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Renmark Group STRATNO: 16036
Current: Yes Rank: Group, Suite Status: Formal State(s): NSW , SA , VIC
Category: Variation of published name Usage: Defined Definition Card: No
Originator: Entry date: 01-JAN-88Last Update: 20-AUG-18
Replaced by: Previously known as: Renmark beds
Description: Fluvio-lacustrine deposits: gravel, quartz sand, silt and clay; pyritic, ferruginised, unconsolidated to poorly consolidated; minor seams of brown coal (in Victoria).
Comments: Renmark Group underlies almost entire Murray Basin as the basal unit. Originally informally divided into 'lower' and 'upper' Renmark Beds (Harris 1966) which became the Warina Sand (lower) and Olney Formation (upper), formalised by Lawrence (1975). Correlates with the Nirranda Group and Wangerrip Group. Formerly referred to as the Knight Group (see RefID: 60599).
Geological province: Murray Basin
Type state: SAReference section type:
Maximum thickness: 300mMinimum thickness:
Unit Age Event: deposition
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Middle Miocene Ma: 14.5 % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Paleocene Ma: 65 % from base of biozone: Age method:

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Murray Group overlies Renmark Group
Calivil Formation overlies Renmark Group
Parilla Sand overlies Renmark Group disconformity
Ettrick Marl overlies Renmark Group
Wunghnu Group overlies Renmark Group
Grampians Group underlies Renmark Group
Rocklands Volcanic Group underlies Renmark Group
Urana Formation underlies Renmark Group unconformity
Eumeralla Formation underlies Renmark Group
Glenloth Suite underlies Renmark Group
Pyrenees Formation underlies Renmark Group
Otway Group underlies Renmark Group
First Reference:
REFID: 34312 Macumber, P.G., 1969, Interrelationship between physiography, hydrology, sedimentation and salinization of the Loddon River Plains, Australia., Journal of Hydrology, 7, p39-57

Definition Reference:
REFID: 42966 Brown, C.M., Stephenson, A.E., 1991, Geology of the Murray Basin, Southeastern Australia., Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin, 235, 430pp

Use on maps:
REFID: 23252 Cameron, R.G., 1997, Booligal 1:250 000 geological sheet, SI55-5, Geological Survey of New South Wales, 1v, Map
REFID: 24328 Slater, K.R., 2001, Bendigo, Victoria: Geophysical Map Sheet 1:250 000 geological interpretation of the geophysical features, Edition 1, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, Map
REFID: 24329 Edwards, J., Slater, K.R., 2001, Bendigo, Victoria: 1:250 000 geological map, Edition 3, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v., Map
REFID: 30581 Douglas, J.G., Spencer-Jones, D., 1973, Ouyen, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-15, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 30934 Geological Survey of Victoria., 1974, Horsham, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/54-03, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 30935 Geological Survey of Victoria., 1974, Parts of Balranald and Deniliquin, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheets SI/54-12 & SI/55-13, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 30936 Geological Survey of Victoria., 1976, Saint Arnaud, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/54-04, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 31654 King, R.L., Wilkinson, H.E., 1975, Bendigo, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/55-01, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 31745 Lawrence, C.R., Goldberry, R., 1972, Mildura, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-11, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 31747 Lawrence, C.R., Macumber, P.G., 1974, Swan Hill, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-16, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 42455 Tickell, S.J., 1989, Shepparton 7925 Zone 55. 1:100 000 geological map series., Victoria. Department of Industry, Technology and Resources, 1v, Map
REFID: 43195 Rogers, P.A., 1995, Geology of the South-East South Australia. Second Edition. Special Map 1:500 000., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 44188 Cameron, R.G., 1996, Pooncarie 1:250 000 geological map series sheet SI54-8., Geological Survey of New South Wales, 1v, Map
REFID: 44191 Ray, H.N., 1997, Ana Branch 1:250 000 geological series sheet SI54-7, Geological Survey of New South Wales, 1v, Map Legend
REFID: 50155 Simons, B.A., Magart, A.P.M., Wohlt, K.E., Morand, V.J., 2003, Balmoral and part of Coleraine 1:100 000 geological interpretation of geophysical features map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50156 Morand, V.J., Wohlt, K.E., Cayley, R.A., Taylor, D.H., Kemp, A.I.S., 2003, Chetwynd and part of Casterton 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50157 Morand, V.J., Wohlt, K.E., 2003, Dergholm and part of Penola 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50158 Cayley, R.A., Taylor, D.H., Morand, V.J., Wohlt, K.E., Kemp, A.I.S., 2003, Dundas and part of Wannon 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50159 Cayley, R.A., Wohlt, K.E., Morand, V.J., Taylor, D.H., 2003, Balmoral 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50160 Taylor, D.H., Wohlt, K.E., Cayley, R.A., Kemp, A.I.S., Morand, V.J., 2003, Edenhope 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50161 Wohlt, K.E., Kemp, A.I.S., Taylor, D.H., Cayley, R.A., Morand, V.J., 2003, Nareen and part of Coleraine 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50162 Morand, V.J., Kemp, A.I.S., Taylor, D.H., Cayley, R.A., 2003, Harrow 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50163 Wohlt, K.E., Morand, V.J., 2003, Langkoop and part of Struan 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 50164 Simons, B.A., Magart, A.P.M., Wohlt, K.E., Morand, V.J., 2003, Edenhope and parts of Casterton and Penola 1:100 000 geological interpretation of geophysical features map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report", Geological Survey of Victoria. Report, 123, Map
REFID: 60461 Edwards, J., Moore, D.H., Lynn, S., 2001, Wedderburn 1:100 000 geological map, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, map
REFID: 60492 Bibby, L.M., Moore, D.H., 1998, Charlton 1:100 000 geological map, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, Map
REFID: 60591 Wohlt, K.E., Edwards, J., 1999, Heathcote 1:50 000 geological map, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, Map
REFID: 60592 Edwards, J., Wohlt, K.E., 1999, Costerfield and part of Pyalong 1:50 000 geological map, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, Map
REFID: 60593 Wohlt, K.E., Edwards, J., 1999, Avonmore 1:50 000 geological map, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, Map
REFID: 60595 Edwards, J., Wohlt, K.E., 1999, Colbinabbin 1:50 000 geological map, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, Map
REFID: 60596 Wohlt, K.E., Edwards, J., 1999, Tongala 1:50 000 geological map, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, Map
REFID: 60597 Slater, K.R., 1999, Heathcote and parts of Woodend and Echuca 1:100 000 map. Geological interpretation of geophysical features, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, Map


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 50154 Morand, V.J. , Wohlt, K.E. , Cayley, R.A. , Taylor, D.H. , Kemp, A.I.S. , Simons, B.A. , Magart, A.P.M. 2003 Glenelg Special Map Area - Geological Report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 256p
Usage: Defined (p26, p132-135) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Late Paleocene Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin. Max. thickness: over 300m. Overlain by the Murray Group, Calivil Formation and Parilla Sand. Overlies the Grampians Group and Rocklands Volcanic Group. Correlates with the Wangerrip & Nirranda groups.
REFID: 60599 Edwards, J. , Wohlt, K.E. , Slater, K.R. , Olshina, A. , Hutchinson, D.F. 1998 Heathcote and parts of Woodend and Echuca 1:100 000 map area geological report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 108 212pp, 6 maps, 1 disk (3 1/2 in)
Usage: Defined (p15, p84-85) Min age from reference: Early Miocene Max age from reference: Middle Eocene Comments: Formerly part of Knight Group (Sprigg and Boutakoff 1953). Originally informally divided into 'lower' and 'upper' Renmark Beds. Lithological details included. Overlain by Murray Gp+ Calivil Fm.
REFID: 22799 Ray, H.N. 1996 Ana Branch 1:250 000 geological sheet explanatory notes Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v
Usage: Defined (p25) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments:
REFID: 42966 Brown, C.M. , Stephenson, A.E. 1991 Geology of the Murray Basin, Southeastern Australia. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin 235 430pp
Usage: Defined (p91) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments:
REFID: 42827 Douglas, J.G. , Ferguson, J.A. 1988 Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Victorian Division 1v 668p
Usage: Fully described (p265) Comments: see also Fig 8.4
REFID: 31746 Lawrence, C.R. , Abele, C. 1976 Tertiary - Murray Basin. IN Douglas J.G.,Ferguson J.A.(eds) - Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 5 p191-198
Usage: Fully described (p191) Comments:
REFID: 24177 Edwards, J. , Slater, K.R. , McHaffie, I.W. 2001 Bendigo 1:250 000 map area geological report Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 72
Usage: Described (p69) Min age from reference: Early Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Overlain by the Calivil Formation. Age: ~65 Ma. Comprised of Warina Sand and Olney Formation. Correlated with Pebble Point, Wiridgil and Eastern View formations of the Wangerrip Group in Otway Basin. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 60491 Bibby, L.M. , Moore, D.H. 1998 Charlton 1:100 000 map geological report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 116 92
Usage: Described (p21) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Late Eocene Comments: Includes the Olney Formation and Warina Sand. Disconformably overlain by the Parilla Sand. Max. thickness: 100m. Palynological studies yield late Eocene to Oligocene ages.
REFID: 22971 Maher, S. , VandenBerg, A.H.M. , McDonald, P.A. , Sapurmas, P. 1997 The geology and prospectivity of the Wangaratta 1:250 000 map sheet area Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 46
Usage: Described (p 26) Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments:
REFID: 43218 Knight, L.A. , McDonald, P.A. , Frankel, E. , Moore, D.H. 1995 A preliminary appraisal of the pre-Tertiary infrabasins beneath the Murray Basin, northwestern Victoria Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 16 137p
Usage: Described (Fig.3,p22) Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments:
REFID: 42881 Jacobson, G. , Ferguson, J. , Evans, W.R. 1994 Groundwater-discharge playas of the Mallee region, Murray Basin, southeast Australia. In Rosen, M.R. (ed) Paleoclimate and Basin Evolution of Playa Systems. Geological Society of America. Special Paper 289 p81-96
Usage: Described (Fig.3, P84) Comments:
REFID: 42454 Tickell, S.J. 1991 Shepparton. 1:100 000 map, geological report. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 88 26p.
Usage: Described (p11) Min age from reference: early Miocene Max age from reference: middle Eocene Comments:
REFID: 41765 Tickell, S.J. 1989 Dookie, 1:100 000 map, geological report. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 87
Usage: Described (p34) Comments:
REFID: 42134 Kellett, J.R. 1989 The Ivanhoe Block-its structure, hydrogeology and effect on groundwaters of the Riverine Plain of New South Wales. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p333-353
Usage: Described (p340) Comments:
REFID: 23230 Abele, C. 1988 Mesozoic and Cainozoic Stratigraphy of Victoria. IN 'Victorian Geology Excursion Guide' Clark I., Cook B., Cochrane G.C. (eds) Australian Academy of Science and Geological Society of Australia (Victorian Division) Section 4 pp39-46
Usage: Described (Table4-1p40, 41, 43-4) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments:
REFID: 38293 Yoo, E.K. 1982 Geology and coal resources of the northern part of the Oaklands Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 49 p15-27
Usage: Described (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 34735 King, R.L. 1978 Explanatory notes on the St. Arnaud 1:250 000 geological map. Sheet SJ/54-04. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 1977/6
Usage: Described (p31) Comments:
REFID: 35091 Tickell, S.J. 1978 Geology and hydrogeology of the eastern part of the Riverine Plain in Victoria. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 1977/8
Usage: Described (p7) Comments:
REFID: 71593 Schofield, A. 2018 Regional geology and mineral systems of the Stavely Arc, western Victoria Geoscience Australia. Record 2018/02 220p
Usage: Briefly described (p51-p52, p54) Comments: Murray Basin. , Includes the Olney Group and the Warina Sand. , Overlain by the Murray Group.
REFID: 70718 Carlton, A. A. 2016 Geophysical - Geological interpretation notes: Hay SI/55-09 1:250 000 map sheet. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Report GS2011/0800 129p
Usage: Briefly described (p17, p24, p103) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Middle Paleocene Comments: Murray Basin. Is one of the primary aquifers in the Hay map sheet area. Deposited in a warm, moist climate with rates of swamp and flood plain alluvium being generally slow. , Includes the Warina Sand, Olney Formation.
REFID: 69562 Roach, I.C. , Jaireth, S. , Costelloe, M.T. 2014 Applying regional airborne electromagnetic (AEM) surveying to understand the architecture of sandstone-hosted uranium mineral systems in the Callabonna Sub-basin, Lake Frome region, South Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 61/5 p659-688
Usage: Briefly described (p674) Comments:
REFID: 69798 Davidson, J.C. , Fahey, M.E. 2014 Interpreting the Oaklands Basin: morphology, stratigraphy and petroleum potential Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 142 23p
Usage: Briefly described (p4 Fig.2) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments: Murray Basin. , Olney Formation.
REFID: 68715 Hou, B. , Fabris, A.J. , Michaelsen, B.H. , Katona, L.F. , Keeling, J.L. , Stoian, L. , Wilson, T.C. , Fairclough, M.C. , Cowley, W.M. 2012 Paleodrainage and Cenozoic coastal barriers of South Australia: new map and GIS dataset MESA Journal 66 26-32
Usage: Briefly described (p31 Fig.5) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments: Murray Basin. , Includes Warina Sand, Olney Formation.
REFID: 67179 Robson, T.C. , Webb, J.A. 2011 Late Neogene tectonics in northwestern Victoria: Evidence from the Late Miocene-Pliocene Loxton Sand. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 58(6) p579-586
Usage: Briefly described (p579, p584) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Fluvio-lacustrine, overlying the Neoproterozoic and early Paleozoic sediments, metasediments and granitoids of the Murray Basin basement. , Underlies the Loxton Sand, Duddo Limestone, Geera Clay and Bookpurnong Beds.
REFID: 68116 Welch, S.I. , Higgins, D.V. , Callaway, G.A. 2011 Surface geology of Victoria 1:250 000 Geological Survey of Victoria 1v 114p
Usage: Briefly described (Appendix, Map 29.) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Thanetian Comments: , Gravel, quartz sand, silt and clay: pyritic, ferruginised, unconsolidated to poorly consolidated.
REFID: 65552 Whitehouse, J. 2009 Mineral systems of the Murray Basin, New South Wales Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 132 27p
Usage: Briefly described (p5 Fig. 3, p6, p11 Fig.6, p12, p13-14) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Late Palaeocene Comments: See also p23,25,26 App. 2,4,5. Contains Olney Formation and Warina Sand. Unconformably overlies basement, unconformably underlies Wunghnu Group and Loxton-Parilla Sands. Associated with moderate concentrations of heavy minerals.
REFID: 66002 VandenBerg, A.H.M. 2009 Rock unit names in western Victoria, seamless geology project Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 130 87p
Usage: Briefly described (p10 Tb.7, p12) Min age from reference: Paleogene Max age from reference: Paleogene Comments: Replaces Knight Group of Boutakoff and Sprigg (1953). Name based on Renmark Beds of Harris (1966). Correlated in part with (obsolete) Loddon River Group. Defined by Lawrence and Abele, 1976.
REFID: 66012 Stuart-Smith, P.G. , Thost, D.E. 2009 Skipton 1:100 000 geological sheet 7522, Victoria; geological report, as appendix IN: Vandenberg, A.H.M. 'Rock Unit Names in western Victoria, seamless geology project' Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 130, Appendix 36 unnumbered pages
Usage: Briefly described (p17) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: In Murray Basin. Includes Olney Formation. Paleocene to early Miocene , , , , ,
REFID: 64823 Cartwright, I. , Simmonds, I. 2008 Impact of changing climate and land use on the hydrogeology of southeast Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 55(8) p1009-1021
Usage: Briefly described (p1011) Min age from reference: Cenozoic Max age from reference: Cenozoic Comments: Overlain by Calivil Formation. Fluvial clays, silts, sands and gravels; paleochannel deposits. Geological province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 64612 Cayley, R.A. , Skladzien, P.B. , Williams, B. , Willman, C.E. 2008 Redesdale and part of Pyalong 1:50 000 map area geological report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 128 98p
Usage: Briefly described (p28) Min age from reference: Cainozoic Max age from reference: Cainozoic Comments: Down hill extension of White Hills Gravel. Unclear if White Hills Gravel intended to be included in Renamrk Group. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 63777 Cartwright, I. , Hannam, K. , Weaver, T.R. 2007 Constraining flow paths of saline groundwater at basin margins using hydrogeochemistry and environmental isotopes: Lake Cooper, Murray Basin, Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 54(8) 1103-1122
Usage: Briefly described (p1104 Fig. 1, p1105) Min age from reference: Late Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Overlain by Calival Formation. Geological Province: Murray Basin. Fluvial clays, sand silt and gravels.
REFID: 67462 Hou, B. , Zang, W. , Fabris, A. , Keeling, J. , Stoian, L. , Fairclough, M. 2007 Palaeodrainage and Tertiary coastal barriers of South Australia. Digital geological map of South Australia 1:2 000 000 series. Preliminary edition Primary Industries and Resources, South Australia map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend.) Min age from reference: Late Eocene Comments: Murray Basin. , Includes Warina Sand.
REFID: 63460 Gallagher, S.J. , Gourley, T.L. 2007 Revised Oligo-Miocene stratigraphy of the Murray Basin, southeastern Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 54(6) p837-849
Usage: Briefly described (p839 Fig. 2b) Min age from reference: early Oligocene Max age from reference: Early Oligocene Comments: Geological province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 64237 Cowley, W.M. , Barnett, S.R. 2007 Revision of Oligocene-Miocene Murray Group stratigraphy for geological and groundwater studies in South Australia MESA Journal 47 p17-20
Usage: Briefly described (p17, p18 Fig. 2) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Late Oligocene Comments: Underlies Murray Group.
REFID: 65969 Moore, D.H. 2006 Bendigo 1:250 000 and part of Deniliquin 1:250 000 map areas: a geological interpretation of geophysical data Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 86 35pp +2 App
Usage: Briefly described (p27 Tb.3.3, p30) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments: Overlain by Murray Group. Includes Olney Formation and White Hills Gravel.
REFID: 68194 Williams, B. , House, E.R. 2006 The regolith of the Rupanyup 1:100 000 map area Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 89 CD-ROM
Usage: Briefly described (p22) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments: Murray Basin. Lawrence (1975); Lawrence and Abele (1988). Thickness <50m. , Includes Warina Sand, Olney Formation. , Is overlain by Murray Group.
REFID: 61964 Colquhoun, G.P. , Meakin, N.S. , Cameron, R.G. 2005 CARGELLIGO, New South Wales 1:250 000 Geological Sheet SI/55-6: Explanatory Notes - 3rd. edition Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v 291p +DVD
Usage: Briefly described (p17, p139) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments: Includes the Olney Formation. Geological Province: Murray Basin. Informally subdivided into lower, middle and upper parts.
REFID: 61841 Paine, M.D. , Phang, C. 2005 Dundas Tableland, Victoria IN Anand, R.R. and de Broekert, P. (eds.) "Regolith Landscape Evolution Across Australia: a compilation of regolith landscape case studies with regolith landscape evolution models" CRC LEME (Cooperative Research Centre for Landscape Environments and Mineral Exploration) 1v p242-245
Usage: Briefly described (p242) Min age from reference: Early Oligocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Gravels and clays. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 66286 Paine, M. 2005 Sedimentology of the Bondi Main heavy mineral beach placer deposit, Murray Basin, southeastern Australia Sedimentary Geology 174 177-195
Usage: Briefly described (p179.) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Southern Murray Basin. , Includes Warina Sand and Olney Formation.
REFID: 60421 Paine, M.D. , Bennetts, D.A. , Webb, J.A. , Morand, V.J. 2004 Nature and extent of Pliocene strandlines in southwestern Victoria and their application to Late Neogene tectonics Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 51(3) p407-422
Usage: Briefly described (p409, 415) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments:
REFID: 50159 Cayley, R.A. , Wohlt, K.E. , Morand, V.J. , Taylor, D.H. 2003 Balmoral 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Fluvio-lacustrine deposits: gravel, quartz sand, silt and clay; pyritic, ferruginised, unconsolidated to poorly unconsolidated.
REFID: 50155 Simons, B.A. , Magart, A.P.M. , Wohlt, K.E. , Morand, V.J. 2003 Balmoral and part of Coleraine 1:100 000 geological interpretation of geophysical features map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Early Cretaceous Max age from reference: Early Cretaceous Comments: Fluvio-lacustrine; gravel, quartz sand, silt and clay
REFID: 50156 Morand, V.J. , Wohlt, K.E. , Cayley, R.A. , Taylor, D.H. , Kemp, A.I.S. 2003 Chetwynd and part of Casterton 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Fluvio-lacustrine deposits: gravel, quartz sand, silt and clay; pyritic, ferruginised, unconsolidated to poorly unconsolidated.
REFID: 50157 Morand, V.J. , Wohlt, K.E. 2003 Dergholm and part of Penola 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Overlies Eumeralla Formation. Overlain by Ettrick Marl. Fluvio-lacustrine deposits: gravel, quartz sand, silt and clay; pyritic, ferruginised, unconsolidated to poorly unconsolidated.
REFID: 50158 Cayley, R.A. , Taylor, D.H. , Morand, V.J. , Wohlt, K.E. , Kemp, A.I.S. 2003 Dundas and part of Wannon 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Fluvio-lacustrine deposits: gravel, quartz sand, silt and clay; pyritic, ferruginised, unconsolidated to poorly consolidated.
REFID: 50160 Taylor, D.H. , Wohlt, K.E. , Cayley, R.A. , Kemp, A.I.S. , Morand, V.J. 2003 Edenhope 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments:
REFID: 50164 Simons, B.A. , Magart, A.P.M. , Wohlt, K.E. , Morand, V.J. 2003 Edenhope and parts of Casterton and Penola 1:100 000 geological interpretation of geophysical features map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Overlies Otway Group. Fluvio-lacustrine deposits: gravel, quartz sand, silt and clay; pyritic, ferruginised, unconsolidated to poorly unconsolidated.
REFID: 24551 Birch, W.D. (ed.) 2003 Geology of Victoria Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 23 842p
Usage: Briefly described (p320, 417, 421, 543) Min age from reference: Ealry Oligocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Maximum Thickness: 300m.
REFID: 50162 Morand, V.J. , Kemp, A.I.S. , Taylor, D.H. , Cayley, R.A. 2003 Harrow 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Fluvio-lacustrine deposits: gravel, quartz sand, silt and clay; pyritic, ferruginised, unconsolidated to poorly unconsolidated.
REFID: 50163 Wohlt, K.E. , Morand, V.J. 2003 Langkoop and part of Struan 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Paleogene Comments: Fluvio-lacustrine deposits: gravel, quartz sand, silt and clay; pyritic, ferruginised, unconsolidated to poorly unconsolidated.
REFID: 50161 Wohlt, K.E. , Kemp, A.I.S. , Taylor, D.H. , Cayley, R.A. , Morand, V.J. 2003 Nareen and part of Coleraine 1:50 000 geological map IN Morand, V.J. et al "Glenelg Special Map Area - geological report" Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Fluvio-lacustrine deposits: gravel, quartz sand, silt and clay; pyritic, ferruginised, unconsolidated to poorly unconsolidated.
REFID: 63887 Fabris, A. 2002 Northwestern Murray Basin - stratigraphy, sedimentology and geomorphology MESA Journal 27 p20-24
Usage: Briefly described (p20, p21 Fig. 1) Min age from reference: Early Oligocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Includes; Warina Sand, Olney Fm and Buccleuch Fm. Floodplain and swamp environments dominates, resulting in deposition of carbonaceous sand, clay and silt. Minor marine incursion during Late Eocene marked by clay and marl.
REFID: 24105 Hughes, M.J. , Carey, S.P. 2002 Palaeodrainage development of the Victorian Uplands, Victoria, Australia IN Phillips, G.N. and Ely, K.S. (Editors) Victoria Undercover: Benalla 2002 Conference proceedings and field guide: collaborative geoscience in northern Victoria CSIRO p155-159
Usage: Briefly described (p159) Comments: Overlain by Wunghnu Group.
REFID: 24106 Gibson, D.L. , Wilford, J. , Tan, K.P. , Lawrie, K.C. 2002 Palaeogeography, a predictive tool in environmental studies - applications to the margins of the Murray Basin IN Phillips, G.N. and Ely, K.S. (Editors) Victoria Undercover: Benalla 2002 Conference proceedings and field guide CSIRO p183-192
Usage: Briefly described (p184) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Miocene Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 60451 Cayley, R.A. , Taylor, D.H. 2001 Ararat - 1:100 000 Map Area Geological Report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 115 324p
Usage: Briefly described (p95 Fig. 61) Comments:
REFID: 24239 Bunny, M. 2001 Australian Coalbed Methane IN "Exploration NSW" PESA News. Supplement 2001 p10-11
Usage: Briefly described (p11) Min age from reference: Tertiary Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 24329 Edwards, J. , Slater, K.R. 2001 Bendigo, Victoria: 1:250 000 geological map, Edition 3 Geological Survey of Victoria 1v. Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Paleogene Max age from reference: Paleogene Comments:
REFID: 24328 Slater, K.R. 2001 Bendigo, Victoria: Geophysical Map Sheet 1:250 000 geological interpretation of the geophysical features, Edition 1 Geological Survey of Victoria 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Paleogene Max age from reference: Paleogene Comments:
REFID: 23884 Brodie, R.S. 2001 Chapter 13 - Salinisation and environmental geoscience: a case study in the Murray Basin IN Gostin, V.A. ed., 'Gondwana to Greenhouse: Australian Environmental Geoscience' Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 21 p153-158
Usage: Briefly described (p153, p155 Fig. 13.2) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Late Paleocene Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 60452 Edwards, J. , Moore, D.H. , Lynn, S.F. , Bibby, L.M. 2001 Wedderburn - 1:100 000 Map Area Geological Report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 122 113p
Usage: Briefly described (p14, 15) Min age from reference: Cenozoic Max age from reference: Cenozoic Comments: Includes Warina Sand at base. See also p68.
REFID: 60461 Edwards, J. , Moore, D.H. , Lynn, S. 2001 Wedderburn 1:100 000 geological map Geological Survey of Victoria 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Includes the Olney Formation.
REFID: 23921 Roy, P.S. , Whitehouse, J. , Cowell, P.J. 2000 Mineral Sands Occurrences in the Murray Basin, Southeastern Australia Economic Geology 95 (5) p1107-1128
Usage: Briefly described (p1109) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 60593 Wohlt, K.E. , Edwards, J. 1999 Avonmore 1:50 000 geological map Geological Survey of Victoria 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Paleocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Unconformably overlies the Urana Formation. Overlain by the Calivil Formation. Fluvio-lacustrine deposits: gravel, quartz sand, silt and clay; pyritic, ferruginised, unconsolidated to poorly unconsolidated.
REFID: 60595 Edwards, J. , Wohlt, K.E. 1999 Colbinabbin 1:50 000 geological map Geological Survey of Victoria 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Paleocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Unconformably overlies the Urana Formation. Overlain by the Calivil Formation. Fluvio-lacustrine deposits: gravel, quartz sand, silt and clay; pyritic, ferruginised, unconsolidated to poorly unconsolidated.
REFID: 60592 Edwards, J. , Wohlt, K.E. 1999 Costerfield and part of Pyalong 1:50 000 geological map Geological Survey of Victoria 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Paleocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Unconformably overlies the Urana Formation. Overlain by the Calivil Formation. Fluvio-lacustrine deposits: gravel, quartz sand, silt and clay; pyritic, ferruginised, unconsolidated to poorly unconsolidated.
REFID: 63066 Rogers, P.A. , Lukasik, J.J. , James, N.P. 1999 Discussion and Reply: Lithostratigraphic revision and correlation of the Oligo-Miocene Murray Supergroup, western Murray Basin, South Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 46(3) p485-486
Usage: Briefly described (p485) Min age from reference: Tertiary Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 24563 Rogers, P.A. 1999 Discussion and Reply: Lithostratigraphic revision and correlation of the Oligo-Miocene Murray Supergroup, western Murray Basin, South Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 46 p485-486
Usage: Briefly described (p485, p486) Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 60591 Wohlt, K.E. , Edwards, J. 1999 Heathcote 1:50 000 geological map Geological Survey of Victoria 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Paleocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Unconformably overlies the Urana Formation. Overlain by the Calivil Formation. Fluvio-lacustrine deposits: gravel, quartz sand, silt and clay; pyritic, ferruginised, unconsolidated to poorly unconsolidated.
REFID: 60597 Slater, K.R. 1999 Heathcote and parts of Woodend and Echuca 1:100 000 map. Geological interpretation of geophysical features Geological Survey of Victoria 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Fluvio-lacustrine deposits: no distinctive magnetic responses.
REFID: 10010 Whitehouse, J. , Roy, P.S. , Oakes, G.M. 1999 Mineral Sand Resources Potential of the Murray Basin Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mineral Resources 1999/38 74p
Usage: Briefly described (p12 Fig. 3) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Overlain by Olney Formation. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 60596 Wohlt, K.E. , Edwards, J. 1999 Tongala 1:50 000 geological map Geological Survey of Victoria 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Paleocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Unconformably overlies the Urana Formation. Overlain by the Calivil Formation. Fluvio-lacustrine deposits: gravel, quartz sand, silt and clay; pyritic, ferruginised, unconsolidated to poorly unconsolidated.
REFID: 23402 Stuart-Smith, P.G. , Black, L.P. 1999 Willaura, Sheet 7422, Victoria, 1:100 000 Map Geological Report Australian Geological Survey Organisation, Record 1999/38 50p
Usage: Briefly described (p31) Min age from reference: Early Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin
REFID: 60492 Bibby, L.M. , Moore, D.H. 1998 Charlton 1:100 000 geological map Geological Survey of Victoria 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Overlies the Glenloth Suite and Pyrenees Formation. Overlain by Parilla Sand. Fluviolacustrine to marginal marine: carbonaceous silt and fine sand with calcareous bands and marine fossils; some lignite rich bands.
REFID: 22857 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Volume 2 Geological Evolution. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) 666pp
Usage: Briefly described (p351, p352 Fig.24.8) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Age: ~60Ma. Geological Province: Murray Basin. See also p353 Fig. 24.9.
REFID: 22712 Hill, S.M. , Eggleton, R.A. , Taylor, G. 1997 A Regional Regolith-Landform Framework for Mineral Exploration Models in the Broken Hill Region AusIMM. Conference Series 97/1 p131-138
Usage: Briefly described (p132) Comments:
REFID: 44191 Ray, H.N. 1997 Ana Branch 1:250 000 geological series sheet SI54-7 Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v Map Legend
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Middle Miocene Comments:
REFID: 23252 Cameron, R.G. 1997 Booligal 1:250 000 geological sheet, SI55-5 Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments:
REFID: 61185 Edwards, J. , Olshina, A. , Slater, K.R. 1997 Nagambie and part of Yea 1:100 000 map geological report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 109 142pp, 5 maps, 1 disk (3 1/2in)
Usage: Briefly described (p57, p58) Max age from reference: Middle Paleocene Comments: Includes Olney Formation and Warina Sand. Disconformably underlies Calivil Formation. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 22893 Cameron, R.G. 1996 Geology of the POONCARIE 1:250 000 map, SI/54-8: Explanatory Notes Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v 108pp
Usage: Briefly described (p25 fig9) Min age from reference: Tertiary Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments:
REFID: 43780 Macphail, M.K. 1996 Palynostratigraphy of the Murray Basin, inland southeastern Australia. Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Record 1996/57 1-38 + Figures, Plates and Appendice
Usage: Briefly described (p6) Comments:
REFID: 43655 Hostettler, S. , Radke, B. 1995 An inventory of saline water disposal basins, Murray Basin. Volume 1 & 2 Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Record 1995/4,1995/5 p1-846
Usage: Briefly described (p40-846) Comments:
REFID: 43195 Rogers, P.A. 1995 Geology of the South-East South Australia. Second Edition. Special Map 1:500 000. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Early Oligocene Max age from reference: Middle Eocene Comments: See also commentary on back of map.
REFID: 61181 McHaffie, I.W. , Buckley, R.W. 1995 Industrial minerals and rocks of Victoria Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 102 209pp, 1 map
Usage: Briefly described (p153 Fig. 47) Comments: Sandy carbonaceous clay over sand and minor clay.
REFID: 61155 Langford, R.P. , Wilford, G.E. , Truswell, E.M. , Isern, A.R. 1995 Palaeogeographic Atlas of Australia: CAINOZOIC Australian Geological Survey Organisation 10 37p
Usage: Briefly described (p3, p18) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Late Paleocene Comments: Comprises Warina Sand, Olney Formation Buccleuch beds. Includes fluvial-lacustrine unconsolidated carbonaceous clastics. Age: ~53-~14.5Ma. Extends into the Miocene in eastern Murray Basin (Olney Formation). Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 44133 Drexel, J.F. , Preiss, W.V. 1995 The geology of South Australia. Volume 2 - The Phanerozoic. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 54 347pp
Usage: Briefly described (p158) Min age from reference: Early Oligocene Max age from reference: Late Paleocene Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin. Includes: Warina Sand, Olney Formation.
REFID: 42623 Barnett, S.R. 1992 Hydrogeological modelling in the Mallee Region of the Murray Basin. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 123 p2-10
Usage: Briefly described (p2) Comments: aquifer
REFID: 42127 Lindsay, J.M. , Barnett, S.R. 1989 Aspects of stratigraphy and structure in relation to the Woolpunda Groundwater Interception Scheme, Murray Basin, South Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p219-225
Usage: Briefly described (p218) Comments: See also Fig.1
REFID: 42455 Tickell, S.J. 1989 Shepparton 7925 Zone 55. 1:100 000 geological map series. Victoria. Department of Industry, Technology and Resources 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: early Miocene Max age from reference: middle Eocene Comments:
REFID: 42137 Brown, C.M. , Radke, B.M. 1989 Stratigraphy and sedimentology of mid-Tertiary permeability barriers in the subsurface of the Murray Basin, southeastern Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p367-385
Usage: Briefly described (p367) Comments:
REFID: 42125 Brown, C.M. 1989 Structural and stratigraphic framework of groundwater occurrence and surface discharge in the Murray Basin, southeastern Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p127-146
Usage: Briefly described (p132) Comments:
REFID: 41868 Douglas, J.G. , Ferguson, J.A. 1988 Geology of Victoria. Chapter 12: Economic geology. Geological Society of Australia. Victorian Division 1v p453-602
Usage: Briefly described (p550) Comments:
REFID: 41068 Arad, A. , Evans, R. 1987 The hydrogeology, hydrochemistry and environmental isotopes of the Campaspe River aquifer system, North-Central Victoria , Australia. Journal of Hydrology 95(1/2) p63-86
Usage: Briefly described (p65) Comments: .
REFID: 40599 Calf, G.E. , Ife, D. , Tickell, S. , Smith, L.W. 1986 Hydrogeology and isotope hydrology of Upper Tertiary and Quaternary aquifers in northern Victoria. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 33(1) p19-26
Usage: Briefly described (p19) Comments:
REFID: 40795 Brunker, R.L. , Preston, J.C. , Richards, D.J. 1986 Multicommodity exploration in the Murray Basin, Victoria, Australia. IN 13th CMMI Congress V.2. Berkman D.A. (ed) - Geology and exploration. 13th Congress of Council of Mining and Metallurgical Institutions and AusIMM 13(2) p79-86
Usage: Briefly described (p80) Comments: Mention p82.
REFID: 49038 Brown, C.M. , Stephenson, A.E. 1986 Murray Basin, southeastern Australia: subsurface stratigraphic database. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia, Report 262
Usage: Briefly described (p24) Comments: See also p40
REFID: 38601 Lindsay, J.M. 1983 Oligo-Miocene transgressive events in Geera Clay, Oakvale 1, northern Murray Basin. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 85 p5-12
Usage: Briefly described (p7) Comments:
REFID: 35285 Lawrence, C.R. 1976 Non-metallic minerals - Groundwater, in Douglas J.G. and Ferguson J.A. (eds) - Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 5 p411-417
Usage: Briefly described (p413) Comments:
REFID: 34312 Macumber, P.G. 1969 Interrelationship between physiography, hydrology, sedimentation and salinization of the Loddon River Plains, Australia. Journal of Hydrology 7 p39-57
Usage: Briefly described (p46) Comments: L.Tertiary
REFID: 68140 Cartwright, I. , Weaver, T.R. , Cendon, D.I. , Fifield, L.K. , Tweed, S.O. , Petrides, B. , Swane, I. 2012 Constraining groundwater flow, residence times, inter-aquifer mixing, and aquifer properties using environmental isotopes in the southeast Murray Basin, Australia Applied Geochemistry 27 1698-1709
Usage: Mentioned (p1699, p1700 Fig.1, p1704 Fig.5) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: This name seems to be used interchangeably with Renmark Formation (see references p1698, p1699, p1701-1708). , Lower: fluvial silts, sands, gravels, and clay.
REFID: 61825 Hill, S.M. 2005 Regolith and landscape evolution of far western New South Wales IN Anand, R.R. and de Broekert, P. (eds.) "Regolith Landscape Evolution Across Australia: a compilation of regolith landscape case studies with regolith landscape evolution models" CRC LEME (Cooperative Research Centre for Landscape Environments and Mineral Exploration) 1v p130-145
Usage: Mentioned (p138) Min age from reference: Cenozoic Max age from reference: Cenozoic Comments: In Broken Hill region.
REFID: 61822 Hill, S.M. , West, D.S. , Shirtliff, G. , Senior, A.B. , Maly, B.E.R. , Jones, G.L. , Holzapfel, M. , Foster, K.A. , Debenham, S.C. , Dann, R. , Brachmanis, J. 2005 Southern Barrier Ranges - Northern Murray Basin, New South Wales IN Anand, R.R. and de Broekert, P. (eds.) "Regolith Landscape Evolution Across Australia: a compilation of regolith landscape case studies with regolith landscape evolution models" CRC LEME (Cooperative Research Centre for Landscape Environments and Mineral Exploration) 1v p104-109
Usage: Mentioned (p107) Min age from reference: Paleogene Max age from reference: Paleogene Comments:
REFID: 60538 McGowran, B. , Holdgate, G.R. , Li, Q. , Gallagher, S.J. 2004 Cenozoic stratigraphic succession in southeastern Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 51(4) p459-496
Usage: Mentioned (p473 Fig.12) Comments:
REFID: 68189 Moore, D.H. 2004 St Arnaud 1:250 000 map; a geological interpretation of the geophysical data Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 82
Usage: Mentioned (p26, p29) Comments: , Includes the Warina Sand (base) and the Olney Formation.
REFID: 24470 Branagan, D.F. 2003 Discussion and Reply: Evolution of deep-lead palaeodrainages and gold exploration at Ballarat, Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 50(3) p471-474
Usage: Mentioned (p473) Comments:
REFID: 24574 Hill, S.M. , Eggleton, R.A. , Taylor, G. 2003 Neotectonic disruption of silicified palaeovalley systems in an intraplate, cratonic landscape: regolith and landscape evolution of the Muculca range-front, Broken Hill Domain, New South Wales Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 50(5) p691-707
Usage: Mentioned (p705) Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin
REFID: 24439 Kotsonis, A. , Joyce, E.B. 2003 The regolith of the Bendigo 1:100 000 map area Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 77 62p
Usage: Mentioned (p37) Comments: Time equivalent of parts of lower Loddon River Group. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 24383 Willman, C.E. , Bibby, L.M. , Radojkovic, A.M. , Maher, S. , Haydon, S.J. , Hollis, J.D. , Osborne, C.R. 2002 Castlemaine, Victoria 1:100 000 map area geological report Geological Survey of Victoria 121 170p
Usage: Mentioned (p58) Comments:
REFID: 22487 O'Sullivan, P.B. , Orr, M. , O'Sullivan, A.J. , Gleadow, A.J.W. 1999 Episodic Late Palaeozoic to Cenozoic denudation of the southeastern highlands of Australia: evidence from the Bogong High Plains, Victoria Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 46(2) p199-216
Usage: Mentioned (p212 Fig. 13) Min age from reference: Tertiary Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments: Geological province: eastern Murray Basin.
REFID: 23179 Thomas, B. , Bone, Y. , Clarke, J. 1999 Fossil whale bones in the Middle Miocene Glenforslan Formation, Morgan. MESA Journal 15 p32-33
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Max age from reference: Early Oligocene Comments: Murray Basin.
REFID: 23226 Lukasik, J.J. , James, N.P. 1998 Lithostratigraphic revision and correlation of the Oligo-Miocene Murray Supergroup, western Murray Basin, South Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 45(6) p889-902
Usage: Mentioned (p889) Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments:
REFID: 22773 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Part 8(24). Cainozoic. In: Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) p331-359
Usage: Mentioned (p351) Comments:
REFID: 22887 Cameron, R.G. 1997 Booligal 1:250 000 Geological Sheet SI/55-5: Explanatory Notes Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v 94p
Usage: Mentioned (p32, p75) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments: Fluvial
REFID: 22531 Moore, D.H. 1997 Geological Interpretation of the Geophysical Data of the Ouyen 1:250 000 Map Sheet Area. Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 39
Usage: Mentioned (p6) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments:
REFID: 61183 Cayley, R.A. , Taylor, D.H. 1997 Grampians special map area and geological report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 107 150pp, 5 maps
Usage: Mentioned (p133) Comments: Geological Province: Murray and Otway Basins.
REFID: 22782 1997 The Lake Tutchewop, Lake William and Lake Kelly Saline Water Disposal Basins, Murray Basin, Australia: Lithostratigraphy, Hydrodynamics and Hydrochemistry. Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Record 1997/6
Usage: Mentioned (p15) Comments:
REFID: 22587 Alley, N.F. , Krieg, G.W. , Callen, R.A. 1996 Early Tertiary Eyre Formation, lower Nelly Creek, southern Lake Eyre Basin, Australia: palynological dating of macrofloras and silcrete, and palaeoclimatic interpretation Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 43(1) p71-84
Usage: Mentioned (p79 Fig.7) Min age from reference: Late Eocene Max age from reference: Late Paleocene Comments:
REFID: 44093 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1996 Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Volume 1 Structural Framework. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(1) 295pp
Usage: Mentioned (p145 App. 1) Comments:
REFID: 44188 Cameron, R.G. 1996 Pooncarie 1:250 000 geological map series sheet SI54-8. Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v Map
Usage: Mentioned (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments: Includes the Olney Formation. Geological province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 22756 Cayley, R.A. , McDonald, P.A. 1995 Beaufort 1:100 000 Map Geological Report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 104 145p
Usage: Mentioned (P28) Comments:
REFID: 43669 Ferguson, J. , Radke, B.M. , Jacobson, G. , Evans, W.R. , Chambers, L.A. , White, I. , Wooding, R.A. , Whitford, D. , Allen, G.L. 1995 The Scotia Groundwater discharge complex, Murray Basin, SE Australia. Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Record 1995/43 p1-67
Usage: Mentioned (p9) Comments:
REFID: 43493 Cherry, D.P. , Wilkinson, H.E. 1994 Bendigo and part of Mitiamo 1:100 000 map, geological report. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 99 80p
Usage: Mentioned (32) Comments:
REFID: 42648 Wootton, P. , Doyle, J.F. , Balfe, P.E. , Barton, C.M. , Black, T.M. , Bolger, P.F. , Bowman, R.G. , Sutcliffe, G. 1993 Chapter 2. Geological setting of deposits. IN A.J.Hargraves & C.H.Martin (eds) - Australasian Coal Mining Practice. 2nd edn. AusIMM. Monograph Series 12 p31-55
Usage: Mentioned (p45) Comments:
REFID: 43791 Macphail, M.K. , Kellett, J.R. 1993 Palynostratigraphy of the Bookpurnong Beds and related Late Miocene - Early Pliocene facies in the central west Murray Basin, part 1: dinoflagellates AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 14(4) 371-382
Usage: Mentioned (p371) Comments:
REFID: 43804 Macphail, M.K. , Kellett, J.R. , Rexilius, J.P. , O'Rorke, M.E. 1993 The "Geera Clay equivalent" : a regressive marine unit in the Renmark Group that sheds new light on the age of the Mologa weathering surface in the Murray Basin. AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 14(1) p47-63
Usage: Mentioned (p47) Comments:
REFID: 61180 Weston, K.S. 1992 Minerals of Victoria Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 92 72pp, 1 map
Usage: Mentioned (p37) Comments: Contains brown coal seams up to 40m thick in some places.
REFID: 42184 Kenley, P.R. 1990 The discovery, exploration and development of coal in Victoria. IN Glasson K.R., Rattigan J.H. (eds.)- Geological aspects of the discovery of some important mineral deposits in Australia. AusIMM. Monograph Series 17 p347-351
Usage: Mentioned (p351) Comments:
REFID: 42130 Davie, R.F. , Kellett, J.R. , Fifield, L.K. , Evans, W.R. , Calf, G.E. , Bird, J.R. , Topham, S. , Ophel, T.R. 1989 Chlorine-36 measurements in the Murray Basin: preliminary results from the Victorian and South Australian Mallee region. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p261-272
Usage: Mentioned (p264) Comments:
REFID: 42133 Macphail, M.K. , Truswell, E.M. 1989 Palynostratigraphy of the central west Murray Basin. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p301-331
Usage: Mentioned (p301) Comments:
REFID: 42129 Stadter, F. , Love, A.J. 1989 The Tatiara proclaimed region, southeastern South Australia: hydrogeological investigations and groundwater management. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p253-259
Usage: Mentioned (p254) Comments: See also Fig.6
REFID: 42138 Stephenson, A.E. , Brown, C.M. 1989 The ancient Murray River system. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p387-395
Usage: Mentioned (p388) Comments:
REFID: 42126 Evans, W.R. , Kellett, J.R. 1989 The hydrogeology of the Murray Basin, southeastern Australia . BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p147-166
Usage: Mentioned (p149, p152) Comments:
REFID: 23234 Cochrane, G.W. , Barton, C.M. , Canavan, F. , Holdgate, G.R. , Knight, J.L. 1988 Economic Geology. IN 'Victorian Geology Excursion Guide' Clark I., Cook B., Cochrane G.C. (eds) Australian Academy of Science and Geological Society of Australia (Victorian Division) Section 9 pp81-93
Usage: Mentioned (p88) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments:
REFID: 41423 Laurie, J.R. 1988 Revision of some Australian Ptychagnostinae (Agnostida, Cambrian). Alcheringa 12(4) p269-294
Usage: Mentioned (p284) Comments:
REFID: 45168 Lau, J.E. , Commander, D.P. , Jacobson, G. 1987 Hydrogeology of Australia. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin 227
Usage: Mentioned (p6) Comments: See also Table 1.
REFID: 41517 Harris, W.K. 1985 Middle to Late Eocene depositional cycles and dinoflagellate zones in southern Australia. IN Lindsay J.M. (ed) - Stratigraphy, palaeontology, malacology. Special Publication (South Australia. Department of Mines and Energy) 5 p133-144
Usage: Mentioned (p139) Comments:
REFID: 49040 Brown, C.M. 1985 Murray Basin, southeastern Australia: stratigraphy and resource potential - a synopsis. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia, Report 264
Usage: Mentioned (p10) Comments:
REFID: 39929 Truswell, E.M. , Sluiter, I.R. , Harris, W.K. 1984 Palynology of the Oligocene-Miocene sequence in the Oakvale-1 corehole, western Murray Basin, South Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 9(4) p267-295
Usage: Mentioned (p269) Comments:
REFID: 39329 Brown, C.M. 1983 Discussion: A Cainozoic history of Australia's Southeast Highlands. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 30(4) p483-486
Usage: Mentioned (p483) Comments:
REFID: 36305 Quilty, P.G. 1980 Sedimentation cycles in the Cretaceous and Cenozoic of Western Australia in Banks M.R.,Green D.H.(eds)-Orthodoxy & creativity at the frontiers of earth sciences(Carey Symposium Feb.7-10,1977,Hobart). Tectonophysics 63(1-4) p349-366
Usage: Mentioned (p358) Comments:
REFID: 34757 Macumber, P.G. 1978 Evolution of the Murray River during the Tertiary period. Evidence from northern Victoria. Royal Society of Victoria. Proceedings 90(1) p43-52
Usage: Mentioned (p45) Comments:
REFID: 35172 Macumber, P.G. 1978 Hydrologic change in the Loddon Basin: the influence of groundwater dynamics on surface processes. Royal Society of Victoria. Proceedings 90(1) p125-138
Usage: Mentioned (p127) Comments:
REFID: 35498 Standing Committee Coalfield Geol. NSW 1978 Stratigraphy of the Coorabin Coal Measures. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Records 18(2) p141-146
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.1) Comments:
REFID: 31922 Ludbrook, N.H. 1977 Early Tertiary Cyclammina and Haplophragmoida (Foraminiferida: Lituolidae) in southern Australia. Royal Society of South Australia. Transactions 101(7) p165-197
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments:
REFID: 31713 Laing, A.C.M. , O'Shea, P.J. , Tickell, S.J. 1977 Explanatory notes on the Wangaratta 1:250 000 geological map. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 1977/4
Usage: Mentioned (p16) Comments:
REFID: 35094 Wilkinson, H.E. 1977 Geology of the Bendigo area. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 1977/3
Usage: Mentioned (p9) Comments:
REFID: 32315 Morgan, R. 1977 Stratigraphy and palynology of the Oaklands Basin, New South Wales. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 29 p1-6
Usage: Mentioned (p4) Comments:
REFID: 30936 Geological Survey of Victoria. 1976 Saint Arnaud, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/54-04, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments:
REFID: 29355 Abele, C. 1976 Tertiary - Introduction in Douglas J.G., & Ferguson J.A. (eds) - Geology of Victoria Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 5 p177-191
Usage: Mentioned (p179) Comments:
REFID: 31654 King, R.L. , Wilkinson, H.E. 1975 Bendigo, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/55-01, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments:
REFID: 29591 Australian Water Resources Council. 1975 Groundwater resources of Australia. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Table 20) Comments:
REFID: 31953 Macumber, P.G. 1974 Calivil pump test July 31 to August 23, 1974. Victoria. Department of Mines. Groundwater Investigation Program. Report 1974 p9
Usage: Mentioned (p9) Comments:
REFID: 30934 Geological Survey of Victoria. 1974 Horsham, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/54-03, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments: Equivalence with Wangerrip Group
REFID: 30935 Geological Survey of Victoria. 1974 Parts of Balranald and Deniliquin, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheets SI/54-12 & SI/55-13, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Tertiary Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments: Subsurface
REFID: 31747 Lawrence, C.R. , Macumber, P.G. 1974 Swan Hill, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-16, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Tertiary Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments:
REFID: 37873 Lawrence, C.R. , Goldberry, R. 1973 Explanatory notes to accompany Mildura 1:250 000 geological map. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 1973/3
Usage: Mentioned (p1) Comments:
REFID: 32225 Victoria. Department of Mines. 1973 Mines Department projects. Research & investigation, project No.R7. (Abstracts). Victoria. Department of Mines. Groundwater Investigation Program. Report 1972 p24-25
Usage: Mentioned (p22) Comments:
REFID: 30581 Douglas, J.G. , Spencer-Jones, D. 1973 Ouyen, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-15, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Tertiary Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments:
REFID: 31951 Macumber, P.G. 1973 Progress report on the groundwater survey of the Avoca & Loddon Valleys. Victoria. Department of Mines. Groundwater Investigation Program. Report 1972 p7
Usage: Mentioned (p7) Comments:
REFID: 31952 Macumber, P.G. 1973 Salinization of west-end swamp at Boort. Victoria. Department of Mines. Groundwater Investigation Program. Report 1973
Usage: Mentioned (p7) Comments:
REFID: 31741 Lawrence, C.R. 1973 The interrelationship of geology, hydrology and hydrochemistry of the southern Murray Basin groundwater. (Abstracts). Victoria. Department of Mines. Groundwater Investigation Program. Report 1v p6
Usage: Mentioned (p6) Comments:
REFID: 31745 Lawrence, C.R. , Goldberry, R. 1972 Mildura, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-11, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments:
REFID: 31625 Kenley, P.R. 1971 Correlation of Cainozoic rocks in the Victorian part of the Gambier embayment. IN Wopfner H.,Douglas J.G.(eds) - The Otway Basin of southeastern Australia. (See enclosure no.2). Geological Survey of SA & Geological Survey of Vic. 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Fig. 5.2) Comments: Palaeocene-Eocene
REFID: 32862 Roberts, G.T. 1970 Review of groundwater hydrology adjacent to the River Murray in South Australia - Blanchetown-Waikerie area. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 129 p154-166
Usage: Mentioned (Fig. 3) Comments: Section from boreholes
REFID: 34313 Macumber, P.G. 1969 The inland limits of the Murravian marine transgression in Victoria. Australian Journal of Botany 32(4) p165-166
Usage: Mentioned (p165) Comments:

Bibliographic references returned: 164 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.