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Wasp Head Formation STRATNO: 19554
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Formal State(s): NSW
Category: Other new published name Usage: Defined Definition Card: No
Originator: Entry date: 01-JAN-88 Last Update: 17-MAR-09
Replaced by: Previously known as:
Description: Type section dominated by fine- to medium-grained sandstone and breccia units - poorly sorted, internally chaotic and surrounded by a silt-rich matrix.
Comments: Shallow marine. Age: 290-286Ma.
Geological province: No province information available
Type state: NSW Reference section type:
Maximum thickness: 90m Minimum thickness:
Unit Age
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Sakmarian Ma: 286 % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Sakmarian Ma: 290 % from base of biozone: Age method:

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Pebbley Beach Formation overlies Wasp Head Formation
Wagonga Beds underlies Wasp Head Formation unconformity
First Reference:
REFID: 32945 Runnegar, B.N., 1969, The Permian faunal succession in eastern Australia. IN Dickens J.M. (ed) - The Permian of Australia Symposium., Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication, 2, p73-96

Definition Reference:
REFID: 31081 Gostin, V.A., Herbert, C., 1973, Stratigraphy of the Upper Carboniferous and Lower Permian sequence, southern Sydney Basin., Geological Society of Australia. Journal, 20(1), p49-70

Use on maps:


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 31081 Gostin, V.A. , Herbert, C. 1973 Stratigraphy of the Upper Carboniferous and Lower Permian sequence, southern Sydney Basin. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 20(1) p49-70
Usage: Defined (p56) Min age from reference: Sakmarian Max age from reference: Sakmarian Comments: See also p57-58.
REFID: 60285 Bann, K.L. , Fielding, C.R. , MacEachern, J.A. , Tye, S.C. 2004 Differentiation of estuarine and offshore marine deposits using ichnology and sedimentology; Permian Pebbley Beach Formation, Sydney Basin, Australia IN McIlroy, D.(ed.) "The Application of Ichnology to Palaeoenvironmental and Stratigraphic Geological Society of London. Special Publication. 228 p179-211
Usage: Described (p181) Min age from reference: Sakmarian Max age from reference: Sakmarian Comments: Of Tallaterang Group. Overlain by Pebbley Beach Formation. Shallow marine. Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 24552 Reid, C.M. 2003 Permian Bryozoa of Tasmania and New South Wales: systematics and their use in Tasmanian biostratigraphy Association of Australasian Palaeontologists, Memoir 28 133p
Usage: Described (p5 Fig.2) Min age from reference: Sakmarian Max age from reference: Sakmarian Comments: Marine breccia fining up to fine sandstone. Contains abundant brachiopods. Overlain by Pebbley Beach Formation. Unconformably overlies Ordovician shale and chert. Thcikness: ~80 m. Of Talaterang Group. Geological Province: Southern Sydney Basin.
REFID: 22969 Maung, T.U. , Alder, D. , Shaw, R. , Hawley, S. 1997 Offshore Sydney Basin. Box 1 Bureau of Resource Sciences, Petroleum Prospectivity Bulletin
Usage: Described (p 17, Fig 2.2) Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments:
REFID: 22591 Tye, S.C. , Fielding, C.R. , Jones, B.G. 1996 Statigraphy and sedimentology of the Permian Talaterang and Shoalhaven Group in the southermost Sydney Basin, New South Wales Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 43(1) p57-69
Usage: Described (p 62, Fig 4) Comments:
REFID: 67663 Danis, C. , O'Neill, C. , Lackie, M. , Twigg, L. , Danis, A. 2011 Deep 3D structure of the Sydney Basin using gravity modelling Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 58(5) 517-542
Usage: Briefly described (p518, p520 Tb.1) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments: Early Permian. Southern Sydney Basin. , Unconformably overlain by the Shoalhaven Group. Unconformably overlies Talaterang Group. , Beach and near shore sands.
REFID: 63773 Thomas, S.G. , Fielding, C.R. , Frank, T.D. 2007 Lithostratigraphy of the late Early Permian (Kungurian) Wandrawandian Siltstone, New South Wales: record of glaciation? Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 54(8) 1057-1071
Usage: Briefly described (p1058 Fig. 2, p1069) Min age from reference: Early Permian Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: Of Shoalhaven Group. Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 63461 Shi, G.R. , Du, Y.S. , Gong, Y.M. 2007 Soft-sediment deformation structures interpreted as seismite from the Middle permian of the southern Sydney Basin, southeastern Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 54(6) p861-874
Usage: Briefly described (p862) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments: Of the Tallaterang Group. Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 60281 Stephenson, A.E. , Burch, G.J. 2004 Preliminary Evaluation of the Petroleum Potential of Australia's Central East Margin Geoscience Australia. Record 2004/06 69p
Usage: Briefly described (p8, p55) Min age from reference: Early Permian Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: Of Talaterang Group. Type section dominated by fine- to medium-grained sandstone and breccia units - poorly sorted, internally chaotic and surrounded by a silt-rich matrix. Unconformably overlies Wagonga Beds; overlain by Pebbley Beach Fm. Age: 290-286Ma.
REFID: 60296 Archbold, N.W. 2003 Marine Early Permian (Asselian-Sakmarian) invertebrate palaeontology of DM Tangorin DDH1, Cranky Corner Basin IN Facer, R.A and Foster, C.B. (eds.) "Geology of the Cranky Corner Basin" New South Wales Department of Mineral Resources. Coal and Petroleum Bulletin 4 p155-166
Usage: Briefly described (p156 Fig.1) Min age from reference: Sakmarian Max age from reference: Asselian Comments: Correlated with Beckers Formatiion, Lochinvar Formation, Woody Island Formation and Quamby Formation. Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 60292 Skilbeck, C.G. , Korsch, R.J. , Fuxiang He 2003 Petrography and whole rock geochemistry of clastic sedimentary rocks from the Cranky Corner Basin IN Facer, R.A and Foster, C.B. (eds.) "Geology of the Cranky Corner Basin" New South Wales Department of Mineral Resources. Coal and Petroleum Bulletin 4 p65-107
Usage: Briefly described (p98) Min age from reference: Early Permian Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 68003 Barnes, R. , Dawson, M. , Spiller, F. 2002 Geology - Integration and upgrade: NSW Western Regional Assessments: Brigalow Belt South Bioregion (Stage 2). A project undertaken for the Resource and Conservation Assessment Council; NSW Western regional assessments Geological Survey of New South Wales WRA / 19 157pp
Usage: Briefly described (p40.) Min age from reference: Early Permian Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: This article cites Tye et al. (1996) for including it (and, similarly, the Pigeon House Creek Siltstone) in the Talaterang Group. , Unit in Talaterang Group.
REFID: 24240 New South Wales. Dept. Mineral Resources 2001 Daytona Energy and Bounty Oil & Gas IN "Exploration NSW" PESA News. Supplement 2001 p20-21
Usage: Briefly described (p21) Min age from reference: Early Permian Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 23544 Campbell, L.M. , Conaghan, P.J. , Flood, R.H. 2001 Flow-field and palaeogeographic reconstruction of volcanic activity in the Permian Gerringong Volcanic Complex, Southern Sydney Basin, Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 48(3) p357-375
Usage: Briefly described (Fig 2 p358) Comments: Of the Talaterang Group in the Sydney Basin.
REFID: 22857 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Volume 2 Geological Evolution. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) 666pp
Usage: Briefly described (p504 App.1 Tb.A1.8) Min age from reference: Sakmarian Max age from reference: Sakmarian Comments: Fine- to medium-grained sandstone, four megabreccia units (up to 4m); contains brachiopods, bivalves, spores. Max. thickness: >90m. Geological Province: Kanimblan Highlands.
REFID: 22663 Department of Primary Industries and Energy 1997 Release of Offshore Petroleum Areas Australia, Geology and Data Availability Department of Primary Industries and Energy, Canberra
Usage: Briefly described (NSW97 -1 Fig.2) Min age from reference: Early Permian Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments:
REFID: 61315 New South Wales Department of Mineral Resources 1995 Sydney Basin IN Stewart, R. and Adler, D. (eds.) "New South Wales Wales Petroleum Potential" - Bulletin New South Wales. Department of Mineral Resources. Coal and Petroleum Geology Branch. Bulletin 1 p163-188
Usage: Briefly described (Table SY2) Min age from reference: Early Permian Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: Of the Conjola Subgroup (Shoalhaven Group). Geological Province: Sydney Basin
REFID: 43194 Tadros, N.Z. 1993 The Gunnedah Basin, New South Wales. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 12 649p
Usage: Briefly described (p128, p129 Tb. 8.3) Min age from reference: Early Permian Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: Marine formation at the base of the Conjola Subgroup, Shoalhaven Group, southern Sydney Basin.
REFID: 42925 Jones, D.C. , Clark, N.R. 1991 Geology of the Penrith 1:100 000 sheet 9030. New South Wales. Department of Minerals and Energy 1v 202pp
Usage: Briefly described (Table 18) Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments:
REFID: 49644 Archbold, N.W. , Dickins, J.M. 1989 Australian Phanerozoic timescales. 6 Permian. A standard for the Permian system in Australia. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Record 89/ 36 17pp
Usage: Briefly described (Table) Comments:
REFID: 39305 Runnegar, B. 1980 Biostratigraphy of the Shoalhaven Group. IN Herbert C., Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p376-382
Usage: Briefly described (p377) Comments: Marine invertebrates
REFID: 24079 Bembrick, C.S. , Lonergan, A.D. 1976 Sydney Basin IN Economic Geology of Australia and Papua New Guinea 3. Petroleum. Leslie, R.B., Evans, H.J. & Knight, C.L. (Editors) AusIMM. Monograph Series 7 p426-438
Usage: Briefly described (p433 Fig. 6) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments: Of Conjola Sub-Group. Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 66577 Bray, A. , Hatherly, P. , Fergusson, C.L. 2010 Seismic reflection evidence for the evolution of the Camden Syncline and Lapstone Structural Complex, central Sydney Basin, Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 57 993-1004
Usage: Mentioned (p997 Fig.2.) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments: , Unit in Talaterang Group. , Overlain by Shoalhaven Group.
REFID: 63832 Fielding, C.R. , Frank, T.D. , Birgenheier, L.P. , Rygel, M.C. , Jones, A.T. , Roberts, J. 2008 Stratigraphic imprint of the Late Palaeozoic Ice Age in eastern Australia: a record of alternating glacial and nonglacial climate regime Geological Society of London. Journal 165 p129-140
Usage: Mentioned (p131 fig 2, p135-136) Min age from reference: Sakmarian Max age from reference: Sakmarian Comments: Of Sydney Basin. Fifth (P1) glaciation. Facies juxtapositions record relative sea-level shifts of the P1 to P2 interglacial interval. , Is overlain by Pebbley Beach Formation.
REFID: 62043 Fielding, C.R. , Bann, K.L. , MacEachern, J.A. , Tye, S.C. , Jones, B.G. 2006 Cyclicity in the nearshore marine to coastal, Lower Permian, Pebbley Beach Formation, southern Sydney Basin, Australia: a record of relative sea-level fluctuations at the close of the Late Palaeozoic Gondwanan ice age Sedimentology 53(2) p435-463
Usage: Mentioned (p438 Fig.2. ) Min age from reference: Sakmarian Max age from reference: Sakmarian Comments: Southern Sydney Basin. , Unit in Talaterang Group.
REFID: 61612 Fielding, C.R. , Sliwa, R. , Holcombe, R.J. , Jones, A.T. 2001 A New palaeogeographic synthesis for the Bowen, Gunnedah and Sydney Basins of Eastern Australia IN Hill, K.C.and Bernecker, T. (eds) "Eastern Australasian Basins Symposium: a refocused energy perspective for the future" Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia. Special Publication 1v p269-278
Usage: Mentioned (p270 Fig. 1) Min age from reference: Early Permian Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 61609 Arditto, P.A. 2001 Distribution and hydrocarbon potential of the Permian Nowra Sandstone, southern Sydney Basin, New South Wales, Australia IN Hill, K.C.and Bernecker, T. (eds) "Eastern Australasian Basins Symposium: a refocused energy perspective for the..." Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia. Special Publication 1v p239-249
Usage: Mentioned (p240 Tb. 1) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments: Of Conjola Subgroup. Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 42974 Le Roux, J.P. , Jones, B.G. 1994 Lithostratigraphy and depositional environment of the Permian Nowra Sandstone in the southwestern Sydney Basin, Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 41(3) p191-203
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2,p192) Comments: Of Shoalhaven Group.
REFID: 41580 Carr, P.F. , Jones, B.G. , Middleton, R.G. 1989 Precursor and formation of glendonites in the Sydney Basin. Australian Mineralogist 4(1) p3-12
Usage: Mentioned (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 41832 Bull, S.W. , Cas, R.A.F. 1989 Volcanic influences in a storm- and tide-dominated shallow m arine depositional system: The Late Permian Broughton Format ion, southern Sydney Basin, Kiama, NSW. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 36(4) p569-584
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments:
REFID: 41315 Foster, C.B. , Waterhouse, J.B. 1988 The Granulatisporites confluens Oppel-zone and Early Permian marine faunas from the Grant Formation on the Barbwire Terrace, Canning Basin, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 35(2) p135-157
Usage: Mentioned (p148) Comments:
REFID: 40166 Slansky, J.M. 1985 Geochemistry of high-temperature coal ashes and the sedimentary environment of the New South Wales coals, Australia. International Journal of Coal Geology 5(4) p339-376
Usage: Mentioned (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 39833 Qureshi, I.R. 1984 Wollondilly-Blue Mountains gravity gradient and its bearing on the origin of the Sydney Basin. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 31(3) p293-302
Usage: Mentioned (p298) Comments:
REFID: 38690 Carr, P.F. 1983 A reappraisal of the stratigraphy of the upper Shoalhaven Group and lower Illawarra Coal Measures, southern Sydney Basin, New South Wales. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 106(3/4) p288-297
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments:
REFID: 39262 Waterhouse, J.B. , Briggs, D.J.C. , Parfrey, S.M. 1983 Major faunal assemblages in the early Permian Tiverton Formation near Homevale Homestead, northern Bowen Basin, Queensland. IN Proceedings of the symposium on the Permian geology of Qld, 14-16 July 1982, Brisbane. Geological Society of Australia. Queensland Division 1v p121-138
Usage: Mentioned (p122) Comments:
REFID: 38204 Briggs, D.J.C. , Waterhouse, J.B. 1982 Summary of formations and faunas of the Permian Back Creek Group in the southeast Bowen Basin, Queensland. University of Queensland Department of Geology. Papers 10(2) p69-82
Usage: Mentioned (p79) Comments:
REFID: 39307 Scheibnerova, V. 1980 A review of Permian foraminifera in the Sydney Basin. IN Herbert C.,Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p432-445
Usage: Mentioned (Table 22.1) Comments:
REFID: 39287 Herbert, C. 1980 Depositional development of the Sydney Basin. IN Herbert C., Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p11-52
Usage: Mentioned (p20) Comments:
REFID: 39299 Herbert, C. 1980 Evidence for glaciation in the Sydney Basin and Tamworth synclinorial zone. IN Herbert C.,Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p274-293
Usage: Mentioned (p288) Comments:
REFID: 36534 Crook, K.A.W. 1980 Fore-arc evolution in the Tasman Geosyncline: The origin of the southeast Australian continental crust. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 27(2) p215-232
Usage: Mentioned (p223) Comments:
REFID: 39289 Runnegar, B. 1980 Marine Shoalhaven Group, southern Sydney Basin. IN Herbert C.,Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p74-81
Usage: Mentioned (Fig. 4.2) Comments: Stratigraphic section mention P75
REFID: 39304 McClung, G. 1980 Permian biostratigraphy of the northern Sydney Basin. IN Herbert C.,Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p360-375
Usage: Mentioned (Photo 19.1) Comments:
REFID: 39290 Herbert, C. 1980 Southwestern Sydney Basin. IN Herbert C.,Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p82-99
Usage: Mentioned (p92) Comments:
REFID: 35862 Runnegar, B. 1979 Ecology of Eurydesma and the Eurydesma fauna, Permian of eastern Australia. Alcheringa 3(4) p261-285
Usage: Mentioned (p276) Comments:
REFID: 34845 Ozimic, S. 1979 Petrological and petrophysical study of Permian arenites for potential subsurface storage of natural gas, Sydney Basin, New South Wales, Australia. 1979 Apea Conference Perth 11-14 March, 1979. APEA Journal 19(1) p115-130
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.4) Comments:
REFID: 36042 Branagan, D. , Herbert, C. , Langford-Smith, T. 1979 The Sydney Basin. Science Press 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 32769 Ramli, N. , Crook, K.A.W. 1978 Early Permian depositional environments, southern Sydney Basin. APEA Journal 18(1) p70-76
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.1) Comments:
REFID: 35284 McClung, G. 1978 Morphology, palaeocology and biostratigraphy of Ingelarella (Brachiopoda : Spiriferida) in the Bowen and Sydney Basins of Eastern Australia. Geological Survey of Queensland. Publication 365 (Palaeo, 40) p17-87
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.1) Comments:
REFID: 32084 McCarthy, B. 1977 Selective preservation of mollusc shells in a Permian beach environment, Sydney Basin, Australia. Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie. Monatshefte 1977(8) p466-474
Usage: Mentioned (p466) Comments:
REFID: 29752 Bembrick, C.S. , Holmes, G.G. 1976 An interpretation of the subsurface geology of the Nowra-Jervis Bay area. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Records 18(1) p5-68
Usage: Mentioned (p5) Comments:
REFID: 31128 Gray, N.M. 1976 Engineering geology of the southern part of the Sydney Basin. 25th International Geological Congress. Excursion Guide 6B
Usage: Mentioned (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 37092 Shiels, O.J. 1975 Clyde River coal-field. In Traves D.M. and King D.(Eds) - Economic geology of Australia and Papua New Guinea - 2.Coal. AusIMM. Monograph Series 6 p227-230
Usage: Mentioned (Table 2) Comments:
REFID: 32094 McClung, G. 1975 Late Palaeozoic glacial faunas of Australia: distribution and age. IN Campbell K.S.W.(ed) - Gondwana geology: papers from the 3rd Gondwana symposium, Canberra, 1973. ANU Press, Canberra 1v p381-390
Usage: Mentioned (p382) Comments:
REFID: 37082 Stuntz, J. 1975 Regional coal geology of the main coal province of New South Wales. In Traves D.M. and King D.(Eds) - Economic geology of Australia and Papua New Guinea - 2.Coal. AusIMM. Monograph Series 6 p158-163
Usage: Mentioned (p161) Comments:
REFID: 45090 Mayne, S.J. , Nicholas, E. , Bigg-Wither, A.L. , Rasidi, J.S. , Raine, M.J. 1974 Geology the Sydney Basin - a review. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin 149 229pp
Usage: Mentioned (p7) Comments: Time correlation chart
REFID: 31298 Herbert, C. 1972 Palaeodrainage patterns in the southern Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Records 14(1) p5-18
Usage: Mentioned (p16) Comments:
REFID: 32945 Runnegar, B.N. 1969 The Permian faunal succession in eastern Australia. IN Dickens J.M. (ed) - The Permian of Australia Symposium. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 2 p73-96
Usage: Mentioned (p84) Comments: See also PP86,87. Conjola Subgp. Permian

Bibliographic references returned: 57 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.