(New Search)
Warina Sand STRATNO: 19462
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Formal State(s): NSW , SA , VIC
Category: Variation of published name Usage: Defined Definition Card: No
Originator: Entry date: 01-JAN-88Last Update: 20-AUG-18
Replaced by: Previously known as:
Description: Floodplain and swamp environments dominates, resulting in deposition of poorly consolidated carbonaceous sand, clay and silt.
Comments: Also referred to as Warina Formation, perhaps incorrectly?
Geological province: Murray Basin
Type state: SAReference section type:
Maximum thickness: 200mMinimum thickness:
Unit Age Event: deposition
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Early Eocene Ma: 52 % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Late Paleocene Ma: 65 % from base of biozone: Age method:

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Olney Formation overlies Warina Sand
First Reference:
REFID: 31745 Lawrence, C.R., Goldberry, R., 1972, Mildura, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-11, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v

Definition Reference:
REFID: 42966 Brown, C.M., Stephenson, A.E., 1991, Geology of the Murray Basin, Southeastern Australia., Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin, 235, 430pp

Use on maps:
REFID: 30581 Douglas, J.G., Spencer-Jones, D., 1973, Ouyen, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-15, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 30934 Geological Survey of Victoria., 1974, Horsham, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/54-03, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 31745 Lawrence, C.R., Goldberry, R., 1972, Mildura, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-11, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 42720 Forbes, B.G., 1989, Olary, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological sheet SI 54-2., Geological Survey of South Australia - Department of Mines Adelaide., 1v, map
REFID: 44191 Ray, H.N., 1997, Ana Branch 1:250 000 geological series sheet SI54-7, Geological Survey of New South Wales, 1v, Map Legend


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 42966 Brown, C.M. , Stephenson, A.E. 1991 Geology of the Murray Basin, Southeastern Australia. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin 235 430pp
Usage: Defined (p97) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Of Renmark Group.
REFID: 22799 Ray, H.N. 1996 Ana Branch 1:250 000 geological sheet explanatory notes Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v
Usage: Fully described (p27) Min age from reference: Middle Eocene Max age from reference: Early Eocene Comments:
REFID: 60491 Bibby, L.M. , Moore, D.H. 1998 Charlton 1:100 000 map geological report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 116 92
Usage: Described (p15) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Of the Renmark Group. Overlain by the Olney Formation.
REFID: 43218 Knight, L.A. , McDonald, P.A. , Frankel, E. , Moore, D.H. 1995 A preliminary appraisal of the pre-Tertiary infrabasins beneath the Murray Basin, northwestern Victoria Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 16 137p
Usage: Described (Fig.3,p22) Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments: Of the Renmark Group.
REFID: 42881 Jacobson, G. , Ferguson, J. , Evans, W.R. 1994 Groundwater-discharge playas of the Mallee region, Murray Basin, southeast Australia. In Rosen, M.R. (ed) Paleoclimate and Basin Evolution of Playa Systems. Geological Society of America. Special Paper 289 p81-96
Usage: Described (Fig.3, P84) Comments:
REFID: 49038 Brown, C.M. , Stephenson, A.E. 1986 Murray Basin, southeastern Australia: subsurface stratigraphic database. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia, Report 262
Usage: Described (Table 2) Comments: Briefly described P24.
REFID: 31746 Lawrence, C.R. , Abele, C. 1976 Tertiary - Murray Basin. IN Douglas J.G.,Ferguson J.A.(eds) - Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 5 p191-198
Usage: Described (p193) Comments:
REFID: 71593 Schofield, A. 2018 Regional geology and mineral systems of the Stavely Arc, western Victoria Geoscience Australia. Record 2018/02 220p
Usage: Briefly described (p52, p54) Comments: , Renmark Group , Quite pale and clean quartzose pebbly sand.
REFID: 68715 Hou, B. , Fabris, A.J. , Michaelsen, B.H. , Katona, L.F. , Keeling, J.L. , Stoian, L. , Wilson, T.C. , Fairclough, M.C. , Cowley, W.M. 2012 Paleodrainage and Cenozoic coastal barriers of South Australia: new map and GIS dataset MESA Journal 66 26-32
Usage: Briefly described (p31 Fig.5) Min age from reference: Bartonian Max age from reference: Ypresian Comments: Murray Basin. , Of the Renmark Group.
REFID: 65552 Whitehouse, J. 2009 Mineral systems of the Murray Basin, New South Wales Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 132 27p
Usage: Briefly described (p5 Fig.3, p6) Min age from reference: Early Eocene Max age from reference: Late Palaeocene Comments: Of Renmark Group. Fluvial unit of the Murray Basin. Unconformably overlies basement, underlies Olney Formation. c.60 Ma.
REFID: 67462 Hou, B. , Zang, W. , Fabris, A. , Keeling, J. , Stoian, L. , Fairclough, M. 2007 Palaeodrainage and Tertiary coastal barriers of South Australia. Digital geological map of South Australia 1:2 000 000 series. Preliminary edition Primary Industries and Resources, South Australia map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend.) Min age from reference: Paleogene Max age from reference: Paleogene Comments: Murray Basin. , Unit in Renmark Group.
REFID: 68194 Williams, B. , House, E.R. 2006 The regolith of the Rupanyup 1:100 000 map area Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 89 CD-ROM
Usage: Briefly described (p23) Comments: , Unit in Renmark Group. , Is overlain by Olney Formation. , Quartzose sandstone.
REFID: 66286 Paine, M. 2005 Sedimentology of the Bondi Main heavy mineral beach placer deposit, Murray Basin, southeastern Australia Sedimentary Geology 174 177-195
Usage: Briefly described (p179.) Comments: , Unit in Renmark Group. , Is overlain by Olney Formation. , Poorly consolidated fluvial sands.
REFID: 68189 Moore, D.H. 2004 St Arnaud 1:250 000 map; a geological interpretation of the geophysical data Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 82
Usage: Briefly described (p25, p26, p27 Tb.3.2) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments: Braided plain system. , Basal unit of the Renmark Group.
REFID: 50154 Morand, V.J. , Wohlt, K.E. , Cayley, R.A. , Taylor, D.H. , Kemp, A.I.S. , Simons, B.A. , Magart, A.P.M. 2003 Glenelg Special Map Area - Geological Report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 256p
Usage: Briefly described (p132) Comments: Of the Renmark Group. Overlain by the Olney Formation. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 63887 Fabris, A. 2002 Northwestern Murray Basin - stratigraphy, sedimentology and geomorphology MESA Journal 27 p20-24
Usage: Briefly described (p20, p21 Fig. 1) Min age from reference: Early Oligocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Of Renmark Group. Floodplain and swamp environments dominates, resulting in deposition of carbonaceous sand, clay and silt.
REFID: 24105 Hughes, M.J. , Carey, S.P. 2002 Palaeodrainage development of the Victorian Uplands, Victoria, Australia IN Phillips, G.N. and Ely, K.S. (Editors) Victoria Undercover: Benalla 2002 Conference proceedings and field guide: collaborative geoscience in northern Victoria CSIRO p155-159
Usage: Briefly described (p155) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin. Overlying Unit: Olney Formation.
REFID: 60451 Cayley, R.A. , Taylor, D.H. 2001 Ararat - 1:100 000 Map Area Geological Report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 115 324p
Usage: Briefly described (p95 Fig. 61) Comments:
REFID: 24177 Edwards, J. , Slater, K.R. , McHaffie, I.W. 2001 Bendigo 1:250 000 map area geological report Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 72
Usage: Briefly described (p69, p70) Min age from reference: Paleogene Max age from reference: Paleogene Comments: Of the Renmark Group. Overlain by Olney Formation. Age: <65 Ma. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 23884 Brodie, R.S. 2001 Chapter 13 - Salinisation and environmental geoscience: a case study in the Murray Basin IN Gostin, V.A. ed., 'Gondwana to Greenhouse: Australian Environmental Geoscience' Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 21 p153-158
Usage: Briefly described (p153, p155 Fig. 13.2) Min age from reference: Early Eocene Max age from reference: Late Paleozoic Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin. Age: ~60 Ma. Of the Renmark Group.
REFID: 60452 Edwards, J. , Moore, D.H. , Lynn, S.F. , Bibby, L.M. 2001 Wedderburn - 1:100 000 Map Area Geological Report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 122 113p
Usage: Briefly described (p14, 33) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Fluvial deposits at the base of the Renmark Group. Formerly referred to as the 'lower' Renmark Beds (Harris, 1966).
REFID: 10010 Whitehouse, J. , Roy, P.S. , Oakes, G.M. 1999 Mineral Sand Resources Potential of the Murray Basin Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mineral Resources 1999/38 74p
Usage: Briefly described (p12 Fig. 3) Min age from reference: Early Eocene Max age from reference: Late Paleocene Comments: Of the Renmark Group. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 22857 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Volume 2 Geological Evolution. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) 666pp
Usage: Briefly described (p351, p352 Fig. 24.8) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Late Paleocene Comments: Basal unit of the Renmark Group. Overlain by Olney Formation. Age: ~60Ma. Max. thickness: ~200m. Geological Province: Murray Basin. See also p353 Fig. 24.9.
REFID: 60599 Edwards, J. , Wohlt, K.E. , Slater, K.R. , Olshina, A. , Hutchinson, D.F. 1998 Heathcote and parts of Woodend and Echuca 1:100 000 map area geological report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 108 212pp, 6 maps, 1 disk (3 1/2 in)
Usage: Briefly described (p84) Min age from reference: Late Paleocene Max age from reference: Late paleocene Comments: Same unit as Warina Formation - names used interchangeably, but probably supersedes Warina Formation? At base of Renmark Group. Fluvial sediments. Geological Province:Murray Basin.
REFID: 22773 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Part 8(24). Cainozoic. In: Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) p331-359
Usage: Briefly described (p351,Fig24.8p352) Min age from reference: Early Eocene Max age from reference: Late Paleocene Comments:
REFID: 22712 Hill, S.M. , Eggleton, R.A. , Taylor, G. 1997 A Regional Regolith-Landform Framework for Mineral Exploration Models in the Broken Hill Region AusIMM. Conference Series 97/1 p131-138
Usage: Briefly described (p132) Min age from reference: Tertiary Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments: Of the Renmark Group.
REFID: 44191 Ray, H.N. 1997 Ana Branch 1:250 000 geological series sheet SI54-7 Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v Map Legend
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Early Eocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments:
REFID: 22887 Cameron, R.G. 1997 Booligal 1:250 000 Geological Sheet SI/55-5: Explanatory Notes Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v 94p
Usage: Briefly described (Fig.6) Min age from reference: Early Eocene Max age from reference: Late Paleocene Comments:
REFID: 61185 Edwards, J. , Olshina, A. , Slater, K.R. 1997 Nagambie and part of Yea 1:100 000 map geological report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 109 142pp, 5 maps, 1 disk (3 1/2in)
Usage: Briefly described (p57) Min age from reference: Late Paleocene Max age from reference: Middle Paleocene Comments: Base of Renmark Group. Equivalent to White Hills Gravel and Wangerrip Group. Fluvial sediments. Geological Province: Murray Basin. See Warina Formation.
REFID: 44093 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1996 Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Volume 1 Structural Framework. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(1) 295pp
Usage: Briefly described (p145 App. 1) Min age from reference: Tertiary Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments: Geological Province: Kanmantoo Fold Belt.
REFID: 22893 Cameron, R.G. 1996 Geology of the POONCARIE 1:250 000 map, SI/54-8: Explanatory Notes Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v 108pp
Usage: Briefly described (fig4 p9) Comments:
REFID: 43780 Macphail, M.K. 1996 Palynostratigraphy of the Murray Basin, inland southeastern Australia. Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Record 1996/57 1-38 + Figures, Plates and Appendice
Usage: Briefly described (p6) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments:
REFID: 61155 Langford, R.P. , Wilford, G.E. , Truswell, E.M. , Isern, A.R. 1995 Palaeogeographic Atlas of Australia: CAINOZOIC Australian Geological Survey Organisation 10 37p
Usage: Briefly described (p2, p18) Min age from reference: Early Eocene Max age from reference: Late Paleocene Comments: Of the Renmark Group. Sediments spread in thin sheets over large areas of the Murray Basin. Overlaid by the Olney Formation. Max. thickness: 200m. Age: >62-52Ma. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 44133 Drexel, J.F. , Preiss, W.V. 1995 The geology of South Australia. Volume 2 - The Phanerozoic. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 54 347pp
Usage: Briefly described (p158, 152 Fig. 10.2) Min age from reference: Middle Eocene Max age from reference: Late Paleocene Comments: Of the Renmark Group. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 43052 Drexel, J.F. , Preiss, W.V. , Parker, A.J. 1993 The geology of South Australia. Volume 1 - The Precambrian. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 54 242pp
Usage: Briefly described (Table 2.1) Comments:
REFID: 42125 Brown, C.M. 1989 Structural and stratigraphic framework of groundwater occurrence and surface discharge in the Murray Basin, southeastern Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p127-146
Usage: Briefly described (p132) Comments: See also p139.
REFID: 42827 Douglas, J.G. , Ferguson, J.A. 1988 Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Victorian Division 1v 668p
Usage: Briefly described (p267) Comments: Of Renmark Group.
REFID: 41868 Douglas, J.G. , Ferguson, J.A. 1988 Geology of Victoria. Chapter 12: Economic geology. Geological Society of Australia. Victorian Division 1v p453-602
Usage: Briefly described (p551) Comments:
REFID: 41136 Martin, H.A. 1987 Cainozoic history of vegetation and climate of the Lachlan River Region, New South Wales. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 109(4) p213-257
Usage: Briefly described (p215) Comments:
REFID: 38601 Lindsay, J.M. 1983 Oligo-Miocene transgressive events in Geera Clay, Oakvale 1, northern Murray Basin. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 85 p5-12
Usage: Briefly described (p7) Comments:
REFID: 34813 Woolley, D.R. 1978 Cainozoic sedimentation in the Murray drainage basin,New South Wales section. Royal Society of Victoria. Proceedings 90(1) p61-65
Usage: Briefly described (p63) Comments: Mention on P62 also.
REFID: 70718 Carlton, A. A. 2016 Geophysical - Geological interpretation notes: Hay SI/55-09 1:250 000 map sheet. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Report GS2011/0800 129p
Usage: Mentioned (p24) Comments: , Renmark Group
REFID: 24551 Birch, W.D. (ed.) 2003 Geology of Victoria Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 23 842p
Usage: Mentioned (p320, 421, 731 Table 17.1) Comments: Of the Renmark Group. Maximum Thickness: 200m.
REFID: 22495 Hill, S.M. 1999 Mesozoic regolith and palaeolandscape features in southeastern Australia: significance for interpretations of denudation and highland evolution Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 46(2) p217-232
Usage: Mentioned (P222) Comments:
REFID: 22587 Alley, N.F. , Krieg, G.W. , Callen, R.A. 1996 Early Tertiary Eyre Formation, lower Nelly Creek, southern Lake Eyre Basin, Australia: palynological dating of macrofloras and silcrete, and palaeoclimatic interpretation Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 43(1) p71-84
Usage: Mentioned (p79 Fig.7) Min age from reference: Middle Eocene Max age from reference: Middle Eocene Comments:
REFID: 61314 New South Wales Department of Mineral Resources 1995 Murray Basin IN Stewart, R. and Adler, D. (eds.) "New South Wales Wales Petroleum Potential" - Bulletin New South Wales. Department of Mineral Resources. Coal and Petroleum Geology Branch. Bulletin 1 p113-134
Usage: Mentioned (p129) Comments: Correlates with Renmark beds.
REFID: 43791 Macphail, M.K. , Kellett, J.R. 1993 Palynostratigraphy of the Bookpurnong Beds and related Late Miocene - Early Pliocene facies in the central west Murray Basin, part 1: dinoflagellates AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 14(4) 371-382
Usage: Mentioned (p372, Fig1) Comments:
REFID: 43804 Macphail, M.K. , Kellett, J.R. , Rexilius, J.P. , O'Rorke, M.E. 1993 The "Geera Clay equivalent" : a regressive marine unit in the Renmark Group that sheds new light on the age of the Mologa weathering surface in the Murray Basin. AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 14(1) p47-63
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2,p49) Comments:
REFID: 42813 Forbes, B.G. 1991 Olary 1:250 000 geological series - explanatory notes. Sheet SI54-2. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 47p
Usage: Mentioned (p24) Comments:
REFID: 42184 Kenley, P.R. 1990 The discovery, exploration and development of coal in Victoria. IN Glasson K.R., Rattigan J.H. (eds.)- Geological aspects of the discovery of some important mineral deposits in Australia. AusIMM. Monograph Series 17 p347-351
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2 P348) Comments:
REFID: 42130 Davie, R.F. , Kellett, J.R. , Fifield, L.K. , Evans, W.R. , Calf, G.E. , Bird, J.R. , Topham, S. , Ophel, T.R. 1989 Chlorine-36 measurements in the Murray Basin: preliminary results from the Victorian and South Australian Mallee region. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p261-272
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.3 p265) Comments:
REFID: 42720 Forbes, B.G. 1989 Olary, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological sheet SI 54-2. Geological Survey of South Australia - Department of Mines Adelaide. 1v map
Usage: Mentioned (map legend) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments:
REFID: 42133 Macphail, M.K. , Truswell, E.M. 1989 Palynostratigraphy of the central west Murray Basin. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p301-331
Usage: Mentioned (p302) Comments:
REFID: 42137 Brown, C.M. , Radke, B.M. 1989 Stratigraphy and sedimentology of mid-Tertiary permeability barriers in the subsurface of the Murray Basin, southeastern Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p367-385
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2 P368) Comments:
REFID: 42138 Stephenson, A.E. , Brown, C.M. 1989 The ancient Murray River system. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p387-395
Usage: Mentioned (p389) Comments:
REFID: 42126 Evans, W.R. , Kellett, J.R. 1989 The hydrogeology of the Murray Basin, southeastern Australia . BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p147-166
Usage: Mentioned (p156, p149) Comments:
REFID: 49040 Brown, C.M. 1985 Murray Basin, southeastern Australia: stratigraphy and resource potential - a synopsis. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia, Report 264
Usage: Mentioned (p10) Comments:
REFID: 39929 Truswell, E.M. , Sluiter, I.R. , Harris, W.K. 1984 Palynology of the Oligocene-Miocene sequence in the Oakvale-1 corehole, western Murray Basin, South Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 9(4) p267-295
Usage: Mentioned (p269) Comments:
REFID: 39329 Brown, C.M. 1983 Discussion: A Cainozoic history of Australia's Southeast Highlands. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 30(4) p483-486
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.1) Comments:
REFID: 37809 Jones, J.G. , Veevers, J.J. 1982 A Cainozoic history of Australia's southeast highlands. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 29 (1) 1-12
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.7) Comments:
REFID: 34757 Macumber, P.G. 1978 Evolution of the Murray River during the Tertiary period. Evidence from northern Victoria. Royal Society of Victoria. Proceedings 90(1) p43-52
Usage: Mentioned (p45) Comments:
REFID: 30934 Geological Survey of Victoria. 1974 Horsham, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/54-03, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments:
REFID: 37873 Lawrence, C.R. , Goldberry, R. 1973 Explanatory notes to accompany Mildura 1:250 000 geological map. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 1973/3
Usage: Mentioned (p1) Comments:
REFID: 30581 Douglas, J.G. , Spencer-Jones, D. 1973 Ouyen, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-15, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Tertiary Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments:
REFID: 31741 Lawrence, C.R. 1973 The interrelationship of geology, hydrology and hydrochemistry of the southern Murray Basin groundwater. (Abstracts). Victoria. Department of Mines. Groundwater Investigation Program. Report 1v p6
Usage: Mentioned (p6) Comments:
REFID: 31745 Lawrence, C.R. , Goldberry, R. 1972 Mildura, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-11, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments:

Bibliographic references returned: 66 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.