(New Search)
Bridgewater Formation STRATNO: 2543
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Formal State(s): SA , VIC
Category: Other new published name Usage: Defined Definition Card: No
Originator: Entry date: 01-JAN-88 Last Update: 27-FEB-14
Replaced by: Previously known as: Bridgewater formation
Description: Poorly consolidated yellow pinkish-brown fine to coarse fossiliferous calcareous sand, calcarenite. Locally capped by calcrete. As coastal beach and associated aeolian dune. Forms stranded series of elongated beach ridges, subparallel to present coast
Comments: Defined for the Otway Basin. Upper and lower members are differentiated with detailed lithology on MAITLAND (but unnamed) - the upper member has age of ~1-0.2Ma and merges with the Glanville Formation. KINGSCOTE Special (2008) map shows 3 mainly calcarenite unnamed members. Defined by Boutakoff and Sprigg 1953. Raised to Group in 1981, but reinstated as Formation in Victoria in RefID 66002 (2009)
Geological province: Eucla Basin, Murray Basin, St Vincent Basin
Type state: VIC Reference section type:
Maximum thickness: 15m Minimum thickness:
Unit Age Event: deposition
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Late Pleistocene Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Late Pleistocene Ma: .69 % from base of biozone: Age method:

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Wiabuna Formation overlies Bridgewater Formation
Whalers Bluff Formation underlies Bridgewater Formation
Coomandook Formation underlies Bridgewater Formation
Nullarbor Limestone underlies Bridgewater Formation
Saint Kilda Formation overlies Bridgewater Formation
Cape Jervis Formation underlies Bridgewater Formation unconformity
Hindmarsh Clay underlies Bridgewater Formation unconformity
Cove Sand underlies Bridgewater Formation
White Point Conglomerate underlies Bridgewater Formation
First Reference:
REFID: 34180 Firman, J.B., 1969, Quaternary period. IN Parkin L.W.(ed) - Handbook of South Australian geology., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, p204-233

Definition Reference:
REFID: 42966 Brown, C.M., Stephenson, A.E., 1991, Geology of the Murray Basin, Southeastern Australia., Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin, 235, 430pp

Use on maps:
REFID: 30522 Victoria. Department of Mines., South Australia. Department of Mines., 1971, Geological map of the Otway Basin 1:500 000 scale. IN Wopfner H., Douglas J.G.(Eds) - The Otway Basin of southeastern Australia., Geological Survey of SA & Geological Survey of Vic. Special Bulletin, Enclosure 1.1
REFID: 30580 Douglas, J.G., Spencer-Jones, D., 1973, Colac, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/54-12, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 30922 Geological Survey of South Australia., 1975, Fowler, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SH/54-13, zone 4, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v
REFID: 30928 Geological Survey of Victoria., 1971, Hamilton, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/54-07, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 30932 Geological Survey of Victoria., 1972, Portland, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/54-11, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 34191 Geological Survey of South Australia., 1969, Naracoorte, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SJ/54-02, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v
REFID: 39351 Forbes, B.G., 1983, Noarlunga, South Australia, 1:50 000 preliminary geological map resources series. Sheet 6627-IV & PT 6527-I, zone 54, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v
REFID: 39352 Geological Survey of South Australia., 1983, Geological map of South Australia, 1:1 000 000. 2nd edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v
REFID: 40941 Flint, R.B., 1986, Nuyts, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SI/53-01, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v
REFID: 41619 Johns, R.K., 1988, Yardea, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series sheet SI 53-3, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 42466 Rankin, L.R., Flint, R.B., 1991, Streaky Bay map sheet. Geological atlas 1:250 000 series sheet SI 53-2., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map legend
REFID: 42716 Flint, R.B., 1989, Elliston, South Australia 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI 53-6., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 42717 Rogers, P.A., 1979, Pinnaroo, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological sheet - SI 54-14., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 42738 Flint, R.B., Rankin, L.R., 1989, Kimba map sheet 1:250 000 geological series, SI53-7., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 43053 Cowley, W.M., Freeman, P.J., 1993, Geological Map South Australia. 1:2 000 000 scale., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 43195 Rogers, P.A., 1995, Geology of the South-East South Australia. Second Edition. Special Map 1:500 000., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 43258 Cowley, W.M., Freeman, P.J., 1994, Geological map of South Australia Prelim. edit. 1:1 000 000 (2 sheets), Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 43298 Cowley, W.M., Freeman, P.J., 1994, Geology of South Australia 1:1 000 000 Map., Department of Mines and Energy, South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 44864 Firman, J.B., 1975, Fowler, South Australia. 1:250 000 geological series sheet SH53-13., Geological Survey of South Australia, Map, Map Legend
REFID: 50155 Simons, B.A., Magart, A.P.M., Wohlt, K.E., Morand, V.J., 2003, Balmoral and part of Coleraine 1:100 000 geological interpretation of geophysical features map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50156 Morand, V.J., Wohlt, K.E., Cayley, R.A., Taylor, D.H., Kemp, A.I.S., 2003, Chetwynd and part of Casterton 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50157 Morand, V.J., Wohlt, K.E., 2003, Dergholm and part of Penola 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50158 Cayley, R.A., Taylor, D.H., Morand, V.J., Wohlt, K.E., Kemp, A.I.S., 2003, Dundas and part of Wannon 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50159 Cayley, R.A., Wohlt, K.E., Morand, V.J., Taylor, D.H., 2003, Balmoral 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50160 Taylor, D.H., Wohlt, K.E., Cayley, R.A., Kemp, A.I.S., Morand, V.J., 2003, Edenhope 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50161 Wohlt, K.E., Kemp, A.I.S., Taylor, D.H., Cayley, R.A., Morand, V.J., 2003, Nareen and part of Coleraine 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50162 Morand, V.J., Kemp, A.I.S., Taylor, D.H., Cayley, R.A., 2003, Harrow 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50163 Wohlt, K.E., Morand, V.J., 2003, Langkoop and part of Struan 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50164 Simons, B.A., Magart, A.P.M., Wohlt, K.E., Morand, V.J., 2003, Edenhope and parts of Casterton and Penola 1:100 000 geological interpretation of geophysical features map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 60953 Geological Survey Branch (compiler), S.A., 2000, Geological Map of South Australia 1:2 000 000, Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 60958 Zang, W., 2003, Maitland Special map sheet, South Australia, Geological Atlas 1:250 000 Series, Sheet SI53-12 and portion of SI53-16 - Second edition, Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 61070 Schwarz, M.P., 2003, Lincoln, South Australia, 1:250 000 map sheet SI 53-11 - Second edition, South Australia. Geological Survey. Geological Atlas 1:250 000 Series, 1v, Map
REFID: 61108 Cowley, W.M., Fairclough, M.C., 2003, Surface geology of the Gawler Craton, 1:1 000 000, preliminary edition, South Aust. Geol. Surv., map
REFID: 61121 Zang, W., 2003, MAITLAND Special map sheet, South Australia, 1:250 000 Series, Sheet SI53-12 and portion SI153-16 - Second edition, South Australia. Geological Survey. Geological Atlas 1:250 000 Series, 1v, Map
REFID: 64282 Fairclough, M.C., 2008, KINGSCOTE Special Geological Atlas 1:250 000 Series, sheet SI 53-16, Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 50154 Morand, V.J. , Wohlt, K.E. , Cayley, R.A. , Taylor, D.H. , Kemp, A.I.S. , Simons, B.A. , Magart, A.P.M. 2003 Glenelg Special Map Area - Geological Report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 256p
Usage: Defined (p140) Max age from reference: Late Pleistocene Comments: Overlies the Whalers Bluff Formation. Age: oldest dunes dated at 0.69 Ma. Consists of poorly consolidated fine- to coarse- grained calcarenite.
REFID: 42966 Brown, C.M. , Stephenson, A.E. 1991 Geology of the Murray Basin, Southeastern Australia. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin 235 430pp
Usage: Defined (p223) Min age from reference: Late Pleistocene Max age from reference: Early Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 41848 Lawrence, C.R. , Kenley, P.R. , Jenkin, J.J. , Gill, E.D. , Macumber, P.G. , Neilson, J.L. 1988 Quaternary. IN Douglas J.G. and Ferguson J.A. (eds) - Geology of Victoria. Chapter 9. Geological Society of Australia. Victorian Division 1v p351-402
Usage: Fully described (p366) Comments:
REFID: 41521 Mallett, C.W. , Holdgate, G.R. 1985 Subsurface Neogene stratigraphy of Nepean Peninsula, Victoria. IN Lindsay J.M. (ed) - Stratigraphy, palaeontology , malacology. Special Publication (South Australia. Department of Mines and Energy) 5 p233-247
Usage: Fully described (p241) Comments:
REFID: 33716 Waterhouse, J.D. 1977 The hydrogeology of the Mount Gambier area. South Australia. Department of Mines. Report of Investigations 48
Usage: Fully described (p20) Comments: See also Table 2.
REFID: 34988 Kenley, P.R. 1976 Quaternary - Southwestern Victoria in Douglas J.G. and Ferguson J.A. (eds) - Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 5 p290-298
Usage: Fully described (p291) Comments:
REFID: 31850 Lindsay, J.M. , Harris, W.K. 1975 Fossiliferous marine and non-marine Cainozoic rocks from the eastern Eucla Basin, South Australia. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 138 p29-42
Usage: Fully described (p39) Comments:
REFID: 65375 Zang, W. , Cowley, W.M. , Fairclough, M. 2006 Maitland Special, South Australia 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes sheet SI53-12 Primary Industries and Resources, South Australia 1v 62p
Usage: Described (p32, p38, pp40-41, p56.) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Originally applied to Portland aeolianites and limestones; subsequently for calcareous dunes and bioclastic barrier shoreline complexes in S.A. Described in detail in Notes. Covers >90 % of Yorke Peninsula land area. Supplies town water for Warooka. , <0.78 Ma to 22,400 +/- 800 years. , Unconformably overlies Cape Jervis Formation and Hindmarsh Clay. Is overlain by Saint Kilda Formation. Locally capped with calcrete. , Three units: medium-to coarse-grained, large-scale foreset bedded calcarenite with interlayered red-brown sandy clay paleosols; shells of the Glanville Formation; and an upper unit of fine- to medium-grained aeolianite and bioclastic calcarenite.
REFID: 43049 Flint, R.B. 1992 Elliston, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series - explanatory notes. Sheet SI 53-6. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 40pp
Usage: Described (p23) Comments:
REFID: 43590 Tickell, S.J. , Edwards, J. , Abele, C. 1992 Port Campbell Embayment 1:100 000 map, geological report. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 95
Usage: Described (p35) Max age from reference: Quaternary Comments:
REFID: 42475 Rankin, L.R. , Flint, R.B. 1991 Streaky Bay, South Australia. 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes. Sheet SI 53-2. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 40pp
Usage: Described (p23) Comments:
REFID: 42827 Douglas, J.G. , Ferguson, J.A. 1988 Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Victorian Division 1v 668p
Usage: Described (p366) Comments: see also Table 9.3
REFID: 40942 Flint, R.B. 1987 Nuyts, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series, explanatory notes. Sheet SJ/53-01. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 30pp
Usage: Described (p20) Comments:
REFID: 49038 Brown, C.M. , Stephenson, A.E. 1986 Murray Basin, southeastern Australia: subsurface stratigraphic database. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia, Report 262
Usage: Described (Table 2) Comments: Briefly described P33
REFID: 35712 Leonard, J.G. 1981 Preliminary assessment of the groundwater resources in the Port Phillip region. [Publication date not stated, but must have been 1980 or 1981] Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 66 111p
Usage: Described (p24) Comments:
REFID: 35772 Firman, J.B. 1978 Fowler, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series explana tory notes. Sheet SH/53-13. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 23pp
Usage: Described (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 31248 Harris, W.K. , Foster, C.B. 1974 Stratigraphy and palynology of the Polda Basin. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 136 p56-76
Usage: Described (p57) Comments:
REFID: 31241 Harris, B.M. 1973 Groundwater resources - Padthaway area. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 135 p95-105
Usage: Described (p101) Comments: Middle Pleistocene
REFID: 31624 Kenley, P.R. 1971 Cainozoic geology of the eastern part of the Gambier embayment, southwestern Victoria. IN Wopfner H.,Douglas J.G.(eds) - The Otway Basin of southeastern Australia. Geological Survey of SA & Geological Survey of Vic. 1v p89-153
Usage: Described (p98) Comments: Pleistocene. See also P131.
REFID: 68991 Williams, G.E. , Gostin, V.A. , Prescott, J.R. 2013 Stratigraphy and optical dating of Pleistocene coastal deposits in the Port Campbell australite strewn field, SW Victoria Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 60(4) p463-474
Usage: Briefly described (p465 Fig.2, pp467-469, p471 Fig.5) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Upper Pleistocene age. ~ 0-100 m thick. Represents stacked coastal-dune deposits. Thermoluminescence dating of quartz grains and loess at Warrnambool gave ages ranging between 160-67 ka (Sherwood et al. 1994; Brooke 2001). , 93 +/- 11 ka , Disconformably underlain by the Port Campbell Limestone, Hesse Clay, Dog Trap Bay Sand , Comprises partially lithified, yellowish grey, cross-bedded medium-grained calcarenite of shell fragments and minor quartz grains.
REFID: 68116 Welch, S.I. , Higgins, D.V. , Callaway, G.A. 2011 Surface geology of Victoria 1:250 000 Geological Survey of Victoria 1v 114p
Usage: Briefly described (Maps 29, 38, 47-48, 50, 54-55, 57.) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Also occurs in the Appendix. , Calcarenite: medium to coarse grained shell fragments and minor quartz; consolidated, thin interbedded red palaeosols, minor hard calcrete capping, prominent dune cross-bedding; coastal dune deposits.
REFID: 66761 Gehling, J.G. , Jago, J.B. , Paterson, J.R. , Garcia-Bellido, D.C. , Edgecombe, D. 2011 The geological context of the Lower Cambrian (Series 2) Emu Bay Shale Lagerstatte and adjacent stratigraphic units, Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 58(3) p243-257
Usage: Briefly described (p244, 246) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: 26 m interval in PIRSA stratigraphic hole Investigator 1 where it overlies the White Point Conglomerate. Calcareous aeolianite.
REFID: 65921 PIRSA 200? A guide to the geology of Kangaroo Island Primary Industries and Resources, South Australia 1v pamphlet
Usage: Briefly described (p1, p2 (map legend).) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Large coastal sand dunes. Occurs as a 50m cliff sequence at Pennington Bay. Contains over 30 caves: karren, sea caves and dolines are common. , Aeolian calcarenite variably cemented by pedogenic and vadose diagenetic processes and affected by karstic solution.
REFID: 65715 VandenBerg, A.H.M. 2009 Rock unit names in the Bendigo Zone portion of central Victoria, seamless geology project Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 129 112p
Usage: Briefly described (p15 Tb.8, p25) Min age from reference: Neogene Max age from reference: Neogene Comments: Six unnamed subunits recognised by Gill (1967, 1976) and elevated to group rank by Reeckman and Gill (1981). Here demoted to formation rank.
REFID: 66002 VandenBerg, A.H.M. 2009 Rock unit names in western Victoria, seamless geology project Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 130 87p
Usage: Briefly described (p13 Tb.9) Min age from reference: Neogene Max age from reference: Neogene Comments: Defined by Boutakoff and Sprigg 1953. Raised to Group in 1981, but reinstated as Formation herein.
REFID: 66287 Miranda, J.A. , Wallace, M.W. , McLaren, S. 2009 Tectonism and eustasy across a Late Miocene strandplain: The Loxton-Parilla Sands, Murray Basin, southeastern Australia Sedimentary Geology 219 24-43
Usage: Briefly described (p35, 38, 40, Fig 11, 16) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Forms a strandplain up to 100 km inland from the modern coastline; includes 13 coastal barriers. , Prograding calcareous sediments.
REFID: 64282 Fairclough, M.C. 2008 KINGSCOTE Special Geological Atlas 1:250 000 Series, sheet SI 53-16 Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Medium-grained, lg.scale X-bedded calcarenite + calcareous aeolianite with numerous palaeosol horizons, capped by thick, laminar to powdery or bouldery calcrete; cavernous in places with abundant rhizomorphs and solution pipes; preserved dune morphology.
REFID: 65376 Fanning, C.M. , Reid, A.J. , Teale, G.S. 2007 A geochronological framework for the Gawler Craton, South Australia Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 55 258p
Usage: Briefly described (p9 Fig.1.2. ) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: , Eolian calcareous sand, with calcrete.
REFID: 67462 Hou, B. , Zang, W. , Fabris, A. , Keeling, J. , Stoian, L. , Fairclough, M. 2007 Palaeodrainage and Tertiary coastal barriers of South Australia. Digital geological map of South Australia 1:2 000 000 series. Preliminary edition Primary Industries and Resources, South Australia map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend.) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Saint Vincent Basin.
REFID: 62898 Bourman, R.P. 2006 A Composite Regolith Profile at Ceduna, South Australia Royal Society of South Australia. Transactions 131(2) p197-205
Usage: Briefly described (p197, p205) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: In Eyre Peninsula, S.A.
REFID: 65922 Parker, A.J. , Flint, R.B. 2005 Yardea South Australia 1:250 000 geological series - explanatory notes; sheet SI53-3 Primary Industries and Resources, South Australia 1v 49p
Usage: Briefly described (p25 Tb. 4, p27) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Pale yellow-cream calcareous gritty sandstone; aeolian calcarenite. Ripon Calcrete occurs within this unit.
REFID: 60707 Cooper, S.A. , Belousova, E.A. 2004 Granite gneiss basement on Flinders Island, South Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 51(5) p611-619
Usage: Briefly described (p612 Fig. 1c) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Calcarenites.
REFID: 50159 Cayley, R.A. , Wohlt, K.E. , Morand, V.J. , Taylor, D.H. 2003 Balmoral 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Stranded elongate beach ridges: calcareous sand, calcarenite; pale yellow, fine to coarse, fossiliferous, cross bedding common, poorly consolidated.
REFID: 50155 Simons, B.A. , Magart, A.P.M. , Wohlt, K.E. , Morand, V.J. 2003 Balmoral and part of Coleraine 1:100 000 geological interpretation of geophysical features map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Palaeo-beach ridges; calcarenite
REFID: 50156 Morand, V.J. , Wohlt, K.E. , Cayley, R.A. , Taylor, D.H. , Kemp, A.I.S. 2003 Chetwynd and part of Casterton 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Stranded elongate beach ridges: calcareous sand, calcarenite; pale yellow, fine to coarse, fossiliferous, cross bedding common, poorly consolidated.
REFID: 50157 Morand, V.J. , Wohlt, K.E. 2003 Dergholm and part of Penola 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Overlies Whalers Bluff Formation. Stranded elongate beach ridges: calcareous sand, calcarenite; pale yellow, fine to coarse, fossiliferous, cross bedding common, poorly consolidated.
REFID: 50158 Cayley, R.A. , Taylor, D.H. , Morand, V.J. , Wohlt, K.E. , Kemp, A.I.S. 2003 Dundas and part of Wannon 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Stranded elongate beach ridges: calcareous sand, calcarenite; pale yellow, fine to coarse, fossiliferous, cross bedding common, poorly consolidated.
REFID: 50160 Taylor, D.H. , Wohlt, K.E. , Cayley, R.A. , Kemp, A.I.S. , Morand, V.J. 2003 Edenhope 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Calcareous sand, calcarenite
REFID: 50164 Simons, B.A. , Magart, A.P.M. , Wohlt, K.E. , Morand, V.J. 2003 Edenhope and parts of Casterton and Penola 1:100 000 geological interpretation of geophysical features map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Quaternary Max age from reference: Quaternary Comments: Palaeo-beach ridges; calcarenite.
REFID: 50162 Morand, V.J. , Kemp, A.I.S. , Taylor, D.H. , Cayley, R.A. 2003 Harrow 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Stranded elongate beach ridges: calcareous sand, calcarenite; pale yellow, fine to coarse, fossiliferous, cross bedding common, poorly consolidated.
REFID: 24508 Schwarz, M. 2003 LINCOLN 1:250 000 geological map released MESA Journal 30 p30-33
Usage: Briefly described (p30) Min age from reference: Quaternary Max age from reference: Quaternary Comments: Consists of relict, calcareous sand dunes formed during the last interglacial period. Geological Province: Gawler Craton.
REFID: 50163 Wohlt, K.E. , Morand, V.J. 2003 Langkoop and part of Struan 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Stranded elongate beach ridges: calcareous sand, calcarenite; pale yellow, fine to coarse, fossiliferous, cross bedding common, poorly consolidated.
REFID: 61070 Schwarz, M.P. 2003 Lincoln, South Australia, 1:250 000 map sheet SI 53-11 - Second edition South Australia. Geological Survey. Geological Atlas 1:250 000 Series 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Late Pleistocene Max age from reference: Middle Pleistocene Comments: Soft, white to cream-fawn fine to medium-grained aeolian calcarenite. Multiple coalescing horizons of calcrete. Tabular foresets with interbeds of silt. Underlies: Wiabuna Formation.
REFID: 61121 Zang, W. 2003 MAITLAND Special map sheet, South Australia, 1:250 000 Series, Sheet SI53-12 and portion SI153-16 - Second edition South Australia. Geological Survey. Geological Atlas 1:250 000 Series 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Medium-grained, large-scale calcarenite and calcareous aeolianite, numerous paleosol horizons;capped by thick laminar to powdery or bouldery calcrete. Cavernous in places with abundant rhizomorphs and solution pipes. Upper and lower members differentiated
REFID: 60958 Zang, W. 2003 Maitland Special map sheet, South Australia, Geological Atlas 1:250 000 Series, Sheet SI53-12 and portion of SI53-16 - Second edition Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Holocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Medium-grained, large scale cross-bedded calcarenite and calcareous aeolianite with numerous palaeosol horizons and capped by calcrete.
REFID: 50161 Wohlt, K.E. , Kemp, A.I.S. , Taylor, D.H. , Cayley, R.A. , Morand, V.J. 2003 Nareen and part of Coleraine 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Stranded elongate beach ridges: calcareous sand, calcarenite; pale yellow, fine to coarse, fossiliferous, cross bedding common, poorly consolidated.
REFID: 24358 Stoian, L. , Cooper, S. 2003 Palynological evidence for Late Eocene and Late Miocene-Early Pliocene sediments on Flinders Island - implications for diamond exploration MESA Journal 28 p32-35
Usage: Briefly described (p32 Fig.1) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Geological Province: Eucla Basin. Maximum Thickness: 15m.
REFID: 24410 Abeysinghe, P.B. 2003 Silica resources of Western Australia Geological Survey of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 21 228p
Usage: Briefly described (p6) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Includes bouldery conglomerate with flint.
REFID: 61108 Cowley, W.M. , Fairclough, M.C. 2003 Surface geology of the Gawler Craton, 1:1 000 000, preliminary edition South Aust. Geol. Surv. map
Usage: Briefly described (map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Calcreted aeolianite.
REFID: 23932 Foden, J. , Song, S.H. , Turner, S. , Elburg, M. , Smith, P.B. , Van der Steldt, B. , Van Penglis, D. 2002 Geochemical evolution of lithospheric mantle beneath S.E. South Australia Chemical Geology 182 (2-4) p663-695
Usage: Briefly described (p687) Min age from reference: Holocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 24038 Holdgate, G.R. , Gallagher, S.J. , Wallace, M.W. 2002 Tertiary coal geology and stratigraphy of the Port Phillip Basin, Victoria Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 49(3) p437-453
Usage: Briefly described (p439 Fig.2) Min age from reference: Pliocene Max age from reference: Pliocene Comments: Geological Province: Port Phillip Basin
REFID: 23879 Taylor, G. , McNally, G.H. 2001 Chapter 2 - Regolith: its history and environmental importance with particular reference to some engineering examples IN Gostin, V.A. ed., 'Gondwana to Greenhouse: Australian Environmental Geoscience' Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 21 p13-25
Usage: Briefly described (p20) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 23482 Pain, A.M. 2001 Construction materials for metropolitan Adelaide MESA Journal 21 p8-10
Usage: Briefly described (p9) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 23537 Holdgate, G.R. , Geurin, B. , Wallace, M.W. , Gallagher, S.J. 2001 Marine geology of Port Phillip, Victoria Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 48(3) p439-455
Usage: Briefly described (p 440) Comments:
REFID: 23779 Kos, A.M. 2001 Stratigraphy, sedimentary development and palaeoenvironmental context of a naturally accumulated pitfall cave deposit from southeastern Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 48(5) p 621-632
Usage: Briefly described (p621) Comments:
REFID: 23560 Pell, S.D. , Chivas, A.R. , Williams, I.S. 2001 The Mallee Dunfield: development and sand provenance Journal of Arid Environments 48(2) p149-170
Usage: Briefly described (p152) Min age from reference: Cretaceous Max age from reference: Cretaceous Comments:
REFID: 60953 Geological Survey Branch (compiler), S.A. 2000 Geological Map of South Australia 1:2 000 000 Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Calcreted aeolianite.
REFID: 23921 Roy, P.S. , Whitehouse, J. , Cowell, P.J. 2000 Mineral Sands Occurrences in the Murray Basin, Southeastern Australia Economic Geology 95 (5) p1107-1128
Usage: Briefly described (p1109 Table 1, p1111) Min age from reference: Quaternary Max age from reference: Quaternary Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 23322 McGowran, B. , Li, Q. , White, M.R. 2000 Sequence and biofacies packages in the mid-Cenozoic Gambier Limestone, South Australia, reappraisal of foraminiferal evidence. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 47(6) p 955-970
Usage: Briefly described (957 Fig.2) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pliocene Comments: Geological Province: Gambier Basin.
REFID: 10010 Whitehouse, J. , Roy, P.S. , Oakes, G.M. 1999 Mineral Sand Resources Potential of the Murray Basin Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mineral Resources 1999/38 74p
Usage: Briefly described (p14 Fig. 5f, p16) Min age from reference: Quaternary Max age from reference: Quaternary Comments: Carbonate-rich. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 61307 Wilson, C.J.L. (ed.) , Sandiford, M. , Flottmann, T. , Vassallo, J. , Wilson, C. 1999 The Great Southern Transect II: a geological section incorporating the Lachlan Fold Belt, Adelaide Fold Belt and Gawler Craton - Halls Gap (Victoria) to Port Lincoln (SA). Specialist Group in Tectonics and Structural Geology Field Guide #6 Geological Society of Australia. S.G.T.S.G. Field Guide 6 79p
Usage: Briefly described (p34, p65 Fig. 29) Min age from reference: Tertiary Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments: Includes calcareous sandstones. See also p71-75 Figs. 32-36.
REFID: 22489 Schwarz, M. 1998 Helicopter Survey of Islands off the Port Lincoln Coast. MESA Journal 9 p12-14
Usage: Briefly described (p12) Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 23719 Parker, A.J. , Fanning, C.M. 1998 Whyalla, South Australia 1:250 000 Geological Series Sheet SI53-8 Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 52p
Usage: Briefly described (p30) Comments:
REFID: 43195 Rogers, P.A. 1995 Geology of the South-East South Australia. Second Edition. Special Map 1:500 000. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Late Pleistocene Max age from reference: Early Pleistocene Comments: see also commentary on back of map.
REFID: 61181 McHaffie, I.W. , Buckley, R.W. 1995 Industrial minerals and rocks of Victoria Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 102 209pp, 1 map
Usage: Briefly described (p136, p183) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Largely derived from Tertiary bryozoal limestone, siliceous sand and lime fixed by groundwater percolation. Composition and hardness vary from place to place. Underlies Malanganee Sands.
REFID: 63124 Morton, J.G.G. , Alexander, E.M. , Hill, A.J. , White, M.R. 1995 Lithostratigraphy and Envrironments of Deposition; Chapter 5: IN Morton, J.G.G. and Drexel, J.F. (eds.) "The Petroleum Geology of South Australia. Volume 1: Otway Basin" South Australia. Department of Mines and Energy Resources. Report Book 95/15 p47-94
Usage: Briefly described (p92, p93) Comments: Unconformably overlies Green Point Member (Gambier Limestone). May overlie Camelback Member (Gambier Limestone) unconformably. Geological Province: Otway Basin.
REFID: 61155 Langford, R.P. , Wilford, G.E. , Truswell, E.M. , Isern, A.R. 1995 Palaeogeographic Atlas of Australia: CAINOZOIC Australian Geological Survey Organisation 10 37p
Usage: Briefly described (p6, p17) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Series of beach ridge/dune complexes. Overlies Coomandook Formation (Polda Basin and Aire Peninsula) and Wannaeue Formation in Melbourne area. Geological Province: Otway and Murray Basins/coastal margins; Polda Basin, Eyre Peninsula. See also p18.
REFID: 44133 Drexel, J.F. , Preiss, W.V. 1995 The geology of South Australia. Volume 2 - The Phanerozoic. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 54 347pp
Usage: Briefly described (p220 Fig. 11.2, 222) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Geological Province: Eucla Basin.
REFID: 43258 Cowley, W.M. , Freeman, P.J. 1994 Geological map of South Australia Prelim. edit. 1:1 000 000 (2 sheets) Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 43298 Cowley, W.M. , Freeman, P.J. 1994 Geology of South Australia 1:1 000 000 Map. Department of Mines and Energy, South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 43053 Cowley, W.M. , Freeman, P.J. 1993 Geological Map South Australia. 1:2 000 000 scale. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Calcreted aeolianite.
REFID: 43026 Clarke, J.D.A. , Alley, N.F. 1993 Petrologic data on the evolution of the Great Australian Bight; In Findlay, Unrug, Banks, & Veevers (eds) Gondwana Eight. Assembly, evolution and dispersal. Proceedings of the Eighth Gondwana Symposium, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 21-24 Ju A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam 1v p585-596
Usage: Briefly described (Table 1,p586) Comments:
REFID: 42635 Inan, K. , Summons, T.G. , King, R.L. 1992 Limestone Resources in Victoria. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 97 111p
Usage: Briefly described (p94) Comments:
REFID: 42466 Rankin, L.R. , Flint, R.B. 1991 Streaky Bay map sheet. Geological atlas 1:250 000 series sheet SI 53-2. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map legend
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Comments:
REFID: 42292 Keeling, J.L. 1990 The provenance and accumulation of coarse-grained sand on Silica Beach, Baird Bay, Eyre Peninsula. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 114 p8-17
Usage: Briefly described (p8) Comments: See also Fig. 3 P12
REFID: 42716 Flint, R.B. 1989 Elliston, South Australia 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI 53-6. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 42738 Flint, R.B. , Rankin, L.R. 1989 Kimba map sheet 1:250 000 geological series, SI53-7. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (map legend) Min age from reference: Quaternary Comments:
REFID: 41868 Douglas, J.G. , Ferguson, J.A. 1988 Geology of Victoria. Chapter 12: Economic geology. Geological Society of Australia. Victorian Division 1v p453-602
Usage: Briefly described (p549) Comments: See also P554 and P578
REFID: 42318 Glenie, R.C. 1988 The Cretaceous and Tertiary geology and palynostratigraphy of the eastern Otway Basin. 7 International Palynological Congress, Brisbane 1988 Excursion Guide LB3 15pp
Usage: Briefly described (p8) Comments:
REFID: 41206 MacFadden, B.J. , Whitelaw, M.J. , McFadden, P. , Rich, T.H.V. 1987 Magnetic polarity stratigraphy of the Pleistocene section at Portland (Victoria), Australia. Quaternary Research 28(3) p364-373
Usage: Briefly described (p367) Comments: Mention P365
REFID: 40643 Ludbrook, N.H. , Milnes, A.R. 1986 Provenance of microfossils in aeolian calcarenites and calcretes in southern South Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 33(2) p145-159
Usage: Briefly described (p145) Comments:
REFID: 40829 Sheard, M.J. 1986 Some volcanological observations at Mount Schank, southeast South Australia. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 100 p14-20
Usage: Briefly described (p14) Comments:
REFID: 40448 Parker, A.J. , Fanning, C.M. , Flint, R.B. 1985 Geology. IN Twidale C.R., Tyler M.J., Davies M.(eds) - Natural history of Eyre Peninsula. Royal Society of South Australia 1v p21-55
Usage: Briefly described (p43) Comments:
REFID: 40440 Shepherd, R.G. 1985 Hydrology. IN Twidale C.R., Tyler M.J., Davies M.(eds) - Natural history of Eyre Peninsula. Royal Society of South Australia 1v p100-104
Usage: Briefly described (p103) Comments:
REFID: 40445 Johns, R.K. 1985 Mining and mineral resources. IN Twidale C.R., Tyler M.J., Davies M. (eds) - Natural history of Eyre Peninsula. Royal Society of South Australia 1v p47-55
Usage: Briefly described (p48) Comments:
REFID: 38699 Milnes, A.R. , Ludbrook, N.H. , Lindsay, J.M. , Cooper, B.J. 1983 The succession of Cainozoic marine sediments on Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Royal Society of South Australia. Transactions 107(1/2) p1-35
Usage: Briefly described (Fig.10) Comments:
REFID: 40003 Shepherd, R.G. 1983 Underground water resources of South Australia. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 48 p9-66
Usage: Briefly described (p44) Comments:
REFID: 37863 Birch, W.D. , Smith, N. , Hately, J. 1982 Andesine, augite and ilmenite in vesicles in an alkali olivine basalt from Portland, Victoria. Australian Mineralogist 37 p195-198
Usage: Briefly described (p195) Comments:
REFID: 38932 Meyer, G.M. 1982 Geology of the Kingston Lignite Deposit. IN Mallett C.W.(ed)-Symposium on coal resources: origin, exploration and utilization in Australia. Proceedings, Melbourne, 15-19 November 1982. Geological Society of Australia. Coal Group 1v p92-100
Usage: Briefly described (p99) Comments: See also Fig.4
REFID: 43071 Blissett, A.H. 1980 Childara, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series - explanatory notes. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 26pp
Usage: Briefly described (p17) Comments:
REFID: 43073 Rogers, P.A. 1980 Pinnaroo, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series - explanatory notes. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 27pp
Usage: Briefly described (Table 4) Comments:
REFID: 42717 Rogers, P.A. 1979 Pinnaroo, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological sheet - SI 54-14. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 34658 Valentine, J.T. 1978 Aquifer tests of the Knight Formation in the hundred of Mingbool. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 143 p97-101
Usage: Briefly described (p98) Comments:
REFID: 32432 Nichol, D. 1977 Construction materials resources, Monarto area. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 140 p21-50
Usage: Briefly described (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 29891 Bowering, O.J.W. 1977 Robe town water supply bores Nos. 2 and 3. Aquifer tests. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 140 p106-110
Usage: Briefly described (p107) Comments:
REFID: 30578 Douglas, J.G. , Laing, A.C.M. 1976 Explanatory notes on the Colac 1:250 000 geological map. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 1976/4
Usage: Briefly described (p14) Comments:
REFID: 34954 McHaffie, I. 1976 Limestone - Victoria in Knight C.L. (ed) - Economic geology of Australia and Papua New Guinea -4. Industrial minerals and rocks. AusIMM. Monograph Series 8 p189-200
Usage: Briefly described (p198) Comments:
REFID: 44864 Firman, J.B. 1975 Fowler, South Australia. 1:250 000 geological series sheet SH53-13. Geological Survey of South Australia Map Map Legend
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 33109 Shepherd, R.G. 1975 The hydrogeology of the South East Province. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 137 p83-89
Usage: Briefly described (p83) Comments: Main aquifer system P84
REFID: 29825 Blake, W.J.R. , Shugg, A. 1974 Summary of Aquifers in the Warrnambool Area. Victoria. Department of Mines. Groundwater Investigation Program. Report 1974 p18
Usage: Briefly described (p18) Comments:
REFID: 32859 Roberts, G.T. 1970 Groundwater supplies for Keith and its surroundings. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 128 p64-80
Usage: Briefly described (p69) Comments: See also Figs. 1,2.
REFID: 23818 Parkin, L.W. 1969 Handbook of South Australian Geology Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 268p
Usage: Briefly described (p213, 228) Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin. Underlying unit: Coomandook Formation and Nullarbor Limestone. Max. thickness: 250 ft.
REFID: 68990 Boyce, J. 2013 The Newer Volcanics Province of southeastern Australia: a new classification scheme and distribution map for eruptive centres Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 60(4) p449-462
Usage: Mentioned (p459) Comments: Sheard (1978, 1990). , Sands.
REFID: 68211 Hough, J. 2012 Compton Sandstone - Marte's other limestone MESA Journal 65 pp28-30
Usage: Mentioned (p28 Fig.1) Min age from reference: Quaternary Max age from reference: Quaternary Comments:
REFID: 68715 Hou, B. , Fabris, A.J. , Michaelsen, B.H. , Katona, L.F. , Keeling, J.L. , Stoian, L. , Wilson, T.C. , Fairclough, M.C. , Cowley, W.M. 2012 Paleodrainage and Cenozoic coastal barriers of South Australia: new map and GIS dataset MESA Journal 66 26-32
Usage: Mentioned (p31 Fig.5) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: St Vincent Basin.
REFID: 24363 Olliver, J. 2003 Gambier Stone - premium dimension stone from the South-East MESA Journal 28 p36-37
Usage: Mentioned (p37 Fig.1) Min age from reference: Quaternary Max age from reference: Quaternary Comments:
REFID: 24551 Birch, W.D. (ed.) 2003 Geology of Victoria Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 23 842p
Usage: Mentioned (p305, 306, 343, p734 Table 17.4) Comments: Superseded by Bridgewater Group. Max thickness: 200m.
REFID: 24585 Zang, W. 2003 MAITLAND Special 1:250 000 geological map - new release MESA Journal 31 p32-35
Usage: Mentioned (p33 (photo)) Comments:
REFID: 23908 Cooper, S. 2002 New diamond field discovered in South Australia MESA Journal 24 p6-9
Usage: Mentioned (p6) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Geological Province: Gawler Craton.
REFID: 23418 Barnett, S.R. , Howles, S.R. , Martin, R.R. , Gerges, N.Z. 2000 Aquifer storage and recharge: innovation in water resources management Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 47(1) p13-19
Usage: Mentioned (p14) Comments:
REFID: 23731 Drexel, J.F. , Hibburt, J.E. 2000 Minerals and Petroleum South Australia 2001 Minerals and Energy Resources, PIRSA 1v 91p
Usage: Mentioned (p29) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 23492 Keeling, J. 2000 Uley Graphite - a world class resource MESA Journal 18 p6-11
Usage: Mentioned (p7 Fig. 2.) Comments:
REFID: 22867 Gerges, N. , Barnett, S. , Howles, S. 1997 Aquifer Storage and Recovery - creating a new resource MESA Journal 7 P26-28
Usage: Mentioned (P27) Comments:
REFID: 22875 Edwards, J. , Leonard, J.G. , Pettifer, G.R. , McDonald, P.A. 1996 Colac 1:250 000 Map Geological Report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 98
Usage: Mentioned (p86) Comments:
REFID: 22870 Cook, P. , Love, A. , Dowie, J. 1996 Recharge estimation of shallow groundwaters using CFC age dating MESA Journal 3 P32-33
Usage: Mentioned (P32) Comments:
REFID: 22552 Bastian, L.V. 1996 Residual soil mineralogy and dune subdivision, Swan Costal Plain, Western Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 43(1) p31-44
Usage: Mentioned (p 32) Comments:
REFID: 43231 Bastian, L. 1994 The dune systems of the Swan Coastal Plain: Subdivision based on Mineral Trends in the Surface Soils. Chemistry Centre Report of Investigation No 41. 45p
Usage: Mentioned (p12) Comments:
REFID: 42601 Love, A.J. , Herczeg, A.L. , Armstrong, D. , Stadter, M.H. 1992 Groundwater flow systems of regional aquifers in the Gambier Embayment of the Otway Basin, south eastern Australia. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 122 p14-18
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2 p15) Comments:
REFID: 42622 Dodds, A.R. 1992 Improvements in electrical (TEM) sounding inversion techniques. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 123 p11-17
Usage: Mentioned (p15) Comments:
REFID: 42404 South Australia. Department of Mines and Energy. 1991 Departmental Reports and Publications. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Industry Quarterly 62 p30-32
Usage: Mentioned (p32) Comments:
REFID: 42097 Sheard, M.J. 1990 A guide to Quaternary volcanoes in the lower south-east of South Australia. Mineral Resources Review, South Australia 157 p40-50
Usage: Mentioned (p40) Comments:
REFID: 41940 Belperio, A.P. , Fotheringham, D.G. 1990 Geological setting of two Quaternary footprint sites, western South Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 37(1) p37-42
Usage: Mentioned (p38) Comments:
REFID: 41599 James, N.P. , Bone, Y. 1989 Petrogenesis of Cenozoic, temperate water calcarenites, South Australia: A model for meteoric/shallow burial diagenesis of shallow water calcite sediments. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 59(2) p191-203
Usage: Mentioned (p192) Comments:
REFID: 42129 Stadter, F. , Love, A.J. 1989 The Tatiara proclaimed region, southeastern South Australia: hydrogeological investigations and groundwater management. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p253-259
Usage: Mentioned (p254) Comments: See also Fig.6
REFID: 41769 Orth, K. 1988 Geology of the Warrnambool 1:50 000 map. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 86
Usage: Mentioned (p50) Comments:
REFID: 41642 Douglas, J.G. , Abele, C. , Benedek, S. , Dettmann, M.E. , Kenley, P.R. , Lawrence, C.R. , Rich, T.H.V. , Rich, P.V. 1988 Mesozoic. IN Douglas J.G. and Fergason J.A. (eds) - Geology of Victoria. Chapter 7. Geological Society of Australia. Victorian Division 1v p213-250
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.8.6) Comments:
REFID: 41499 Olliver, J.G. , Dubowski, E.A. , Barnes, L.C. 1988 Reappraisal of gypsum reserves near Streaky Bay, Eyre Peninsula. Mineral Resources Review, South Australia 156 p69-74
Usage: Mentioned (p70) Comments:
REFID: 41619 Johns, R.K. 1988 Yardea, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series sheet SI 53-3, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 40980 Smith, B.W. , Prescott, J.R. 1987 Thermoluminescence dating of the eruption at Mt Schank, South Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 34(3) p335-342
Usage: Mentioned (p335) Comments:
REFID: 40941 Flint, R.B. 1986 Nuyts, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SI/53-01, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 41511 Carter, A.N. 1985 A model for depositional sequence in the Late Tertiary of southeastern Australia. IN Lindsay J.M. (ed) - Stratigraphy, palaeontology, malacology. Special Publication (South Australia. Department of Mines and Energy) 5 p13-27
Usage: Mentioned (p23) Comments:
REFID: 40230 Keeling, J.L. , Rosier, C.M. , Ewen, S.J. 1985 Construction sand resources of the Lower South-East. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 155 p5-22
Usage: Mentioned (p7) Comments:
REFID: 40226 Scott, D.C. 1985 Production and sources of filter sand and gravel in South Australia. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 155 p50-54
Usage: Mentioned (p52) Comments:
REFID: 39839 Pain, A.M. , Robertson, R.S. , Rosier, C.M. 1984 Mount Monster and Papineau Rocks aggregate deposits. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 154 p46-53
Usage: Mentioned (p48) Comments:
REFID: 40521 Smith, P.C. 1983 A groundwater resource under stress at Mount Gambier, South Australia. IN Knight M.J.,Minty E.J.,Smith R.B.(eds)-Collective case studies in engineering geology, hydrogeology and environmental geology. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 11 p307-321
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments:
REFID: 39329 Brown, C.M. 1983 Discussion: A Cainozoic history of Australia's Southeast Highlands. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 30(4) p483-486
Usage: Mentioned (p485) Comments:
REFID: 39352 Geological Survey of South Australia. 1983 Geological map of South Australia, 1:1 000 000. 2nd edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 40525 Barnett, S.R. 1983 Groundwater resources of Eyre Peninsula, South Australia. IN Knight M.J.,Minty E.J.,Smith R.B.(eds)-Collective case studies in engineering geology, hydrogeology and environmental geology. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 11 p169-180
Usage: Mentioned (p172) Comments:
REFID: 40555 Waterhouse, J.D. , Holmes, J.W. 1983 Hydrology. IN Tyler M.J., Twidale C.R., Ling J.K. and Holmes J.W. (eds) - Natural history of the South East. Royal Society of South Australia 1v p49-59
Usage: Mentioned (p51) Comments:
REFID: 39351 Forbes, B.G. 1983 Noarlunga, South Australia, 1:50 000 preliminary geological map resources series. Sheet 6627-IV & PT 6527-I, zone 54, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Quaternary Max age from reference: Quaternary Comments:
REFID: 40561 Sheard, M.J. 1983 Volcanoes. IN Tyler M.J., Twidale C.R., Ling J.K. and Holmes J.W. (eds) - Natural history of the South East. Royal Society of South Australia 1v p7-14
Usage: Mentioned (p8) Comments:
REFID: 37850 Gatehouse, C.G. , Cooper, B.J. 1982 The Late Jurassic Polda Formation, Eyre Formation. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 81 13-16
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments:
REFID: 37500 Barbetti, M. , Sheard, M.J. 1981 Palaeomagnetic results from Mounts Gambier and Schank, South Australia. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 28(4) p385-394
Usage: Mentioned (p385) Comments:
REFID: 37548 Holdgate, G.R. 1981 Stratigraphy, sedimentology and hydrocarbon prospects of the Dilwyn Formation in the central Otway Basin of south eastern Australia. Royal Society of Victoria. Proceedings 93(2) p129-148
Usage: Mentioned (p131) Comments:
REFID: 36624 Johnson, P.D. 1980 Baird Bay beach sand, Eyre Peninsula, South Australia. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 149 p54-56
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.1) Comments:
REFID: 36355 Pledge, N.S. 1980 Macropodid skeletons, including: Simosthenurus Tedford, from an unusual "Drowned Cave" deposit. South Australian Museum. Records 18(6) p131-141
Usage: Mentioned (p132) Comments:
REFID: 35722 Douglas, J.D. 1979 Explanatory notes on the Portland 1:250 000 geological map. Sheet SJ/54-11. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 62
Usage: Mentioned (p6) Comments: Stratigraphy.
REFID: 36499 Abele, C. 1979 Geology of the Anglesea area, central coastal Victoria. Geological Survey of Victoria, Memoir 31
Usage: Mentioned (p51) Comments:
REFID: 46909 Colwell, J.B. 1979 Heavy minerals in the late Cainozoic sediments of southeastern South Australia and western Victoria. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 4(2) p83-97
Usage: Mentioned (p83) Comments: See also Fig.2
REFID: 35672 McInerney, P.M. 1979 Seismic refraction investigations in the Polda Coalfield. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 147 p9-15
Usage: Mentioned (p11) Comments:
REFID: 34827 Olliver, J.G. , Warren, J.K. 1979 Stenhouse Bay gypsum deposits - Core sampling of Snow Lake and Spider Lake. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 145 p11-20
Usage: Mentioned (p12) Comments:
REFID: 35368 Sprigg, R.C. 1979 Stranded and submerged sea-beach systems of southeast South Australia and the aeolian desert cycle in McKee E.D.(ed) - Continental arid climate lithogenesis. Sedimentary Geology 22(1/2) p53-96
Usage: Mentioned (p69) Comments:
REFID: 35579 Sprigg, R.C. 1979 Stranded and submerged sea-beach systems of southeast South Australia and the aeolian desert cycle. Sedimentary Geology 22(1/2) p53-96
Usage: Mentioned (p67) Comments:
REFID: 34758 Twidale, C.R. , Lindsay, J.M. , Bourne, J.A. 1978 Age and origin of the Murray River and Gorge in South Australia. Royal Society of Victoria. Proceedings 90(1) p27-42
Usage: Mentioned (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 35147 Sheard, M.J. 1978 Geological history of the Mount Gambier Volcanic Complex, southeast South Australia. Royal Society of South Australia. Transactions 102(5) p125-139
Usage: Mentioned (p127) Comments:
REFID: 29664 Barnett, S. 1978 Late Tertiary sediments. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 67 p2-4
Usage: Mentioned (p2) Comments:
REFID: 35238 Sprigg, R.C. 1978 Proterozoic, Permo-Carboniferous and Pleistocene glacial cycles and cyclic sedimentation in relation to oil search. APEA Journal 18(1) p83-92
Usage: Mentioned (p86) Comments:
REFID: 35097 Ludbrook, N.H. 1978 Quaternary molluscs of the western part of the Eucla Basin. Geological Survey of Western Australia. Bulletin 125
Usage: Mentioned (p15) Comments:
REFID: 35271 Mallett, C.W. 1978 Sea level changes in the Neogene of southern Victoria. APEA Journal 18(1) p64-69
Usage: Mentioned (p67) Comments:
REFID: 33798 Wightman, V.E. 1977 A resistivity survey in the Padthaway area. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 140 p98-102
Usage: Mentioned (p98) Comments: See also Fig.2
REFID: 32438 Nichol, D. 1977 Construction sand resources of the Port Lincoln area. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 141 p41-44
Usage: Mentioned (p42) Comments:
REFID: 35290 Abele, C. 1977 Explanatory notes on the Queenscliff 1:250 000 geological map. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 1977/5
Usage: Mentioned (p45) Comments:
REFID: 29665 Barnett, S.R. 1977 The hydrogeology of Kangaroo Island. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 141 p77-81
Usage: Mentioned (p79) Comments:
REFID: 46839 Cook, P.J. , Colwell, J.B. , Firman, J.B. , Lindsay, J.M. , Schwebel, D.A. , von der Borch, C.C. 1977 The late Cainozoic sequence of southeast South Australia and Pleistocene sea-level changes. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 2(2) p81-88
Usage: Mentioned (p86) Comments: See also Fig.3
REFID: 29892 Bowering, O.J.W. 1977 Water budget investigations at Padthaway 1972 and 1973. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 140 p70-79
Usage: Mentioned (p77) Comments:
REFID: 40442 Firman, J.B. , Lindsay, J.M. , Daily, B. , Forbes, B.G. 1976 Geology. IN Twidale C.R., Tyler M.J., Webb B.P.(eds) - Natural history of Adelaide region. Royal Society of South Australia 1v p5-42
Usage: Mentioned (p35) Comments:
REFID: 35029 Hiern, M.N. 1976 Gypsum - South Australia in Knight C.L.(ed) - Economic geology of Australia and Papua New Guinea - 4. Industrial minerals and rocks. AusIMM. Monograph Series 8 p166-170
Usage: Mentioned (p168) Comments:
REFID: 29697 Beal, J.C. , Blesing, M.V. , Bowering, O.J.W. , Cobb, M.A. , Forbes, G.G. , Johnson, P.D. , McMahon, B.K. , Selby, J. , Waterhouse, J.D. , Williams, A.F. 1976 Hydrogeology and environmental geology of southeastern South Australia. 25th International Geological Congress. Excursion Guide 32AC
Usage: Mentioned (p2) Comments:
REFID: 35285 Lawrence, C.R. 1976 Non-metallic minerals - Groundwater, in Douglas J.G. and Ferguson J.A. (eds) - Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 5 p411-417
Usage: Mentioned (p414) Comments:
REFID: 35274 McHaffie, I.W. 1976 Non-metallic minerals - limestone, in Douglas J.G. and Ferguson J.A. (eds) - Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 5 p418-425
Usage: Mentioned (p424) Comments:
REFID: 35272 Lawrence, C.R. 1976 Quarternary - Murray Basin, in Douglas J.G. and Ferguson J.A.(eds) - Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 5 p276-288
Usage: Mentioned (p283) Comments:
REFID: 31746 Lawrence, C.R. , Abele, C. 1976 Tertiary - Murray Basin. IN Douglas J.G.,Ferguson J.A.(eds) - Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 5 p191-198
Usage: Mentioned (p197) Comments:
REFID: 35066 Abele, C. , Kenley, P.R. , Holdgate, G. , Ripper, D. 1976 Tertiary - Otway Basin in Douglas J.G. & Ferguson J.A.(eds) - Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 5 p198-229
Usage: Mentioned (p218) Comments:
REFID: 46802 Doutch, H.F. 1976 The Karumba Basin, northeastern Australia and southern New Guinea. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 1(2) p131-140
Usage: Mentioned (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 33160 Singleton, O.P. , McDougall, I. , Malett, C.W. 1976 The Pliocene-Pleistocene boundary in southeastern Australia. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 23(3) p299-311
Usage: Mentioned (p301) Comments: See also P304
REFID: 29866 Boucaut, W.R.P. , Waterhouse, J.D. 1976 The hydrogeology of the south east defined areas - A summary. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 139 p84-87
Usage: Mentioned (p84) Comments:
REFID: 38068 Firman, J.B. 1975 Australia-South Australia. IN Fairbridge R.W.(Ed) - The encyclopedia of world regional geology, part 1: Western Hemisphere (including Antarctica and Australia). Encyclopedia of earth sciences. Vol.8. Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross Inc. 1v p61-80
Usage: Mentioned (p76) Comments:
REFID: 30922 Geological Survey of South Australia. 1975 Fowler, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SH/54-13, zone 4, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 29591 Australian Water Resources Council. 1975 Groundwater resources of Australia. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra 1v
Usage: Mentioned (p92) Comments:
REFID: 30758 Firman, J.B. , Rogers, P.A. 1975 Monarto Town area. Construction materials and foundation conditions. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 137 p65-73
Usage: Mentioned (p66) Comments: Stratigraphy
REFID: 30807 Forbes, B.G. , Richards, E.F. 1975 Regional geological mapping and cartographic procedures. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 137 p91-103
Usage: Mentioned (p101) Comments: Suggested map symbol
REFID: 39077 Marker, M.E. 1975 The lower southeast of South Australia: a karst province. University of Witwatersrand. Dept. Geogr. & Environ Studies. Occ. Paper 13
Usage: Mentioned (p25) Comments:
REFID: 33224 South Australia. Department of Mines. 1974 Annual report for 1973-74. South Australia. Department of Mines. Annual Report 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.32) Comments: See also Fig.36. Photo.
REFID: 30825 Foster, C.B. 1974 Stratigraphy and palynology of the Permian at Waterloo Bay, Yorke Peninsula, South Australia. Royal Society of South Australia. Transactions 98(1) p29-42
Usage: Mentioned (p32) Comments:
REFID: 30756 Firman, J.B. 1974 Upper Cainozoic stratigraphic units of the Gawler Block and Eucla Basin in South Australia. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 52 p2-4
Usage: Mentioned (p4) Comments:
REFID: 30580 Douglas, J.G. , Spencer-Jones, D. 1973 Colac, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/54-12, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Quaternary Max age from reference: Quaternary Comments:
REFID: 30754 Firman, J.B. 1973 Regional stratigraphy of surficial deposits in the Murray Basin and Gambier Embayment. South Australia. Department of Mines. Report of Investigations 1v
Usage: Mentioned (p20) Comments: See also P22,24,27. Geological map
REFID: 32561 Painter, J.A.C. 1972 Groundwater basins of county Musgrave, Eyre Peninsula. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 133 p52-79
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.4) Comments:
REFID: 31320 Hiern, M.N. 1972 Mineral resources of the Eyre planning area. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 133 p11-28
Usage: Mentioned (p14) Comments: Quaternary
REFID: 30514 South Australia. Department of Mines. 1972 Palaeontology Section. Geological Survey Branch. South Australia. Department of Mines. Annual Report 1971 p99-108
Usage: Mentioned (p102) Comments:
REFID: 30932 Geological Survey of Victoria. 1972 Portland, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/54-11, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 32767 Raheim, A. , McDougall, I. 1972 Potassium-argon ages on the Newer Volcanics of Victoria. Royal Society of Victoria. Proceedings 85(1) p61-69
Usage: Mentioned (p66) Comments:
REFID: 31625 Kenley, P.R. 1971 Correlation of Cainozoic rocks in the Victorian part of the Gambier embayment. IN Wopfner H.,Douglas J.G.(eds) - The Otway Basin of southeastern Australia. (See enclosure no.2). Geological Survey of SA & Geological Survey of Vic. 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Fig. 5.2) Comments: Pleistocene
REFID: 31629 Kenley, R.R. 1971 Cross sections of the Kanawinka fault and related structures. IN Wopfner H.,Douglas J.G.(eds) - The Otway Basin of southeastern Australia. (See enclosure no.5.1). Geological Survey of SA & Geological Survey of Vic. Special Bulletin 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Fig. 5.1) Comments: Recent to Pleistocene
REFID: 30522 Victoria. Department of Mines. , South Australia. Department of Mines. 1971 Geological map of the Otway Basin 1:500 000 scale. IN Wopfner H., Douglas J.G.(Eds) - The Otway Basin of southeastern Australia. Geological Survey of SA & Geological Survey of Vic. Special Bulletin Enclosure 1.1
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 30928 Geological Survey of Victoria. 1971 Hamilton, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/54-07, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Quaternary Max age from reference: Quaternary Comments:
REFID: 30752 Firman, J.B. 1971 Palaeosols. A stratigraphic definition. IN Etudes sur le Quaternaire dans le Monde. 8th Congress Inqua, Paris 1969. Union International pour l'etude du Quaternaire Vol.1
Usage: Mentioned (p5) Comments:
REFID: 48911 Reynolds, M.A. 1971 Review of the Otway Basin. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia, Report 134
Usage: Mentioned (Chart 1) Comments:
REFID: 31920 Ludbrook, N.H. 1971 Stratigraphy and correlation of marine sediments in the western part of the Gambier Embayment. IN Wopfner H., Douglas J.F.(eds) - The Otway Basin of southeastern Australia. Geological Survey of SA & Geological Survey of Vic. Special Bulletin 1v p47-66
Usage: Mentioned (p59) Comments: See also Table 3-1. Pleistocene
REFID: 29829 Bleys, C. , Campbell, J.D. 1970 A groundwater assessment of the Penong area. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 129 p178-186
Usage: Mentioned (p178) Comments:
REFID: 31312 Hiern, M.N. 1970 Drilling for gypsum beneath Lake MacDonnell. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 129 p70-80
Usage: Mentioned (p71) Comments:
REFID: 31923 Ludbrook, N.H. , Johns, R.K. 1970 Geology of South Australia. South Australia. Department of Mines. Year Book 1970 p16
Usage: Mentioned (p16) Comments:
REFID: 34191 Geological Survey of South Australia. 1969 Naracoorte, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SJ/54-02, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 34180 Firman, J.B. 1969 Quaternary period. IN Parkin L.W.(ed) - Handbook of South Australian geology. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v p204-233
Usage: Mentioned (p212) Comments: Middle Pleistocene

Bibliographic references returned: 204 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.