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Mount Toondina Formation STRATNO: 13151
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Formal State(s): SA
Category: Unknown or process pending Usage: Defined Definition Card: Yes (View definition data)
Originator: Townsend I.J., Ludbrook N.H. 07-SEP-06 Entry date: 01-JAN-88 Last Update: 08-MAY-13
Replaced by: Previously known as:
Description: Siltstone and sandstone interbedded with coal, shale and rare carbonate. Depositional environments include anoxic marine-lacustrine, deltaic changing up-section to lacustrine and fluvial
Comments:
Geological province: Arckaringa Basin
Type state: SA Reference section type:
Maximum thickness: 597.4m Minimum thickness:

Unit Age Event: deposition
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Capitanian Ma: 260 % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Sakmarian Ma: 270 % from base of biozone: Age method:

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only): - Rank: - Status:

  • Mount Toondina Formation- Formation, beds- Formal

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only): - Rank: - Status:

  • Mount Toondina Formation- Formation, beds- Formal

Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Algebuckina Sandstone overlies Mount Toondina Formation unconformity
Stuart Range Formation underlies Mount Toondina Formation conformity

First Reference:
REFID: 32033 Mason, M.G., 1975, Groundwater near Giddi Giddinna Creek, northeast of Coober Pedy, South Australia., Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes, 56, p2-6

Definition Reference:
REFID: 33525 Townsend, I.J., Ludbrook, N.H., 1975, Revision of Permian and Devonian nomenclature of four formations in and below the Arckaringa Basin., Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes, 54, p2-5

Use on maps:
REFID: 30924 Geological Survey of South Australia., 1976, Murloocoppie, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SH/53-02, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v
REFID: 38604 Benbow, M.C., 1981, Coober Pedy, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SH/53-06, 1st edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v
REFID: 39352 Geological Survey of South Australia., 1983, Geological map of South Australia, 1:1 000 000. 2nd edition., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v
REFID: 42546 Blissett, A.H. (compiler), 1987, Geological setting of the Gawler Range Volcanics, Geological Atlas Special Series, 1:500 000., Department of Mines and Energy, South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 42723 Ambrose, G.J., Flint, R.B., 1980, Billa Kalina, South Australia 1:250 000 geological sheet SH 53-7., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 42736 Blissett, A.H., 1987, Geological Setting of the Gawler Range Volcanics. Geological Atlas Special Series. 1:500 000 scale., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 43053 Cowley, W.M., Freeman, P.J., 1993, Geological Map South Australia. 1:2 000 000 scale., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, map
REFID: 43258 Cowley, W.M., Freeman, P.J., 1994, Geological map of South Australia Prelim. edit. 1:1 000 000 (2 sheets), Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 43298 Cowley, W.M., Freeman, P.J., 1994, Geology of South Australia 1:1 000 000 Map., Department of Mines and Energy, South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 44289 Rogers, P.A., Freeman, P.J., 1996, Warrina, South Australia. 1:250 000 geological series sheet SH53-3., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map Legend
REFID: 44935 Daly, S.J., Crooks, A.F., Benbow, M., Flint, R.B., Forbes, B.G., 1985, Tarcoola 1:250 000 geological sheet SH53-10., Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map Legend
REFID: 60953 Geological Survey Branch (compiler), S.A., 2000, Geological Map of South Australia 1:2 000 000, Geological Survey of South Australia, 1v, Map
REFID: 61108 Cowley, W.M., Fairclough, M.C., 2003, Surface geology of the Gawler Craton, 1:1 000 000, preliminary edition, South Aust. Geol. Surv., map


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 33525 Townsend, I.J. , Ludbrook, N.H. 1975 Revision of Permian and Devonian nomenclature of four formations in and below the Arckaringa Basin. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 54 p2-5
Usage: Defined (p2) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments:
REFID: 43840 Caplygin, S. 1996 Penrhyn coal deposit -- a South Australian Exploration Initiative success MESA Journal 3 p10-12
Usage: Described (11, Fig3:p12) Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: Contains a total of 25m of coal
REFID: 23054 Rogers, P.A. , Freeman, P.J. 1996 Warrina 1:250000 Geological Series Sheet SH53-3 - Explanatory Notes. Geological Survey of South Australia 44p
Usage: Described (p18-20,36,Fig9p37) Max age from reference: Sakmarian Comments:
REFID: 41491 Gilby, A.R. , Foster, C.B. 1988 Early Permian palynology of the Arckaringa Basin, South Australia. Palaeontographica, Abteilung B 209(4-6) p167-191
Usage: Described (p171) Comments:
REFID: 38605 Benbow, M.C. 1982 Coober Pedy, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes. Sheet SH/53-06. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Described (p19) Comments: See also Table 3.
REFID: 43048 Ambrose, G.J. , Flint, R.B. 1981 Billa Kalina, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series - explanatory notes. Sheet SH 53-7. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 36pp
Usage: Described (Table 2.) Comments:
REFID: 33523 Townsend, I.J. 1976 Stratigraphic drilling in the Arckaringa Basin. South Australia. Department of Mines. Report of Investigations 45
Usage: Described (p24) Comments:
REFID: 61108 Cowley, W.M. , Fairclough, M.C. 2003 Surface geology of the Gawler Craton, 1:1 000 000, preliminary edition South Aust. Geol. Surv. map
Usage: Briefly described (map legend) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Carboniferous Comments: Spelt Mt on map legend. Glaciomarine, fluvioglacial and fluviolacustrine till, clay, silt, sand and gravel, indurated and coal-bearing in Ackaringa Basin. Geological Province: Arckaringa Basin.
REFID: 24112 Tingate, P.R. , Duddy, I.R. 2002 The thermal history of the eastern Officer Basin (South Australia): evidence from apatite fission track analysis and organic maturity data Tectonophysics 349 (1-4) p251-275
Usage: Briefly described (p270) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments: Mount is Mt. in text. Age: 270-260Ma. Geological Province: Arckaringa Basin
REFID: 60953 Geological Survey Branch (compiler), S.A. 2000 Geological Map of South Australia 1:2 000 000 Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Carboniferous Comments: Geological Province: Arcaringa Basin.
REFID: 44109 Glikson, A.Y. , Stewart, A.J. , Ballhaus, C.G. , Clarke, G.L. , Feeken, E.H.J. , Leven, J.H. , Sheraton, J.W. , Sun, S-S. 1996 Geology of the western Musgrave Block, central Australia, with particular reference to the mafic-ultramafic Giles Complex. Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Bulletin 239 206pp
Usage: Briefly described (p22 Fig. 30) Min age from reference: Permian Comments: Geological Province: central Officer Basin. Mount is Mt in text of figure.
REFID: 44289 Rogers, P.A. , Freeman, P.J. 1996 Warrina, South Australia. 1:250 000 geological series sheet SH53-3. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map Legend
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Sakmarian Comments:
REFID: 44133 Drexel, J.F. , Preiss, W.V. 1995 The geology of South Australia. Volume 2 - The Phanerozoic. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 54 347pp
Usage: Briefly described (p65 Fig. 8.3, 73, 75) Min age from reference: Artinskian Max age from reference: Sakmarian Comments: Geological Province: Arckaringa Basin. Overlies: Stuart Range Formation.
REFID: 43258 Cowley, W.M. , Freeman, P.J. 1994 Geological map of South Australia Prelim. edit. 1:1 000 000 (2 sheets) Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Carboniferous Comments: spelt Mt Toondina Formation
REFID: 43053 Cowley, W.M. , Freeman, P.J. 1993 Geological Map South Australia. 1:2 000 000 scale. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Carboniferous Comments: Geological Province: Arckaringa Basin.
REFID: 43052 Drexel, J.F. , Preiss, W.V. , Parker, A.J. 1993 The geology of South Australia. Volume 1 - The Precambrian. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 54 242pp
Usage: Briefly described (Table 2.1) Comments:
REFID: 42736 Blissett, A.H. 1987 Geological Setting of the Gawler Range Volcanics. Geological Atlas Special Series. 1:500 000 scale. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (map legend) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Carboniferous Comments:
REFID: 42546 Blissett, A.H. (compiler) 1987 Geological setting of the Gawler Range Volcanics, Geological Atlas Special Series, 1:500 000. Department of Mines and Energy, South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map legend) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Carboniferous Comments:
REFID: 44935 Daly, S.J. , Crooks, A.F. , Benbow, M. , Flint, R.B. , Forbes, B.G. 1985 Tarcoola 1:250 000 geological sheet SH53-10. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v Map Legend
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Carboniferous Comments: Arckaringa Basin and Mulgathing Trough
REFID: 38958 Hunt, J.W. 1982 Relationship between microlithotype and maceral composition of coals and geological setting of coal measures in the Permian basins of east- ern Australia.IN Mallet C.W.(ed)-Symposium on coal resources. Melb.82. Geological Society of Australia. Coal Group 1v p484-502
Usage: Briefly described (p491) Comments:
REFID: 42723 Ambrose, G.J. , Flint, R.B. 1980 Billa Kalina, South Australia 1:250 000 geological sheet SH 53-7. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v map
Usage: Briefly described (map legend) Min age from reference: Permian Comments:
REFID: 35149 Thornton, R.C.N. 1978 The geological results of the drilling of Manya No.1 and Marla No.1. South Australia. Department of Mines. Mineral Resources Review 143 p47-65
Usage: Briefly described (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 23829 Milton, B.E. 1976 Arckaringa Basin IN Economic Geology of Australia and Papua New Guinea 3. Petroleum. Leslie, R.B., Evans, H.J. & Knight, C.L. (Editors) AusIMM. Monograph Series 7 p370-372
Usage: Briefly described (p371) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments: Geological Province: Arckaringa Basin.
REFID: 13516 Price, P.L. 1997 Permian to Jurassic palynostratigraphic nomenclature of the Bowen and Surat Basins IN: P.M. Green (ed.) "The Surat and Bowen Basins, south-east Queensland" Queensland Minerals and Energy Review Series, Queensland Geological Survey 1v p137-178
Usage: Mentioned (p147, fig 5) Min age from reference: Early Permian Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: From Arkaringa Basin
REFID: 22922 Morton, J.G.G. 1997 Petroleum Geology of the Officer Basin MESA Journal 5 p31-35
Usage: Mentioned (33 fig 2) Comments: Mount spelt as 'Mt' in text
REFID: 43743 Morton, J.G.G. 1997 Petroleum geology of the Officer Basin. MESA Journal 5 p31-35
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2,p33) Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments:
REFID: 23282 Morton, J.G.G. , Drexel, J.F. 1997 The petroleum geology of South Australia. Volume 3: Officer Basin. South Australia. Department of Mines and Energy Resources. Report Book 97/19 173p
Usage: Mentioned (p84 Fig 6.2) Comments: of Arckaringa Basin.
REFID: 43690 Leven, J.H. , Lindsay, J.F. 1995 A geophysical investigation of the southern margin of the Musgrave Block, South Australia. AGSO Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 16(1/2) p155-161
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2,p157) Comments:
REFID: 23288 Zang, W. 1995 Early Neoproterozoic sequence stratigraphy and acritarch biostratigraphy, eastern Officer Basin, South Australia Precambrian Research 74 p119-175
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.5) Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: of Marla area.
REFID: 43657 Lindsay, J.F. , Reine, K. 1995 Well-log data, Officer Basin, South Australia Australian Geological Survey Organisation. Record 1995/2 p1-10 + charts
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.3,p4) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Carboniferous Comments:
REFID: 43298 Cowley, W.M. , Freeman, P.J. 1994 Geology of South Australia 1:1 000 000 Map. Department of Mines and Energy, South Australia 1v Map
Usage: Mentioned (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Carboniferous Comments: spelt Mt Toodina Formation.
REFID: 42816 Benbow, M.C. 1993 Tallaringa, South Australia 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes - sheet SH53-5. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 46p
Usage: Mentioned (p17) Comments:
REFID: 42469 Cowley, W.M. , Martin, A.R. 1991 Kingoonya, South Australia. 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes. Sheet SH53-11. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v 64pp
Usage: Mentioned (p27, p30, p55) Comments:
REFID: 42578 Cooper, B.J. 1991 Late Palaeozoic spore/pollen stratigraphy in Australia. Geological Society of India, Memoir 20 p109-129
Usage: Mentioned (Table 1 P124-125) Comments: Actually spelt Mt. Toondina Fm.
REFID: 42102 Flint, D.J. , Gravestock, D.I. , Newton, A.W. 1990 An assessment of the potential of Maralinga Lands. Mineral Resources Review, South Australia 157 p85-86
Usage: Mentioned (p86) Comments:
REFID: 41950 Aldam, R. , Kuang, K.S. 1989 An investigation of structures controlling natural discharge of artesian waters in the southwestern Great Artesian Basin. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 109 p2-9
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.3 P4) Comments:
REFID: 41689 Middleton, M.F. , Hunt, J.W. 1989 Influence of tectonics on Permian coal-rank patterns in Australia. Coal Journal 13(1-4) p391-411
Usage: Mentioned (Table 1) Comments:
REFID: 41183 Kantsler, A.J. , Cook, A.C. , Zwigulis, M. 1986 Organic maturation in the Eromanga Basin. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 12 p305-322
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.3 p308) Comments:
REFID: 39352 Geological Survey of South Australia. 1983 Geological map of South Australia, 1:1 000 000. 2nd edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Early Permian Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments:
REFID: 39265 Cooper, B.J. 1983 Late Carboniferous and early Permian stratigraphy and microfloras in eastern Australia - some implications from a study of the Arckaringa Basin. IN Proc.of symp.on Permian geol. Qld. 14-16 July 1982, Brisbane. Geological Society of Australia. Queensland Division 1v p215-220
Usage: Mentioned (Fig. 3) Comments:
REFID: 38022 Barnes, L.C. , Townsend, I.J. 1982 Opal. South Australia's gemstone. Department of Mines and Energy, South Australia Handbook No.5
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.4) Comments:
REFID: 37855 Cooper, B.J. 1981 Carboniferous and Permian sediments in South Australia and their correlation. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 79 p2-6
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments:
REFID: 38604 Benbow, M.C. 1981 Coober Pedy, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological series map. Sheet SH/53-06, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Carboniferous Comments: Carboniferous - Permian
REFID: 40637 Wopfner, H. 1981 Development of Permian intracratonic basins in Australia. IN Creswell M.M., Vella P.(eds) - Gondwana Five. Selected pap. & abstr. of pap. presented at 5th Int. Gondwana Symp. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam 1v p185-190
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments:
REFID: 36733 Ambrose, G.J. , Flint, R.B. , Webb, A.W. 1981 Precambrian and Palaeozoic geology of the Peake and Denison Ranges. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 50
Usage: Mentioned (p14) Comments:
REFID: 35845 Thornton, R.C.N. 1979 Regional stratigraphic analysis of the Gidgealpa Group, southern Cooper Basin, Australia. Geological Survey of South Australia. Bulletin 49
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.25) Comments:
REFID: 33942 Wopfner, H. 1977 Mount Toondina - ?diapir or astrobleme. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 62 p21-24
Usage: Mentioned (p21) Comments:
REFID: 35315 Barnes, L.C. , Benbow, M.C. , Krieg, G.W. , Pitt, G.M. , Harris, W.K. , Murray, L.J. 1977 Permian outcrops on the southwestern margin of the Arckaringa Basin Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 63 p2-6
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2) Comments:
REFID: 30924 Geological Survey of South Australia. 1976 Murloocoppie, South Australia, 1:250 000 geological atlas series map. Sheet SH/53-02, 1st edition. Geological Survey of South Australia 1v
Usage: Mentioned (Map legend) Min age from reference: Artinskian Max age from reference: Artinskian Comments:
REFID: 32033 Mason, M.G. 1975 Groundwater near Giddi Giddinna Creek, northeast of Coober Pedy, South Australia. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 56 p2-6
Usage: Mentioned (p2) Comments:
REFID: 33976 Youngs, B.C. 1975 The Early Permian Purni Formation of the Pedirka Basin. Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes 54 p5-12
Usage: Mentioned (p9) Comments: Similar to Purni Formation.
REFID: 33971 Youngs, B.C. 1975 The geology and hydrocarbon potential of the Pedirka Basin. South Australia. Department of Mines. Report of Investigations 44
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.18) Comments:

Bibliographic references returned: 52
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