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Stirling Range Formation STRATNO: 17337
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Formal State(s): WA
Category: Variation of published name Usage: Described Definition Card: No
Originator: Entry date: 01-JAN-88Last Update: 20-AUG-18
Replaced by: Previously known as:
Description: Lower and upper units of quartzite; a middle unit of quartzite, slate and phyllite.
Comments: Age is controversial. The succession remains poorly constrained. Diagenetic xenotime minimum age of deposition around 1800 Ma; maximum age of 2016 Ma from detrital zircons.
Geological province: Albany-Fraser Orogen
Type state: Reference section type:
Maximum thickness: 1600mMinimum thickness:
Unit Age Event: deposition
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Paleoproterozoic Ma: 1800 ± 14 % from base of biozone: Age method: isotopic, Pb/Pb
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Paleoproterozoic Ma: 2016 ± 6 % from base of biozone: Age method: isotopic, U/Pb-Pb/Pb ion probe

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
First Reference:
REFID: 38764 Thom, R., de Laeter, J.R., Libby, W.G., 1981, Rb-Sr dating of tectonic events in the Proterozoic Mount Barren Group near Hopetoun., Geological Survey of Western Australia. Annual Report, 1980, p109-112

Use on maps:
REFID: 39795 Geological Survey of Western Australia, 1984, Mount Barker-Albany, Western Australia, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheets SI/50-11 & part of SI/50-15, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Western Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 43030 Townsend, D.B., 1993, Mineral Deposits of the Albany 1:1 000 000 sheet., Geological Survey of Western Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 43189 Myers, J.S., 1989, Albany 1:1 000 000 geological sheet SI50, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 64580 Vanderhor, F., Flint, R.B., Tyler, I.M., Hocking, R.M., 2006, 1:500 000 interpreted bedrock geology of Western Australia, 2006 update. Dataset within GeoVIEW.WA (interactive geological map), Geological Survey of Western Australia, map


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 69595 Spaggiari, C.V. , Kirkland, C.L. , Smithies, R.H. , Wingate, M.T.D. 2014 Tectonic links between Proterozoic sedimentary cycles, basin formation and magmatism in the Albany-Fraser Orogen, Western Australia Geological Survey of Western Australia. Report 133 63p
Usage: Described (p3 fig 1, p8, p9 fig 5) Min age from reference: Orosirian Max age from reference: Orosirian Comments: Barren Basin, Albany Fraser Orogen. Deposited in a tidal dominated, shallow marine or fluival-deltaic setting. Maximum and minimum depositional ages.Contains discoidal and trace-like fossils. Older age given is a detrital zircon and xenotime age from Rasmussen et al, 2004. Younger age is a depositional age. Minimum 1600m thick. See also p11 tbl 2, p12 fig 6, p18, p19, p35, p37, p38, p39 fig 22. , 2016 +/- 6 Ma - 1800 +/- 14 Ma - ( , Sub-greenschist to lower greenschist facies quartzite, shale, sandstone, slate and phyllite.
REFID: 65487 Spaggiari, C.V. , Bodorkos, S. , Barquero-Molina, M. , Tyler, I.M. , Wingate, M.T.D. 2009 Interpreted bedrock geology of the South Yilgarn and central Albany-Fraser Orogen, Western Australia Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 2009/10 84p
Usage: Described (p2, 11, 24, 23, 56-57; Figs. 1,12,27-28) Min age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Max age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Comments: 100 km west of Mount Barren Group sediments. Sub-greenschist-lower greenschist facies quartzite, shale, slate and phyllite. Maximum depositional age of 2016 +/- 6 Ma (detrital zircons: Rasmussen et al., 2002,2004). Minimum age 1800 +/- 14 Ma (authigenic xenotime; Rasmussen et al., 2004). Interpreted as a shallow-marine tidal-dominated succession. Thrust faulted over the southern Yilgarn Craton by Albany-Fraser Orogeny.
REFID: 64572 Sheppard, S. , Rasmussen, B. , Bodorkos, S. , Tyler, I.M. 2008 Role of geochronology in our present day understanding of the Proterozoic: an Australia perspective Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 55(6/7) p795-819
Usage: Described (p810-811, p811 Fig. 13) Min age from reference: Ediacaran Max age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Comments: Depositional age of 580-542Ma (Rb-Sr, Ediacaran). Succession of siliciclastic sedimentary rocks dominated by quartz sandstone, with minor shale. See p810-811 for more information.
REFID: 64161 Hall, C.E. , Jones, S.A. , Bodorkos, S. 2008 Sedimentology, structure and SHRIMP zircon provenance of the Woodline Formation, Western Australia: Implications for the tectonic setting of the West Australia Craton during the Palaeoproterozoic Precambrian Research 162(3-4) p577-598
Usage: Described (p578-593) Min age from reference: Orosirian Max age from reference: Orosirian Comments: SHRIMP dating indicates maximum ages of 2016 +/- 6 Ma and minimum age of 1800 +/- 14 Ma. Possible equivalent of Woodline Formation. , Shallow marine succession >1600m thick consisting of quartzite, shale, slate and phyllite.
REFID: 64580 Vanderhor, F. , Flint, R.B. , Tyler, I.M. , Hocking, R.M. 2006 1:500 000 interpreted bedrock geology of Western Australia, 2006 update. Dataset within GeoVIEW.WA (interactive geological map) Geological Survey of Western Australia map
Usage: Described (map legend) Min age from reference: Mesoproterozoic Max age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Comments: Metasandstone, quartzite, slate, and phyllite.
REFID: 42890 Cruse, T. , Harris, L.B. , Rasmussen, B. 1993 Geological Note - The discovery of Ediacaran trace and body fossils in the Stirling Range Formation, Western Australia: Implications for sedimentation and deformation during the "Pan-African" orogenic cycle. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 40(3) p293-296
Usage: Described (p293) Comments:
REFID: 38578 Muhling, P.C. , Brakel, A.T. 1982 Explanatory notes on the Mount Barker-Albany 1:250 000 geological sheet Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 1982/7
Usage: Described (p20) Comments:
REFID: 69252 Waddell, P-J. 2014 Sedimentological and structural evolution of the Mount Ragged Formation, Nornalup Zone, Albany-Fraser Orogen, Western Australia Geological Survey of Western Australia. Report 129 116p
Usage: Briefly described (p7 Fig.3, p8-10, p23) Comments: Northern Foreland, Albany-Fraser Orogen. A series of fault-bound, metasedimentary packages. c.1600m thick. Metamorphosed around 1215 +/- 20 Ma. , Deposition between 2016+/-6 Ma and 1800+/-14 Ma. , Basal pink, fine-grained, well-sorted arenite, overlain by fine- and medium-grained quartz arenite interbedded with thin beds of slate and phyllite; gradationally overlain by light-coloured, medium-grained quartz arenite.
REFID: 69003 Johnson, S.P. 2013 The birth of supercontinents and the Proterozoic assembly of Western Australia Geological Survey of Western Australia 78p
Usage: Briefly described (vi, p28, p30-31, p72) Min age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Max age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Comments: Barren Basin. Siliciclastic sediments, deposited on the S Yilgarn Craton after c.1800 Ma. Geochronology (U-Pb and diagenetic xenotime) described. Contains rare megascopic discoid fossils, interpreted as motile multicellular (or possibly syncytial) organisms; dated at 1800 +/- 14 Ma (U-Pb diagenetic xenotime). , c.1800 Ma. , Dominantly shallow-marine to fluvial, mature, quartz-rich sandstones with interbedded siltstones and minor conglomerate.
REFID: 67722 Adams, M. 2012 Structural and geochronological evolution of the Malcolm Gneiss, Nornalup Zone, Albany-Fraser Orogen, Western Australia Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 2012/4 122p
Usage: Briefly described (p5 fig 2.2, p7) Min age from reference: Orosirian Max age from reference: Orosirian Comments: Northern Foreland, Albany-Fraser Orogen. 1600 m thick succession. Max depositional age from detrital zircon. Minimum constraint on the time of deposition is provided by 1800 14 Ma Pb-Pb ages for diagenetic xenotime. Metamorphic ages similar to intrusive dykes. , 2016 +/- 6 Ma(SHRIMP) detrital zircons , Intruded by dolerite dykes with c. 1220 Ma zirconolite ages. , Succession of deformed subgreenschist to greenschist facies quartzite, shale, slate and phyllite.
REFID: 67268 Oorschot, C.W. 2011 P-T-t evolution of the Fraser Zone, Albany-Fraser Orogen, Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 2011/18 101 p.
Usage: Briefly described (p5, p6, p16) Min age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Max age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Comments: Lies 100km west of Mount Barren Group. Relationship with Mount Barren Group uncertain (Spaggiari et al 2009) , c. 1800 +/-14 Ma , Quartzite, shale, slate and phyllite.
REFID: 68186 Spaggiari, C.V. , Kirkland, C.L. , Pawley, M.J. , Smithies, R.H. , Wingate, M.T.D. , Doyle, M.G. , Blenkinsop, T.G. , Clark, C. , Oorschot, C.W. , Fox, L.J. , Savage, J. 2011 The geology of the East Albany-Fraser Orogen - a field guide Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 2011/23 97p
Usage: Briefly described (p8, p13, p31) Min age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Max age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Comments: Muhling and Brakel (1985). Northern Foreland. Assigned to the newly-named Barren Basin, overlying the Yilgarn Craton. A shallow-marine, tide-dominated succession. Includes discoidal and trace-like fossils, previously thought to be Ediacaran. Maximum depositional age (detrital zircons and xenotime) and minimum age (authigenic xenotime) respectively (Rasmussen et al., 2002, 2004). Metamorphosed at 1215 +/- 20 Ma. , 2016 +/- 6 Ma - 1800 +/- 14 Ma. , Sub-greenschist to lower greenschist facies quartzite, shale, slate and phyllite.
REFID: 64722 Cawood, P.A. , Korsch, R.J. 2008 Assembling Australia: Proterozoic building of a continent Precambrian Research 166(1-4) p1-38
Usage: Briefly described (Fig. 2 p3-6, p17) Min age from reference: Orosirian Max age from reference: Orosirian Comments: Of Northern Foreland, Albany Fraser Orogen. Up to 1.6 km thick. Detrital xenotime grains give ages of 3460-1960 Ma; diagenetic xenotime gives an age of 1800 Ma. , Quartzite, slate and phyllite.
REFID: 63866 Neumann, N.L. , Fraser, G.L. 2007 Geochronological synthesis and Time-Space plots for Proterozoic Australia Geoscience Australia. Record 2007/06 216p
Usage: Briefly described (p183-p185, p187, p197) Comments: Northern Foreland.
REFID: 62381 Fitzsimons, I.C.W. , Buchan, C. 2005 Geology of the western Albany-Fraser Orogen, Western Australia - a field guide Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 2005/11 32
Usage: Briefly described (p2 Fig.2.) Comments: Northern Foreland, Albany-Fraser Orogen. 1600m-thick succession. Lower-greenschist facies metamorphism at 1215 +/- 20 Ma, possibly linked to dyke emplacement. , 2016 +/- 6 Ma to 1800 +/- 14 Ma. , Intruded by dolerite dykes aged 1218 +/- 3 Ma. , Quartzite, shale, slate, phyllite.
REFID: 65357 Rasmussen, B. , Fletcher, I.R. , Bengtson, S. , McNaughton, N.J. 2004 SHRIMP U-Pb dating of diagenetic xenotime in the Stirling Range Formation, Western Australia: 1.8 billion year minimum age for the Stirling biota Precambrian Research 133 p329-337
Usage: Briefly described (p329-33, p330 Fig 1, p335-336) Min age from reference: Statherian Max age from reference: Orosirian Comments: ~ 1.6 km thick; quartzite, shale, slate, phyllite. Max deposition age defined by ~2015 Ma detrital zircon. Min deposition age: 1800+/-14 Ma, derived from SHRIMP U-Pb dating of interpreted diagenetic xenotime overgrowths. Evidence of possible biota.
REFID: 23514 Pisarevsky, S.A. , Harris, L.B. 2001 Determination of magnetic anisotropy and a ca 1.2 Ga palaeomagnetic pole from the Bremer Bay area, Albany Mobile Belt, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 48(1) p101-112
Usage: Briefly described (p102 Fig.1) Min age from reference: Neoproterozoic Max age from reference: Neoproterozoic Comments:
REFID: 23727 Witt, W.K. 1998 Geology and Mineral Resources of the Ravensthorpe and Cocanarup 1:100 000 Sheets Geological Survey of Western Australia. Report 54 152p
Usage: Briefly described (p4 Fig 1.) Comments:
REFID: 22716 Tyler, I.M. , Pirajno, F. , Bagas, L. , Myers, J.S. , Preston, W.A. 1998 The geology and mineral deposits of the Proterozoic in Western Australia. AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 17(3) 223-244
Usage: Briefly described (table4, p238) Min age from reference: Mesoproterozoic Max age from reference: Mesoproterozoic Comments:
REFID: 43212 Myers, J.S. 1995 Geology of the Albany 1:1 000 000 sheet. Geological Survey of Western Australia 1v 9p
Usage: Briefly described (p4) Max age from reference: Neoproterozoic Comments: Rb-Sr whole rock isochron of c.1150 Ma.but possible Ediacaran Fossils described from this unit.
REFID: 23914 Harris, L.B. , Li, Z. 1995 Palaeomagnetic dating and tectonic significance of dolerite intrusions in the Albany Mobile Belt, Western Australia Earth and Planetary Science Letters 131 143-164
Usage: Briefly described (p143) Min age from reference: Neoproterozoic Max age from reference: Neoproterozoic Comments: Geological Province: Yilgarn Craton.
REFID: 43012 Harris, L.B. 1993 Correlation of tectonothermal events between the Central Indian Tectonic Zone and the Albany Mobile Belt of Western Australia; In Findlay, Unrug, Banks, & Veevers (eds). Gondwana Eight. Assembly, evolution and dispersal. Proceedings of the A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam 1v p165-180
Usage: Briefly described (p168) Comments:
REFID: 43030 Townsend, D.B. 1993 Mineral Deposits of the Albany 1:1 000 000 sheet. Geological Survey of Western Australia 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Comments:
REFID: 44137 Myers, J.S. 1990 Albany-Fraser Orogen. IN Geology and Mineral Resources of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia. Memoir 3 p255-263
Usage: Briefly described (p255-257) Comments: > 1.6km thick. Fault-bounded; probably northward-directed thrust sequence. Whole-rock Rb-Sr isochron age of 1150 +/- 40 Ma (Turek and Stephenson, 1966) interpreted as age of deformation and metamorphism. , Lower and upper units of quartzite; a middle unit of quartzite, slate and phyllite.
REFID: 43189 Myers, J.S. 1989 Albany 1:1 000 000 geological sheet SI50 Geological Survey of Western Australia 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Proterozoic Comments:
REFID: 22737 Muhling, P.C. , Brakel, A.T. 1985 1:250 000 Geological Series - Explanatory notes Mount Barker-Albany Western Australia Geological Survey of Western Australia. Explanatory Notes 1v 21p
Usage: Briefly described (3,10,12-14,16) Min age from reference: Proterozoic Max age from reference: Proterozoic Comments:
REFID: 70826 Martin, D.McB. , Hocking, R.M. , Riganti, A. , Tyler, I.M. 2016 Geological map of Western Australia 14th edition: Explanatory Notes Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 2015/14 16p
Usage: Mentioned (p10) Min age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Max age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Comments:
REFID: 70182 Smithies, R.H. , Spaggiari, C.V. , Kirkland, C.L. 2015 Building the crust of the Albany - Fraser Orogen: constraints from granite geochemistry Geological Survey of Western Australia. Report 150 49p
Usage: Mentioned (p4-5) Min age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Max age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Comments: Barren Basin, Albany-Fraser Orogen. , c.1815 Ma.
REFID: 68654 Smithies, R.H. , Spaggiari, C.V. , Kirkland, C.L. , Howard, H.M. , Maier, W.D. 2013 Petrogenesis of gabbros of the Mesoproterozoic Fraser Zone: constraints on the tectonic evolution of the Albany-Fraser Orogen. Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 2013/5 29p
Usage: Mentioned (p3) Min age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Max age from reference: Paleoproterozoic Comments: Barren Basin. , c. 1800 Ma
REFID: 64635 Mory, A.J. , Hocking, R.M. 2008 Geology of Kalbarri and Mingenew areas - a field guide Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 2008/11 34p
Usage: Mentioned (p2 Fig.1) Comments:
REFID: 62093 Jones, S.A. 2006 Mesoproterozoic Albany-Fraser Orogen-related deformation along the southeastern margin of the Yilgarn Craton Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 53(2) p213-234
Usage: Mentioned (p217) Comments:
REFID: 60556 Freeman, M.J. , Donaldson, M.J. 2004 Major mineral deposits of southwestern Western Australia - a field guide Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 2004/17 38p
Usage: Mentioned (p2 Fig. 2) Comments:
REFID: 24526 Fitzsimons, I.C.W. 2003 Proterozoic basement provinces of southern and southwestern Australia, and their correlation with Antarctica IN Yoshida, M. et al "Proterozoic East Gondwana: Supercontinent Assembly and Breakup Geological Society of London. Special Publication. 206 p93-130
Usage: Mentioned (p105 Fig. 6) Min age from reference: Mesoproterozoic Max age from reference: Mesoproterozoic Comments: Age is controversial: 1150Ma (Rb-Sr whole rock: Turek and Stephenson 1966) and 2000-1900Ma (zircon and monazite: Rasmussen et al 2002). Geological Province: Yilgarn Craton.
REFID: 24542 Janssen, D.P. , Collins, A.S. , Fitzsimons, I.C.W. 2003 Structure and tectonics of the Leeuwin Complex and Darling Fault Zone, Southern Pinjarra Orogen, Western Australia - a field guide Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 2003/15 33p
Usage: Mentioned (p2 Fig.2) Min age from reference: Proterozoic Max age from reference: Proterozoic Comments:
REFID: 24160 Abeysinghe, P.B. 2002 Bentonite, attapulgite and common clays in Western Australia Geological Survey of Western Australia. Bulletin 20 202p
Usage: Mentioned (p150, p151 Fig.76.) Comments: Northern foreland of Albany-Fraser Orogen.
REFID: 22635 Nelson, D.R. , Myers, J.S. , Nutman, A.P. 1995 Chronology and evolution of the Middle Proterozoic Albany-Fraser Orogen, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 42(5) p481-495
Usage: Mentioned (p482) Max age from reference: Proterozoic Comments:
REFID: 43697 Clarke, G.L. , Sun, S-S. , White, R.W. 1995 Grenville-age belts and associated older terranes in Australia and Antarctica AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 16(1/2) p25-39
Usage: Mentioned (p32) Comments:
REFID: 42730 Groves, D.I. , Barley, M.E. , Shepherd, J.M. 1994 Geology and mineralisation of Western Australia. IN Dentith M.C., Frankcombe K.F., Ho S.E.,Shepherd J.M., Groves D.I. & Trench A. (eds) - Geophysical signatures of Western Australian Mineral Deposits. Geology & Geophysics Dept (Key Centre) & UWA Extension, Uni WA, Publ 26, and ASEG Special Publn 7 p3-28
Usage: Mentioned (p16) Comments:
REFID: 43038 Townsend, D.B. 1994 Mineral Deposits of the Albany 1:1 000 000 Sheet. Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 1993/4 80pp
Usage: Mentioned (p9) Comments:
REFID: 41341 Harrison, P.H. , Hickman, A.H. , Blockley, J.G. , Brown, I.M. , Preston, W.A. , Keats, W. , Lipple, S.L. , Wilson, A.C. , Elliott, R.M.L. 1987 Geology and mineral potential of the south west of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia. Record 1987/4
Usage: Mentioned (p8) Comments:
REFID: 39795 Geological Survey of Western Australia 1984 Mount Barker-Albany, Western Australia, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheets SI/50-11 & part of SI/50-15, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Western Australia 1v map
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Proterozoic Max age from reference: Proterozoic Comments:
REFID: 38764 Thom, R. , de Laeter, J.R. , Libby, W.G. 1981 Rb-Sr dating of tectonic events in the Proterozoic Mount Barren Group near Hopetoun. Geological Survey of Western Australia. Annual Report 1980 p109-112
Usage: Mentioned (p109) Comments:

Bibliographic references returned: 42 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.