(New Search)
Pooraka Formation STRATNO: 15448
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Formal State(s): NSW , SA , VIC
Category: Variation of published name Usage: Defined Definition Card: No
Originator: Entry date: 01-JAN-88Last Update: 20-AUG-18
Replaced by: Previously known as:
Description: Unconsolidated red-brown poorly-sorted clayey sand, gravel, conglomerate, breccia; as colluvial sheet wash, alluvial fan and residual lag; forms extensive, coalesced, low-angle fans, high-angle talus cones and scree slopes
Comments: Occurs around basin margins. Variously referred to as Pooraka Formation I, P.F. II and P.F. III, as well as various versions of Pooraka Formation gravels - see Pooraka Formation gravels for variations. Piedmont slope distal deposit. Remnants on dissected surfaces and plateaus.
Geological province: St Vincent Basin
Type state: SAReference section type:
Maximum thickness: 450mMinimum thickness:
Unit Age Event: deposition
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Late Pleistocene Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Late Pleistocene Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Saint Kilda Formation overlies Pooraka Formation
Wiabuna Formation overlies Pooraka Formation
Hindmarsh Clay underlies Pooraka Formation
Ripon Calcrete underlies Pooraka Formation
Port Willunga Formation underlies Pooraka Formation
Gibbon Beds underlies Pooraka Formation
Taringa Formation underlies Pooraka Formation
Glanville Formation is interbedded with Pooraka Formation
Bulldog Shale underlies Pooraka Formation unconformity
First Reference:
REFID: 44660 Dalgarno, C.R., Johnson, J.E., Forbes, B.G., Thomson, B.P., 1968, Port Augusta South Australia 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SI/53-4. 1st Edition., Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia, 1v, Map

Definition Reference:
REFID: 42966 Brown, C.M., Stephenson, A.E., 1991, Geology of the Murray Basin, Southeastern Australia., Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin, 235, 430pp

Use on maps:
REFID: 23252 Cameron, R.G., 1997, Booligal 1:250 000 geological sheet, SI55-5, Geological Survey of New South Wales, 1v, Map
REFID: 30176 Coats, R.P., 1973, Copley, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SH/54-09, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 30924 Geological Survey of South Australia., 1976, Murloocoppie, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SH/53-02, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v
REFID: 33422 Taylor, J.K., 1974, Soil association map of the Adelaide region. Scale 1:50 000., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v
REFID: 34536 Thomson, B.P., 1969, Adelaide, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas 4 mile series. Sheet SI/54-09, zones 5 and 6, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 35200 Rogers, P.A., 1977, Chowilla, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-06, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 39349 Geological Survey of South Australia., 1983, Whyalla, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/53-08 Zone 5, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v
REFID: 39351 Forbes, B.G., 1983, Noarlunga, South Australia, 1:50 000 preliminary geological map resources series. Sheet 6627-IV & PT 6527-I, zone 54, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v
REFID: 39352 Geological Survey of South Australia., 1983, Geological map of South Australia, 1:1 000 000. 2nd edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v
REFID: 40911 Rogers, P.A., 1986, Abminga, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SG/53-10 zone 5, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v
REFID: 40914 Callen, R.A., 1986, Curnamona, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SH/54-14, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v
REFID: 41619 Blissett, A.H., Parker, A.J., Crooks, A.F., Johns, R.K., 1988, Yardea, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series sheet SI 53-3, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 42466 Rankin, L.R., Flint, R.B., 1991, Streaky Bay map sheet. Geological atlas 1:250 000 series sheet SI 53-2., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map legend
REFID: 42498 Belperio, A.P., 1988, Vincent map sheet. 1:50 000 geological series., Department of Mines and Energy, South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 42499 Gatehouse, C.G., 1988, Tepko map sheet, 1:50 000 geological series., Department of Mines and Energy, South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 42506 Belperio, A.P., 1988, Gawler map sheet. 1:50 000 geological series., Department of Mines and Energy, South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 42716 Flint, R.B., 1989, Elliston, South Australia 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI 53-6., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 42720 Forbes, B.G., 1989, Olary, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological sheet SI 54-2., Geological Survey of South Australia - Department of Mines Adelaide., 1v, map
REFID: 42721 Blissett, A.H., 1977, Gairdner, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological sheet SH 53-15., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 42722 Blissett, A.H., 1977, Childara, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological sheet SH 53-14., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 42733 Forbes, B.G., 1980, Adelaide 1:50 000 resource series, preliminary geological map., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 42738 Flint, R.B., Rankin, L.R., 1989, Kimba map sheet 1:250 000 geological series, SI53-7., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 43053 Cowley, W.M., Freeman, P.J., 1993, Geological Map South Australia. 1:2 000 000 scale., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 43258 Cowley, W.M., Freeman, P.J., 1994, Geological map of South Australia Prelim. edit. 1:1 000 000 (2 sheets), Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 43298 Cowley, W.M., Freeman, P.J., 1994, Geology of South Australia 1:1 000 000 Map., Department of Mines and Energy, South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 44188 Cameron, R.G., 1996, Pooncarie 1:250 000 geological map series sheet SI54-8., Geological Survey of New South Wales, 1v, Map
REFID: 44660 Dalgarno, C.R., Johnson, J.E., Forbes, B.G., Thomson, B.P., 1968, Port Augusta South Australia 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SI/53-4. 1st Edition., Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 60953 Geological Survey Branch (compiler), S.A., 2000, Geological Map of South Australia 1:2 000 000, Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 61070 Schwarz, M.P., 2003, Lincoln, South Australia, 1:250 000 map sheet SI 53-11 - Second edition, South Australia. Geological Survey. Geological Atlas 1:250 000 Series, 1v, Map
REFID: 61108 Cowley, W.M., Fairclough, M.C., 2003, Surface geology of the Gawler Craton, 1:1 000 000, preliminary edition, South Aust. Geol. Surv., map
REFID: 68068 Sheard, M.J., Callen, R.A., 2000, Callabonna 1:250 000 geological map sheet SH54-6, Geological Survey of South Australia, map


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 42966 Brown, C.M. , Stephenson, A.E. 1991 Geology of the Murray Basin, Southeastern Australia. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin 235 430pp
Usage: Defined (p211) Min age from reference: Late Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 22887 Cameron, R.G. 1997 Booligal 1:250 000 Geological Sheet SI/55-5: Explanatory Notes Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v 94p
Usage: Fully described (p50) Min age from reference: Late Pleistocene Max age from reference: Late Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 65901 Bourman, R.P. , Prescott, J.R. , Banerjee, D. , Alley, N.F. , Buckman, S. 2010 Age and origin of alluvial sediments within and flanking the Mt Lofty Ranges, southern South Australia: a Late Quaternary archive of climate and environmental change Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 57(2) 175-192
Usage: Described (p175-81, p181 Fig.4, p183-6, p183 Fig.5) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Also called Hookina Creek Formation by Williams (1982). Fluvial. Optically stimulated luminescence age. Younger alluvial sediments, ages ~ 71 - 29 ka (Quigley et al. 2007) are no longer considered part of Pooraka Formation. , 132-118 ka (Chen 1991). , Overlies Taringa Formation. Interfingers with Glanville Formation. , Red/brown sandy clay deposit with occasional gravel lenses.
REFID: 23719 Parker, A.J. , Fanning, C.M. 1998 Whyalla, South Australia. Explanatory Notes 1:250 000 Geological Series Sheet SI53-8 Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 52p
Usage: Described (p29) Min age from reference: Late Pleistocene Max age from reference: Late Pleistocene Comments: See also page 30 table 9. Overlying unit Wiabuna Formation. Underlying unit Gibbon Beds. Max. thickness 5 m.
REFID: 44133 Drexel, J.F. , Preiss, W.V. 1995 The geology of South Australia. Volume 2 - The Phanerozoic. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 54 347pp
Usage: Described (p220 Fig. 11.2, 242) Min age from reference: Late Pleistocene Max age from reference: Late Pleistocene Comments: Age: ~35,000 BP (Williams 1937b), 30,000-20,000 BP (Belperio and Bateman 1986). Thickness: 450m. Geological Province: Saint Vincent Basin.
REFID: 49038 Brown, C.M. , Stephenson, A.E. 1986 Murray Basin, southeastern Australia: subsurface stratigraphic database. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia, Report 262
Usage: Described (Table 2) Comments: Briefly described P33
REFID: 30754 Firman, J.B. 1973 Regional stratigraphy of surficial deposits in the Murray Basin and Gambier Embayment. South Australia. Department of Mines. Report of Investigations 1v
Usage: Described (p35) Comments: Stratigraphic table P22
REFID: 32547 Pain, A.M. 1972 Reconnaissance for road metal in the Tanunda district. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 132 p59-64
Usage: Described (p60) Comments: Quaternary
REFID: 31895 Lovering, J.F. , Mason, B. , Williams, G.E. , McColl, D.H. 1972 Stratigraphical evidence for the terrestrial age of Australites. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 18(4) p409-418
Usage: Described (p411) Comments: Radiocarbon age
REFID: 23818 Parkin, L.W. 1969 Handbook of South Australian Geology Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 268p
Usage: Described (p212 Fig.108, p224) Min age from reference: Late Pleistocene Max age from reference: Late Pleistocene Comments: Geological Province: St. Vincent Basin. Overlying unit: Saint Kilda Formation. Underlying units: Hindmarsh Clay and Ripon Calcrete. Max. thickness: 20 ft.
REFID: 34181 Firman, J.B. 1969 Stratigraphy and landscape relations of soil material near Adelaide, South Australia. Royal Society of South Australia. Transactions 93 p39-54
Usage: Described (p46) Comments: See also PP57,53. Pleistocene
REFID: 71317 Werner, M. , McAvaney, S.O. , Krapf, C.B.E. , Pawley, M.J. , Fabris, A.J. 2017 Geology of the Peltabinna 1:75 000 Map Sheet, Mineral Systems Drilling Program Special Map Series Geological Survey of South Australia. Report Book 2016/00025 193p
Usage: Briefly described (p144) Comments: The sand plains over Pletabinna were previously mapped as Pooraka Formation, however due to the lack of temporal correlation with these sediments and the Pooraka Formation this was not repeated in this study. , Clay, sand and carbonate earth, silty with gravel lenses.
REFID: 70660 McGowran, B. , Lemon, N. , Preiss, W. , Olliver, J. 2016 Geological Field Excursion Guide - Cenozoic Willunga Embayment: from Australo-Antarctic Gulf to Sprigg Orogeny Geological Survey of South Australia. Report Book 2016/00008 47p
Usage: Briefly described (p30, p32) Comments: An alternative name for the Christies Beach Formation.
REFID: 70384 Hore, S.B. 2015 Mount Painter Region 1:100 000 geological map Geological Survey of South Australia Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend.) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Piedmont slope distal deposit. Remnants on dissected surfaces and plateaus. Relict 1-5m thick sheets of the lower, gravelly part emerge from rangelands and some intertongue distally with the upper silty/clayey part. , Clay, silt, gravel, minor cobbles; dark yellow to orange to red-brown. Upper part mostly silty or clayey, not gibber-clad. High terrace gravels: fluvial, cobble to gravel, well-rounded polymict clasts, coarse sand matrix. Weakly-moderately cemented.
REFID: 70333 McAvaney, S.O. , Wade, C.E. , Krapf, C.B.E. 2014 Cultana 1:100 000 geological sheet 6432 Geological Survey of South Australia map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend.) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: , Clay, sand and carbonate earth, silty, with gravel lenses.
REFID: 69019 Sheard, M.J. , White, M.R. , Stoian, L. , Jagodzinski, E. 2012 Explanatory notes for Marree, South Australia 1:250 000 geological map, sheet SH54-5 Geological Survey of South Australia. Report Book 2012/00004 231p
Usage: Briefly described (p106 Fig.26, p122.) Min age from reference: Pliocene Max age from reference: Pliocene Comments: Of Firman (1966). W of Lake Blanche. Represents a distal piedmont slope deposit. Thickness from <1 to >3 m. Widely varying ages listed. , Dark yellow to red-brown clay, silt and gravel with minor cobbles forming remnant deposits on the upper parts of dissected surfaces and plateaus; much lateral facies change.
REFID: 69023 Sheard, M.J. 2009 Explanatory notes for CALLABONNA 1:250 000 geological map, sheet SH 54-6 Geological Survey of South Australia. Report Book 2009/01
Usage: Briefly described (p128) Min age from reference: Holocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Defined by Firman (1966); named after the Adelaide suburb of Pooraka. Found to be widespread as sedimentary aprons around the Mount Lofty and Flinders Ranges. Forms remnant deposits on the upper parts of dissected surfaces and plateaus. Variable thickness: <1 to ~3m. , Unconformably overlies Bulldog Shale. , Clay, silt and gravel with minor cobbles; dark yellow to red-brown; lower parts more clay-rich; well-developed calcareous soil horizons with earthy to pisolitic carbonate or gypsum segregations are common in basal parts.
REFID: 64705 Hillis, R.R. , Sandiford, M. , Reynolds, S.D. , Quigley, M.C. 2008 Present-day stresses, seismicity and Neogene-to-Recent tectonics of Australia's 'passive' margins: intraplate deformation controlled by plate boundary forces IN Johnson, H. et al (eds.) "The Nature and Origin of Compression in Passive Margins" Geological Society of London. Special Publication. 306 p71-90
Usage: Briefly described (p80 Fig. 7d (photo)) Min age from reference: Quaternary Max age from reference: Quaternary Comments: Age: <120,000a. Sediments.
REFID: 69649 Ferris, G.M. , Fairclough, M.C. 2007 Explanatory notes for the CHILDARA 1:250 000 geological map, sheet SH53-14 South Australia. Department of Primary Industries and Resources. Report Book 2007/8 64p
Usage: Briefly described (p33) Comments: Forms an apron of variable thickness over much of eastern CHILDARA. , Alluvial, reddish-brown, sandy clay.
REFID: 62096 Quigley, M.C. , Cupper, M.L. , Sandiford, M. 2006 Quaternary faults of southern-central Australia: palaeoseismicity, slip rates and origin Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 53(2) p285-301
Usage: Briefly described (p288) Comments: Variously referred to as Pooraka Formation I, P.F. !! and P.F. III, as well as various versions of Pooraka Formation gravels - see Pooraka Formation gravels for variations.
REFID: 65922 Parker, A.J. , Flint, R.B. 2005 Yardea South Australia 1:250 000 geological series - explanatory notes; sheet SI53-3 Primary Industries and Resources, South Australia 1v 49p
Usage: Briefly described (p25 Tb. 4, p27) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Red-brown-yellowish brown gravelly to sandy clay, silt and sand; local soft carbonate. Fluvial surface unit developed around the flanks and within the Gawler Ranges. Small-scale quarrying for aggregate.
REFID: 24484 Groves, I.M. , Carman, C.E. , Dunlap, W.J. 2003 Geology of the Beltana Willemite Deposit, Flinders Ranges, South Australia Economic Geology 98(4) p797-818
Usage: Briefly described (p805) Min age from reference: Quaternary Max age from reference: Quaternary Comments: Max. Thickness: 10m.
REFID: 61070 Schwarz, M.P. 2003 Lincoln, South Australia, 1:250 000 map sheet SI 53-11 - Second edition South Australia. Geological Survey. Geological Atlas 1:250 000 Series 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Late Pleistocene Max age from reference: Middle Pleistocene Comments: Alluvial reddish brown and yellowish brown gravelly and sandy clay, silt and sand with soft earthy carbonate.
REFID: 24566 Sandiford, M. 2003 Neotectonics of southeastern Australia: linking the Quaternary faulting record with seismicity and in situ stress IN: Hillis, R.R. and Muller, R.D. (eds.) "Evolution and Dynamics of the Australian Plate" Geological Society of Australia Special Publication and Geological Society of America Special Paper 372 (spec.paper): 22(spec.pub) p107-119
Usage: Briefly described (p111, p114 Fig. 8) Comments: Includes the Wilkatana fanglomerates. Boulder conglomerates. Overlies Port Willunga Formation. Age: ca130-120Ka.
REFID: 61108 Cowley, W.M. , Fairclough, M.C. 2003 Surface geology of the Gawler Craton, 1:1 000 000, preliminary edition South Aust. Geol. Surv. map
Usage: Briefly described (map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Gravelly and sandy clay of piedmont slopes and alluvial plains, commonly gypcreted or calcreted.
REFID: 23489 Fairburn, B. 2000 Cainozoic stratigraphy of the Noarlunga Embayment MESA Journal 18 p42-47
Usage: Briefly described (p43 Table 1) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 68068 Sheard, M.J. , Callen, R.A. 2000 Callabonna 1:250 000 geological map sheet SH54-6 Geological Survey of South Australia map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Callabonna Sub-basin, Lake Eyre Basin. An equivalent unit is mapped and described. Forms remnant deposits on the upper parts of dissected surfaces and plateaus. Represents a piedmont slope distal deposit. , Clay, silt and gravel with minor cobbles; dark yellow to orange to red-brown; upper parts usually fine-grained (silty or clayey) and not gibber clad.
REFID: 60953 Geological Survey Branch (compiler), S.A. 2000 Geological Map of South Australia 1:2 000 000 Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Gravelly and sandy clay, commonly gypcreted or calcreted.
REFID: 23252 Cameron, R.G. 1997 Booligal 1:250 000 geological sheet, SI55-5 Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 44188 Cameron, R.G. 1996 Pooncarie 1:250 000 geological map series sheet SI54-8. Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Holocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Geological province: Murray Basin. Unconsolidated, red-brown, poorly sorted clayey sand, gravel, conglomerate, breccia; local calcrete intercalations and cappings; in places cemented by ferruginised silicified matrix.
REFID: 43258 Cowley, W.M. , Freeman, P.J. 1994 Geological map of South Australia Prelim. edit. 1:1 000 000 (2 sheets) Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Holocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 43053 Cowley, W.M. , Freeman, P.J. 1993 Geological Map South Australia. 1:2 000 000 scale. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 43049 Flint, R.B. 1992 Elliston, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series - explanatory notes. Sheet SI 53-6. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 40pp
Usage: Briefly described (p27) Comments:
REFID: 42457 Pledge, N.S. 1991 Occurrences of Palorchestes Species (Marsupialia: Palorchestidae) in South Australia. South Australian Museum. Records 25(2) p161-174
Usage: Briefly described (p163) Comments: of Firman (1969)
REFID: 42716 Flint, R.B. 1989 Elliston, South Australia 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI 53-6. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 42738 Flint, R.B. , Rankin, L.R. 1989 Kimba map sheet 1:250 000 geological series, SI53-7. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (map legend) Min age from reference: Quaternary Comments:
REFID: 42720 Forbes, B.G. 1989 Olary, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological sheet SI 54-2. Geological Survey of South Australia - Department of Mines Adelaide. 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 41506 Bowman, G.M. , Sheard, M.J. 1988 Definition of the Kilburn Sand: Adelaide Plains Sub-basin. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 107 p9-16
Usage: Briefly described (Fig.2) Comments:
REFID: 42506 Belperio, A.P. 1988 Gawler map sheet. 1:50 000 geological series. Department of Mines and Energy, South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 42499 Gatehouse, C.G. 1988 Tepko map sheet, 1:50 000 geological series. Department of Mines and Energy, South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 42498 Belperio, A.P. 1988 Vincent map sheet. 1:50 000 geological series. Department of Mines and Energy, South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: late Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 40502 Belperio, A.P. , Cann, J.H. , Gostin, V.A. 1986 Quaternary stratigraphy & coastal sedimentary environments, northeastern Gulf St Vincent, South Australia. IN Parker A.J.(Compiler) - One day geological excursions of the Adelaide region. 8th Aust.Geological Conv. Geological Society of Australia. South Australian Division 1v p83-98
Usage: Briefly described (p83) Comments:
REFID: 41520 Lindsay, J.M. 1985 Aspects of South Australian Tertiary foraminiferal biostratigraphy, with emphasis on studies of Massilina and Subbotina. IN Lindsay J.M. (ed) - Stratigraphy, palaeontology, malacology. Special Publication (South Australia. Department of Mines and Energy) 5 p187-231
Usage: Briefly described (Fig.5) Comments:
REFID: 40003 Shepherd, R.G. 1983 Underground water resources of South Australia. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 48 p9-66
Usage: Briefly described (Table 4) Comments:
REFID: 42733 Forbes, B.G. 1980 Adelaide 1:50 000 resource series, preliminary geological map. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (map legend) Min age from reference: Quaternary Comments:
REFID: 43071 Blissett, A.H. 1980 Childara, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series - explanatory notes. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 26pp
Usage: Briefly described (p17,Table 3) Comments:
REFID: 35232 Rogers, P.A. 1978 Chowilla, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes. Sheet SI/54-06. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 25pp
Usage: Briefly described (Table.4) Comments:
REFID: 35159 McNally, G.H. 1978 Environmental geology of the River Torrens Valley in the Adelaide Plains area. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 144 p7-16
Usage: Briefly described (p12) Comments: See also Fig.2.
REFID: 29697 Beal, J.C. , Blesing, M.V. , Bowering, O.J.W. , Cobb, M.A. , Forbes, G.G. , Johnson, P.D. , McMahon, B.K. , Selby, J. , Waterhouse, J.D. , Williams, A.F. 1976 Hydrogeology and environmental geology of southeastern South Australia. 25th International Geological Congress. Excursion Guide 32AC
Usage: Briefly described (Table 3) Comments:
REFID: 38068 Firman, J.B. 1975 Australia-South Australia. IN Fairbridge R.W.(Ed) - The encyclopedia of world regional geology, part 1: Western Hemisphere (including Antarctica and Australia). Encyclopedia of earth sciences. Vol.8. Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross Inc. 1v p61-80
Usage: Briefly described (p76) Comments: See also P77.
REFID: 24176 Coats, R.P. 1973 Copley, South Australia, 1:250 000 explanatory notes. Sheet SH/54-09, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 38p
Usage: Briefly described (p21, p22 Tb. 1) Min age from reference: Late Pleistocene Max age from reference: Late Pleistocene Comments: Reddish clay-sand with lime horizon (Loveday Soil) near top. Geological Province: Mount Painter Province.
REFID: 34180 Firman, J.B. 1969 Quaternary period. IN Parkin L.W.(ed) - Handbook of South Australian geology. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v p204-233
Usage: Briefly described (p224) Comments: See also P212
REFID: 69666 Wade, C.E. , McAvaney, S.O. , Gordon, G.A. 2014 The Beda Basalt: new geochemistry, isotopic data and its definition MESA Journal 73/2 p24-41
Usage: Mentioned (p25) Comments:
REFID: 68126 Jagodzinski, E.A. , Fricke, C.E. 2010 Compilation of new SHRIMP U-Pb geochronological data for the Southern Curnamona Province, South Australia, 2010 South Australian Department of Primary Industry and Resources, Report Book 2010/00014 50p
Usage: Mentioned (p31) Min age from reference: Paleozoic Max age from reference: Paleozoic Comments:
REFID: 65552 Whitehouse, J. 2009 Mineral systems of the Murray Basin, New South Wales Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 132 27p
Usage: Mentioned (p6, p27 App.6) Min age from reference: Late Pleistocene Max age from reference: Late Pleistocene Comments: Murray Basin unit. Derived from eastern flanks of Mount Lofty Ranges and Flinders Ranges. Hosts some silica sands resources. Mixed aeolian and colluvial deposits or outwash fans comparable with deposits along the margins of the Riverine Plain in NSW.
REFID: 62577 Puttonen, I. , Cann, J.H. 2006 Foraminiferal record of the postglacial (Holocene) marine transgression and subsequent regression, northern Spencer Gulf, South Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 53(4) p565-576
Usage: Mentioned (p566) Min age from reference: Late Pleistocene Max age from reference: Late Pleistocene Comments: Mentioned only in the context of 'Pooraka Formation equivalents' in relation to Germein Bay Formation. Alluvial deposits
REFID: 61964 Colquhoun, G.P. , Meakin, N.S. , Cameron, R.G. 2005 CARGELLIGO, New South Wales 1:250 000 Geological Sheet SI/55-6: Explanatory Notes - 3rd. edition Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v 291p +DVD
Usage: Mentioned (p175, p190) Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin. See also p192.
REFID: 23887 Harvey, N. , Belperio, A.P. , Bourman, R.P. 2001 Chapter 17- Late Quaternary sea-levels, climate change and South Australian coastal geology IN Gostin, V.A. ed., 'Gondwana to Greenhouse: Australian Environmental Geoscience' Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 21 p201-213
Usage: Mentioned (p205) Comments:
REFID: 10010 Whitehouse, J. , Roy, P.S. , Oakes, G.M. 1999 Mineral Sand Resources Potential of the Murray Basin Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mineral Resources 1999/38 74p
Usage: Mentioned (p14 Fig. 5e) Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin. Reworked colluvial outwash fans material.
REFID: 23054 Rogers, P.A. , Freeman, P.J. 1996 Warrina 1:250000 Geological Series Sheet SH53-3 - Explanatory Notes. Geological Survey of South Australia 44p
Usage: Mentioned (p30) Comments:
REFID: 43298 Cowley, W.M. , Freeman, P.J. 1994 Geology of South Australia 1:1 000 000 Map. Department of Mines and Energy, South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Mentioned (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Holocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 42469 Cowley, W.M. , Martin, A.R. 1991 Kingoonya, South Australia. 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes. Sheet SH53-11. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 64pp
Usage: Mentioned (p48) Comments:
REFID: 42813 Forbes, B.G. 1991 Olary 1:250 000 geological series - explanatory notes. Sheet SI54-2. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 47p
Usage: Mentioned (p25) Comments:
REFID: 42466 Rankin, L.R. , Flint, R.B. 1991 Streaky Bay map sheet. Geological atlas 1:250 000 series sheet SI 53-2. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map legend
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Comments:
REFID: 42475 Rankin, L.R. , Flint, R.B. 1991 Streaky Bay, South Australia. 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes. Sheet SI 53-2. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 40pp
Usage: Mentioned (p24) Comments:
REFID: 41292 Murray-Wallace, C.V. , Kimber, R.W.L. , Gostin, V.A. , Belperio, A.P. 1988 Amino acid racemisation dating of the "Older Pleistocene mar ine beds", Redcliff, northern Spencer Gulf, South Australia. Royal Society of South Australia. Transactions 112(2) p51-55
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.1) Comments:
REFID: 41362 Bowman, G.M. , Sheard, M.J. 1988 Redefinition of the Fulham Sand, Adelaide Plains Sub-Basin, South Australia. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 106 p7-15
Usage: Mentioned (p7) Comments:
REFID: 41619 Blissett, A.H. , Parker, A.J. , Crooks, A.F. , Johns, R.K. 1988 Yardea, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series sheet SI 53-3, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 41119 Sheard, M.J. , Bowman, G.M. 1987 Definition of the Keswick Clay, Adelaide/Golden Grove Embayment, Para and Eden Blocks, South Australia. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 103 p4-8
Usage: Mentioned (p8) Comments:
REFID: 41151 Sheard, M.J. , Bowman, G.M. 1987 Redefinition of the upper boundary of the Hindmarsh Clay, Adelaide Plains Sub-Basin and Adelaide/Golden Grove Embayment. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 103 p9-15
Usage: Mentioned (p14) Comments:
REFID: 40911 Rogers, P.A. 1986 Abminga, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SG/53-10 zone 5, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Quaternary Max age from reference: Quaternary Comments:
REFID: 40910 Rogers, P.A. 1986 Abminga, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 32pp
Usage: Mentioned (p19) Comments:
REFID: 40914 Callen, R.A. 1986 Curnamona, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SH/54-14, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Cenozoic Max age from reference: Cenozoic Comments:
REFID: 40149 Cann, J.H. , Gostin, V.A. 1985 Coastal sedimentary facies and foraminiferal biofacies of the St Kilda Formation at Port Gawler, South Australia. Royal Society of South Australia. Transactions 109(4) p121-142
Usage: Mentioned (p122) Comments:
REFID: 40926 Krieg, G.W. 1985 Dalhousie, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes. Sheet SG/53-11. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 64pp
Usage: Mentioned (Table 3) Comments:
REFID: 43094 Blissett, A.H. 1985 Gairdner, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series - explanatory notes. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 58pp
Usage: Mentioned (p40) Comments:
REFID: 40219 Belperio, A.P. 1985 Quaternary geology of the Sandy Point and Outer Harbour - St Kilda areas, Gulf St Vincent. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 96 p2-6
Usage: Mentioned (p3) Comments:
REFID: 39352 Geological Survey of South Australia. 1983 Geological map of South Australia, 1:1 000 000. 2nd edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: late Holocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Pleistocene to Holocene
REFID: 39351 Forbes, B.G. 1983 Noarlunga, South Australia, 1:50 000 preliminary geological map resources series. Sheet 6627-IV & PT 6527-I, zone 54, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Quaternary Max age from reference: Quaternary Comments:
REFID: 39349 Geological Survey of South Australia. 1983 Whyalla, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/53-08 Zone 5, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 38605 Benbow, M.C. 1982 Coober Pedy, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes. Sheet SH/53-06. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (p40) Comments:
REFID: 38107 Selby, J. , Lindsay, J.M. 1982 Engineering geology of the Adelaide city area. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 51
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments:
REFID: 37853 Selby, J. , Gerges, N.Z. 1981 Saline groundwater at Waterloo Corner. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 79 p16-19
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.1) Comments:
REFID: 36835 Townsend, I.J. 1981 The geology of the Eagle quartzite quarry. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 150 p31-38
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.1) Comments:
REFID: 36834 Pain, A.M. 1981 The geology of the Riverview quartzite quarry. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 150 p25-30
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.1) Comments:
REFID: 36626 Nichol, D. 1980 Koraleigh micaceous hematite deposit, South Australia. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 149 p66-p80
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.1) Comments:
REFID: 36621 Pain, A.M. , Scott, D.C. , Harris, R.J. 1980 Monument Hill sand deposit, Port Augusta, South Australia. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 149 p40-45
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.1) Comments:
REFID: 35905 Beal, J.C. 1979 Buried valley profiles, Mount Lofty Botanic Gardens. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 72 p2-3
Usage: Mentioned (p2) Comments:
REFID: 35673 Martin, M. , Pain, A.M. 1979 Para Hills quartzite quarry. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 147 p17-22
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.1) Comments: Location plan, Para Hills quartzite quarry.
REFID: 34758 Twidale, C.R. , Lindsay, J.M. , Bourne, J.A. 1978 Age and origin of the Murray River and Gorge in South Australia. Royal Society of Victoria. Proceedings 90(1) p27-42
Usage: Mentioned (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 35772 Firman, J.B. 1978 Fowler, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes. Sheet SH/53-13. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 23pp
Usage: Mentioned (p13) Comments:
REFID: 35097 Ludbrook, N.H. 1978 Quaternary molluscs of the western part of the Eucla Basin. Geological Survey of Western Australia. Bulletin 125
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.4) Comments:
REFID: 33834 Williams, A.F. 1978 Recharge investigations northern margin of the Milang Basin. Milang-Longhorne area. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 142 p7-25
Usage: Mentioned (p16) Comments:
REFID: 42722 Blissett, A.H. 1977 Childara, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological sheet SH 53-14. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v map
Usage: Mentioned (map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Presented as an equivalent of this formation.
REFID: 35200 Rogers, P.A. 1977 Chowilla, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-06, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 32432 Nichol, D. 1977 Construction materials resources, Monarto area. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 140 p21-50
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments: See also Table 1
REFID: 42721 Blissett, A.H. 1977 Gairdner, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological sheet SH 53-15. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v map
Usage: Mentioned (map legend) Min age from reference: Holocene Comments:
REFID: 30055 Callen, R.A. 1977 Late Cainozoic environments of part of northeastern South Australia. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 24(3) p151-169
Usage: Mentioned (p152) Comments:
REFID: 40442 Firman, J.B. , Lindsay, J.M. , Daily, B. , Forbes, B.G. 1976 Geology. IN Twidale C.R., Tyler M.J., Webb B.P.(eds) - Natural history of Adelaide region. Royal Society of South Australia 1v p5-42
Usage: Mentioned (p37) Comments: See also Fig.23,
REFID: 40439 Bowler, J.M. , Hope, G.S. , Jennings, J.N. , Singh, G. , Walker, D. 1976 Late Quaternary climates of Australia and New Guinea. Quaternary Research 6(3) p359-394
Usage: Mentioned (p382) Comments:
REFID: 30757 Firman, J.B. 1976 Limestone at the base of the Pleistocene sequence in South Australia. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 58 p2-5
Usage: Mentioned (p2) Comments:
REFID: 30924 Geological Survey of South Australia. 1976 Murloocoppie, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SH/53-02, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Recent Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Pleistocene - Recent
REFID: 30056 Callen, R.A. , Tedford, R.H. 1976 New late Cainozoic rock units and depositional environments, Lake Frome area, South Australia. Royal Society of South Australia. Transactions 100(3) p125-167
Usage: Mentioned (p148) Comments:
REFID: 40450 Northcote, K.H. 1976 Soils. IN Twidale C.R., Tyler M.J., Webb B.P.(eds) - Natural history of the Adelaide region. Royal Society of South Australia 1v p61-73
Usage: Mentioned (p67) Comments:
REFID: 31921 Ludbrook, N.H. 1976 The Glanville Formation at Port Adelaide. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 57 p4-7
Usage: Mentioned (p6) Comments: See also Fig.3
REFID: 30758 Firman, J.B. , Rogers, P.A. 1975 Monarto Town area. Construction materials and foundation conditions. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 137 p65-73
Usage: Mentioned (p67) Comments: Important source of fine aggregate & clay, P69
REFID: 30807 Forbes, B.G. , Richards, E.F. 1975 Regional geological mapping and cartographic procedures. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 137 p91-103
Usage: Mentioned (p101) Comments: Suggested map symbol
REFID: 33557 Turner, A.R. 1975 The petrology of the eastern Gawler Ranges Volcanic Complex. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 45
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments: Map of Gawler Range Volcanic Complex
REFID: 33422 Taylor, J.K. 1974 Soil association map of the Adelaide region. Scale 1:50 000. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Cenozoic Max age from reference: Cenozoic Comments:
REFID: 33423 Taylor, J.K. , Thomson, B.P. , Shepherd, R.G. 1974 The soils and geology of the Adelaide area. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 46
Usage: Mentioned (p14) Comments: Strat.
REFID: 30756 Firman, J.B. 1974 Upper Cainozoic stratigraphic units of the Gawler Block and Eucla Basin in South Australia. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 52 p2-4
Usage: Mentioned (p4) Comments:
REFID: 30176 Coats, R.P. 1973 Copley, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SH/54-09, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v map
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 31966 Major, R.B. 1973 Red sandy soils. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 48 p4-7
Usage: Mentioned (p6) Comments: Equivalent mentioned
REFID: 30802 Forbes, B.G. 1972 Parachilna, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes. Sheet SH/54-13. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (p10) Comments: Pleistocene age
REFID: 30753 Firman, J.B. 1972 Renmark, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes. Sheet SI/54-10. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (p15) Comments:
REFID: 30750 Firman, J.B. 1971 Riverine and swamp deposits in the Murray River tract, South Australia. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 40 p1-4
Usage: Mentioned (p3) Comments: Upper Pleistocene age.
REFID: 34536 Thomson, B.P. 1969 Adelaide, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas 4 mile series. Sheet SI/54-09, zones 5 and 6, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Pleistocene Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments:
REFID: 34069 Callen, R.A. 1969 Tertiary spring quartzites and carbonates in the eastern Flinders Ranges. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 32 p1-7
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.3) Comments:
REFID: 44660 Dalgarno, C.R. , Johnson, J.E. , Forbes, B.G. , Thomson, B.P. 1968 Port Augusta South Australia 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SI/53-4. 1st Edition. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia 1v Map
Usage: Not recorded (map legend) Max age from reference: Pleistocene Comments: Pleistocene, lithology.

Bibliographic references returned: 119 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.