(New Search)
Olney Formation STRATNO: 14553
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Formal State(s): NSW , SA , VIC
Category: Other new published name Usage: Defined Definition Card: No
Originator: Entry date: 01-JAN-88Last Update: 22-AUG-18
Replaced by: Previously known as: Renmark Beds, Upper
Description: Unconsolidated to poorly consolidated, thinly-bedded, dark brown, grey, black, carbonaceous sand, silt, clay, brown coal, peat; commonly micaceous, pyritic, ferruginised; intercalated poorly-sorted fine-medium quartz sand and polymictic sand.
Comments: In part lateral equivalent to Buccleuch Formation?
Geological province: Murray Basin
Type state: SAReference section type:
Maximum thickness: 320mMinimum thickness:
Unit Age Event: deposition
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Chattian Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Bartonian Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only) Rank Status


Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Calivil Formation overlies Olney Formation unconformity
Geera Clay overlies Olney Formation
Warina Sand underlies Olney Formation unconformity
Renmark Group underlies Olney Formation
Dilwyn Formation is equivalent to Olney Formation
Winnambool Formation overlies Olney Formation
First Reference:
REFID: 31745 Lawrence, C.R., Goldberry, R., 1972, Mildura, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-11, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v

Definition Reference:
REFID: 42966 Brown, C.M., Stephenson, A.E., 1991, Geology of the Murray Basin, Southeastern Australia., Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin, 235, 430pp

Use on maps:
REFID: 23252 Cameron, R.G., 1997, Booligal 1:250 000 geological sheet, SI55-5, Geological Survey of New South Wales, 1v, Map
REFID: 30581 Douglas, J.G., Spencer-Jones, D., 1973, Ouyen, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-15, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 30934 Geological Survey of Victoria., 1974, Horsham, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/54-03, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 31745 Lawrence, C.R., Goldberry, R., 1972, Mildura, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-11, 1st edition., Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v
REFID: 43195 Rogers, P.A., 1995, Geology of the South-East South Australia. Second Edition. Special Map 1:500 000., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 44188 Cameron, R.G., 1996, Pooncarie 1:250 000 geological map series sheet SI54-8., Geological Survey of New South Wales, 1v, Map
REFID: 44191 Ray, H.N., 1997, Ana Branch 1:250 000 geological series sheet SI54-7, Geological Survey of New South Wales, 1v, Map Legend
REFID: 60461 Edwards, J., Moore, D.H., Lynn, S., 2001, Wedderburn 1:100 000 geological map, Geological Survey of Victoria, 1v, map
REFID: 62405 Meakin, N.S., Colquhoun, G.P., Cameron, R.G., Hendrickx, M.A., Vassallo, J.J., Forster, D.B., 2006, CARGELLIGO 1:250 000 geological sheet, SI/55-6 - 3rd edition, Geological Survey of New South Wales, 1v, Map
REFID: 69163 Cameron, R.G., Colquhoun, G.P., Meakin, N.S., 2008, Hillston 1:100 000 Geology Sheet 8031, Geological Survey of New South Wales, map


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 22887 Cameron, R.G. 1997 Booligal 1:250 000 Geological Sheet SI/55-5: Explanatory Notes Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v 94p
Usage: Defined (p33, Fig.6 p13) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Early Eocene Comments: Probably equivalent to upper 'Renmark beds'.
REFID: 22799 Ray, H.N. 1996 Ana Branch 1:250 000 geological sheet explanatory notes Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v
Usage: Defined (p28) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments:
REFID: 42966 Brown, C.M. , Stephenson, A.E. 1991 Geology of the Murray Basin, Southeastern Australia. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin 235 430pp
Usage: Defined (p100) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments: Of the Renmark Group.
REFID: 61964 Colquhoun, G.P. , Meakin, N.S. , Cameron, R.G. 2005 CARGELLIGO, New South Wales 1:250 000 Geological Sheet SI/55-6: Explanatory Notes - 3rd. edition Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v 291p +DVD
Usage: Fully described (p14 Fig. 4, p139-141) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Late Eocene Comments: Of Renmark Group. Detailed lithology given. Commonly micaceous, pyritic or ferruginised horizons present. Unconformable below Calivil Formation. Thickness: 128m in type-section Victoria. Geological Province: Murray Basin. See also age discussion p.143
REFID: 22893 Cameron, R.G. 1996 Geology of the POONCARIE 1:250 000 map, SI/54-8: Explanatory Notes Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v 108pp
Usage: Fully described (p25-28) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Middle Eocene Comments:
REFID: 60452 Edwards, J. , Moore, D.H. , Lynn, S.F. , Bibby, L.M. 2001 Wedderburn - 1:100 000 Map Area Geological Report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 122 113p
Usage: Described (p33) Min age from reference: Middle Eocene Max age from reference: Early Eocene Comments: Formerly the 'upper' Renmark Beds (Harris, 1996). Now upgraded to formation status. Disconformably overlain by the Calivil Formation, unconformably overlain by Murray Group. Overlies: Warina Sand conformably. Age: 45Ma. Max. Thickness: 300m.
REFID: 60491 Bibby, L.M. , Moore, D.H. 1998 Charlton 1:100 000 map geological report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 116 92
Usage: Described (p15) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments: Of the Renmark Group. Overlies the Warina Sand. Overlain by the Geera Clay. Geological Province: Murray Basin
REFID: 22971 Maher, S. , VandenBerg, A.H.M. , McDonald, P.A. , Sapurmas, P. 1997 The geology and prospectivity of the Wangaratta 1:250 000 map sheet area Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 46
Usage: Described (p 26) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments: Of the Renmark Group.
REFID: 43218 Knight, L.A. , McDonald, P.A. , Frankel, E. , Moore, D.H. 1995 A preliminary appraisal of the pre-Tertiary infrabasins beneath the Murray Basin, northwestern Victoria Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 16 137p
Usage: Described (Fig.3,p22) Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments: Of the Renmark Group.
REFID: 42881 Jacobson, G. , Ferguson, J. , Evans, W.R. 1994 Groundwater-discharge playas of the Mallee region, Murray Basin, southeast Australia. In Rosen, M.R. (ed) Paleoclimate and Basin Evolution of Playa Systems. Geological Society of America. Special Paper 289 p81-96
Usage: Described (Fig.3, P84) Comments:
REFID: 42827 Douglas, J.G. , Ferguson, J.A. 1988 Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Victorian Division 1v 668p
Usage: Described (p268) Comments: see also Fig 8.3. Of Renmark Group.
REFID: 49038 Brown, C.M. , Stephenson, A.E. 1986 Murray Basin, southeastern Australia: subsurface stratigraphic database. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia, Report 262
Usage: Described (Table 2) Comments: Briefly described p24.
REFID: 38293 Yoo, E.K. 1982 Geology and coal resources of the northern part of the Oaklands Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 49 p15-27
Usage: Described (p22) Comments:
REFID: 31746 Lawrence, C.R. , Abele, C. 1976 Tertiary - Murray Basin. IN Douglas J.G.,Ferguson J.A.(eds) - Geology of Victoria. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 5 p191-198
Usage: Described (p194) Comments:
REFID: 71593 Schofield, A. 2018 Regional geology and mineral systems of the Stavely Arc, western Victoria Geoscience Australia. Record 2018/02 220p
Usage: Briefly described (p52-p54) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Oligocene Comments: , Renmark Group
REFID: 70718 Carlton, A. A. 2016 Geophysical - Geological interpretation notes: Hay SI/55-09 1:250 000 map sheet. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Report GS2011/0800 129p
Usage: Briefly described (p17, p24-p25, p103) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Early Eocene Comments: Murray Basin. Previously the Upper Renmark Beds. Is one of the primary aquifers in the Hay map sheet area. Informally subdivided into an upper, middle and lower units. Up to 300m thick. Hosts more lignitic coal than any other formation in the Murray Basin. Deposition was intermittent in the eastern part of the Murray Basin. A second lithology description is provided in the appendix, p103. , Renmark Group , Terrigenous clastic sands and clays with common interbeds of lignitic brown coal and peat.
REFID: 69798 Davidson, J.C. , Fahey, M.E. 2014 Interpreting the Oaklands Basin: morphology, stratigraphy and petroleum potential Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 142 23p
Usage: Briefly described (p4 Fig.2, p11) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments: Murray Basin. Appears as Onley Formation in Fig.2. Seismic profiles. , Renmark Group.
REFID: 65552 Whitehouse, J. 2009 Mineral systems of the Murray Basin, New South Wales Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 132 27p
Usage: Briefly described (p5 Fig. 3, p6) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Early Eocene Comments: Of Renmark Group. Predominantly fluvial and lacustrine unit deposited contemporaneously with the marine Murray Group, Winnambool and Ettrick formations and Geera Clay. Underlies Wunghnu Group units, unconformably overlies Warina Sand.
REFID: 66012 Stuart-Smith, P.G. , Thost, D.E. 2009 Skipton 1:100 000 geological sheet 7522, Victoria; geological report, as appendix IN: Vandenberg, A.H.M. 'Rock Unit Names in western Victoria, seamless geology project' Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 130, Appendix 36 unnumbered pages
Usage: Briefly described (p17) Comments: In Murray Basin. Of Renmark Group. Probable correlative of Dilwyn Formation , , , , ,
REFID: 69163 Cameron, R.G. , Colquhoun, G.P. , Meakin, N.S. 2008 Hillston 1:100 000 Geology Sheet 8031 Geological Survey of New South Wales map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Tertiary Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments: Murray Basin. , Unconsolidated to poorly consolidated, thinly-bedded, dark brown, grey, black, carbonaceous sand, silt, clay, brown coal, peat; commonly micaceous, pyritic, ferruginised; intercalated poorly-sorted fine-medium quartz sand and polymictic sand.
REFID: 67462 Hou, B. , Zang, W. , Fabris, A. , Keeling, J. , Stoian, L. , Fairclough, M. 2007 Palaeodrainage and Tertiary coastal barriers of South Australia. Digital geological map of South Australia 1:2 000 000 series. Preliminary edition Primary Industries and Resources, South Australia map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend.) Min age from reference: Early Miocene Max age from reference: Late Eocene Comments: Murray Basin.
REFID: 65969 Moore, D.H. 2006 Bendigo 1:250 000 and part of Deniliquin 1:250 000 map areas: a geological interpretation of geophysical data Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 86 35pp +2 App
Usage: Briefly described (p27 Tb.3.3, p30-1) Min age from reference: Early Oligocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments: Of Renmark Group. Fluvial to paralic carbonaceous silt and clay; minor lignite: four resources identified by CRA Exploration but had excess ash, sulfur and overburden. Unconformable on Paleozoic basement. Upper contact is erosional with Calivil Formation. Over 100 m thick in the north of the BENDIGO 1:250 000 sheet. No magnetic response.
REFID: 62405 Meakin, N.S. , Colquhoun, G.P. , Cameron, R.G. , Hendrickx, M.A. , Vassallo, J.J. , Forster, D.B. 2006 CARGELLIGO 1:250 000 geological sheet, SI/55-6 - 3rd edition Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Tertiary Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments: Unconsolidated to poorly consol'd, thinly bedded, dark brown, grey, black carbonaceous sand, silt, clay, brown coal, peat; commonly micaceous, pyritic, ferruginised. Includes intercalations of poorly sorted, fine- to med.gr. quartz sand +polymictic sand.
REFID: 68194 Williams, B. , House, E.R. 2006 The regolith of the Rupanyup 1:100 000 map area Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 89 CD-ROM
Usage: Briefly described (p23) Comments: , Unit in Renmark Group. , Overlies Warina Sand. , Carbonaceous siltstone and claystone.
REFID: 61837 Robertson, I.D.M. , Tokarev, V. , Gostin, V. 2005 Mount Lofty Ranges, South Australia IN Anand, R.R. and de Broekert, P. (eds.) "Regolith Landscape Evolution Across Australia: a compilation of regolith landscape case studies with regolith landscape evolution models" CRC LEME (Cooperative Research Centre for Landscape Environments and Mineral Exploration)
Usage: Briefly described (p216) Min age from reference: Middle Eocene Max age from reference: Middle Eocene Comments: Carbonaceous silt, siltstone, sand and kaolinitic clay interbedded with lignite brown coal. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 66286 Paine, M. 2005 Sedimentology of the Bondi Main heavy mineral beach placer deposit, Murray Basin, southeastern Australia Sedimentary Geology 174 177-195
Usage: Briefly described (p179.) Comments: , Unit in Renmark Group. , Overlies Warina Sand. , Interbedded fluvio-lacustrine sands, silts and clays.
REFID: 60538 McGowran, B. , Holdgate, G.R. , Li, Q. , Gallagher, S.J. 2004 Cenozoic stratigraphic succession in southeastern Australia Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 51(4) p459-496
Usage: Briefly described (p480 Fig. 19) Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 68189 Moore, D.H. 2004 St Arnaud 1:250 000 map; a geological interpretation of the geophysical data Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 82
Usage: Briefly described (p3, p26, p27 Tb.3.2, p33) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments: The oldest unit recorded in ST ARNAUD. Middle Eocene to Lower Miocene age. Time equivalent of the upstream White Hills Granite in ST ARNAUD. Fluvial to paludal depositional environment. , Of the Renmark Group. , Disconformably overlain by the Parilla Sand. Overlain by the Geera Clay. Overlain by the Winnambool Formation. , Comprises carbonaceous sand, silt and clay, lignite.
REFID: 24551 Birch, W.D. (ed.) 2003 Geology of Victoria Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 23 842p
Usage: Briefly described (p320, p731 Table 17.1) Comments: Of the Renmark Group. Max thickness: 200m.
REFID: 50154 Morand, V.J. , Wohlt, K.E. , Cayley, R.A. , Taylor, D.H. , Kemp, A.I.S. , Simons, B.A. , Magart, A.P.M. 2003 Glenelg Special Map Area - Geological Report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 123 256p
Usage: Briefly described (p26, p132) Comments: Of the Renmark Group. Overlies the Warina Sand. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 63887 Fabris, A. 2002 Northwestern Murray Basin - stratigraphy, sedimentology and geomorphology MESA Journal 27 p20-24
Usage: Briefly described (p20, p21 Fig. 1) Min age from reference: Early Oligocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Of Renmark Group. Floodplain and swamp environments dominates, resulting in deposition of carbonaceous sand, clay and silt.
REFID: 24105 Hughes, M.J. , Carey, S.P. 2002 Palaeodrainage development of the Victorian Uplands, Victoria, Australia IN Phillips, G.N. and Ely, K.S. (Editors) Victoria Undercover: Benalla 2002 Conference proceedings and field guide: collaborative geoscience in northern Victoria CSIRO p155-159
Usage: Briefly described (p158) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Late Eocene Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin. Underlying Unit: Warina Sand.
REFID: 60451 Cayley, R.A. , Taylor, D.H. 2001 Ararat - 1:100 000 Map Area Geological Report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 115 324p
Usage: Briefly described (p95 Fig. 61.) Comments:
REFID: 24177 Edwards, J. , Slater, K.R. , McHaffie, I.W. 2001 Bendigo 1:250 000 map area geological report Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 72
Usage: Briefly described (p14, p69) Min age from reference: Neogene Max age from reference: Paleogene Comments: Of the Renmark Group. Overlies the Warina Sand. Age: ~45Ma. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 23884 Brodie, R.S. 2001 Chapter 13 - Salinisation and environmental geoscience: a case study in the Murray Basin IN Gostin, V.A. ed., 'Gondwana to Greenhouse: Australian Environmental Geoscience' Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 21 p153-158
Usage: Briefly described (p155 Fig.13.2) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Early Eocene Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin. Of the Renmark Group.
REFID: 60461 Edwards, J. , Moore, D.H. , Lynn, S. 2001 Wedderburn 1:100 000 geological map Geological Survey of Victoria 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Paleocene Comments: Fluviolacustrine and paludal deposits: carbonaceous silt, clay, brown coal and ligneous sand; pyritic, unconsolidated to poorly consolidated.
REFID: 23921 Roy, P.S. , Whitehouse, J. , Cowell, P.J. 2000 Mineral Sands Occurrences in the Murray Basin, Southeastern Australia Economic Geology 95 (5) p1107-1128
Usage: Briefly described (p1114) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Middle Miocene Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin. See also upper Renmark Group beds.
REFID: 10010 Whitehouse, J. , Roy, P.S. , Oakes, G.M. 1999 Mineral Sand Resources Potential of the Murray Basin Geological Survey of New South Wales, Department of Mineral Resources 1999/38 74p
Usage: Briefly described (p12 Fig. 3) Min age from reference: Early Miocene Max age from reference: Early Eocene Comments: Overlies Renmark Group. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 22857 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Volume 2 Geological Evolution. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) 666pp
Usage: Briefly described (p351, p352 Fig.24.8) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Early Eocene Comments: Of the Renmark Group. Lithologically variable carbonaceous silts. Sands and clay; local coal and lignite. Overlies the basal Warina Sand. Age: <60Ma. Max. thickness: 300m. Geological Province: Murray Basin. See also p353 Fig. 24.9.
REFID: 60599 Edwards, J. , Wohlt, K.E. , Slater, K.R. , Olshina, A. , Hutchinson, D.F. 1998 Heathcote and parts of Woodend and Echuca 1:100 000 map area geological report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 108 212pp, 6 maps, 1 disk (3 1/2 in)
Usage: Briefly described (p15, p84) Min age from reference: Early Pliocene Max age from reference: Middle Eocene Comments: In the upper part of Renmark Group. Fine-grained marginal marine deposits. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 22773 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Part 8(24). Cainozoic. In: Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) p331-359
Usage: Briefly described (p340,351,Fig24.8p352) Min age from reference: Oligocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments:
REFID: 44191 Ray, H.N. 1997 Ana Branch 1:250 000 geological series sheet SI54-7 Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v Map Legend
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Middle Miocene Comments: Informally subdivided into Lower, Middle and Upper Olney Formation.
REFID: 23252 Cameron, R.G. 1997 Booligal 1:250 000 geological sheet, SI55-5 Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments: Of Renmark Group. The main basal unit for the Bolligal sheet area. Informally divided into Upper, Middle and Lower Olney Formation.
REFID: 61185 Edwards, J. , Olshina, A. , Slater, K.R. 1997 Nagambie and part of Yea 1:100 000 map geological report Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 109 142pp, 5 maps, 1 disk (3 1/2in)
Usage: Briefly described (p57, p15) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Middle Eocene Comments: In upper part of Renmark Group. Fine grained and relatively well-sorted distal deposits. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 44188 Cameron, R.G. 1996 Pooncarie 1:250 000 geological map series sheet SI54-8. Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Miocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments: Of the Renmark Group. Geological province: Murray Basin. Unconsolidated to poorly consolidated, thinly bedded, dark brown, grey, black, carbonaceous sand, silt, clay, brown coal, peat; commonly micaceous, pyritic, ferruginised.
REFID: 43195 Rogers, P.A. 1995 Geology of the South-East South Australia. Second Edition. Special Map 1:500 000. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Early Oligocene Max age from reference: Middle Eocene Comments: See also commentary on back of map. Of Renmark Group.
REFID: 61314 New South Wales Department of Mineral Resources 1995 Murray Basin IN Stewart, R. and Adler, D. (eds.) "New South Wales Wales Petroleum Potential" - Bulletin New South Wales. Department of Mineral Resources. Coal and Petroleum Geology Branch. Bulletin 1 p113-134
Usage: Briefly described (p129) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Comments: Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 61155 Langford, R.P. , Wilford, G.E. , Truswell, E.M. , Isern, A.R. 1995 Palaeogeographic Atlas of Australia: CAINOZOIC Australian Geological Survey Organisation 10 37p
Usage: Briefly described (p3, p18) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Middle Eocene Comments: Of the Renmark Group. Unconsolidated carbonaceous clastics - sands, silts, clays and peaty coals. Overlies Warina Sand. Overlain by and interfingers with Geera Clay. Thickness: 350m. Geological Province: Murray Basin.
REFID: 43841 Holdgate, G. 1995 The exploration potential of the Permian Numurkah Trough and Ovens Graben, Victoria Victorian Initiative for Minerals and Petroleum Report 3 30pp
Usage: Briefly described (8) Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments:
REFID: 44133 Drexel, J.F. , Preiss, W.V. 1995 The geology of South Australia. Volume 2 - The Phanerozoic. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 54 347pp
Usage: Briefly described (p158, 152 Fig. 10.2) Min age from reference: Middle Miocene Max age from reference: Middle Eocene Comments: Of the Renmark Group. Geological Province: Murray Basin. Includes: Moorlands Lignite Member
REFID: 42648 Wootton, P. , Doyle, J.F. , Balfe, P.E. , Barton, C.M. , Black, T.M. , Bolger, P.F. , Bowman, R.G. , Sutcliffe, G. 1993 Chapter 2. Geological setting of deposits. IN A.J.Hargraves & C.H.Martin (eds) - Australasian Coal Mining Practice. 2nd edn. AusIMM. Monograph Series 12 p31-55
Usage: Briefly described (p45) Comments: Renmark Group
REFID: 42127 Lindsay, J.M. , Barnett, S.R. 1989 Aspects of stratigraphy and structure in relation to the Woolpunda Groundwater Interception Scheme, Murray Basin, South Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p219-225
Usage: Briefly described (p219) Comments: See also Fig.3
REFID: 42125 Brown, C.M. 1989 Structural and stratigraphic framework of groundwater occurrence and surface discharge in the Murray Basin, southeastern Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p127-146
Usage: Briefly described (p132) Comments:
REFID: 41868 Douglas, J.G. , Ferguson, J.A. 1988 Geology of Victoria. Chapter 12: Economic geology. Geological Society of Australia. Victorian Division 1v p453-602
Usage: Briefly described (p551) Comments:
REFID: 41136 Martin, H.A. 1987 Cainozoic history of vegetation and climate of the Lachlan River Region, New South Wales. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 109(4) p213-257
Usage: Briefly described (p215) Comments:
REFID: 34813 Woolley, D.R. 1978 Cainozoic sedimentation in the Murray drainage basin,New South Wales section. Royal Society of Victoria. Proceedings 90(1) p61-65
Usage: Briefly described (p63) Comments: Mention on P62 also.
REFID: 68715 Hou, B. , Fabris, A.J. , Michaelsen, B.H. , Katona, L.F. , Keeling, J.L. , Stoian, L. , Wilson, T.C. , Fairclough, M.C. , Cowley, W.M. 2012 Paleodrainage and Cenozoic coastal barriers of South Australia: new map and GIS dataset MESA Journal 66 26-32
Usage: Mentioned (p31 Fig.5) Min age from reference: Chattian Max age from reference: Bartonian Comments: Murray Basin. , Renmark Group.
REFID: 22587 Alley, N.F. , Krieg, G.W. , Callen, R.A. 1996 Early Tertiary Eyre Formation, lower Nelly Creek, southern Lake Eyre Basin, Australia: palynological dating of macrofloras and silcrete, and palaeoclimatic interpretation Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 43(1) p71-84
Usage: Mentioned (p79 Fig.7) Min age from reference: Early Miocene Max age from reference: Middle Eocene Comments:
REFID: 43780 Macphail, M.K. 1996 Palynostratigraphy of the Murray Basin, inland southeastern Australia. Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Record 1996/57 1-38 + Figures, Plates and Appendice
Usage: Mentioned (p6) Comments:
REFID: 43791 Macphail, M.K. , Kellett, J.R. 1993 Palynostratigraphy of the Bookpurnong Beds and related Late Miocene - Early Pliocene facies in the central west Murray Basin, part 1: dinoflagellates AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 14(4) 371-382
Usage: Mentioned (p372, Fig1) Comments:
REFID: 43804 Macphail, M.K. , Kellett, J.R. , Rexilius, J.P. , O'Rorke, M.E. 1993 The "Geera Clay equivalent" : a regressive marine unit in the Renmark Group that sheds new light on the age of the Mologa weathering surface in the Murray Basin. AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 14(1) p47-63
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2,p49) Comments:
REFID: 42813 Forbes, B.G. 1991 Olary 1:250 000 geological series - explanatory notes. Sheet SI54-2. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 47p
Usage: Mentioned (p24) Comments:
REFID: 42184 Kenley, P.R. 1990 The discovery, exploration and development of coal in Victoria. IN Glasson K.R., Rattigan J.H. (eds.)- Geological aspects of the discovery of some important mineral deposits in Australia. AusIMM. Monograph Series 17 p347-351
Usage: Mentioned (p351) Comments:
REFID: 42130 Davie, R.F. , Kellett, J.R. , Fifield, L.K. , Evans, W.R. , Calf, G.E. , Bird, J.R. , Topham, S. , Ophel, T.R. 1989 Chlorine-36 measurements in the Murray Basin: preliminary results from the Victorian and South Australian Mallee region. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p261-272
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.3 P265) Comments:
REFID: 42133 Macphail, M.K. , Truswell, E.M. 1989 Palynostratigraphy of the central west Murray Basin. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p301-331
Usage: Mentioned (p302) Comments:
REFID: 42137 Brown, C.M. , Radke, B.M. 1989 Stratigraphy and sedimentology of mid-Tertiary permeability barriers in the subsurface of the Murray Basin, southeastern Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p367-385
Usage: Mentioned (p369) Comments:
REFID: 42134 Kellett, J.R. 1989 The Ivanhoe Block-its structure, hydrogeology and effect on groundwaters of the Riverine Plain of New South Wales. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p333-353
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.3 P335) Comments:
REFID: 42138 Stephenson, A.E. , Brown, C.M. 1989 The ancient Murray River system. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p387-395
Usage: Mentioned (p388) Comments:
REFID: 42126 Evans, W.R. , Kellett, J.R. 1989 The hydrogeology of the Murray Basin, southeastern Australia . BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 11(2/3) p147-166
Usage: Mentioned (p149, p158) Comments:
REFID: 23234 Cochrane, G.W. , Barton, C.M. , Canavan, F. , Holdgate, G.R. , Knight, J.L. 1988 Economic Geology. IN 'Victorian Geology Excursion Guide' Clark I., Cook B., Cochrane G.C. (eds) Australian Academy of Science and Geological Society of Australia (Victorian Division) Section 9 pp81-93
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REFID: 40820 Stephenson, A.E. 1986 Lake Bungunnia - A Plio-Pleistocene megalake in southern Australia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 57(2-4) p137-156
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REFID: 49040 Brown, C.M. 1985 Murray Basin, southeastern Australia: stratigraphy and resource potential - a synopsis. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia, Report 264
Usage: Mentioned (p10) Comments:
REFID: 39929 Truswell, E.M. , Sluiter, I.R. , Harris, W.K. 1984 Palynology of the Oligocene-Miocene sequence in the Oakvale-1 corehole, western Murray Basin, South Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 9(4) p267-295
Usage: Mentioned (p269) Comments:
REFID: 40520 Odins, J.A. , O'Neill, D.J. , Williams, R.M. 1983 A geophysical survey for groundwater in the Murray River Valley near Corowa, NSW. IN Knight M.J.,Minty E.J.,Smith R.B.(eds)-Collective case studies in engineering geology, hydrogeology and environmental geology. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 11 p280-305
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.5) Comments:
REFID: 39329 Brown, C.M. 1983 Discussion: A Cainozoic history of Australia's Southeast Highlands. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 30(4) p483-486
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.1) Comments:
REFID: 38601 Lindsay, J.M. 1983 Oligo-Miocene transgressive events in Geera Clay, Oakvale 1, northern Murray Basin. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 85 p5-12
Usage: Mentioned (p7) Comments:
REFID: 37809 Jones, J.G. , Veevers, J.J. 1982 A Cainozoic history of Australia's southeast highlands. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 29 (1) 1-12
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.7) Comments:
REFID: 35187 Taylor, G. 1978 A brief Cainozoic history of the upper Darling Basin. Royal Society of Victoria. Proceedings 90(1) p53-59
Usage: Mentioned (Table1) Comments:
REFID: 34757 Macumber, P.G. 1978 Evolution of the Murray River during the Tertiary period. Evidence from northern Victoria. Royal Society of Victoria. Proceedings 90(1) p43-52
Usage: Mentioned (p46) Comments:
REFID: 32315 Morgan, R. 1977 Stratigraphy and palynology of the Oaklands Basin, New South Wales. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 29 p1-6
Usage: Mentioned (Fig. 2) Comments:
REFID: 30934 Geological Survey of Victoria. 1974 Horsham, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SJ/54-03, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments:
REFID: 37873 Lawrence, C.R. , Goldberry, R. 1973 Explanatory notes to accompany Mildura 1:250 000 geological map. Geological Survey of Victoria. Report 1973/3
Usage: Mentioned (p1) Comments:
REFID: 30581 Douglas, J.G. , Spencer-Jones, D. 1973 Ouyen, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-15, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Tertiary Max age from reference: Tertiary Comments:
REFID: 31741 Lawrence, C.R. 1973 The interrelationship of geology, hydrology and hydrochemistry of the southern Murray Basin groundwater. (Abstracts). Victoria. Department of Mines. Groundwater Investigation Program. Report 1v p6
Usage: Mentioned (p6) Comments:
REFID: 31745 Lawrence, C.R. , Goldberry, R. 1972 Mildura, Victoria, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SI/54-11, 1st edition. Geological Survey of Victoria 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Eocene Max age from reference: Eocene Comments:

Bibliographic references returned: 85 This data is subject to Geoscience Australia's disclaimer and copyright statements.