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Wittenoom Formation STRATNO: 20327
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Formal State(s): WA
Category: Variation of published name Usage: Fully described Definition Card: No
Originator: Entry date: 11-DEC-89Last Update: 20-AUG-18
Replaced by: Previously known as: Wittenoom Dolomite
Description: Calcitic dolomite, interbedded chert and shale in upper and lower parts, volcaniclastic sandstone.
Comments: Max Age: 2561 (+/-) 8 Ma. Ages from Trendall et al (2004), RefID 60706.
Geological province: Hamersley Basin
Type state: Reference section type:
Maximum thickness: 700mMinimum thickness:
Unit Age Event: deposition
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Neoarchean Ma: 2506 % from base of biozone: Age method: inferred, lithostratigraphic correlation
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Neoarchean Ma: 2596 % from base of biozone: Age method: inferred, underlying unit

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Mount Sylvia Formation overlies Wittenoom Formation conformity
Mount McRae Shale overlies Wittenoom Formation
Marra Mamba Iron Formation underlies Wittenoom Formation conformity
Carawine Dolomite is equivalent to Wittenoom Formation
Millstream Formation overlies Wittenoom Formation unconformity
Kumina Conglomerate overlies Wittenoom Formation unconformity
First Reference:
REFID: 41622 Simonson, B.M., Goode, A.D.T., 1989, First discovery of ferruginous chert arenites in the early Precambrian Hamersley Group of Western Australia., Geology, 17(3), p269-272

Use on maps:
REFID: 23575 Thorne, A.M., Hickman, A.H., 1998, Geology of the Fortescue Group, Pilbara Craton (1:500 000 scale), IN 'Geology of the Fortescue Group, Pilbara Craton, Western Australia' Thorne A.M. and Trendall A.F., Geological Survey of Western Australia. Bulletin, 144, Plates 1a-1c
REFID: 43262 Thorne, A.M., Tyler, I.M., Blight, D.F., 1995, Rocklea, W.A., 1:100 000 geological map., Geological Survey of Western Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 62130 Thorne, A.M., Tyler, I.M., Blockley, J.G., Blight, D.F., 1996, Mount Bruce, Western Australia. 1:250 000 geological sheet SF 50-11. Second Edition., Geological Survey of Western Australia, Map
REFID: 63372 Geological Survey of Western Australia, 2004, Pyramid, Western Australia 1:250,000 geological series map (second edition). Sheet SF50-07., Geological Survey of Western Australia, Map
REFID: 64580 Vanderhor, F., Flint, R.B., Tyler, I.M., Hocking, R.M., 2006, 1:500 000 interpreted bedrock geology of Western Australia, 2006 update. Dataset within GeoVIEW.WA (interactive geological map), Geological Survey of Western Australia, map
REFID: 64657 Van Kranendonk, M.J., 2005, Mount Marsh, Western Australia 1:100 000 sheet 2753, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 69028 Johnson, S.P., Thorne, A.M., Cutten, H.N., Blay, O.A., 2012, Geological Interpretation of the western Capricorn Orogen, IN 'Capricorn Orogen seismic and magnetotelluric (MT) workshop 2011: extended abstracts' edited by S.P. Johnson, A.M. Thorne and I.M. Tyler, Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record, 2011/25, Plate 1


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 62129 Thorne, A.M. , Tyler, I.M. 1997 Mount Bruce, Western Australia. 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes. Sheet SF 50-11. Second edition. Geological Survey of Western Australia 28
Usage: Fully described (p9) Min age from reference: Archaean Max age from reference: Archaean Comments: Formerly Wittenoom Dolomite. Of Hamersley Group. Includes West Angela, Paraburdoo and Bee Gorge Members. Thickness: 700m. Geological Province: Hamersley Basin.
REFID: 70795 Geological Survey of Western Australia 2015 Western Capricorn Orogen 2015 Geological Information Series Geological Survey of Western Australia files on USB
Usage: Described (500k_interpgeop14_lut.csv) Min age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Max age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Comments: West Australian Craton, Hamersley Basin , 2597-2504 Ma , Thinly bedded dolomite, with minor black chert, shale and sandstone.
REFID: 69167 Geological Survey of Western Australia 2013 Pilbara 1:100 000 GIS 2013 update Geological Survey of Western Australia USB files
Usage: Described (geologyp_lut.csv) Min age from reference: Neoarchean Max age from reference: Neoarchean Comments: , Hamersley Group , Thinly bedded dolomite, with minor black chert, shale, and sandstone
REFID: 68035 Hickman, A.H. , Van Kranendonk, M.J. 2012 Early Earth evolution: evidence from the 3.5-1.8 Ga geological history of the Pilbara region of Western Australia Episodes 35/1 pp283-298
Usage: Described (p292, Fig 6) Min age from reference: Neoarchean Max age from reference: Neoarchean Comments: Hamersley Basin. Carbonate dominated. , Of Hamersley Group. , Includes West Angela Member, Paraburdoo Member, Bee Gorge Member. , Separates the Marra Mamba (underlying) and Brockman (overlying) iron formations. , Shale, carbonate.
REFID: 67201 Hickman, A.H. , Smithies, R.H. , Tyler, I.M. 2010 Evolution of active plate margins: West Pilbara Superterrane, De Grey Superbasin, and the Fortescue and Hamersley Basins - a field guide. Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 2010/3 74pp
Usage: Described (p34, p51-53, p55) Comments: Visible at base of Hamersley Range Escarpment. Shallow-water deposits. Shown as Wittenoom Dolomite on p53 Fig.40. , c. 2560 Ma , Hamersley Group , West Angelas Member, Paraburdoo Member, Bee Gorge Member , Is overlain by Mount Sylvia Formation. Overlies Marra Mamba Iron Formation. Lateral equivalent of Carawine Dolomite. , Carbonate-dominated.
REFID: 64580 Vanderhor, F. , Flint, R.B. , Tyler, I.M. , Hocking, R.M. 2006 1:500 000 interpreted bedrock geology of Western Australia, 2006 update. Dataset within GeoVIEW.WA (interactive geological map) Geological Survey of Western Australia map
Usage: Described (map legend) Max age from reference: Neoarchean Comments: Of Lower Hamersley Group. Thin- to medium-bedded dolomite, dolomitic mudstone, chert, and felsic to mafic volcanic sandstone; metamorphosed.
REFID: 63372 Geological Survey of Western Australia 2004 Pyramid, Western Australia 1:250,000 geological series map (second edition). Sheet SF50-07. Geological Survey of Western Australia Map
Usage: Described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Archean Max age from reference: Archean Comments: Of the Hamersley Group. Geological Province: Hamersley Basin. Thin to medium bedded dolomite, dolomitic mudstone, chert and volcanic sandstone. Underlies: Mount Mcrae Shale and Mount Sylvia Formation. Overlies: Marra Mamba Iron Formation. Age: 2561Ma.
REFID: 24544 Occhipinti, S.A. , Sheppard, S. , Tyler, I.M. , Sircombe, K.N. , Reddy, S. , Hollingsworth, D. , Martin, D.McB. , Thorne, A.M. 2003 Proterozoic geology of the Capricorn Orogen, Western Australia - a field guide Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 2003/16 64p
Usage: Described (p57 Fig.43) Min age from reference: Archean Max age from reference: Archean Comments: Of Hamersley Group. Overlies Marra Mamba Iron Formation. Overlain by Mount Sylvia Formation. Dolomite. Geological Province: Hamersley Basin.
REFID: 23936 Huston, D. , Blewett, R. , Mernagh, T. , Sun, S.S. , Kamprad, J. 2001 Gold Deposits of the Pilbara Craton: Results of AGSO Research, 1998-2000 Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Record 2001/10 32p+App, figs, fables (total 74p)
Usage: Described (Tb.1) Min age from reference: Archean Max age from reference: Archean Comments: Age: c.2.56 Ga. Geological Province: Pilbara Craton. Parent: Hamersley Group. Overlying Unit: Mount Sylvia Formation. Underlying Unit: Marra Mamba Formation.
REFID: 22701 Simonson, B.M. , Hassler, S.W. 1997 Revised correlations in the Early Precambrian Hamersley Basin based on a horizon of resedimented impact spherules Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 44(1) p37-48
Usage: Described (p40) Min age from reference: Siderian Max age from reference: Archean Comments: Also Fig2,p39. 2541 +/- 32 Ma. Overlies Marra Mamba Iron Formation, overlain by Mount Sylvia Formation.
REFID: 43064 Simonson, B.M. , Hassler, S.W. , Schubel, K.A. 1993 Lithology and proposed revisions in stratigraphic nomenclature of the Wittenoom Formation (Dolomite) and overlying formations, Hamersley Group, Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia. Report 34 p65-79
Usage: Described (p68) Comments: Supersedes Wittenoom Dolomite.
REFID: 71042 Jones, S.A. 2017 Geology and geochemistry of fault-hosted hydrothermal and sedimentary manganese deposits in the Oakover Basin, east Pilbara, Western Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 64/1 p63-102
Usage: Briefly described (p64 fig 1, p66) Min age from reference: Archean Max age from reference: Archean Comments: See also p72-p73, p75, p95. , Hamersley Group , Banded iron formation and dolomite.
REFID: 69563 Glikson, A.Y. , Hickman, A.H. 2014 Coupled asteroid impacts and banded iron-formations, Fortescue and Hamersley Groups, Pilbara, Western Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 61/5 p689-701
Usage: Briefly described (p690 Tb.1, p696) Comments: Hamersley Basin. Contains two spherule marker beds. , 2561 +/- 8 Ma. , Includes Bee Gorge and Paraburdoo Members.
REFID: 69538 Kneeshaw, M. , Morris, R.C. 2014 The Cenozoic detrital iron deposits of the Hamersley Province, Western Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 61/4 p513-586
Usage: Briefly described (p517 Fig.3, p520, p523, p526) Min age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Max age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Comments: See also p528-530, p532 Tb.3, p534-535, p552, p555, p565, p571-572, p574-576, p578 Fig.47, p583-585. Includes part of what the authors call the Fortescue Reef limestone. , Unit in Hamersley Group. , Includes West Angela, Paraburdoo and Bee Gorge Members. , Includes shallow-water reef limestones.
REFID: 67829 Goode, A.D.T. , Morris, R.C. , Kneeshaw, M. 2012 Discussion and Reply. Morris R.C. & Kneeshaw M. 2011. Genesis modelling for the Hamersley BIF-hosted iron ores of Western Australia: a critical review. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 58, 417-451 AND Response to Dr Alan Goode's 'Discussion' of Morris & Kneeshaw (2011). Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 59(3) pp447-455
Usage: Briefly described (pp447-448, pp452-454.) Comments: Hamersley Basin. Equivalent of Carawine Dolomite in East Pilbara. Called the Wittenoom Dolomite on pp447-448. , Overlies the Marra Mamba Iron Formation.
REFID: 69028 Johnson, S.P. , Thorne, A.M. , Cutten, H.N. , Blay, O.A. 2012 Geological Interpretation of the western Capricorn Orogen, IN 'Capricorn Orogen seismic and magnetotelluric (MT) workshop 2011: extended abstracts' edited by S.P. Johnson, A.M. Thorne and I.M. Tyler Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 2011/25 Plate 1
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Neoarchean Max age from reference: Neoarchean Comments: Hamersley Basin. , Of the Hamersley Group. , Thinly bedded dolomite, with minor black chert, shale and sandstone; metamorphosed.
REFID: 67056 Morris, R.C. , Kneeshaw, M. 2011 Genesis modelling for the Hamersley BIF-hosted iron ores of Western Australia: a critical review. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 58(5) p417-451
Usage: Briefly described (p419 Fig.2, p439, p445. ) Comments: In various ore-concentrating models, this unit is seen as the source of alkaline hypogene solutions into the ore zones. , Unit in Hamersley Group. , Overlies Marra Mamba Iron Formation. Is overlain by Mount Sylvia Formation. , Includes dolomite.
REFID: 67721 Szpunar, M. , Hand, M. , Barovich, K. , Kneeshaw, M. 2011 Were banded iron formations in the Middleback Range deposited during the late Archean? MESA Journal 63 pp33ff
Usage: Briefly described (p38 Fig.9) Min age from reference: Neoarchean Max age from reference: Neoarchean Comments: , c. 2553 Ma , Of the Hamersley Group. , Includes Bee Gorge Member, Paraburdoo Member, and West Angela Member.
REFID: 69166 Western Australian Geological Survey 2011 West Capricorn Orogen 1:100 000 GIS 2011 update Geological Survey of Western Australia USB files
Usage: Briefly described (500k_geologyp08_lut.csv) Min age from reference: Neoarchean Max age from reference: Neoarchean Comments: , Hamersley Group , Thin- to medium-bedded dolomite, dolomitic mudstone, chert, and felsic to mafic volcanic sandstone; metamorphosed.
REFID: 64724 de Vries, S.T. , Pryer, L.L. , Fry, N. 2008 Evolution of Neoarchaean and Proterozoic basins of Australia Precambrian Research 166(1-4) p39-53
Usage: Briefly described (p42 Fig. 3) Min age from reference: Neoarchean Max age from reference: Neoarchean Comments: Sediments of the Hamersley Basin deposited in a continental passive margin setting. , Of Hamersley Group.
REFID: 63432 Morris, R.C. , Ramanaidou, E.R. 2007 Genesis of the channel iron deposits (CID) of the Pilbara region, Western Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 54(5) p733-756
Usage: Briefly described (p736 Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, p751) Min age from reference: Proterozoic Max age from reference: Proterozoic Comments: Produces 'terra rossa' soils.
REFID: 65829 Williams, I.R. 2007 Geology of the Yilgalong 1:100 000 sheet; explanatory notes Geological Survey of Western Australia 1v 45
Usage: Briefly described (p25.) Min age from reference: Neoarchean Max age from reference: Neoarchean Comments: Formerly Wittenoom Dolomite; redefined in 1993. Hamersley Ranges. Contains a similar horizon to the chaotic spherule-bearing megabreccia in the Carawine Dolomite, interpreted as evidence of an asteroid impact in an oceanic environment. , c.2561 Ma (Trendall et al. 1998). , Includes Bee Gorge Member.
REFID: 65825 Farrell, T.R. 2006 Geology of the Eastern Creek 1:100 000 sheet explanatory notes Geological Survey of Western Australia 1v 33
Usage: Briefly described (p23.) Comments: A westerly correlative of the Carawine Dolomite. , Unit in lower part of Hamersley Group. , Dolomitic rocks.
REFID: 61560 Haines, P.W. 2005 Impact cratering and distal ejecta: the Australian record Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 52(4-5) p481-507
Usage: Briefly described (p498 Tb. 4) Comments: Includes the Bee Gorge Member. Geological Province: Hamersley Basin.
REFID: 64657 Van Kranendonk, M.J. 2005 Mount Marsh, Western Australia 1:100 000 sheet 2753 Geological Survey of Western Australia 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Archaean Max age from reference: Archaean Comments: Of Hamersley Group. Age: 2561-2541Ma. Geological Province: Hamersley Basin. Thinly bedded dolomite, black chert, shale, and sandstone.
REFID: 61575 Hassler, S.W. , Simonson, B.M. , Sumner, D.Y. , Murphy, M. 2005 Neoarchaean impact spherule layers in the Fortescue and Hamersley Groups, Western Australia: stratigraphic and depositional implications of re-correlation Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 52(4-5) p759-771
Usage: Briefly described (p759) Min age from reference: Neoarchean Max age from reference: Neoarchean Comments: Includes the Paraburdoo Member, a thick accumulation of carbonate. Geological Province: Hamersley Basin.
REFID: 61576 Scally, A. , Simonson, B.M. 2005 Spherule textures in the Neoarchaean Wittenoom impact layer, Western Australia: consistency in diversity Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 52(4-5) p773-783
Usage: Briefly described (p773) Comments: Of the Hamersley Group. Contains Neoarchaean impact spherules in its Bee Gorge Member. Geological Province: Hamersley Basin.
REFID: 60373 Blake, T.S. , Buick, R. , Brown, S.J.A. , Barley, M.E. 2004 Geochronology of a Late Archaean flood basalt province in the Pilbara Craton, Australia: constraints on basin evolution, volcanic and sedimentary accumulation, and continental drift rates Precambrian Research 133 143-173
Usage: Briefly described (p145 Tb. 1) Min age from reference: Archean Max age from reference: Archean Comments: Of Hamersly Group. Includes Bee George and Paraburdoo Members. Overlian by Mount Sylvia Formation, underlain by Marra Mumba Iron Formation.
REFID: 60706 Trendall, A.F. , Compston, W. , Nelson, D.R. , de Laeter, J.R. , Bennett, V.C. 2004 SHRIMP zircon ages constraining the depositional chronology of the Hamersley Group, Western Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 51(5) p621-644
Usage: Briefly described (p623, p643 App.1) Min age from reference: Archean Max age from reference: Archean Comments: Of the Hamersley Group. Includes West Angela, Paraburdoo and Bee Gorge Members. Overlain by Mount Sylvia Formation. Age: 2561+/-8 Ma (SHRIMP). Geological Province: Hamersley Basin.
REFID: 24573 Ramanaidou, E.R. , Morris, R.C. , Horwitz, R.C. 2003 Channel iron deposits of the Hamersley Province, Western Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 50(5) p669-690
Usage: Briefly described (p671 Fig.2) Min age from reference: Proterozoic Max age from reference: Proterozoic Comments: Of the Hamersley Group. Geological Province: Pilbara Craton
REFID: 24533 Smithies, R.H. 2003 Geology of the Hooley 1:100 000 sheet Geological Survey of Western Australia. Explanatory Notes 1 15p
Usage: Briefly described (p5 Table 2) Min age from reference: Archean Max age from reference: Archean Comments: Of the Hamersley Group. Conformably overlies the Marra Mamba Iron Formation. Age: 2561 +/- 8Ma (crystal rich tuff).
REFID: 24041 Pickard, A.L. 2002 SHRIMP U-Pb zircon ages of tuffaceous mudrocks in the Brockman Iron Formation of the Hamersley Range, Western Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 49 (3) p491-507
Usage: Briefly described (p495) Min age from reference: Archean Max age from reference: Archean Comments:
REFID: 23813 Blewett, R.S. 2001 Archaean tectonic processes: a case for horizontal shortening in the North Pilbara Granite-Greenstone Terrane, Western Australia Precambrian Research 113(1-2) p87-120
Usage: Briefly described (p90 Tb. 1) Min age from reference: Archean Max age from reference: Archean Comments: Sedimentary carbonates and clastics. Age: c.2.603Ga; c.2.56Ga (U-Pb SHRIMP). Geological Province: Pilbara Craton.
REFID: 23890 Lindsay, J.F. , Brasier, M.D. 2001 Did global tectonics drive early biosphere evolution? Carbon isotopes record from 2.6 to 1.9 Ga carbonates of Western Australian basins Precambrian Research 114(1-2) p1-34
Usage: Briefly described (p9) Min age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Max age from reference: Archean Comments: Of Hamersley Group. Geological Province: Hamersley Basin.
REFID: 23570 Thorne, A.M. , Trendall, A.F. 2001 Geology of the Fortescue Group, Pilbara Craton, Western Australia Geological Survey of Western Australia. Bulletin 144 249p
Usage: Briefly described (p14) Comments: Of Hamersley Group. Geological Province: Pilbara Craton
REFID: 24231 Butt, A. , Hawke, P. , Flis, M. 2001 Of detritals, derivatives and determination - an example of detrital iron discovery Exploration Geophysics 32 (3-4) p185-188
Usage: Briefly described (p186 Fig.2) Comments: Of Hamersley Group. Geological Province: Hamersley Basin.
REFID: 23536 Tompkins, L.A. , Cowan, D.R. 2001 Opaque mineralogy and magnetic properties of selected banded iron-formation, Hamersley Basin, Western Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 48(3) p427-437
Usage: Briefly described (Fig 2 p 429) Comments:
REFID: 23354 Simonson, B.M. , Davies, D. , Hassler, S.W. 2000 Discovery of a layer of probable impact melt spherules in the Late Archaean Jeerinah Formation, Fortescue Group, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 47(2) p315-325
Usage: Briefly described (315) Comments:
REFID: 65683 Lascelles, D.F. 2000 Marra Mamba Iron Formation stratigraphy in the eastern Chichester Range, Western Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 47(4) 799-806
Usage: Briefly described (p801 Fig2, p802) Comments: Of Hamersley Group. Underlies Mount Sylvia Formation; overlies Mount Newman Member of Marra Mamba Iron Formation. Includes West Angela Member. See also Wittenoom Dolomite p799. Correlated with Carawine Dolomite.
REFID: 23046 Nelson, D.R. , Trendall, A.F. , Altermann, W. 1999 Chronological correlations between the Pilbara and Kaapvaal cratons Precambrian Research 97(3/4) p165-189
Usage: Briefly described (171) Comments:
REFID: 23045 Eriksson, P.G. , Mazumder, R. , Sarkar, S. , Bose, P.K. , Altermann, W. , van der Merwe, R. 1999 The 2.7-2.0 Ga volcano-sedimentary record of Africa, India and Australia: evidence for global and local changes in sea level and continental freeboard Precambrian Research 97(3/4) P269-302
Usage: Briefly described (289) Comments: Parent Hamersley Group
REFID: 23280 Martin, D.McB. , Li, Z.X. , Nemchin, A.A. , Powell, C.McA. 1998 A pre-2.2 Ga age for giant hematite ores of the Hamersley Province, Australia Economic Geology Vol. 93 pp1084-1090
Usage: Briefly described (Table1p1085) Max age from reference: Archean Comments: Max Age: 2561 (+/-) 8 Ma.
REFID: 23127 McKenna, D.M. , Harmsworth, R.A. 1998 Brockman No.2 detritals (B2D) iron ore deposit IN Berkman, D.A. & Mackenzie, D.H. (eds) 'Geology of Australian and Papua New Guinean mineral deposits' AusIMM. Monograph Series 22 p375-380
Usage: Briefly described (p376) Comments:
REFID: 23746 Williams, I.R. , Trendall, A.F. 1998 Geology of the Braeside 1:100 000 Sheet Geological Survey of Western Australia. Explanatory Notes 1v 39p
Usage: Briefly described (p21) Comments: Formerly Wittenoom Dolomite.
REFID: 23575 Thorne, A.M. , Hickman, A.H. 1998 Geology of the Fortescue Group, Pilbara Craton (1:500 000 scale), IN 'Geology of the Fortescue Group, Pilbara Craton, Western Australia' Thorne A.M. and Trendall A.F. Geological Survey of Western Australia. Bulletin 144 Plates 1a-1c
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Archean Max age from reference: Archean Comments: Of Hamersley Group. Underlying unit Marra Mamba Iron Formation.
REFID: 61268 Hickman, A.H. , Strong, C.A. 1998 Structures in the Cape Preston area, northwest Pilbara Craton - new evidence for a convergent margin Geological Survey of Western Australia. Annual Review 1997-98 p77-84
Usage: Briefly described (p79, p81 Tb.1) Comments: Of the Hamersley Group. Dolomite, dolomitic mudstone, chert and volcanic sandstone.
REFID: 43290 Thorne, A.M. , Tyler, I.M. 1996 Geology of the Rocklea 1:100 000 sheet. Explanatory Notes Geological Survey of Western Australia 1v p15
Usage: Briefly described (p6) Max age from reference: Archean Comments: of Hamersley Group. Supersedes Wittenoom Dolomite.
REFID: 62130 Thorne, A.M. , Tyler, I.M. , Blockley, J.G. , Blight, D.F. 1996 Mount Bruce, Western Australia. 1:250 000 geological sheet SF 50-11. Second Edition. Geological Survey of Western Australia Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Archaean Max age from reference: Archaean Comments: Of Hamersley Group. Geological Province: Hamersley Basin, Pilbara Craton. Metamorphosed thin- to medium-bedded dolomite, dolomitic pelite, chert, and volcanic sandstone.
REFID: 43262 Thorne, A.M. , Tyler, I.M. , Blight, D.F. 1995 Rocklea, W.A., 1:100 000 geological map. Geological Survey of Western Australia 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Archean Comments: of Hamersley Group.
REFID: 69080 Johnson, S.P. , Thorne, A.M. , Tyler, I.M. , Korsch, R.J. , Kennett, B.L.N. , Cutten, H.N. , Goodwin, J. , Blay, O. , Blewett, R.S. , Joly, A. , Dentith, M.C. , Aitken, A.R.A. , Holzschuh, J. , Salmon, M. , Reading, A. , Heinson, G. , Boren, G. , Ross, J. , Costelloe, R.D. , Fomin, T. 2013 Crustal architecture of the Capricorn Orogen, Western Australia and associated metallogeny Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 60(6&7) p681-705
Usage: Mentioned (p687) Comments: , Unit in Hamersley Group. , Overlies Marra Mamba Iron Formation. Is overlain by Mount Sylvia Formation.
REFID: 68280 Hickman, A.H. , Van Kranendonk, M.J. 2012 A billion years of Earth history: a geological transect through the Pilbara Craton and the Mount Bruce Supergroup; a field guide to accompany 34th IGC excursion WA-2. Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 2012/10 66p
Usage: Mentioned (p5, p41, p54, p62) Min age from reference: Neoarchean Max age from reference: Neoarchean Comments: , 2560-2500 Ma , Hamersley Group , Includes Bee Gorge Member, Paraburdoo Member, West Angela Member , Overlain by Mount Sylvia Formation, overlies Marra Mamba Iron Formation
REFID: 67827 Morris, R.C. 2012 Microplaty hematite - its varied nature and genesis Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 59(3) pp411-434
Usage: Mentioned (p415, p429, p432) Comments: Microstructure of iron ores discussed. , Dolomite.
REFID: 67183 Jones, S. 2011 Proterozoic deformation in the east Pilbara Craton and tectonic setting of fault-hosted manganese at the Woodie Woodie mine. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 58(6) pp639-673
Usage: Mentioned (p645 Tb.1) Min age from reference: Archean Max age from reference: Archean Comments: Formerly Wittenoom Dolomite (see p643). Present in the Southern Pilbara. , Hamersley Group
REFID: 65757 Glikson, A.Y. , Vickers, J. 2010 Asteroid impact connections of crustal evolution Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 57(1) 79-95
Usage: Mentioned (p81 Tb.2, p84 Fig.2, p87 Fig.7, p88) Comments: in the Hamersley Group. Includes Bee Gorge Member. Underlies the [Mount] Sylvia Formation.
REFID: 67130 Van Kranendonk, M.J. 2010 Three and a half billion years of life on Earth: a transect back into deep time. Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 2010/21 93p
Usage: Mentioned (p3 fig 2, p24 fig 17) Comments: Also referred to as Wittenoom Dolomite which is outdated (p8 fig 5) , Hamersley Group , Includes West Angela Member, Paraburdoo Member, Bee Gorge Member , Overlies Marra Mamba Iron Formation, overlain by Mount Sylvia Formation
REFID: 63153 Lascelles, D.F. 2006 The genesis of the Hope Downs iron ore deposit, Hamersley Province, Western Australia Economic Geology 101(7) p1359-1376
Usage: Mentioned (p1359-1360, p1361 Fig.2, p1363, p1368 ) Comments: Typically deeply eroded; mature karst topography, largely buried by Tertiary to Recent valley fill sediments. , Unit in Hamersley Group. , Includes West Angela Member. , Overlies Marra Mamba Iron Formation. Is overlain by Mount Sylvia Formation.
REFID: 50549 McLellan, J.G. , Oliver, N.H.S. , Schaubs, P.M. 2004 Fluid flow in extensional environments: numerical modelling with an application to Hamersley iron ores Journal of Structural Geology 26(6-7) p1157-1171
Usage: Mentioned (p1159) Comments:
REFID: 24426 Webb, A.D. , Dickens, G.R. , Oliver, N.H.S. 2003 From banded iron-formation to iron ore: geochemical and mineralogical constraints from across the Hamersley Province, Western Australia Chemical Geology 197 (1-4) p215-252
Usage: Mentioned (p243 Fig.13) Comments: See also Wittenoom Dolomite.
REFID: 23612 Taylor, D. , Dalstra, H.J. , Harding, A.E. , Broadbent, G.C. , Barley, M.E. 2001 Genesis of High-Grade Hematite Orebodies of the Hamersley Province, Western Australia Economic Geology 96(4) p837-873
Usage: Mentioned (p843) Comments:
REFID: 61265 Kojan, C.J. , Hickman, A.H. 1998 Late Archaean volcanism in the Kylena and Maddina Formations, Fortescue Group, west Pilbara Geological Survey of Western Australia. Annual Review 1997-98 p43-53
Usage: Mentioned (p46-47 Fig.2) Comments: Geological Province: Pilbara Craton.
REFID: 22689 Trendall, A.F. , Nelson, D.R. , de Laeter, J.R. , Hassler, S.W. 1998 Precise zircon U-Pb ages from the Marra Mamba Iron Formation and Wittenoom Formation, Hamersley Group, Western Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 45(1) 137-142
Usage: Mentioned (137,138 fig 1,139) Comments: Of Hamersley Group, Hamersley Basin. Underlying unit Marra Mamba Formation. Also on page 141 fig 2
REFID: 22682 Krapez, B. 1997 Sequence-stratigraphic concepts applied to the identification of deposition basin and global cycles Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 44(1) p1-36
Usage: Mentioned (p29) Comments: Carrawine Supersequence
REFID: 43673 Glikson, A.Y. 1996 A compendium of Australian impact structures, possible impact structures, and ejecta occurences. AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 16(4) p373-375
Usage: Mentioned (p374) Comments: Ejecta age: approx. 2.6 Ga
REFID: 43644 Glikson, A.Y. 1996 Mega-impacts and mantle-melting episodes: tests of possible correlations AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 16(4) p587-607
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.4,p591) Comments:
REFID: 43063 Blockley, J.G. , Tehnas, I.J. , Mandyczewsky, A. , Morris, R.C. 1993 Proposed stratigraphic subdivisions of the Marra Mamba Iron Formation and the lower Wittenoom Dolomite, Hamersley Group, Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia. Report 34 p47-63
Usage: Mentioned (p49) Comments: Acknowledgement given that Wittenoom Dolomite is superseded
REFID: 41622 Simonson, B.M. , Goode, A.D.T. 1989 First discovery of ferruginous chert arenites in the early Precambrian Hamersley Group of Western Australia. Geology 17(3) p269-272
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments:

Bibliographic references returned: 66 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.