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Snowy Plains Formation STRATNO: 17054
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Formal State(s): NSW , VIC
Category: Other new published name Usage: Fully described Definition Card: No
Originator: Entry date: 01-JAN-88Last Update: 05-SEP-18
Replaced by: Previously known as:
Description: Mudstone, sandstone: red mudstone generally poorly bedded, sandstone pale-coloured, quartz-rich; upward-fining with minor conglomerate near base.
Comments: Formerly of Avon River Group, now of Mansfield Group [A.H.M. VandenBerg 22-MAY-2000] - in the Avon Supergroup. Geological Survey of Victoria map code: Dams. Reference to Fission Track dating at 272 +/- 35 Ma in GSV report 127 (2006), but unit reported as Early Carboniferous or older.
Geological province: Lachlan Orogen
Type state: Reference section type:
Maximum thickness: mMinimum thickness:
Unit Age Event: deposition
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Tournaisian Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Famennian Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Mount Kent Conglomerate underlies Snowy Plains Formation angular unconformity
Bryce Plain Basalt overlies Snowy Plains Formation unconformity
First Reference:
REFID: 43461 Hill, D., 1967, Devonian of Eastern Australia, In Oswald, D.H., ed., International Symposium on the Devonian System, 1,Calgary, p613,630

Use on maps:
REFID: 33603 VandenBerg, A.H.M., 1977, Bairnsdale, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/55-07, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 33607 VandenBerg, A.H.M., 1977, Warburton, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/55-06, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 44187 VandenBerg, A.H.M., 1997, Warburton 1:250 000 geological map series sheet SJ55-6. Edition 2., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, Map Legend
REFID: 61174 VandenBerg, A.H.M., Morand, V.J., Quinn, C., Edwards, J., Wohlt, K.E., 2004, Myrtleford 1:50 000 geological map, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, map
REFID: 61175 VandenBerg, A.H.M., Morand, V.J., 2004, Bright 1:50 000 geological map, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, map
REFID: 61176 VandenBerg, A.H.M., Simons, B.A., Quinn, C., Willman, C.E., Edwards, J., Morand, V.J., 2004, Dandongadale 1:50 000 geological map, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, map
REFID: 61177 VandenBerg, A.H.M., Simons, B.A., Quinn, C., Willman, C.E., 2004, Buffalo 1:50 000 geological map, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, map
REFID: 61178 Simons, B.A., 2004, Buffalo 1:100 000 map area geological interpretation of geophysical features, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, map
REFID: 64536 VandenBerg, A.H.M., Cayley, R.A., Osborne, C.R., 2006, Eildon and part of Tallangallook 1:50 000 geological map sheet 8023-1 and part of 8024-2: Walhalla - Woods Point - Tallangallook project, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, map
REFID: 64537 Osborne, C.R., VandenBerg, A.H.M., Cayley, R.A., 2006, Jamieson and part of Skene 1:50 000 geological map sheet 8123-3 and part of 8123-2: Walhalla - Woods Point - Tallangallook project, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, map
REFID: 64538 Cayley, R.A., Osborne, C.R., VandenBerg, A.H.M., 2006, Mansfield 1:50 000 geological map sheet 8124-3: Walhalla - Woods Point - Tallangallook project, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, map
REFID: 64606 Haydon, S.J., Skladzien, P.B., Cayley, R.A., 2006, Parts of Mansfield, Alexandra and Euroa 1:100 000 maps. Geological interpretation of geophysical features. Parts of sheets 8123, 8023, 8024., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, map


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 61163 VandenBerg, A.H.M. , Willman, C.E. , Morand, V.J. , McHaffie, I.W. , Simons, B.A. , Quinn, C. , Westcott, A. 2004 Buffalo 1:100 000 map area geological report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 124 205 pp
Usage: Fully described (p99, p36 Tb. 6.2) Min age from reference: Late Devonian Max age from reference: Late Devonian Comments: Of the Mansfield Group (Avon Supergroup). Floodplain fluvial sandstone and mudstone. Transitionally overlies Mount Kent Conglomerate. Thickness: >400m. Geological Province: Lachlan Fold Belt.
REFID: 64616 VandenBerg, A.H.M. , Cayley, R.A. , Willman, C.E. , Morand, V.J. , Seymon, A.R. , Osborne, C.R. , Taylor, D.H. , Haydon, S.J. , McLean, M. , Quinn, C. , Jackson, P. , Sandford, A.C. 2006 Walhalla - Woods Point - Tallangalook special map area geological report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 127 448p
Usage: Described (p138, p253, p279, p299-300, p434-435) Min age from reference: Early Carboniferous Max age from reference: Early Carboniferous Comments: Of Mansfield Group. Overlies Mount Kent Conglomerate. Subdivided into 7 new Members: Devils Plain Siltstone (at top), then Hearns Mudstone, Lanky Creek Sandstone, Buttercup Mudstone, Home Station Sandstone, Ashwin Sandstone, Dungeon Gully Sandstone, Members. FT dating at 272 +/- 35 Ma. Hosts many small occurrences of low-grade Cu-U-V-Ag deposits, especially the Buttercup Mudstone Member. Geophysical characteristics given.
REFID: 42827 Douglas, J.G. , Ferguson, J.A. 1988 Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Victorian Division 1v 668p
Usage: Described (p172) Comments: Of the Avon River Group.
REFID: 41641 Marsden, M.A.H. , McLaughlin, R.J.W. , Neilson, J.L. , Birch, W.D. , Brown, M.C. , Douglas, J.G. , Gleadow, A.G. , Spencer-Jones, D. , Warren, J.W. , Young, G.C. 1988 Upper Devonian - Carboniferous. IN Douglas J.G. and Ferguson J.A. (eds) - Geology of Victoria. Chapter 5. Geological Society of Australia. Victorian Division 1v p147-194
Usage: Described (p172) Comments:
REFID: 37330 VandenBerg, A.H.M. , O'Shea, P.J. 1981 Explanatory notes on the Bairnsdale 1:250 000 geological map. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 65
Usage: Described (p20) Comments:
REFID: 32865 Roberts, J. 1972 Correlation of the Upper Devonian rocks of Australia. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 18(4) p467-490
Usage: Described (p485) Min age from reference: Late Devonian Max age from reference: Early Carboniferous Comments: See also p486.
REFID: 68116 Welch, S.I. , Higgins, D.V. , Callaway, G.A. 2011 Surface geology of Victoria 1:250 000 Geological Survey of Victoria 1v 114p
Usage: Briefly described (Maps 25-26, 33-34, 43-44.) Comments: , Mudstone, sandstone; red mudstone generally poorly bedded; sandstone pale-coloured, quartz-rich, upward-fining with minor conglomerate near base.
REFID: 66244 Morand, V.J. 2010 Stratigraphic name changes in the Melbourne Zone, Seamless Geology Project Geological Survey of Victoria Technical Record 2010/1 12p
Usage: Briefly described (p6.) Min age from reference: Late Devonian Max age from reference: Late Devonian Comments: , Is overlain unconformably by the Bryce Plain Basalt.
REFID: 64010 Garvey, J.M. , Hasiotis, S.T. 2008 An ichnofossil from the Lower Carboniferous Snowy Plains Formation, Mansfield Basin, Australia Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 258(4) p257-276
Usage: Briefly described (p257-273. ) Min age from reference: Tournaisian Max age from reference: Tournaisian Comments: , Of the Mansfield Group. , Includes Dungeon Gully, Home Station, Buttercup and Lanky Creek, Sandstone Members; Ashwin and Devil's Plain, Siltstone Members; Hearns Mudstone Member. , Overlies Mount Kent Conglomerate.
REFID: 64536 VandenBerg, A.H.M. , Cayley, R.A. , Osborne, C.R. 2006 Eildon and part of Tallangallook 1:50 000 geological map sheet 8023-1 and part of 8024-2: Walhalla - Woods Point - Tallangallook project Geological Survey of Victoria 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Early Carboniferous Max age from reference: Early Carboniferous Comments: Of Mansfield Group. Contains 7 named members, including 3 that are sandstone, 2 siltstone and 2 mudstone.
REFID: 64537 Osborne, C.R. , VandenBerg, A.H.M. , Cayley, R.A. 2006 Jamieson and part of Skene 1:50 000 geological map sheet 8123-3 and part of 8123-2: Walhalla - Woods Point - Tallangallook project Geological Survey of Victoria 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Early Carboniferous Max age from reference: Early Carboniferous Comments: Of Mansfield Group. Contains 7 named members, including 3 that are sandstone, 2 siltstone and 2 mudstone.
REFID: 64538 Cayley, R.A. , Osborne, C.R. , VandenBerg, A.H.M. 2006 Mansfield 1:50 000 geological map sheet 8124-3: Walhalla - Woods Point - Tallangallook project Geological Survey of Victoria 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Early Carboniferous Max age from reference: Early Carboniferous Comments: Of Mansfield Group. Contains 7 named members, including 3 that are sandstone, 2 siltstone and 2 mudstone.
REFID: 64606 Haydon, S.J. , Skladzien, P.B. , Cayley, R.A. 2006 Parts of Mansfield, Alexandra and Euroa 1:100 000 maps. Geological interpretation of geophysical features. Parts of sheets 8123, 8023, 8024. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Quaternary Max age from reference: Early Carboniferous Comments: Of Mansfield Group. Includes Devils Plain Siltstone Member, Hearns Mudstone Member, Lanky Creek Sandstone Member, Buttercup Mudstone Member, Horne Station Sandstone Member, Ashwin Siltstone Member and Dungeon Gully Sandstone Member.
REFID: 63738 Holland, T.M. , Long, J.A. , Warren, A. , Garvey, J.M. 2006 Second specimen of the Lower Actinopterygian Novogonatodus Kasantsevae Long 1988 from the Early Carboniferous of Mansfield, Victoria Royal Society of Victoria. Proceedings 118(1) p1-10
Usage: Briefly described (p3) Min age from reference: Early Carboniferous Max age from reference: Early Carboniferous Comments: Of the Mansfield Group. Contains the Home Station Sandstone Member. Geological Province: Mansfield Basin.
REFID: 61175 VandenBerg, A.H.M. , Morand, V.J. 2004 Bright 1:50 000 geological map Geological Survey of Victoria 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (map legend) Min age from reference: Late Devonian Max age from reference: Late Devonian Comments: Of the Mansfield Group. Mudstone, sandstone: red mudstone generally poorly bedded, sandstone pale-coloured, quartz-rich; upward-fining with minor conglomerate near base. GSV map code: Dams.
REFID: 61178 Simons, B.A. 2004 Buffalo 1:100 000 map area geological interpretation of geophysical features Geological Survey of Victoria 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (map legend) Min age from reference: Late Devonian Max age from reference: Late Devonian Comments: Of Mansfield Group. Mudstone, sandstone, conglomerate (fluvial): nonmagnetic, with moderately magnetic (~10 nT) strike parallel magnetic trends (probably dykes); low gravity (-530 ms^-2); very low total radioelement, K, Th and U. GSV map code: Dams.
REFID: 61177 VandenBerg, A.H.M. , Simons, B.A. , Quinn, C. , Willman, C.E. 2004 Buffalo 1:50 000 geological map Geological Survey of Victoria 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (map legend) Min age from reference: Late Devonian Max age from reference: Late Devonian Comments: Of the Mansfield Group. Mudstone, sandstone: red mudstone generally poorly bedded, sandstone pale-coloured, quartz-rich; upward-fining with minor conglomerate near base. GSV map code: Dams.
REFID: 61176 VandenBerg, A.H.M. , Simons, B.A. , Quinn, C. , Willman, C.E. , Edwards, J. , Morand, V.J. 2004 Dandongadale 1:50 000 geological map Geological Survey of Victoria 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (map legend) Min age from reference: Late Devonian Max age from reference: Late Devonian Comments: Of the Mansfield Group. Mudstone, sandstone: red mudstone generally poorly bedded, sandstone pale-coloured, quartz-rich; upward-fining with minor conglomerate near base. GSV map code: Dams.
REFID: 61174 VandenBerg, A.H.M. , Morand, V.J. , Quinn, C. , Edwards, J. , Wohlt, K.E. 2004 Myrtleford 1:50 000 geological map Geological Survey of Victoria 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (map legend) Min age from reference: Late Devonian Max age from reference: Late Devonian Comments: Of the Mansfield Group. Mudstone, sandstone: red mudstone generally poorly bedded, sandstone pale-coloured, quartz-rich; upward-fining with minor conglomerate near base. GSV map code: Dams.
REFID: 24551 Birch, W.D. (ed.) 2003 Geology of Victoria Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 23 842p
Usage: Briefly described (p88 Fig. 3.15, 178, 635) Min age from reference: Late Devonian Max age from reference: Late Devonian Comments: Of Mansfield Group. Maximum Thickness: >2400m.
REFID: 23309 VandenBerg, A.H.M. , Willman, C.E. , Maher, S. , Simons, B.A. , Cayley, R.A. , Taylor, D.H. , Morand, V.J. , Moore, D.H. , Radojkovic, A. 2000 The Tasman Fold Belt System in Victoria Geological Survey of Victoria. Special Publication 1v 462p
Usage: Briefly described (p171-179) Comments:
REFID: 44185 VandenBerg, A.H.M. 1997 Bairnsdale, 1:250 000 geological map series sheet SJ55-7. Edition 2. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend.) Min age from reference: Late Devonian Max age from reference: Late Devonian Comments: , Unit in Avon River Group. , Fluvial: red mudstone, sandstone, conglomerate.
REFID: 66252 O'Halloran, G.J. , Gaul, A.J. 1997 Sedimentary responses to sub-aerial felsic volcanism from the Late Devonian-Early Carboniferous northern Macalister Synclinorium, southeastern Australia Sedimentary Geology 109(3-4) p209-232
Usage: Briefly described (p211 Fig.1, p213 Fig.3, p214.) Min age from reference: Early Carboniferous Max age from reference: Frasnian Comments: See also p215-216 Figs.5-6, p222 Fig.8, p226-230. Thick (greater than 2.4km), widespread succession of purple sandstones and mudstones, the latter >75%. Meandering fluvial depositional environment. Gradationally overlies Mount Kent Conglomerate. Equivalent to Devils Plain Formation (Mansfield Basin). Youngest unit of the Macalister Synclinorium.
REFID: 44187 VandenBerg, A.H.M. 1997 Warburton 1:250 000 geological map series sheet SJ55-6. Edition 2. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v Map Legend
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Late Devonian Comments:
REFID: 42797 Murphy, N.C. , Gray, D.R. 1992 East-directed overthrusting in the Melbourne Zone, Lachlan Fold Belt. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 39(1) p37-53
Usage: Briefly described (Fig.3 P40) Comments:
REFID: 42089 Fergusson, C.L. , Gray, D.R. , Morand, V.J. 1990 Tectonostratigraphic terranes, fold-thrust zones and regional metamorphics in the Palaeozoic of central-eastern Victoria. Field Guide (Geological Society of Australia. Specialist Group in Tectonics and Structural Geology) 3 1v
Usage: Briefly described (p31) Comments:
REFID: 41571 Crawford, A.J. , Buckland, G.L. , VandenBerg, A.H.M. 1988 Cambrian. IN Douglas J.G. and Ferguson J.A. (eds) - Geology of Victoria. Chapter 2. Geological Society of Australia. Victorian Division 1v p37-62
Usage: Briefly described (Fig.2.6) Comments:
REFID: 40761 VandenBerg, A.H.M. , Ramsay, W.R.H. 1986 Metallogeny and tectonic development of the Tasman Fold Belt System in Victoria. IN Scheibner E.(ed) - Metallogeny and tectonic development of eastern Australia. Ore Geology Reviews 1(2-4) p213-257
Usage: Briefly described (p237) Comments:
REFID: 42547 Roberts, J. 1985 Australia. IN Martinez Diaz C., Wagner R.H., Winkler Prins C.F. & Granados L.F. (eds.) - The Carboniferous of the World, II: Australia, Indian Subcontinent, South Africa, South America & North Africa. International Union of Geological Sciences. Publication 20 p9-145
Usage: Briefly described (p58) Comments:
REFID: 35277 McLaughlin, R.J.W. 1976 Upper Devonian to Lower Carboniferous provinces, in Douglas J.G. and Ferguson J.A. (eds) - Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 5 p81-124
Usage: Briefly described (p102) Comments:
REFID: 33238 Spencer-Jones, D. , VandenBerg, A.H.M. 1975 The Tasman Geosyncline in Victoria - regional geology. IN Knight C.L. (ed) - Economic geology of Australia and Papua New Guinea - 1. Metals. AusIMM. Monograph Series 5 p637-646
Usage: Briefly described (p644) Comments:
REFID: 23329 Sircombe, K.N. , McQueen, K.G. 2000 Zircon dating of Devonian-Carboniferous rocks from the Bombala area, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 47(6) p1041-1051
Usage: Mentioned (1048) Comments:
REFID: 41572 Gray, D.R. , Allen, R.L. , Etheridge, M.A. , Fergusson, C.L. , Gibson, G.M. , Morand, V.J. , VandenBerg, A.H.M. , Watchorn, R.B. , Wilson, C.J.L. 1988 Structure and tectonics. IN Douglas J.G. and Ferguson J.A. (eds) - Geology of Victoria. Chapter 1. Geological Society of Australia. Victorian Division 1v p1-36
Usage: Mentioned (p13) Comments:
REFID: 40995 Long, J.A. , Werdelin, L. 1986 A new Late Devonian bothriolepid (Placodermi, Antiarcha) from Victoria, with descriptions of other species from the state . Alcheringa 10(3/4) p355-399
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.31) Comments:
REFID: 38367 Cochrane, G.W. 1982 Copper, lead, zinc and barium deposits of Victoria. Geological Survey of Victoria. Bulletin 61
Usage: Mentioned (Table 3) Comments:
REFID: 35073 VandenBerg, A.H.M. 1978 Explanatory notes on the Warburton 1:250 000 geological map. Sheet SJ/55-06. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 1977/7
Usage: Mentioned (p12) Comments: See also Table 5.
REFID: 35112 VandenBerg, A.H.M. 1978 The Tasman Fold Belt System in Victoria in Scheibner E.(ed) - The Phanerozoic structure of Australia and variations in tectonic style. Tectonophysics 48(3/4) p267-297
Usage: Mentioned (p280) Comments:
REFID: 33603 VandenBerg, A.H.M. 1977 Bairnsdale, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/55-07, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Devonian Max age from reference: Devonian Comments:
REFID: 33607 VandenBerg, A.H.M. 1977 Warburton, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/55-06, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Carboniferous Max age from reference: Carboniferous Comments:
REFID: 35281 Thomas, D.E. , Spencer-Jones, D. , Tattam, C.M. 1976 Cambrian, in Douglas J.G. and Ferguson J.A. (eds) - Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 5 p11-24
Usage: Mentioned (p23) Comments:
REFID: 33602 VandenBerg, A.H.M. 1976 The Tasman Fold Belt in Victoria. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 1976/3
Usage: Mentioned (p21) Comments:
REFID: 31706 Kummel, B. 1970 History of the earth. W.H.Freeman & Co., San Francisco 1v
Usage: Mentioned (p645) Comments: Devonian correlation chart
REFID: 43461 Hill, D. 1967 Devonian of Eastern Australia, In Oswald, D.H., ed. International Symposium on the Devonian System 1,Calgary p613,630
Usage: Not recorded (Table p625) Min age from reference: Early Carboniferous Max age from reference: Late Devonian Comments:
REFID: 43547 Talent, J.A. , Banks, M.R. 1967 Devonian of Victoria and Tasmania IN Oswald D.H.,ed International Symposium on the Devonian System Vol II Calgary p147-163
Usage: Not recorded (Table p153) Max age from reference: Famennian Comments:
REFID: 23710 Talent, J.A. 1967 East Gippsland Excursion No. 10, in 1967 ANZAAS Excursion Handbook, Victoria. Reprinted in several editions of Regional Guide to Victorian Geology (Ed. J. McANDREW & M.A.H. MARSDEN) ANZAAS. Geological Excursions Handbook p69-85
Usage: Not recorded (p84) Comments: Excursion.

Bibliographic references returned: 45 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.