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Red Cliff Coal Measures STRATNO: 15930
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Formal State(s): NSW , QLD
Category: Other new published name Usage: Defined Definition Card: No
Originator: Entry date: 01-JAN-88 Last Update: 24-AUG-12
Replaced by: Previously known as:
Description: Thin bedded, to laminated carbonaceous claystone and siltstone, interbedded with lenses and beds of pebble-granule conglomerate and breccia (debris flows); minor carbonaceous fine lithic sandstone; coal partings. Equivalent to the Ipswich Coal Measures
Comments: Of McElroy (1963). Same unit as McTaggart's Esk beds (1963). Not included in the Woogaroo Subgroup (Bundamba Group). Equivalent to Ipswich Coal Measures. GSNSW plan to change this unit name to Red Cliff Coal [July-2012].
Geological province: Ipswich Basin, New England Orogen
Type state: NSW Reference section type:
Maximum thickness: 600m Minimum thickness:
Unit Age Event: deposition
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Late Triassic Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Late Triassic Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Bundamba Group overlies Red Cliff Coal Measures
First Reference:
REFID: 43384 Geological Survey of New South Wales., 1962, Geological map of New South Wales. 1:1 000 000, Geological Survey of New South Wales

Definition Reference:
REFID: 34340 McElroy, C.T., 1969, The Clarence-Moreton Basin in New South Wales. IN Packham G.H.(ed) - The geology of New South Wales., Geological Society of Australia. Journal, 16(1), p457-479

Use on maps:
REFID: 23811 Henley, H.F., Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Barnes, R.G., Stroud, W.J., 2001, Grafton-Maclean 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH56-6, 7, Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, Map, Map Legend
REFID: 30911 Geological Survey of New South Wales., 1973, New England, New South Wales, 1:500 000 geological series map. 1st edition., Geological Survey of New South Wales, 1v
REFID: 32671 Pogson, D.J., 1972, Geological map of New South Wales, scale 1:1 000 000., Geological Survey of New South Wales, 1v
REFID: 32916 Rose, G., 1970, Maclean, New South Wales, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SH/56-07, 1st edition., Geological Survey of New South Wales, 1v
REFID: 43150 Wells, A.T., O'Brien, P.E., Brown, T.W., Corbett, P.J., 1994, Geology of the Clarence-Moreton Basin (1:500 000 scale map) - First edition, Australian Geological Survey Organisation, 1v, Map
REFID: 43384 Geological Survey of New South Wales., 1962, Geological map of New South Wales. 1:1 000 000, Geological Survey of New South Wales
REFID: 43468 Rose, G., 1969, 1:250 000 geological series Maclean, H56-7. Provisional Edition, Geological Survey of New South Wales


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 34340 McElroy, C.T. 1969 The Clarence-Moreton Basin in New South Wales. IN Packham G.H.(ed) - The geology of New South Wales. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 16(1) p457-479
Usage: Defined (p463) Min age from reference: Triassic Max age from reference: Triassic Comments:
REFID: 43881 McElroy, C.T. 1962 The geology of the Clarence-Moreton Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 9 p1-172 + Maps
Usage: Defined (p6-7,27-8,80-3,103,) Max age from reference: Triassic Comments: p105-6,142.
REFID: 41550 O'Brien, P.E. , Wells, A.T. , Smyth, M. , Russell, N.J. 1988 Alluvial fan and flood-basin sedimentation in the Triassic Red Cliff Coal Measures, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 35(4) p491-503
Usage: Fully described (p491) Comments:
REFID: 22857 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Volume 2 Geological Evolution. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) 666pp
Usage: Described (p284, p542 A.1 Tb.A1.11) Min age from reference: Jurassic Max age from reference: Early Triassic Comments: Lithic conglomerate and breccia, sandstone, siltstone, coal. Max. thickness: >100m. Geological Province: Ipswich Basin (under Clarence-Moreton Basin). See also p318-9 Figs. 22.10A,B.
REFID: 41631 Willis, I.L. 1989 Revision of geology in the coast range - Red Cliff area, southeastern Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 74
Usage: Described (p4) Comments: See also Fig.2
REFID: 60281 Stephenson, A.E. , Burch, G.J. 2004 Preliminary Evaluation of the Petroleum Potential of Australia's Central East Margin Geoscience Australia. Record 2004/06 69p
Usage: Briefly described (p21-22, p25) Comments: Geological Province: Ipswich Basin, Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 23812 Henley, H.F. , Brown, R.E. , Brownlow, J.W. , Barnes, R.G. , Stroud, W.J. 2001 Grafton-Maclean 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-6 and SH/56-7: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney 1v 292pp
Usage: Briefly described (P31, p35 Tb.4) Min age from reference: Late Triassic Max age from reference: Late Triassic Comments: Together with Evans Head Coal Measures considered to be equivalent to the Ipswich Coal Measures. Maximum thickness: 600m. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 23811 Henley, H.F. , Brown, R.E. , Brownlow, J.W. , Barnes, R.G. , Stroud, W.J. 2001 Grafton-Maclean 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH56-6, 7 Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney Map Map Legend
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Norian Max age from reference: Norian Comments: Thin-bedded, to laminated carbonaceous claystone and siltstone, interbedded with lenses and beds of pebble-granule conglom. and breccia; minor carbonaceous, fine-grained lithic sandstone. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 22861 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Part 6(21). Late Triassic. In: Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) p281-285
Usage: Briefly described (p284-85) Comments:
REFID: 44093 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1996 Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Volume 1 Structural Framework. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(1) 295pp
Usage: Briefly described (p72) Min age from reference: Late Triassic Max age from reference: Late Triassic Comments: See also p73 Fig. 7.3. Geological Province: Ipswich Basin.
REFID: 61310 New South Wales Department of Mineral Resources 1995 Clarence-Moreton Basin IN Stewart, R. and Adler, D. (eds.) "New South Wales Wales Petroleum Potential" - Bulletin New South Wales. Department of Mineral Resources. Coal and Petroleum Geology Branch. Bulletin 1 p5-36
Usage: Briefly described (p16, Table C1 (p22-23)) Min age from reference: Late Triassic Max age from reference: Late Triassic Comments: Consist of conglomerate, lithic sandstone, siltstone, mudstone and coal. Max. thickness: ~600m. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin. Along with Evans Head Coal Measures are equivalent to Ipswich Coal Measures. See also p15
REFID: 43150 Wells, A.T. , O'Brien, P.E. , Brown, T.W. , Corbett, P.J. 1994 Geology of the Clarence-Moreton Basin (1:500 000 scale map) - First edition Australian Geological Survey Organisation 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Late Triassic Comments: Geological Province: Ipswich Basin.
REFID: 60993 Wells, A.T. , O'Brien, P.E. 1994 Lithostratigraphic framework of the Clarence-Moreton Basin IN Wells, A.T. and O'Brien, P.E. (eds.) "Geology and Petroleum Potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p4-47
Usage: Briefly described (p6 Fig. 2, p8) Comments: Of McElroy (1963). Same unit as McTaggart's Esk beds (1963). Superseded by Ipswich Coal Measures.
REFID: 60997 Bradshaw, M. , Wells, A.T. , O'Brien, P.E. 1994 Revision of the stratigraphic position of the Towallum Basalt, Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales - Implications for Australian Jurassic biostratigraphy IN Wells,A.T.,O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of Clarence.." Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p138-143
Usage: Briefly described (p140 Fig. 2) Comments: Of McElroy (1963).
REFID: 61002 O'Brien, P.E. , Korsch, R.J. , Wells, A.T. , Sexton, M.J. , Wake-Dyster, K. 1994 Structure and tectonics of the Clarence-Moreton Basin IN Wells, A.T. O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p195-216
Usage: Briefly described (p196 Fig. 1) Comments: Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 44450 Gilligan, L.B. , Brownlow, J.W. , Cameron, R.G. , Henley, H.F. 1992 Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets Geological Survey of New South Wales 509p
Usage: Briefly described (p26) Min age from reference: Late Triassic Max age from reference: Late Triassic Comments: Overlain by Bundamba Group. Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 43001 O'Brien, P.E. , Korsch, R.J. , Wells, A.T. , Sexton, M.J. , Wake-Dyster, K.D. 1990 Mesozoic basins at the eastern end of the Eromanga-Brisbane Geoscience Transect: Strike-slip faulting and basin development; In Finlayson D.M. (ed) The Eromanga-Brisbane Geoscience Transect: A guide to basin development across Phanerozoic . Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin 232 p117-132
Usage: Briefly described (Fig.1,p118) Comments:
REFID: 37112 McElroy, C.T. 1975 Nymboida Coal-Field, N.S.W. In Traves D.M. and King D.(Eds) - Economic geology of Australia and Papua New Guinea - 2.Coal. AusIMM. Monograph Series 6 p298-299
Usage: Briefly described (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 68111 Li, P-F. , Rosenbaum, G. , Rubatto, D. 2012 Triassic asymmetric subduction rollback in the southern New England Orogen (eastern Australia): the end of the Hunter-Bowen Orogeny Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 59(6) pp965-981
Usage: Mentioned (p966 Fig.1) Comments: Ipswich Basin.
REFID: 61772 Brownlow, J.W. 1999 Recurrent patterns in the Permo-Triassic development of the NEO and its environs IN Flood, P. G. (ed.) "Regional Geology Tectonics and Metallogenesis: New England Orogen" - papers presented at a conference .... University of New England, Armidale 1999" - NEO '99 Conference University of New England. Earth Sciences 1v p127-136
Usage: Mentioned (p130 Fig. 5) Max age from reference: Late Triassic Comments: Coal Measures is C.M. in text.
REFID: 66855 Smith, J.V. , Miyake, Y. , Houston, E.C. 1998 Mesozoic age for volcanic rocks at Evans Head, northeastern New South Wales Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 45(6) p955-961
Usage: Mentioned (p955.) Min age from reference: Late Triassic Max age from reference: Late Triassic Comments:
REFID: 22860 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Part 6(20). Middle Triassic. In: Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) p273-279
Usage: Mentioned (Fig20.2p278) Comments:
REFID: 61001 Gleadow, A.J.W. , O'Brien, P.E. 1994 Apatite fission-track thermochronology and tectonics, Clarence-Moreton Basin IN Wells, A.T. O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p189-194
Usage: Mentioned (p190 Fig. 1) Comments: Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 61006 O'Brien, P.E. , Powell, T.G. , Wells, A.T. 1994 Petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin IN Wells, A.T. O'Brien, P.E. (eds) "Geology and petroleum potential of the Clarence-Moreton Basin, New South Wales and Queensland" Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 241 p277-290
Usage: Mentioned (p278 Fig. 1) Comments: Geological Province: Clarence-Moreton Basin.
REFID: 42248 Wells, A.T. , O'Brien, P.E. , Willis, I.L. , Cranfield, L.C. 1990 A new lithostratigraphic framework for the Early Jurassic units in the Bundamba Group, Clarence-Moreton Basin, Queensland and New South Wales. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(4) p397-414
Usage: Mentioned (Fig2 P399) Comments:
REFID: 41591 Korsch, R.J. , O'Brien, P.E. , Sexton, M.J. , Wake-Dyster, K.D. , Wells, A.T. 1989 Development of Mesozoic transtensional basins in easternmost Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 36(1) p13-28
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.1) Comments:
REFID: 40245 Harrington, H.J. , Korsch, R.J. 1985 Late Permian to Cainozoic tectonics of the New England Orogen. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 32(2) p181-203
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments:
REFID: 36327 Gould, R. , Shibaoka, M. 1980 Some aspects of the formation and petrographic features of coal members in Australia, with special reference to the Tasman Orogenic Zone. Geological Society of Australia. Coal Geology Group. Journal 2(1) p1-29
Usage: Mentioned (p10) Comments:
REFID: 32838 Rigby, J.F. 1977 New collections of Triassic plants from the Esk Formation, southeast Queensland. Queensland Government Mining Journal 78(909) p320-325
Usage: Mentioned (p320) Comments:
REFID: 33476 Thomson, J. 1976 Geology of the Drake 1:100 000 sheet, 9340. Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v
Usage: Mentioned (p99) Comments:
REFID: 30785 Flint, J.C.E. , Lancaster, C.G. , Gould, R.E. , Hensen, H.D. 1976 Some new stratigraphic data from the Southern Clarence-Moreton Basin. Queensland Government Mining Journal LXXVII(899) p397-401
Usage: Mentioned (p397) Comments:
REFID: 30784 Flint, J.C.E. , Gould, R.E. 1975 A note on the fossil megafloras of the Nymboida and the Red Cliff Coal Measures, Southern Clarence-Moreton Basin, N.S.W. Royal Society of New South Wales. Journal and Proceedings 108(1/2) p70-74
Usage: Mentioned (p71) Comments: List fossil megalforas found
REFID: 30911 Geological Survey of New South Wales. 1973 New England, New South Wales, 1:500 000 geological series map. 1st edition. Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Triassic Max age from reference: Triassic Comments:
REFID: 32671 Pogson, D.J. 1972 Geological map of New South Wales, scale 1:1 000 000. Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Triassic Max age from reference: Triassic Comments:
REFID: 32916 Rose, G. 1970 Maclean, New South Wales, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SH/56-07, 1st edition. Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Triassic Max age from reference: Triassic Comments:
REFID: 43468 Rose, G. 1969 1:250 000 geological series Maclean, H56-7. Provisional Edition Geological Survey of New South Wales
Usage: Not recorded (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Triassic Comments: Provisional Edition
REFID: 43383 Brunker, R.L. , Offenberg, A.C. , Rose, G. 1967 Explanatory Notes 1:3 000 000 geological map of New South Wales. Geological Survey of New South Wales 32
Usage: Not recorded (p24) Comments:
REFID: 43384 Geological Survey of New South Wales. 1962 Geological map of New South Wales. 1:1 000 000 Geological Survey of New South Wales
Usage: Not recorded (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Triassic Comments:

Bibliographic references returned: 38 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.