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Marrangaroo Conglomerate STRATNO: 11364
Current: Yes Rank: Formation, beds Status: Formal State(s): NSW
Category: Variation of published name Usage: Defined Definition Card: Yes (View definition data)
Originator: Bembrick, C.S., Robertson Research (Australia) Pty Ltd Entry date: 01-JAN-88 Last Update: 19-MAR-13
Replaced by: Previously known as:
Description: Fluvial, pebbly sandstone to cobble conglomerate.
Comments: Formerly of Lithgow Coal Measures.
Geological province: No quality assured province information available
Type state: NSW Reference section type:
Maximum thickness: 4m Minimum thickness:

Unit Age
Top of unit -
Minimum age: Permian Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Base of unit -
Minimum age: Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:
Maximum age: Permian Ma: % from base of biozone: Age method:

Stratigraphic Hierarchy (current units only): - Rank: - Status:

Chemical Hierarchy (current units only): - Rank: - Status:

  • Marrangaroo Conglomerate- Formation, beds- Formal

Related units: Relationship: Contact Type:
Woonona Coal overlies Marrangaroo Conglomerate
Kulnura Marine Tongue underlies Marrangaroo Conglomerate

First Reference:
REFID: 43317 McElroy, C.T., 1957, Sydney N.S.W., 4-mile geological series explanatory Notes (first edition), Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia, 1v

Definition Reference:
REFID: 40806 Standing Committee Coalfield Geol. NSW, 1986, Stratigraphic subdivision of the Illawarra Coal Measures in the Western Coalfield., Geological Survey of New South Wales, Records, 22(1), p145-158

Use on maps:
REFID: 23219 Goldbery, R., 1996, Katoomba 8930-1 Geological Map 1: 50 000, Geological Survey of New South Wales, Map Legend
REFID: 43360 Goldbery, R., 1968, 1:50 000 geological series, Glen Davis (Provisional) First Edition, Geological Survey of New South Wales
REFID: 43362 Bembrick, C.S., Goldbery, R., 1968, 1:50 000 geological series, Olinda 8932-11 (Provisional first edition), Geological Survey of New South Wales
REFID: 43641 Watkins, J.J., Moffitt, R.S., Pogson, D.J., Hawley, S.P., Henderson, G.A.M., 1997, Bathurst, first Edition (1:100 000 geological map 8831), Australian Geological Survey Organisation and Geological Survey of New South Wales, Map


Full Bibliographic Details (ordered by usage, publication year)

REFID: 40806 Standing Committee Coalfield Geol. NSW 1986 Stratigraphic subdivision of the Illawarra Coal Measures in the Western Coalfield. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Records 22(1) p145-158
Usage: Defined (p152) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments: Prob. Permian
REFID: 23214 Pogson, D.J. , Watkins, J.J. 1998 Bathurst 1:250 000 geological Sheet. SI/55-8: Explanatory Notes. Australian Geological Survey Organisation and Geological Survey of New South Wales SI/55-8
Usage: Described (p268) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Of Illawarra Coal Measures. Consists of medium to coarse grained pebbly, quartz-lithic sandstone with minor mudstone beds. Maximum thickness: 20m. Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 22578 Herbert, C. 1995 Sequence stratigraphy of the Late Permian Coal Measures in the Sydney Basin Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 42(4) P391-405
Usage: Described (Fig.3 p393, p398) Comments:
REFID: 42657 Yoo, E.K. 1993 Stratigraphic and coal seam correlations of the Illawarra Coal Measures in the Ulan and Bylong areas, Western Coalfield, Sydney Basin, New South Wales Royal Society of New South Wales. Journal and Proceedings 126(1/2) p73-86
Usage: Described (p75) Comments:
REFID: 39232 Bembrick, C.S. 1983 Stratigraphy and sedimentation of the Late Permian Illawarra Coal Measures in the Western Coalfield, Sydney Basin, New South Wales. Royal Society of New South Wales. Journal and Proceedings 116(3/4) p105-117
Usage: Described (p108) Comments:
REFID: 34205 Goldbery, R. 1969 Geology of the western Blue Mountains. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 20
Usage: Described (p13) Comments: Charbon Sub-group
REFID: 34040 Branagan, D.F. 1969 Permian of the southern and western parts of the Sydney Basi n - Western Coalfield. IN Packham G.H.(ed) - The geology of New South Wales. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 16(1) p381-387
Usage: Described (p384) Comments: Perm. Base of coal measures
REFID: 43317 McElroy, C.T. 1957 Sydney N.S.W., 4-mile geological series explanatory Notes (first edition) Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia 1v
Usage: Described (Table 1 p10) Comments:
REFID: 60281 Stephenson, A.E. , Burch, G.J. 2004 Preliminary Evaluation of the Petroleum Potential of Australia's Central East Margin Geoscience Australia. Record 2004/06 69p
Usage: Briefly described (p61-62) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Fluvial, pebbly sandstone to cobble conglomerate. Overlaps the Wallis Creek Formation in the west where it thins out. Numerous hydrocarbon shows recorded. Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 24471 Grevenitz, P. , Carr, P. , Hutton, A. 2003 Origin, alteration and geochemical correlation of Late Permian airfall tuffs in coal measures, Sydney Basin, Australia International Journal of Coal Geology 55(1) p27-46
Usage: Briefly described (p31 Fig.3) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Of Illawarra Coal Measures. Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 24313 PESA - NSW Branch 2002 Branch News - New South Wales PESA News 61 p22-24
Usage: Briefly described (p23) Min age from reference: Early Permian Max age from reference: Early Permian Comments: Geological Province: Sydney Basin. Overlies: upper Erins Vale Formation. Underlies: Woonona Coal Member.
REFID: 68003 Barnes, R. , Dawson, M. , Spiller, F. 2002 Geology - Integration and upgrade: NSW Western Regional Assessments: Brigalow Belt South Bioregion (Stage 2). A project undertaken for the Resource and Conservation Assessment Council; NSW Western regional assessments Geological Survey of New South Wales WRA / 19 157pp
Usage: Briefly described (p38 Fig.3-j, p41.) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Western Coalfield (Sydney Basin), Brigalow Belt South Bioregion. Referred to on p41 as "Marrangaroo and Blackmans Flat Formations" (sic). Alluvial deposits sourced from Lachlan Fold Belt. , Unit in Cullen Bullen Subgroup. , Overlies Nile Subgroup.
REFID: 22857 Scheibner, E. , Basden, H. (ed.) 1998 Geology of New South Wales - Synthesis. Volume 2 Geological Evolution. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 13(2) 666pp
Usage: Briefly described (p528 App.1 Tb.A1.9) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Of the Cullen Bullen Subgroup (Illawarra Coal Measures). Quartz sandstone, pebbly coarse-grained. Max. thickness: 4m. Geological Province: Sydney Basin. See also p526 App.1 Tb.A1.9.
REFID: 43641 Watkins, J.J. , Moffitt, R.S. , Pogson, D.J. , Hawley, S.P. , Henderson, G.A.M. 1997 Bathurst, first Edition (1:100 000 geological map 8831) Australian Geological Survey Organisation and Geological Survey of New South Wales Map
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Permian Comments:
REFID: 22969 Maung, T.U. , Alder, D. , Shaw, R. , Hawley, S. 1997 Offshore Sydney Basin. Box 1 Bureau of Resource Sciences, Petroleum Prospectivity Bulletin
Usage: Briefly described (p 24) Comments:
REFID: 23219 Goldbery, R. 1996 Katoomba 8930-1 Geological Map 1: 50 000 Geological Survey of New South Wales Map Legend
Usage: Briefly described (Map Legend) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments:
REFID: 61315 New South Wales Department of Mineral Resources 1995 Sydney Basin IN Stewart, R. and Adler, D. (eds.) "New South Wales Wales Petroleum Potential" - Bulletin New South Wales. Department of Mineral Resources. Coal and Petroleum Geology Branch. Bulletin 1 p163-188
Usage: Briefly described (p180) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Of the lower part of Illarawarra Coal Measures. Good reservoir potential. Geological Province: Sydney Basin
REFID: 43194 Tadros, N.Z. 1993 The Gunnedah Basin, New South Wales. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Memoir (Geology) 12 649p
Usage: Briefly described (p111, p129 Tb. 8.3) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: Western Coalfield, Sydney Basin. Of Illawarra Coal Measures. A lithological correlative of a lower quartz-rich sandstone unit (now formally named as Brigalow Formation) within the Black Jack Formation (now Black Jack Group), Gunnedah Basin.
REFID: 42787 Arditto, P.A. 1991 A sequence stratigraphic analysis of the Late Permian succession in the Southern Coalfield, Sydney Basin, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 38(2) p125-137
Usage: Briefly described (p129) Comments: see also Table 1 P126
REFID: 42310 White, J.F. , Taylor, T.N. 1991 Fungal sporocarps from Triassic peat deposits in Antarctica. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 67(3/4) p229-236
Usage: Briefly described (p210) Comments:
REFID: 42379 Cook, A.G. 1990 The geology of the 'Glendale' area, near Kandos, New South Wales. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 112(4) p201-212
Usage: Briefly described (p210) Comments:
REFID: 42947 New South Wales. Dept. Mineral Resources 1988 Sydney Basin Reservoir Study enhances the Petroleum Prospectivity. New South Wales. Department of Mineral Resources. Minfo 21 p41-47
Usage: Briefly described (p47) Comments:
REFID: 67663 Danis, C. , O'Neill, C. , Lackie, M. , Twigg, L. , Danis, A. 2011 Deep 3D structure of the Sydney Basin using gravity modelling Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 58(5) 517-542
Usage: Mentioned (p520 Tb.1) Min age from reference: Permian Max age from reference: Permian Comments: Late Permian. , Of the Illawarra Coal Measures.
REFID: 65116 Totterdell, J.M. , Moloney, J. , Korsch, R.J. , Krassay, A.A. 2009 Sequence stratigraphy of the Bowen-Gunnedah and Surat Basins in New South Wales Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 56(3) p433-459
Usage: Mentioned (p447) Comments: In the Sydney Basin. Sequence boundary at base.
REFID: 43782 Raymond, O.L. , Pogson, D.J. , Wyborn, D. , Hawley, S.P. , Henderson, G.A.M. , Krynen, J. , Meakin, S. , Moffitt, R.S. , Morgan, E.J. , Scott, M.M. , Spackman, J.M. , Stuart-Smith, P. , Wallace, D. , Warren, A.Y.E. , Watkins, J.J. , Glen, R.A. 1997 Bathurst Geology Map, 2nd Edition (1:250 000 geological map SI/55-8) Australian Geological Survey Organisation and Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v Map
Usage: Mentioned (Map diagram) Min age from reference: Late Permian Max age from reference: Late Permian Comments: of Illawarra Coal Measures.
REFID: 61529 Glen, R.A. , Beckett, J. 1997 Structure and tectonics along the inner edge of a foreland basin: the Hunter Coalfield in the northern Sydney Basin, New South Wales Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 44(6) p853-877
Usage: Mentioned (p868) Comments: Geological Province: Sydney Basin.
REFID: 43146 Dove, A. , Lee, G. 1994 Breccia filled Diatreme in Permian Illawarra Coal Measures and Triassic Strata,Kandos,New South Wales Royal Society of New South Wales. Journal and Proceedings 127 (1-2) 39-45
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.2 p41) Comments: of Illawarra Coal Measures.
REFID: 42284 Hamilton, D.S. 1991 Genetic stratigraphy of the Gunnedah Basin, NSW. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 38(1) p95-113
Usage: Mentioned (p106) Comments:
REFID: 42182 McElroy, C.T. , Rose, G. 1990 Historical review of coal geology in New South Wales. IN Glasson K.R., Rattigan J.H. (eds.)- Geological aspects of the discovery of some important mineral deposits in Australia. AusIMM. Monograph Series 17 p245-316
Usage: Mentioned (p299) Comments:
REFID: 42948 New South Wales. Dept. Mineral Resources 1988 Petroleum Exploration near Camden. New South Wales. Department of Mineral Resources. Minfo 21 p50
Usage: Mentioned (p50) Comments:
REFID: 41123 Lindner, A.W. 1987 Oil and gas developments in Australia in 1986. American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Bulletin 71(10B) p176-189
Usage: Mentioned (p178) Comments:
REFID: 42896 Sherwin, L. , Holmes, G.G. 1986 Geology of the Wollongong and Port Hacking 1:100 000 sheets 9029, 9129. Geological Survey of New South Wales 1v 179pp
Usage: Mentioned (p20) Comments:
REFID: 40321 Brakel, A.T. 1986 Global sea-level change as a method of correlating the Late Permian coal measures in the Sydney, Gunnedah, and Bowen Basins, eastern Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics 10(1) p17-22
Usage: Mentioned (p19) Comments:
REFID: 40330 Hunt, J.W. , Brakel, A.T. , Smyth, M. 1986 Origin and distribution of the Bayswater seam and correlatives in the Permian Sydney and Gunnedah Basins, Australia. Geological Society of Australia. Coal Geology Group. Journal 6 p59-75
Usage: Mentioned (p66) Comments:
REFID: 40332 Martin, D.J. 1986 Sedimentary depositional environments and some igneous intrusions in the Sydney-Gunnedah Basin. Geological Society of Australia. Coal Geology Group. Journal 6 p19-25
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.4) Comments:
REFID: 40256 McMinn, A. 1985 Palynostratigraphy of the Middle Permian coal sequences of the Sydney Basin. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 32(3) p301-309
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.3) Comments:
REFID: 39293 Bembrick, C. 1980 Geology of the Blue Mountains, western Sydney Basin. IN Herbert C.,Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p134-161
Usage: Mentioned (p139) Comments: See also Fig.8.2
REFID: 39308 Herbert, C. , Helby, R. 1980 Part C - Excursion Guide. IN Herbert C.,Helby R.(eds) - A guide to the Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Bulletin 26 p449-539
Usage: Mentioned (p503) Comments:
REFID: 37093 Morris, F.R. 1975 Western Coalfield. In Traves D.M. and King D.(Eds) - Economic geology Australia and Papua New Guinea - 2.Coal. AusIMM. Monograph Series 6 p230-235
Usage: Mentioned (p233) Comments:
REFID: 45090 Mayne, S.J. , Nicholas, E. , Bigg-Wither, A.L. , Rasidi, J.S. , Raine, M.J. 1974 Geology the Sydney Basin - a review. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia. Bulletin 149 229pp
Usage: Mentioned (p221) Comments: Kazanian
REFID: 29751 Bembrick, C.S. , Holmes, G.G. 1972 Further ocurrences of the Nile Sub-Group. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Quarterly Notes 6 p5-10
Usage: Mentioned (Fig.3) Comments:
REFID: 31855 Lishmund, S.R. 1971 Oil shale. Geological Survey of New South Wales. Mineral Industry Series 30
Usage: Mentioned (p14) Comments: Stratigraphic table
REFID: 34569 Wass, R.E. , Wood, K.G. , Bunny, M.R. , Goldbery, R. 1969 A review of some recent studies in the Sydney Basin. IN Dickens J.M. (ed) - The Permian of Australia Symposium. Geological Society of Australia. Special Publication 2 p7-12
Usage: Mentioned (p9) Comments: See also P10. Permian.
REFID: 34156 Dulhunty, J.A. 1969 Permian of the southern and western parts of the Sydney Basin, Upper Goulurn Valley. IN Packham G.H. (ed) - The geology of New South Wales. Geological Society of Australia. Journal 16(1) p387-388
Usage: Mentioned (p387) Comments: Permian
REFID: 34204 Goldbery, R. 1969 Permian shelf sedimentation, northwestern and western Sydney Basin. IN Abstracts for the fourth symposium on the Advances in the study of the Sydney Basin. University of Newcastle. Department of Geology 1v p64-66
Usage: Mentioned (p65) Comments:
REFID: 43360 Goldbery, R. 1968 1:50 000 geological series, Glen Davis (Provisional) First Edition Geological Survey of New South Wales
Usage: Not recorded (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Permian Comments: (Provisional first edition)Part of Charbon Sub-Group of Illawarra Coal Measures
REFID: 43362 Bembrick, C.S. , Goldbery, R. 1968 1:50 000 geological series, Olinda 8932-11 (Provisional first edition) Geological Survey of New South Wales
Usage: Not recorded (Map Legend) Max age from reference: Permian Comments: (Provisional first edition)Part of Charbon Sub-Group of Illawarra Coal Measures
REFID: 43344 Branagan, D.F. , McElroy, C.T. , Packham, G.H. 1967 Field geology of New South Wales Science Press 191
Usage: Not recorded (p21,173) Max age from reference: Permian Comments: Western Coalfield
REFID: 43320 Bryan, J.H. , McElroy, C.T. , Rose, G. 1966 Sydney 1:250 000 geological series explanatory notes. 3rd Edition. Geological Survey of New South Wales 46pp
Usage: Not recorded (Table 1 p10) Max age from reference: Triassic Comments: Part of Illawarra Coal Measures, Occurs at base of Sydney Sub Group
REFID: 43318 McElroy, C.T. 1962 Sydney N.S.W. 1:250 000 geological survey explanatory Notes (second edition) Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia 1v
Usage: Not recorded (opp p6) Max age from reference: Permian Comments:
REFID: 43477 Booker, F.W. 1960 Studies in Permian sedimentation in the Sydney Basin New South Wales. Department of Mines. Technical Report 5 pp10-62
Usage: Not recorded (p25,26,57,58) Comments: See also Lexicon. (Lithgow Coal Measures)

Bibliographic references returned: 51
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