Bulletin New South Wales. Department of Mineral Resources. Coal and Petroleum Geology Branch. Bulletin 1 p163-188
Usage: Briefly described (Table SY1) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Of the Wollombi Newcastle Coal Measures. Good reservoir potential in uppermost sections. Geological Province: Sydney Basin/Hunter Valley area.
REFID: 43257 Glen, R.A. , Beckett, J. 1993 Hunter Coalfield Regional Geology New South Wales. Department of Mineral Resources 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Of Wollombi Coal Measures
REFID: 42657 Yoo, E.K. 1993 Stratigraphic and coal seam correlations of the Illawarra Coal Measures in the Ulan and Bylong areas, Western Coalfield, Sydney Basin, New South Wales Royal Society of New South Wales. Journal and Proceedings 126(1/2) p73-86
Usage: Briefly described (p81) Comments:
REFID: 43194 Tadros, N.Z. 1993 The Gunnedah Basin, New South Wales. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 12 649p
Usage: Briefly described (p129 Tb. 8.3, p130) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Of Singleton Supergroup, Hunter region, Sydney Basin.
REFID: 43017 Briggs, D.J.C. 1993 Time control in the Permian of the Sydney-Bowen Basin and the New England Orogen; In Findlay, Unrug, Banks, & Veevers (eds) Gondwana Eight. Assembly, evolution and dispersal. Proceedings of the Eighth Gondwana Symposium, Hobart, Tasmania, A A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam 1v p371-383
Usage: Briefly described (Fig.1,p372) Comments:
REFID: 42916 New South Wales. Dept. Minerals & Energy 1989 Coalfield Review -- Hunter Coalfield. New South Wales. Department of Minerals and Energy. Minfo 23 p23-29
Usage: Briefly described (Table 1) Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments:
REFID: 45090 Mayne, S.J. , Nicholas, E. , Bigg-Wither, A.L. , Rasidi, J.S. , Raine, M.J. 1974 Geology the Sydney Basin - a review. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin 149 229pp
Usage: Briefly described (p63) Comments: Lithology, relationships, correlation & age
REFID: 60281 Stephenson, A.E. , Burch, G.J. 2004 Preliminary Evaluation of the Petroleum Potential of Australia's Central East Margin Geoscience Australia. Record 2004/06 69p
Usage: Mentioned (p9) Comments:
REFID: 42182 McElroy, C.T. , Rose, G. 1990 Historical review of coal geology in New South Wales. IN Glasson K.R., Rattigan J.H. (eds.)- Geological aspects of the discovery of some important mineral deposits in Australia. AusIMM. Monograph Series 17 p245-316
Usage: Mentioned (p299) Comments:
REFID: 42078 Moloney, J. 1990 Jerrys Plains mini sosie reflection seismic survey, Hunter Coalfield. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 80 p1-18
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2 P3) Comments:
REFID: 41902 Kellett, J.R. , Williams, B.G. , Ward, J.K. 1989 Hydrogeochemistry of the upper Hunter River Valley, New South Wales. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin 221
Usage: Mentioned (p23) Comments:
REFID: 40321 Brakel, A.T. 1986 Global sea-level change as a method of correlating the Late Permian coal measures in the Sydney, Gunnedah, and Bowen Basins, eastern Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 10(1) p17-22
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.3) Comments:
REFID: 40805 Standing Committee Coalfield Geol. NSW 1986 Stratigraphy of the Jerrys Plains Subgroup of the Wittingham Coal Measures in the Singleton-Muswellbrook Coal District of the Hunter Valley. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Records 22(1) p129-143
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments:
REFID: 40166 Slansky, J.M. 1985 Geochemistry of high-temperature coal ashes and the sedimentary environment of the New South Wales coals, Australia. International Journal of Coal Geology 5(4) p339-376
Usage: Mentioned (p347) Comments: See also Table 1
REFID: 40256 McMinn, A. 1985 Palynostratigraphy of the Middle Permian coal sequences of the Sydney Basin. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 32(3) p301-309
Usage: Mentioned (p304) Comments:
REFID: 39693 Hamilton, D.S. , Beckett, J. 1984 Permian depositional systems in the Gunnedah region. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 55
Usage: Mentioned (p17) Comments:
REFID: 39830 McIlveen, G.R. 1984 Singleton, New South Wales, 1:25 000 geological series map. Sheet 9132-IV-N, 1st edition. Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments:
REFID: 39666 Holmes, G.G. 1983 Bentonite and Fullers Earth in New South Wales. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Mineral Resources 45
Usage: Mentioned (p66) Comments:
REFID: 39346 Summerhayes, G. 1983 Muswellbrook, New South Wales, 1:25 000 geological map. Sheet 9033-11-N, 1st edition. Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments:
REFID: 38614 Beckett, J. , Hamilton, D.S. , Weber, C.R. 1983 Permian and Triassic stratigraphy and sedimentation in the Gunnedah-Narrabri-Coonabarabran region. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 51 p1-16
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.6) Comments:
REFID: 39232 Bembrick, C.S. 1983 Stratigraphy and sedimentation of the Late Permian Illawarra Coal Measures in the Western Coalfield, Sydney Basin, New South Wales. Royal Society of New South Wales. Journal and Proceedings 116(3/4) p105-117
Usage: Mentioned (p105) Comments: See also P110
REFID: 39287 Herbert, C. 1980 Depositional development of the Sydney Basin. IN Herbert C., Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p11-52
Usage: Mentioned (Fig. 2.15) Comments:
REFID: 36042 Branagan, D. , Herbert, C. , Langford-Smith, T. 1979 The Sydney Basin. Science Press 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.19) Comments:
REFID: 35926 Stuntz, J. 1977 Coal exploration programmes of the New South Wales Department of Mines, 1968-1976. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 26 p14-19
Usage: Mentioned (p15) Comments:
REFID: 31375 Holmes, G.G. 1976 Goulburn Valley coal drilling. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 23 p2-14
Usage: Mentioned (p3) Comments: Stratigraphy
REFID: 33867 Williams, R.J. 1976 Hunter Valley: Permian coal measures geology. 25th International Geological Congress. Excursion Guide 11B
Usage: Mentioned (p7) Comments:
REFID: 29944 Britten, R.A. , Smyth, M. , Bennett, A.J.R. , Shibaoka, M. 1975 Environmental interpretations of Gondwana Coal Measure Sequences in Gondwana Geology: Papers from the 3rd Gondwana Symposium, Canberra, 1973. International Union of Geology & Geophysics. Commission on Stratigraphy 1v p233-247
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.18) Comments:

Bibliographic references returned: 35 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.