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Pebbley Beach Formation STRATNO: 14998
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Formal State(s): NSW
Category: Other new published name Usage: Defined Definition Card: No
Originator: Entry date: 01-JAN-88 Last Update: 12-MAR-09
Replaced by: Previously known as:
Description: Dominated by siltstone, with minor sandstone, conglomerate and coal; channelling and cross-bedding are evident. Weakly to intensely bioturbated.
Comments: Correlated lithostratigraphically with Yadboro Conglomerate. See also the misspelt Pebbly Beach Formation.
Geological province: No province information available
Type state: NSW Reference section type:
Maximum thickness: Minimum thickness:
Unit Age
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Artinskian Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Sakmarian Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Snapper Point Formation overlies Pebbley Beach Formation
Wasp Head Formation underlies Pebbley Beach Formation unconformity
First Reference:
REFID: 32945 Runnegar, B.N., 1969, The Permian faunal succession in eastern Australia. IN Dickens J.M. (ed) - The Permian of Australia Symposium., Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication, 2, p73-96

Definition Reference:
REFID: 31081 Gostin, V.A., Herbert, C., 1973, Stratigraphy of the Upper Carboniferous and Lower Permian sequence, southern Sydney Basin., Geological Society of Australia. Journal, 20(1), p49-70

Use on maps:


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 31081 Gostin, V.A. , Herbert, C. 1973 Stratigraphy of the Upper Carboniferous and Lower Permian sequence, southern Sydney Basin. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 20(1) p49-70
Usage: Defined (p59) Min age from reference: early Artinskian Max age from reference: late Sakmarian Comments: See also P60-62. ?Late Sakmarian to Early Artinskian.
REFID: 60285 Bann, K.L. , Fielding, C.R. , MacEachern, J.A. , Tye, S.C. 2004 Differentiation of estuarine and offshore marine deposits using ichnology and sedimentology; Permian Pebbley Beach Formation, Sydney Basin, Australia IN McIlroy, D.(ed.) "The Application of Ichnology to Palaeoenvironmental and Stratigraphic Geological Society of London. Special Publication. 228 p179-211
Usage: Fully described (p179-182) Min age from reference: Sakmarian Max age from reference: Sakmarian Comments: Basal unit of Shoalhaven Group. Overlies Wasp Head Formation. Overlain by Snapper Point Formation. Weakly to intensley bioturbated sandstone to siltstone, minor claystone. Marine and estuarine, with nine facies defined. Trace fossils descibed in detail.
REFID: 29752 Bembrick, C.S. , Holmes, G.G. 1976 An interpretation of the subsurface geology of the Nowra-Jervis Bay area. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Records 18(1) p5-68
Usage: Fully described (p25) Comments:
REFID: 63832 Fielding, C.R. , Frank, T.D. , Birgenheier, L.P. , Rygel, M.C. , Jones, A.T. , Roberts, J. 2008 Stratigraphic imprint of the Late Palaeozoic Ice Age in eastern Australia: a record of alternating glacial and nonglacial climate regime Geological Society of London. Journal 165 p129-140
Usage: Described (p131 fig 2, p136, 137) Min age from reference: Kungurian Max age from reference: Sakmarian Comments: Of Sydney Basin. Sixth (P2) glaciation. Indicates large-scale relative sea-level changes. , Unit in Shoalhaven Group. , Overlies Wasp Head Formation. Is overlain by Snapper Point Formation. , Lower part consists of 22 cycles (cyclothems) of diamictite and dark grey marine mudrock with a hiatal surface between each facies. Overlain by mudrocks and sandstones, then marine strata incised by estuarine channel fills.
REFID: 24552 Reid, C.M. 2003 Permian Bryozoa of Tasmania and New South Wales: systematics and their use in Tasmanian biostratigraphy Association of Australasian Palaeontologists, Memoir 28 133p
Usage: Described (p5 Fig.2) Min age from reference: Artinskian Max age from reference: Sakmarian Comments: Overlies Wasp Head Fm, conformably overlain by Snapper Point Fm. Laminated or thin bedded mudstone to fine sandstone, interbedded hummocky cross-stratified + bioturbated sandstone, + conglomerate. Glendonites and dropstones indicate cold climate.
REFID: 39308 Herbert, C. , Helby, R. 1980 Part C - Excursion Guide. IN Herbert C.,Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p449-539
Usage: Described (p534) Comments:
REFID: 63773 Thomas, S.G. , Fielding, C.R. , Frank, T.D. 2007 Lithostratigraphy of the late Early Permian (Kungurian) Wandrawandian Siltstone, New South Wales: record of glaciation? Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 54(8) 1057-1071
Usage: Briefly described (p1058 Fig. 2, p1069) Min age from reference: Early Permian Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: Of Shoalhaven Group. Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 62043 Fielding, C.R. , Bann, K.L. , MacEachern, J.A. , Tye, S.C. , Jones, B.G. 2006 Cyclicity in the nearshore marine to coastal, Lower Permian, Pebbley Beach Formation, southern Sydney Basin, Australia: a record of relative sea-level fluctuations at the close of the Late Palaeozoic Gondwanan ice age Sedimentology 53(2) p435-463
Usage: Briefly described (pp435-461.) Min age from reference: Artinskian Max age from reference: Sakmarian Comments: Southern Sydney Basin. Preserves a shallow marine record of one glacial interval, and its immediate postglacial period, of the Late Permian Gondwanan Ice Age. Lateral equivalent of the Yadboro Conglomerate and Yarrunga Coal Measures. The article subdivides the upper part of this unit into nine discrete sequences and provides a detailed facies analysis of each. , Unit in Shoalhaven Group. , Is overlain by Snapper Point Formation. , Sandstone, siltstone; lesser mudstone.
REFID: 60281 Stephenson, A.E. , Burch, G.J. 2004 Preliminary Evaluation of the Petroleum Potential of Australia's Central East Margin Geoscience Australia. Record 2004/06 69p
Usage: Briefly described (p57) Min age from reference: Early Permian Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: Of the Shoalhaven Group. Dominated by siltstone, with minor sandstone, conglomerate and coal; channelling and cross-bedding are evident. Unconformably overlies the Wasp Head Formation near Batemans Bay. Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 60296 Archbold, N.W. 2003 Marine Early Permian (Asselian-Sakmarian) invertebrate palaeontology of DM Tangorin DDH1, Cranky Corner Basin IN Facer, R.A and Foster, C.B. (eds.) "Geology of the Cranky Corner Basin" New South Wales Department of Mineral Resources. Coal and Petroleum Bulletin 4 p155-166
Usage: Briefly described (p156 Fig.1) Min age from reference: Sakmarian Max age from reference: Sakmarian Comments: Upper part correlated with Billy Brook Formation, Rutherford Formation, Faulkner Group and Liffey Group. Lower part correlated with Cranky Corner Sandstone, Allandale Formation, Bundella Formaiton, Callytharra Formation and Golden Valley Group.
REFID: 22970 Kouzmina, G. 1997 Offshore Sydney Basin. Time Stratigraphic Coastal Cross Section of the Sydney Basin. Box 2 Bureau of Resource Sciences, Petroleum Prospectivity Bulletin Plate 6
Usage: Briefly described (Plate 6) Min age from reference: Early Permian Comments:
REFID: 22591 Tye, S.C. , Fielding, C.R. , Jones, B.G. 1996 Statigraphy and sedimentology of the Permian Talaterang and Shoalhaven Group in the southermost Sydney Basin, New South Wales Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 43(1) p57-69
Usage: Briefly described (p 64) Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments:
REFID: 61315 New South Wales Department of Mineral Resources 1995 Sydney Basin IN Stewart, R. and Adler, D. (eds.) "New South Wales Wales Petroleum Potential" - Bulletin New South Wales. Department of Mineral Resources. Coal and Petroleum Geology Branch. Bulletin 1 p163-188
Usage: Briefly described (Table SY2) Min age from reference: Early Permian Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: Of the Conjola Subgroup (Shoalhaven Group). Geological Province: Sydney Basin
REFID: 43194 Tadros, N.Z. 1993 The Gunnedah Basin, New South Wales. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 12 649p
Usage: Briefly described (p129 Tb. 8.3) Min age from reference: Early Permian Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: Of Conjola Subgroup, Shoalhaven Group, Southern Sydney Basin. Deposited during a marine transgression during the Early Permian.
REFID: 42925 Jones, D.C. , Clark, N.R. 1991 Geology of the Penrith 1:100 000 sheet 9030. New South Wales. Department of Minerals and Energy 1v 202pp
Usage: Briefly described (Table 18) Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments:
REFID: 49644 Archbold, N.W. , Dickins, J.M. 1989 Australian Phanerozoic timescales. 6 Permian. A standard for the Permian system in Australia. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Record 89/ 36 17pp
Usage: Briefly described (Table) Comments:
REFID: 39305 Runnegar, B. 1980 Biostratigraphy of the Shoalhaven Group. IN Herbert C., Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p376-382
Usage: Briefly described (p378) Comments: Fossil occurrences
REFID: 24079 Bembrick, C.S. , Lonergan, A.D. 1976 Sydney Basin IN Economic Geology of Australia and Papua New Guinea 3. Petroleum. Leslie, R.B., Evans, H.J. & Knight, C.L. (Editors) AusIMM. Monograph Series 7 p426-438
Usage: Briefly described (p432) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments: Of Conjola Subgroup. Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 45090 Mayne, S.J. , Nicholas, E. , Bigg-Wither, A.L. , Rasidi, J.S. , Raine, M.J. 1974 Geology the Sydney Basin - a review. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin 149 229pp
Usage: Briefly described (p7) Comments: Correlation chart. Isopach map P34.
REFID: 66577 Bray, A. , Hatherly, P. , Fergusson, C.L. 2010 Seismic reflection evidence for the evolution of the Camden Syncline and Lapstone Structural Complex, central Sydney Basin, Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 57 993-1004
Usage: Mentioned (p997 Fig.2.) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments: , Unit in Shoalhaven Group. , Overlain by Snapper Point Formation.
REFID: 61612 Fielding, C.R. , Sliwa, R. , Holcombe, R.J. , Jones, A.T. 2001 A New palaeogeographic synthesis for the Bowen, Gunnedah and Sydney Basins of Eastern Australia IN Hill, K.C.and Bernecker, T. (eds) "Eastern Australasian Basins Symposium: a refocused energy perspective for the future" Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia. Special Publication 1v p269-278
Usage: Mentioned (p270 Fig. 1) Min age from reference: Early Permian Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 61609 Arditto, P.A. 2001 Distribution and hydrocarbon potential of the Permian Nowra Sandstone, southern Sydney Basin, New South Wales, Australia IN Hill, K.C.and Bernecker, T. (eds) "Eastern Australasian Basins Symposium: a refocused energy perspective for the..." Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia. Special Publication 1v p239-249
Usage: Mentioned (p240 Tb. 1) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments: Of Conjola Subgroup. Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 42974 Le Roux, J.P. , Jones, B.G. 1994 Lithostratigraphy and depositional environment of the Permian Nowra Sandstone in the southwestern Sydney Basin, Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 41(3) p191-203
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2,p192) Comments: of Shoalhaven Group
REFID: 40166 Slansky, J.M. 1985 Geochemistry of high-temperature coal ashes and the sedimentary environment of the New South Wales coals, Australia. International Journal of Coal Geology 5(4) p339-376
Usage: Mentioned (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 37924 Herbert, C. 1981 Late Palaeozoic glacigenic sediments of the southern Sydney Basin, New South Wales. IN Hambrey M.J., Harland W.B.(Eds) - Earth's pre- Pleistocene glacial record. (Cambridge Earth Sciences Series). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom 1v p488-491
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments:
REFID: 39307 Scheibnerova, V. 1980 A review of Permian foraminifera in the Sydney Basin. IN Herbert C.,Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p432-445
Usage: Mentioned (Table 22.1) Comments:
REFID: 39287 Herbert, C. 1980 Depositional development of the Sydney Basin. IN Herbert C., Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p11-52
Usage: Mentioned (p20) Comments:
REFID: 39306 Retallack, G. 1980 Late Carboniferous to middle Triassic megafossil floras from the Sydney Basin. IN Herbert C.,Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p384-430
Usage: Mentioned (p398) Comments:
REFID: 39289 Runnegar, B. 1980 Marine Shoalhaven Group, southern Sydney Basin. IN Herbert C.,Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p74-81
Usage: Mentioned (p77) Comments:
REFID: 39290 Herbert, C. 1980 Southwestern Sydney Basin. IN Herbert C.,Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p82-99
Usage: Mentioned (p88) Comments: Isopach map Fig. 5.10
REFID: 35862 Runnegar, B. 1979 Ecology of Eurydesma and the Eurydesma fauna, Permian of eastern Australia. Alcheringa 3(4) p261-285
Usage: Mentioned (p276) Comments:
REFID: 36042 Branagan, D. , Herbert, C. , Langford-Smith, T. 1979 The Sydney Basin. Science Press 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 32084 McCarthy, B. 1977 Selective preservation of mollusc shells in a Permian beach environment, Sydney Basin, Australia. Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie. Monatshefte 1977(8) p466-474
Usage: Mentioned (p467) Comments:
REFID: 31128 Gray, N.M. 1976 Engineering geology of the southern part of the Sydney Basin. 25th International Geological Congress. Excursion Guide 6B
Usage: Mentioned (p5) Comments:
REFID: 37092 Shiels, O.J. 1975 Clyde River coal-field. In Traves D.M. and King D.(Eds) - Economic geology of Australia and Papua New Guinea - 2.Coal. AusIMM. Monograph Series 6 p227-230
Usage: Mentioned (Table 2) Comments:
REFID: 37082 Stuntz, J. 1975 Regional coal geology of the main coal province of New South Wales. In Traves D.M. and King D.(Eds) - Economic geology of Australia and Papua New Guinea - 2.Coal. AusIMM. Monograph Series 6 p158-163
Usage: Mentioned (p161) Comments:
REFID: 31298 Herbert, C. 1972 Palaeodrainage patterns in the southern Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Records 14(1) p5-18
Usage: Mentioned (p16) Comments:
REFID: 29750 Bembrick, C.S. , Holmes, G.G. 1971 Preliminary report on D M Callala D D H 1. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 4 p1-3
Usage: Mentioned (p1) Comments:
REFID: 32945 Runnegar, B.N. 1969 The Permian faunal succession in eastern Australia. IN Dickens J.M. (ed) - The Permian of Australia Symposium. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 2 p73-96
Usage: Mentioned (p84) Comments: Permian. See also P88. Conjola Sub-Gp.

Bibliographic references returned: 39 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.